• Ideal Embodiment: Kant’s Theory of Sensibility

      Karin G de Boer; University of Groningen (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2011-12-30)
      A Review of: Ideal Embodiment: Kant’s Theory of Sensibility, by Angelica Nuzzo. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2008, 414 pp. ISBN: 978-0-253-35229-3 hb, $ 75.00, ISBN 978-0-253-22015-8 pb, $ 27.95.
    • If Artificial Intelligence Asks Questions, Will Nature Answer? Preserving Free Will in a Recursive Self-Improving Cyber-Secure Quantum Computing World

      Cynthia Larson (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2018-01-13)
      Henry Stapp's realistically interpreted orthodox quantum mechanics suggests that when a question is asked, Nature answers.  In this formalism, "the thought itself is the thinker," which clears the way for any thinker-human or other-to be an actively creative agent. In this process, an ensuing succession of questions arising in the minds of observers is received and responded to by a "Nature" that chooses and implements responses in accordance with Born's Rule in a physically described universe represented by evolving quantum mechanics states. This paper explores what results might be expected if and when artificial general intelligence (AGI) asks questions, based on Stapp's orthodox interpretation.
    • In the Muddy Center: A Physics of Nonpropositional Thinking

      Berkay Ustun; SUNY Binghamton (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2018-12-12)
      The paper offers a survey of contemporary attempts to restore human thought and language to a wider realm of nonpropositional thought; along the way it highlights pitfalls regarding anthropomorphism as well as dialectical subsumption, and attempts to show alternatives ranging from poetry to nonstandard logical forms like analogy.
    • Indeterminacy and Creation in the Work of Cornelius Castoriadis

      Vangelis Papadimitropoulos (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2015-08-23)
      This article explores the notions of indeterminacy and creation in Castoriadis’ work. The notions of indeterminacy and creation are initially associated with Castoriadis’ conception of Being as Chaos contradicted with what Castoriadis calls “ensemblistic-identitary logic”. The conception of Being as Chaos is then linked with the notion of otherness analyzed as creation ex nihilo. In particular, creation ex nihilo is analyzed in the context of Castoriadis division of Being’s multiplicity into difference and otherness. I will argue that Being’s multiplicity as difference refers to the “ensemblistic-identitary logic” while otherness comes up with a novel form of Being identified as ex nihilo creation. Finally, otherness is approached through Castoriadis’ conception of time whereby otherness and, consequently, time is further associated with Castoriadis’ notion of imaginary as the latter deploys in the social-historical field of mankind through the imaginary significations of society.
    • Information Ethics in the Information Age

      none; Jaime F. Cárdenas-García; University of Maryland - Baltimore County (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2018-12-12)
      Information ethics (IE) is a field of fundamental and applied study that lacks the firm foundation of a definition of information. The at times ethereal, at times pervasive nature of information contributes to the elusiveness of a definition. Paradoxically, everyone seems to recognise information when they see it, but there is great difficulty in arriving at a common perspective. This is partly due to its wide-ranging applicability in many and disparate fields of knowledge, e.g., business, finance, media communications, physics, biology, computer science, engineering, library science, to name a few. All of which share the commonality of dealing with digital information and communication technologies (ICTs) which seem to be the trigger for issues in IE. The purpose of this paper is to suggest the definition of information by Bateson as a basis to seek a fundamental and applied understanding in IE.
    • Information, Physics and the Representing Mind

      Kathryn Blackmond Laskey; George Mason University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2014-06-08)
      A primary function of mind is to form and manipulate representations to identify and choose survival-enhancing behaviors. Representations are themselves physical systems that can be manipulated to reason about, predict, or plan actions involving the objects they designate. The field of knowledge representation and reasoning (KRR) turns representation upon itself to study how representations are formed and used by biological and computer systems. Some of the most versatile and successful KRR methods have been imported from computational physics. Features of a problem are mapped onto dimensions of an imaginary physical system in which solution quality is inversely related to energy. Simulating the fictitious physical system on a digital computer yields a low-energy, and hence high-quality, solution to the original problem. This paper suggests a rethinking of the traditional metaphor of cognition as execution of algorithms on a digital computer.  It may be both more fruitful and more accurate to conceive of representation as mapping problem features to an energy surface, learning as identifying representations that map good solutions to low free energy, and problem solving as efficient search for low free energy states. This conception of cognition is in natural accord with Stapp's theory of efficacious conscious choice.
    • Innate and Emergent: Jung, Yoga and the Archetype of the Self Encounter the Objective Measures of Affective Neuroscience

