Co-Formations : des spatialités de résistance décoloniales chez les lesbiennes « of color » en France
Keywordslesbiennes “of color”
lesbiennes of color
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AbstractCet article développe l’idée que les lesbiennes « of color » en France créent de nouvelles subjectivités décoloniales et de nouvelles pratiques de résistance, mais que ces actions demeurent incompréhensibles dans la grille d’intelligibilité dominante, car celle-ci ne parvient pas à exprimer l’inséparabilité du genre, de la sexualité, du racisme, des classes, de l’esclavage et de ses conséquences, du colonialisme et du post-colonialisme. La première partie de l’article présente les apports et les limites des théories féministes et queer actuelles et propose l’utilisation des concepts de co-formation et de co-production pour permettre la prise en considération de ces éléments inséparables invisibilisés. Dans un second temps, il est procédé à une analyse de quatre modes de résistance (résistance psychique, transgressive, transformative et directement oppositionnelle) à travers ces deux concepts, ce qui permet de mettre en lumière des éléments habituellement maintenus dans l’ombre. L’article conclut enfin que les lesbiennes « of color » travaillent d’ores et déjà avec les inséparabilités, même si celles-ci ne sont pas véritablement formulées, et qu’à cet égard, le concept de co-formations peut être un moyen de conserver la visibilité de ces éléments inséparables.
This article argues that lesbians “of color” in France are creating new decolonial subjectivities and resistant practices, yet these remain unintelligible in the dominant grid of intelligibility because the grid can not account for the inseparability of gender, sexuality, “race”-racism, class, slavery and postslavery, colonialism and postcoloniality. Part one reviews contributions and limitations of current feminist and queer theorizing, and proposes the concepts of co-formations and co-productions to keep these invisibilized inseparabilities under consideration. Part two analyzes four modes of resistance (psychic, transgressive, transformative and directly oppositional) via these two concepts, underscoring that which otherwise falls in the shadows. The article concludes that lesbians “of color” are always already working with inseparabilities even when not articulated as such, and that the concept of co-formations can provide a means to keep these inseparabilities visible.
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Sexuated Topology and the Suspension of Meaning: A Non-Hermeneutical Phenomenological Approach to Textual AnalysisBailey, Steven (2014-07-31)This study assumes the subject's pursuit of meaning is generally incapacitating and should be suspended. It aims to demonstrate how such a suspension is theoretically accomplished by utilizing Lacan's formulae of sexuation integrated with his work in discourse theory and topology. Part I places this study into context by examining scholarship from the established fields of hermeneutics, phenomenology, (post)structuralism, aesthetic theory and psychoanalysis in order to extract out their respective theory of meaning. These theories reveal that an historical struggle with meaning has been underway since the Reformation and reaches near crisis proportions in the 20th century. On the one hand this crisis is mollified by the rise of Heideggerian-Gadamerian hermeneutical phenomenology which questions traditional epistemological approaches to the text using a new ontological conceptualization of meaning and a conscious rejection of methodology. On the other hand this crisis is exacerbated when the ubiquitous nature of meaning is itself challenged by (post)structuralism's discovery of the signifier which inscribes a limit to meaning, and by the domains of sense and nonsense newly opened up by aesthetic theory. These historical developments culminate in the field of psychoanalysis which most consequentially delimits a cause of meaning said to be closely linked to the core of subjectivity. Part II extends these findings by rigorously constructing out of the Lacanian sexuated formulae a decidedly non-hermeneutical phenomenological approach useful in demonstrating the sexual nature of meaning. Explicated in their static state by way of an account of their original derivation from the Aristotelian logical square, it is argued that these four formulae are relevant to basic concerns of textual theory inclusive of the hermeneutical circle of meaning. These formulae are then set into motion by integrating them with Lacan's four discourses to demonstrate the breakdown of meaning. Finally, the cuts and sutures of two-dimensional space that is topology as set down in L'étourdit are performed to confirm how the very field of meaning is ultimately suspended from a nonsensical singular point known in Lacanian psychoanalysis as objet a. The contention is that by occupying this point the subject frees himself from the debilitating grip of meaning.
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