• Dark Matter, Dark Energy and Modern Cosmology: The Case For a Kuhnian Paradigm Shift

      Jorge E. Horvath; Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas-USP (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2009-11-25)
      Several works in the last few years devoted to measure fundamental probes of contemporary cosmology have suggested the existence of a delocalized dominant component (the “dark energy”), in addition to the several-decade-old evidence for “dark matter” other than ordinary baryons, both assuming the description of gravity to be correct. Either we are faced to accept the ignorance of at least 95 % of the content of the universe or consider a deep change of the conceptual framework to understand the data. Thus, the situation seems to be completely favorable for a Kuhnian paradigm shiftin either particle physics or cosmology. We attempt to offer here a brief discussion of these issues from this particular perspective, arguing that the situation qualifies as a textbook Kuhnian anomaly, and offer a tentative identification of some of the actual elements typically associated with the paradigm shift process “in the works” in contemporary science.
    • Degrowth: Technoscience and the Existential Stakes of a Political Heresy

      Michel Weber (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2018-12-12)
      Three main questions are in order to probe the issue of degrowth. First, we have to make clear that, in the current political context, degrowth is nothing less than a complete heresy. Meadows and Whitehead are precious to specify its weak and strong concepts. On the one hand, degrowth is shown to be inevitable on a finite planet; on the other, technoscience lured by capitalism is necessarily alienating, as it prevents individuation, solidarity, and culture. Second, two forgotten political exemplifications are helpful to picture the critical practicalities: Cuba's "special period," and the Mansholt Commission. Third, the status of technoscience being, arguably, at the very core of the (obvious) vices and (alleged) virtues of the growth religion, a brief Huxleyan speculation on its axiological neutrality helps us to conclude.
    • Derrida, Husserl and the Problem of Prior Sense

      Ralph Shain; Missouri State University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2016-05-23)
      In his introduction to Husserl’s “Origin of Geometry”, Derrida makes several claims for the superiority of Husserl’s philosophy over Kant’s.  The main claim of superiority is Husserl’s grounding of transcendental historicity and transcendental intersubjectivity in concrete experience.  For Kant, Derrida points out, the truth of geometry is already constituted, and thus must be extrinsic to all history.  But for Husserl, every ‘objectivity’ has a history, including geometrical objectivities, and that these objectivities did not pre-exist the originary intuitive act.  I will explore these claims, as they reach into the heart of issues concerning time and temporality.  First, I will consider Derrida’s interpretation of Husserl, and argue that there is an unclarity or a contradiction in Husserl’s treatment of the temporality of ideal objects, which arises from his avoidance of the issue of whether ideal objects pre-exist their first intuiting.  Derrida interprets Husserl as if Husserl had indeed dealt with this issue, thus avoiding the same issue in turn.  I will examine the arguments in support of Derrida’s interpretation, but will provide reasons for rejecting each argument.  Then I consider various ways of resolving the ambiguity, and will conclude by looking at the implications of Derrida’s avoidance of this issue for the project of deconstruction in general. 
    • Derrida, Terrorism, and Communism: A Comment on “Autoimmunity: Real and Symbolic Suicides”

      Alzo David-West (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2009-11-25)
      This essay makes an appraisal of the political articulations of the late Jacques Derrida in his “Autoimmunity: Real and Symbolic Suicides” interview as a starting point for evaluating him as a political philosopher. Derrida having claimed in the past that he was convinced of Marxism, a critical comparison serves to illustrate where his radical-sounding pronouncements stand in relation to the Marxist perspective. Derrida turns out to be unremarkable, expounding an ambiguous and eclectic pre-Marxist prophetism.  
    • Designing Journeys to the Social World: Hegel’s Theory of Property and His Noble Dreams Revisited

      Haochen Sun; Harvard University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2010-08-04)
      The conventional interpretations of Hegel’s theory of property show that property plays an important role in developing human individuality through the person-to-thing relationship. In this paper, I seek to repudiate the conventional interpretations by demonstrating that they are narrow-minded and unfaithful to Hegel’s thought on property. I then offer a new interpretation of Hegel’s theory of property. By and large, I aim to show that Hegel’s property theory provides a vantage point for us to rethink the relationship between persons and the society in general and the nature of property in particular. Situated in the whole picture of Hegel’s social theory of freedom, I demonstrate that Hegel sees property as a social institution that plays a crucial role in shaping human individuality as well as sociability. On the one hand, mediated by the institution of property, a person nurtures and develops individuality or personal freedom in the social world consisting of things and other persons. On the other hand, the institution of property facilitates the cultivation of sociability by helping human beings become members of our society. Furthermore, social institutions in the Hegelian ethical life act as the indispensable catalyst for empowering property to spark the synergies between human individuality and sociability so as to actualize freedom for all human beings.
    • Dialectical Reason and Necessary Conflict—Understanding and the Nature of Terror

