Ibn Jazlah; One of the Poineer Scientists in Tabularized Medicine
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AbstractIbn Jazlah was one of the most notable and classy physicians of the Islamic era in the 5th century (Hijri) whose famousness has always been reminded in Europe due to his proficiency and exellence. His works were thereafter utilized as models and resources for many other works. His most significant book, Taqwim al-Abdan fi Dadbir al-Insan (Dispositio corporum de constittutione hominis, [Tacuin agritudinum] or The disposition of the bodies out of the constitution of man), as the man implies, consists of tables in which diseases are arranged like the stars in astronomical tables. In this book, more than hundreds of diseases were noted and various methods of their treatments were tabularized. Tabularized medicine is the innovation of scholars in Islamic era which was initiated by Ibn Butlan in the Taqwim al-Sihhah (The maintenance of health) and experienced its maturity by Ibn Jazlah in Taqwim al-Abdan. In this article, along with presenting a brief introduction to Ibn Jazlah and his works, the author mostly had attempted to illuminate his significant role and also his innovations in writing and compiling medical books, especially tabularized medicine and the aim is also to show his influence on later works, as well. At the end of the article, the existing manuscripts of Ibn Jazlah were listed to pave the way for researchers to condut their studies.