A report on the development and evaluation of a slide/tape program entitled psychosocial needs of the elderly
AbstractThe psychosocial needs of our elderly population are often unintentionally neglected in favour of treatment of the more obvious physical needs. This is of interest to all health professionals, but particularly those actively involved with geriatric patients and those involved with the education of student nurses, who must prevent this imbalance in the nurses of tomorrow by introducing them to the psychosocial context of the elderly individual. Such health professionals recognize that while the need is there for informational-educational packages which introduce one to the psychosocial needs of the elderly, few such packages exist. If student nurses were exposed to such packages, it is felt that they would become versed not only in the early prevention and curing of psychosocial problems, but also experienced in teaching the elderly themselves to prevent and cure such problems. Thus this holistic approach would result in an elderly individual who was healthy both in body and spirit. At St. Clare's Mercy Hospital School of Nursing, the lecturers and administration were aware of their responsibility to educate their novice students to the psychosocial context of the elderly, but were unable to review the problem due to lack of introductory material, heavy workload and time constraints. Such factors did not permit them to either conduct an exhaustive search for, or design, develop, and implement a program of the type and depth required. The solution to this problem was that an informational / attitudinal package in the form of a slide-tape presentation be developed by someone with a knowledge of educational technology. The ultimate objective of this package was to make student nurses, and other health professionals connected with geriatric patients, aware of the psychosocial nature and needs of the elderly. Such a package was produced with an instructional development model in mind, said model consisting of four major steps - defining the problem, designing the presentation, evaluating the presentation, and developing a dissemination plan. The evaluation of the package produced a satisfactory result, and the dissemination plan is being applied as of this writing.
Cuff, Douglas <http://research.library.mun.ca/view/creator_az/Cuff=3ADouglas=3A=3A.html> (1986) A report on the development and evaluation of a slide/tape program entitled psychosocial needs of the elderly. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.