      Angelica Nuzzo; Brooklyn College, City University of New York (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2007-12-28)
      Taking as point of departure Hegelrsquo;s early reflections on his historical present, this essay examines the relationship between dialectical reason and the activity of the understanding in generating contradiction. Dialecticmdash;as logic and methodmdash;is Hegelrsquo;s attempt at a philosophical comprehension of the conflicts and the deep changes of his contemporary world. This idea of dialectic as logic of historical transformation guides the development of consciousness in the emPhenomenology of Spirit/em. Since my claim is that the dialectic of consciousness and its capacity of overcoming contradiction are rooted in the historical situation of 1807, the question is raised of what would be the specific problems encountered by consciousness in our contemporary worldmdash;in 2007. What are the challenges posed by our globalized world to a phenomenology of contemporary spirit; and what is the role that contradiction and dialectic play in the understanding of our own historical present?
    • Difficulties in Inorganic and Organic Measurement of Energy: Influences of Mind (intention or Yi) and Nature in Outcome

      Phillip Shinnick; Whole Person Self Healing Institute, Inc.; Laurence Porter (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2018-01-13)
      Measurement of energy in inorganic and organic experiments shows time reversal, and Nature implicating itself in a background field and not observable.   A discussion of the experimental measurement of the emission of a Quantum or singular photon ejection in the split/slit experiment is compared to emission of Qi (energy) by a trained Qigong practitioner in: A) intent [Yi]  of the mind, B) Nature's influence in the experiment, C) difficulties in reproducing a second time. In the inorganic experiment a backward in time bias as shown by Stapp ignores what was going on in the total system at the time. Measurement test show negative entropy (reversing disease to a healthy state) from Qi emission of a Qigong master. Qigong Mind (Yi) training elucidates Nature's relationship to the mind and matter.
    • Downward Causation: Control Theory, Symmetry Breaking, Quantum Field Theory, and Neurodynamics

      David Bernal-Casas; Seán Ó Nualláin (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2018-12-12)
      There is considerable consensus that any putative new paradigm for biology will involve control theory as a means to traverse hierarchies. There is considerably less consensus about how a disincarnate observer can initiate a chain of downward causation starting with a quantum mechanics measurement and propagating down to palpable effects, not just in the motor system but in the intricate connections between the immune and nervous systems. In this paper, we begin by outlining the Bionoetics framework in a historical context and continue by formalizing the interaction between the brain considered as a large set of basins of attraction (or quantum field theory ground states), the differential readiness of neurons to fire described in neurodynamics, and the motor system. We go on to describe the traversal of hierarchies in living systems that mean ultimately that there are different "biologies" to formalize at each level. Finally, we speculate about the pervasiveness of the causal effects of human intention.
    • Dream Things True: Nonviolent Movements as Applied Consciousness

      Jack DuVall; International Center on Nonviolent Conflict (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2014-06-08)
      Nonviolent movements have become a new form of human agency. Between 1900 and 2006, more than 100 such movements appeared, and more than half were successful in dissolving oppression or achieving people's rights. Movements self-organize to summon mass participation, develop cognitive unity in the midst of dissension,  and build resilient force on the content of shared beliefs. Some movements may even be a new venue for consciousness that "grows to something of great constancy" as Shakespeare said about "minds transfigured so together."
    • Dreaming Consciousness Explored

      Judy B. Gardiner (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2017-03-26)
      OneiromanticsTM-the symbolic language of dreams-involves a process of decoding and classifying dream imagery appearing in an entangled state.  Oneiromantics, generated in a dream series, enfolded a body of scientific data which exceeded the dreamer's waking knowledge. The series of dreams spanning over two decades of study and translation were based on Intuitive Logic, the author's practice for unifying conceptual representations of mind and matter. Formed within the subconscious structure of visual associative recognition memory, the practice of Intuitive Logic yields a web of interrelated associations germane to aspects of David Bohm's Implicate Order. From the perspective of Bohm's quantum interconnectedness, this study consists of synergistic aspects of dreams and waking relevant to constructing the "whole." Bohm's implicate order of wholeness, illustrated in this study as a Collective Unconscious network, includes geological insights and Claudius Galen's pneumatic theory on visual perception. The hard problem of consciousness emerges, concluding in Complex Systems that integrate mental and physical functions within dreaming and waking consciousness. The following study explores the nature of consciousness as derived from the application of intuitive logic-which I suggest is an aspect of quantum cognition. The quantum implications of multiple symbols in the overall dream series transcended this author's waking knowledge. The precision of certain images and their correlation to actual scientifically recorded events may serve as a catalyst to experts in those areas.
    • Dystopian Contemporary Positions: Sustainable Development as an Instance of the Epistemological Disposition

