• 21st Century Speculative Philosophy: Reflections on the “New Metaphysics” and its Realism and Materialism

      Leon Niemoczynski; Immaculata University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2013-12-29)
      Regarding the state of contemporary metaphysics, as it has been said, “There’s something in the air.”   My goal in this essay is to offer some brief reflections on the state of contemporary metaphysics, otherwise called contemporary “speculative” philosophy – the “something in the air” – that has resurfaced within the early part of the 21st century.  In order to clarify the nature of the new metaphysics in question I proceed by isolating geographically and topically two main tendencies of thought which appear to constitute it: namely continental realism and continental materialism.   I argue that clarifying the nature of these tendencies better characterizes what metaphysics means today.  With respect to the possible ambiguity of “continental realism” or “continental materialism” in the 21st century, a consideration of “speculative realism” seems necessary if only to position my analysis upon a specific conceptual map.  From there I offer thoughts as to how contemporary continental realism and materialism (the “new metaphysics”) may be said to be defined first and foremost by its engagement with a concept identified as “correlationism,” a central feature of the new metaphysics’ rejection of the sort of philosophy that has come before it.
    • 3D Printers, the third Industrial Revolution and the demise of Capitalism

      Ciaran Tully (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2016-05-23)
      Recently some authors have discussed the idea that capitalism is nearing its end and will be replaced by a post-capitalist society through the forces created by new technologies. This paper will specifically address 3D printers, which have the potential to change the way manufacturing occurs. This paper will argue that such deterministic arguments, which mirror ideas present at the beginning of the twentieth century, are incorrect in their predictions that they will overthrow capitalism, and are corrosive to radical political action because of the fatalism they engender. It will argue that these notions do not hold up to scrutiny in purely economic focused terms (in an economic analysis based primarily on the economics of Karl Marx’s Capital), but also are faulty when one acknowledges and analyses the problem from a more complex view of society as argued in Arran Gare’s formulation of Hegel’s three dialectics within society, and Gramsci’s formulation of Ideological Hegemony and the dialectic of consent and domination.
    • A Bibliography of Work on and by Alain Badiou in English

      Paul Ashton; Victoria and LaTrobe University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2006-10-27)
      This bibliography presents a complete list of the work on and by Badiou currently available (as of 1/10/2006) in English. The bibliography separates the works by Badiou (further broken into the sub-sections: Books, Collections of Essays, and Essays and Interviews), from the Commentaries on Badiou's Works
    • A Challenge to Quantum Entanglement by Experiment and Theory

      Eric Stanley Reiter (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2016-10-14)
      It is argued on both experimental and theoretical grounds that quantum entanglement, which has been taken to explain consciousness, is an illusion.
    • A Chellenge to Quantum Entanglement by Experiment and Theory

      Eric Stanley Reiter (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2016-10-14)
      It is argued on both experimental and theoretical grounds that quantum entanglement, which has been taken to explain consciousness, is an illusion.
    • A Contested Revolution

      Benjamin James Lozano; UC Santa Cruz (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2010-08-04)
      Review of: Collapse V: The Copernican Imperative, Damien Veal (editor), Urbanomic, Falmouth, 2009. ISBN: 978-0-9553087-4-1.
    • A Fixed Point, A Point of Interruption

      Mark Hewson; University of Melbourne (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2006-10-27)
      A review of Alain Badiou, Infinite Thought: Truth and the Return to Philosophy, ed. and trans. Justin Clemens and Oliver Feltham, New Edition, London, Continuum, 2005. ISBN: 0826479294.
    • A Greek Tragedy? A Hegelian Perspective on Greece’s Sovereign Debt Crisis

      Karin de Boer; University of Leuven (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2013-07-08)
      Focusing on Greece, this essay aims to contribute to a philosophical understanding of Europe’s current financial crisis and, more generally, of the aporetic implications of the modern determination of freedom as such. One the one hand, I draw on Hegel’s Philosophy of Right in order to argue that modernity entails a potential conflict between a market economy and a state that is supposed to further the interests of the society as a whole. On the other hand, I draw on Sophocles’ Oedipus the King as well as on Hegel’s account of tragedy in the Phenomenology of Spirit to reinterpret the conflict between the spheres of civil society and the state as a tragic conflict. Modernity threatens to undermine itself from within, I maintain, because the simultaneous development of capitalism and democracy makes it very hard to prevent the sphere of particular interests from encroaching upon the sphere of politics.
    • A Manifesto for the Future. Review of Arran Gare, "The Philosophical Foundations of Ecological Civilization".

