E-Komunikasi Dan Pengurusan Perubahan Pendidikan : Kajian Tinjauan Di Organisasi Pendidikan Bandar Dan Luar Bandar Di Negeri Kedah Darul Aman
Author(s)Siti Hajar, Man
KeywordsLB Theory and practice of education
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AbstractE-communication and management of educational change : An explotary survey in learning organizations of urban and rural areas in the state of Kedah Darul Aman. The main aim of this research was to determine the extent of the latest education technology (e-communication) being applied in urban and rural schools and the digital gap that has merged. The study also looked into the driving and restraining dimension of forces and implications of e-communication in the management of educational changes towards electronic learning in ten schools in the state of Kedah Darul Aman. The scope of the research on change management focused on the “unfreezing” and “moving” stages as in force field theory. The 352 respondents of this research consisted of administrators, teachers and students in order to obtain a comprehensive picture on the issue of educational change with the utilization of e-communication technology. The instruments used were interview questions with teachers and a set of questionnaires on information about schools, demography, e-communication application in schools, the driving and restraining forces, and the extent of the changes that occured through the application of e-communication in the teaching-learning processes in school. Data analysis showed that urban schools had the infrastructure to apply e-communication compared to the rural schools. However, the application of e-communication in urban schools had not reached the targeted change due to under utilization as the result of control barrier and stringent rules of the ICT lab. There was a digital gap between the urban and rural schools that raised the issue on unequal opportunities of change. Rural schools did not get the opportunity to experience change except for selected schools under the Ministry of Education project. The findings showed that rural schools that were involved in the e-communication benefited from it and brought changes to the students who applied it actively to the best of their abilities, and they were able to be abreast with students of the urban schools that were choosen as smart schools. Restraining forces were greater than driving forces especially for rural schools. For those schools applying the e-communication, there were significant changes. Access facilities, training, infrastructure, administrators support and demographic factors were found to be related to changes in education based on e-communication. Findings of this study generate implication to the smart-learning plan from the aspect of achieving democratization in education especially to bring about a balanced educational change between the urban and rural educational organizations in Malaysia.
Siti Hajar, Man (2000) E-Komunikasi Dan Pengurusan Perubahan Pendidikan : Kajian Tinjauan Di Organisasi Pendidikan Bandar Dan Luar Bandar Di Negeri Kedah Darul Aman. Masters thesis, Universiti Utara Malaysia.