      Ruth Thomas-Pellicer (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2016-05-23)
      This paper addresses the following research question: what is the extent to which the official project of sustainable development-mainly as set out in Our Common Future (WCED 1987)-can steer the global polity out of the ecocidal mode of being where it is immersed? In tackling the query I argue that, cognitively, the project at issue is conterminous with the epistemological tradition largely inaugurated by Socrates. It is on these grounds that the project of sustainable development is readily dismissed as a putative post-ecocidal candidate. Seven points of continuity between the project of sustainable development and philosophy and science as epistēmē are identified. First, sustainable development is seen to fully endorse the anthropological slumber into which the Modern Age-the zenith of the epistemological trajectory-plunges. Similarly, sustainable development is found to project the analytic of finitude common to this Age to the environment as the latter turns into an issue of public concern. Second, the rational management with which Our Common Future is imbued is pinpointed as an intrinsic element of the logocentric sciences into which philosophy as epistēmē evolves. Third and relatedly, ecological statements that inform the report under scrutiny are identified as problematic logocentric claims to truth, operative and legitimized under the ecocidal mode of being. Points four and five relate to a leading feature of philosophy and science as epistēmē-namely, the pervasiveness of binary pairs. Sustainable development replicates the Cartesian culture/nature divide by which the res cogitans-"thinking matter"-stands over against the res extensa-"extended matter." Likewise, the rubric of sustainable development is conceived as conforming to an unproblematized reversal of productivity-as an extension and complementing pole of the latter, that is. Sixth, the propensity of sustainable development to take for granted a docile nature, assumed as it is to be utterly controllable by Promethean Man, is interpreted as an expression of restricted economy, a leading trait of the epistemological disposition. Seventh, sustainable development, in its promise to render productivity clean, is severely charged with the perpetuation of the teleology of progress also ingrained in the epistemological trajectory.
    • Ecopsychology: Remembering the True Source of our Consciousness

      Glenn Aparacio Parry (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2016-10-14)
      Mainstream psychology is limited by the a-priori assumption that consciousness is an epiphenomenon of the brain; while the emergent discipline of ecopsychology posits the whole of Nature as the source of our consciousness. Ecopsychologists contend that we do not think independently from nature-that it is the living elements of Nature from which human consciousness co-arises. The formal academic discipline of psychology-  formed in the late 19th century-attempted to isolate human consciousness from the rest of Nature. Mainstream psychology is not unique in this attempt; nearly all other academic disciplines, including economics, are based on a similar abstract separation from Nature in an attempt to maintain scientific objectivity. In the past century, quantum theory upended the conventional separation between observer and observed, but mainstream psychology failed to adapt. Ecopsychology, through reestablishing connection to Nature, is a movement in the right direction of dissolving the dichotomous split in consciousness. It must avoid the pitfalls of academe, however, and not become an abstract discipline.
    • Editorial Introduction

      Arran Gare; Swinburne University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2007-08-17)
      Editorial Introduction to Cosmos and History, Vol.3, No. 1.br /
    • Editorial Introduction to the First Edition of Cosmos and History

      Arran Gare; Swinburne University; Paul Ashton; Victoria and LaTrobe University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2005-10-20)
      Editorial
    • Editorial: Creating the Future

      Arran Gare; Swinburne University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2018-12-12)
      This is the editorial for the special edition of Cosmos and History, Creating the Future
    • Editors Introduction

      University of Dundee; Michael O'Neill Burns; University of Dundee; Brian Smith; University of Dundee (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2011-10-13)
      Editorial Introduction to 'Real Objects or Material Subjects? Essays in Contemporary Continental Metaphysics' by Michael Burns & Brian Smith.
    • Education as Resistance in Literary Criticism and Journalism: Between Professionalization and Democratization of Literature

      Nathalia Jabur; King's College London (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2010-12-20)
      Professionalization and political engagement are usually placed as incompatible in the case of journalism and the mainstream press, resulting in an identification of cultural resistance exclusively with alternative/amateur vehicles. I will use the concept of journalistic field as introduced by Pierre Bourdieu to review these assumptions and discuss a form of political resistance that acts in one’s own area of knowledge, is not overtly political and whose effects are not immediately accountable for. Drawing examples from my research on two literary newspapers published in the 1950s in Brazil and Uruguay, this paper will focus on the implications of didacticism for literary criticism as a genre of newswriting. The analysis of these newspapers will lead to a reflection on two main issues: a) the conflict between the professionalization and democratization of literature; and b) the definition of resistance as necessarily an action that is against something. The article will reconsider education in journalism as a form of resistance, taking into account its risks of becoming political indoctrination and commercial manipulation, but emphasizing its potential as a way of expanding access to literature.
    • Effects of Intention; Energy Healing and Mind-Body States on Biophoton Emission