      Peter Vintila (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2017-11-11)
      Review of Arran Gare, "The Philosophical Foundations for Ecological Civilization: A Manifesto for the Future", Routledge, 2017.
    • A Meaningful Life in a Meaningless Cosmos? Two Rival Approaches

      Sami Pihlström; Professor, Univ. of Tampere (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2007-08-17)
      This paper discusses the ancient problem of meaningful life. Given the amount of evil and absurdity in the world around us, how can human life be experienced as meaningful? Two traditional approaches to this issue are identified and critically discussed: the life of action and the life of contemplation. It is argued that none of these can resolve the problem in a satisfactory manner. Finally, the notion of guilt is briefly taken up as one potential source of meaning (or of the fact that life can genuinely lack meaning and that this lack can be experienced as a loss).
    • A Model of Pedagogy, but is it Hegel? (Beiser, Hegel)

      Jack William Moloney; University of Melbourne (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2007-12-28)
      Book Review of: Frederick Beiser, emHegel/em, New York, Routledge, 2005, ISBN: 0415312086.br /
    • A New Approach to the Measurement Problem of Quantum Mechanics

      Stanley A. Klein; UC Berkeley (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2018-01-13)
      Quantum Mechanics is typically divided into two parts: the unobserved amplitude given by the equations of quantum field theory and the observed measurement aspect. We argue that a better approach is insert a probability realm in the middle. The reason is that every measurement involves interactions with a complex environment where massive decoherence transforms the amplitudes into standard probabilities.  The  probabilities eliminate complex superpositions so that quantum states A AND B become classical states A OR B. Thus the measurement process becomes a simpler and more familiar process of the observer selecting from classical type probabilities.  This is close to the approach recommended by Henry Stapp. We anticipate that by using this approach many of the different interpretations of quantum mechanics become more similar to each other.
    • A Note on Some Contemporary Readings of Hegel's Master-Slave Dialectic

      Elisa Magrì (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2016-05-23)
      Hegel's use of the master-servant relationship in the Phenomenology of Spirit sets the stage for the problem of recognition. Since Alexandre Kojève presented his lectures on Hegel, a long philosophical tradition has been isolating the fourth chapter of Phenomenology of Spirit as a freestanding essay on anthropology or social philosophy. However, I contend the account of recognition provided in this chapter does not ground Hegel's theory of ethical life. In this paper, I shall defend an allegorical reading of the master-servant dialectic that privileges Hegel's response to Kant. In doing so, I will take issue with McDowell's and Pippin's epistemological readings of this chapter. Both authors have argued that Hegel's strategy entails criticism of Kant's theory of apperception. While McDowell and Pippin have different views about the function of desire and the process constituting self-consciousness, I will object that both McDowell and Pippin fail to acknowledge the relevance of motivation and affectivity for self-consciousness.
    • A Poetic Perspective on Subjectivity

      Kathleen O'Dwyer; none - independent scholar (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2012-05-03)
       The claim of this paper is that the poetic word enables a creative and insightful perspective on philosophical issues through a mode of expression which is less curtailed by the academic and traditional conventions more commonly assumed in philosophical works. The poetic perspective is potentially more daring, more courageous, more challenging and ultimately more honest than that afforded by ‘pure’ philosophy. This paper, through an examination of Eliot’s poetry, asserts this claim, with particular reference to an understanding of human subjectivity. Eliot’s portrayal of the modern subject as essentially fragmented, and often split between private and public realities, provides an exploration of the complex issue of subjectivity, as concepts such as identity and recognition, time and memory, loss and change, vulnerability and fragmentation are creatively explored in poetic form.  
    • A Preface to a New Era (Yirmiyahu Yovel, Hegel's Preface to the Phenomenology of Spirit)

      Mark Hewson; University of Melbourne (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2007-12-28)
      Book Review of: G. W. F. Hegel and Yirmiyahu Yovel, emHegel#39;s Preface to the/em Phenomenology of Spirit, ed. and trans. with running commentary Yirmiyahu Yovel, New Jersey, Princeton University Press, 2005, ISBN: 0691120529.br /
    • A Quantum Chemical Approach to Consciousness Based on Phase Conjugation

      Glen Rein (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2016-10-14)
      Classic holography involves a reference beam and an object beam (which bounces off an object) which interact and form a holographic interference pattern on a holographic plate (grating). This method has been used for numerous applications and theoretical models. Holographic information storage is often utilized in the field of opto-electronics. The goal of this research is to understand how to transmit/receive, code/decode, modulate and focus optical signals.
    • A Question of Fidelity

