Theory for Guitar 8: An Introduction to Chord Function in Minor Keys
Keywordscadence,functional harmony,guitar lessons,minor chords,minor keys,minor scale,music theory,relative major,relative minor,transposing,transposition
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AbstractEvery major key has a relative minor key. The two keys include the same notes and chords, but they sound different because the notes and chords have different functions (i.e. are used differently). Cadences are particularly useful for deciding whether a piece is in the major or minor key. Chord function tends to be more complex in minor keys. Minor-key pieces can be transposed to other minor keys.
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The Global Plankton Database: an inventory and data from the former Soviet Union expeditionsSherbatenko, P; Manzhos, Ludmila; Karakash, A I; Konovalov, Sergey S; Goubanova, A D; Tamoikin, I Yu; Piontkovski, Sergey; Baldina, E P; Nikolaev, Vladimir M; Elmuratov, A E; et al. (PANGAEA, 2009-02-10)Core international projects dealing with the ocean, as well as the UNEP Biodiversity and Climate Change Program, have emphasized an urgent need for information on the impact of climate change on species diversity and on the development of efforts to deal with this impact. In order to assess this impact, a global database of historical data sets is needed. For instance, there is a lack of knowledge on the interannual climate-related variability of zooplankton communities of the tropical Atlantic, central Mediterranean Sea, Caspian Sea, Aral Sea, and Arabian Sea due to the absence of appropriate databases. The general goal was to develop a plankton database of the Former Soviet Union expeditions (carried out by the academic research vessels), available for the international scientific community. This database contains 41 expeditions to the Atlantic Ocean and over 30 expeditions to the enclosed seas of the Atlantic Ocean, including over 30 years of sampling in the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea, the Aral Sea, and 14 expeditions to the Indian Ocean. Basic approach to the proposed research involved: Development of co-operation between experts and data holders in Ukraine, Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, UK, and USA to rescue and compile the oceanographic data sets and release them on CD-ROM (this is the online version of the CD as archived in Pangaea in 2008). The organization and compilation of a database based on FSU cruises to the above regions. The analysis of the basin-scale interannual variability of the zooplankton species abundance, biomass, and species diversity. The Database was created with the assistance of the following institutions: Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, Ukrainain National Academy of Sciences, Sevastopol, Ukraine Marine Hydrophysical Institute, Ukrainain National Academy of Sciences, Sevastopol, Ukraine Caspian Biological Station, Institute of Zoology of Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences, Baku, Azerbaijan Institute of Zoology and NGO "Tethys", Almaty, Kazakhstan Marine Sciences Research Center, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, USA Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, United Kingdom
Country Social Analysis : Ethnicity and Development in Vietnam - Main ReportWorld Bank (World Bank, 2012-03-19)This report " Country Social Analysis (CSA) " focused on ethnicity and development in Vietnam is a provocative analysis of marginality in contemporary Southeast Asia. It seeks to understand the macro social and political processes, and provides an analysis of how social, political, and cultural factors influence the opportunities and constraints to more equitable, inclusive development. This study provides research findings to support both the Bank's and the government of Vietnam's goals of social inclusion for ethnic minorities and poverty reduction. Previous studies, including the Bank's Country Partnership Study for Vietnam (CPS) and the government's Socioeconomic Development Plan (SEDP), focus on four organizing principles: (1) improving the business environment; (2) strengthening social inclusion; (3) strengthening natural resource and environmental management; and (4) improving governance. This study focuses particularly on the issue of strengthening social inclusion. Part one of this summary report is a literature review that discusses background information on ethnic minorities, including their classification, history, current living conditions, and poverty outcomes. Part two presents the results of field-based research and provides in-depth analysis of six fundamental factors that explain how differences between ethnic groups contribute to remarkably different livelihood strategies and economic outcomes. Part three summarizes the policy implications of research findings, suggesting areas for further consideration.