      Global Gateway Foundation; Dr. Jacqueline Chan; and the Federico and Elvia Faggin Foundation; Beverly Rubik; Institute for Frontier Science; Harry Jabs (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2017-03-26)
      Beyond life as a biochemical system, endogenous and exogenous energy fields play an important role in the living state.  The biofield, the energy field associated with life, consists of low intensity electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic fields that may be key to health and healing. Here we measured one component of the biofield, the ultraweak light emitted from the body-biophotons-and explored the influence of intention, extraordinary mind-body states, and human interaction on biophoton emission.  Three pilot studies were conducted to investigate whether biophoton emission is a biomarker correlated with intention.  Results showed that (1) biophoton emission from healers' hands diminished significantly by 11% post-healing; (2) biophoton emission during energy healing showed a unique pattern for each treatment session; (3) changes in biophoton emission from the forehead, heart, and abdominal regions of patients pre-post energy healing showed no discernible pattern for a small number of diverse patients; (4) subjects who engaged in bioenergetic practices emitted more biophotons from specific bodily regions, some in alignment with their intent.  Biophoton emission was found to be modulated by intention, energy healing, and bioenergetic mind-body practices. Biophotons might potentially be involved in quantum or quantum-like entanglement between humans, and may play a role in energy healing, biocommunication, and altered mind-body states.
    • El estadio ético de Kierkegaard en las categorías lógicas de Hegel: posibilidad, realidad y necesidad actuales

      María J. Binetti; Conicet (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas), Argentina; Hong Kier (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2007-12-28)
      Durante deacute;cadas, la historia de la filosofiacute;a ha separado a Kierkegaard de Hegel y a Hegel de Kierkegaard, en detrimento tanto de la grandeza especulativa del pensamiento kierkegaardiano como de la vena existencial del sistema de Hegel. En oposicioacute;n a esta desafortunada lectura, el presente artiacute;culo intenta mostrar la profunda convergencia que une internamente el estadio eacute;tico de Kierkegaard con las maacute;s importantes categoriacute;as loacute;gicas de Hegel. Ambos pensadores conciben la idea como el poder real del devenir subjetivo y la existencia como la concrecioacute;n actual de lo ideal. Para ambos, la pura eneacute;rgeia de la libertad, que comienza en la posibilidad abstracta y esteacute;tica de la inmediatez subjetiva, se realiza a siacute; misma como la actual concrecioacute;n de la finitud, capaz de asumir lo temporal y contingente por la fuerza eterna y necesaria del deber. La repeticioacute;n kierkegaardiana no es nada sino el poder de lo ideal, capaz de mediar el flujo de las diferencias finitas en la eterna identidad del sujeto. Sin embargo, tanto para Kierkegaard como para Hegel existe una absoluta contradiccioacute;n, llamada a promover la superacioacute;n de lo eacute;tico.
    • El estadio ético de Kierkegaard en las categorías lógicas de Hegel: posibilidad, realidad y necesidad actuales

      María J. Binetti; Conicet (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas), Argentina; Hong Kier (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2007-12-28)
      Durante deacute;cadas, la historia de la filosofiacute;a ha separado a Kierkegaard de Hegel y a Hegel de Kierkegaard, en detrimento tanto de la grandeza especulativa del pensamiento kierkegaardiano como de la vena existencial del sistema de Hegel. En oposicioacute;n a esta desafortunada lectura, el presente artiacute;culo intenta mostrar la profunda convergencia que une internamente el estadio eacute;tico de Kierkegaard con las maacute;s importantes categoriacute;as loacute;gicas de Hegel. Ambos pensadores conciben la idea como el poder real del devenir subjetivo y la existencia como la concrecioacute;n actual de lo ideal. Para ambos, la pura eneacute;rgeia de la libertad, que comienza en la posibilidad abstracta y esteacute;tica de la inmediatez subjetiva, se realiza a siacute; misma como la actual concrecioacute;n de la finitud, capaz de asumir lo temporal y contingente por la fuerza eterna y necesaria del deber. La repeticioacute;n kierkegaardiana no es nada sino el poder de lo ideal, capaz de mediar el flujo de las diferencias finitas en la eterna identidad del sujeto. Sin embargo, tanto para Kierkegaard como para Hegel existe una absoluta contradiccioacute;n, llamada a promover la superacioacute;n de lo eacute;tico.