      Chris van Rompaey; Deakin University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2006-10-27)
      A review of Peter Hallward (ed.), Think Again: Alain Badiou and the Future of Philosophy Continuum, London, 2004. ISBN: HB: 0-8264-5906-4, PB: 0-8264-5907-2.The review surveys the contents of Peter Hallward, ed., Think Again: Alain Badiou and the Future of Philosophy and seeks to categorize the various kinds of contributions. It finds that, while some of the essays offer valuable critiques of Badiou's work or else clarify key concepts in productive ways, others challenge aspects of his thought for reasons that are demonstrably spurious. The overall assessment, though, is that the book provides a useful and timely appraisal of Badiou#39;s impact on contemporary philosophy.
    • A Review of the Method of Using the Scalp Electric Field in EEG Analysis

      Claudio Carvalhaes; Stanford University; J. Acacio de Barros; San Francisco State University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2015-11-29)
      This paper reviews a recent method to study electroencephalogram (EEG) data involving a combination of the surface Laplacian and tangential electric field on the scalp. The method was applied to problems in EEG classification, where it was effective in improving results using data from a variety of experiments. The most relevant result was a 13.3% improvement on the average classification rate of a visual perception task involving nine different two-dimensional images. It also improved performance in language-comprehension and mental-imagery tasks.
    • A semiotic view of Dewey's times and Habermas's lifeworlds

      Steve Mackey; Deakin University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2009-11-25)
      John Dewey (1859-1952) explained how life was ‘corporatised’ at the time of rampant, laissez faire capitalism in early 20th century America. This paper refers Dewey’s observations to Habermas’s notions of the colonisation of the lifeworld. The semiotic and pragmatist approaches of Charles Saunders Peirce are then enlisted to look further into these lifeworld changes. The paper suggests modifications to Habermas’s schema to bring it more in line with Dewey’s empirical account. It puts together a theoretically and empirically informed picture of the contemporary disruption to ways of living and the accompanying social and political instability. The paper then goes on to suggest how that instability appears to have been quelled by communicative means. These stages of: (1) stability; (2) disruption/instability; and (3) the regaining of stability are compared to Habermas’s notions of: (1) an original lifeworld; (2) colonisation of that lifeworld by the consequences of purposive rational activity; then (3) communicative action which ‘rebuilds’ – that is which replaces or modifies or reforms or repairs – the disrupted lifeworld in order to create a new lifeworld. ‘Colonisation’ could be said to have provoked social instability. Notions of building a new ‘lifeworld’ – a new cultural and psychic reference – could be said to correspond with attempts to resume social and political stability. The implication is that whatever the degree of purposive rationalism there is always a need for a return to some level of shared values and understandings which imply communicative rationality. This ‘return’ or ‘counter-colonisation’ can be thought of as operating via a ‘lifeworld negotiation’ which might best be understood with reference to a Peircean based pragmatism-semiotic theory of human subjectivity. This paper has been criticised for discussing “arguments” which: “would justify those who accommodated themselves to Nazism.” What this paper in fact tries to do is to use the concepts of the above three philosophers to try to account for the ways people think. This paper is not about justifying what philosophies people should hold. It is presumed that most readers are sensible and ethical and can make their own minds up in that respect. Rather it attempts to draw from Dewey, Habermas and Peirce to offer a characterisation of what philosophies might be argued to be held and to offer an explanation about how these modes of thinking might be said to have come into existence. This paper rejects the notion that ones ‘will’ and thus the way one is able to think, is totally free and beyond the formative influences of the social-cultural context – including the influences of public relations and other persuasive discourse industries.
    • A Theory of Evolution as a Process of Unfolding

      DAAD; Agustin Ostachuk; Laboratorio de Investigación en Ciencias Humanas (LICH-CONICET), Universidad Nacional de San Martín (UNSAM), Buenos Aires, Argentina (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2020-05-06)
      In this work I propose a theory of evolution as a process of unfolding. This theory is based on four logically concatenated principles. The principle of evolutionary order establishes that the more complex cannot be generated from the simpler. The principle of origin establishes that there must be a maximum complexity that originates the others by logical deduction. Finally, the principle of unfolding and the principle of actualization guarantee the development of the evolutionary process from the simplest to the most complex. These logical principles determine the existence of a virtual ideological matrix that contains the sequence of the preformed and folded morphogenetic fields. In this manner, the evolutionary process consists of the sequential unfolding and actualization of these fields, which is motorized by a process of teleologization carried out by the opening consciousness of the forms included in the fields of the ideological matrix. This theory leads to a radical change of perspective regarding the materialist worldview, and places life at the center of the evolutionary process as an activity carried out by a consciousness that seeks to fulfill a purpose by actualizing its own potentialities.