      Leanne Whitney (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2018-08-26)
      Jung's individuation process, the central process of human development, relies heavily on several core philosophical and psychological ideas including the unconscious, complexes, the archetype of the Self, and the religious function of the psyche. While working to find empirical evidence of the psyche's religious function, Jung studied a variety of subjects including the Eastern liberatory traditions of Buddhism and Patañjali's Classical Yoga. In these traditions, Jung found substantiation of his ideas on psychospiritual development. Although Jung's career in soul work was lengthy, throughout, he aimed to steer clear of metaphysics. Patañjali's metaphysics, on the other hand, are straightforward, and his ontological commitments are evident. Because Jung's ontological commitments were not explicit, his theories, when seen through Patañjali's lens, confuse ontological questions with epistemic issues. As a result, when comparing the Jungian and Patañjalian notions of the Self, Jung's insightful ideas seem to be constructed upon a considerably shaky foundation. Yet, utilizing the exceptionally consistent ontological and epistemological commitments of Patañjali Yoga, as well as the objective measures of affective neuroscience, brings credence to the innate aspects and instinctual nature of Jung's archetype of the Self, and assists in answering the question of whether the archetype is innate or emergent.
    • Intention and Attention within Sheldrake’s Morphic Resonance Fields in Nature and Humans: Network Interaction in Weather. Eyes Closed Images during Research and non Research: Similar Artistic and Scientific Images

      Phillip Shinnick; Whole Person Self Healing Institute, Inc.; Lawrence Porter; Joseph Maize (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2018-08-26)
      Mathematics, proper language, instrument measurement, logic, skepticism, materialism, reductionism and an assessment of other scientific works as been the way since the French Revolution. Field theory in physics opens an opportunity to go back to natural philosophy and empirical observation swallowed by current events in science.  Sheldrake's morphogenetic resonance from evolutionary biology fits field theory's necessary subject/object singularity and a bridge between genes and evolution. Empirical observation for science means eyes open. Over thirty years eyes closed research observation gives images which are more stable during research periods and do not repeat themselves during non research periods. However, some non-repeating individual images show up in art during the last five hundred years confirming human morphogenetic resonance "image habits" in humans over time. Instrument images show similarities to non-repeating human images; Born's images of an atom, a galaxies from a space telescope, gold ions colliding, six iterations of a set of states [x,y] passed through the logistic map and an oscilloscope image reading of a tornado. Changing weather patterns by Qigong and assessing organ fields in the body shows human influences to nature and the self through lines of essence. A patient with a serious painful spinal injury created a line of essence with animal spirit for healing.
    • Interactions of Pyramidal Structures with Energy and Consciousness

      Beverly Rubik; Institute for Frontier Science (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2016-10-14)
      The purpose of the great stone pyramids of ancient civilizations remains a mystery.  Although pyramids are sometimes reputed to have certain powers or energies associated with them, documented evidence is scarce, and scientific theory is lacking.  This paper explores a few key questions:  (1) Is there an energy field associated with pyramidal structures that can perform work? If so, what is the nature of this energy field?  Are there effects of pyramidal structures on humans, other organisms, and inanimate objects?  (2) Does consciousness interact with pyramidal structures to produce or modify any effects?  Do belief and intention matter?   Evidence is shown that pyramidal structures collect or allow what may be a novel form of energy--cosmic energy or bioenergy--to flow in an unusual manner, producing a variety of unanticipated effects unexplainable by conventional science.  The restoration of razor blades to sharpness; rapid drying and preservation of foods; accelerated healing of human injuries and sick animals; and increased growth of plants with larger biomass are some of these effects.  In a controlled study on seed germination and growth, we observed an interaction of consciousness, whereby distant intent to facilitate faster plant growth together with placing plants under a pyramidal structure led to positive synergistic effects on plant growth, greater than intent alone or pyramid alone.  Alignment with geomagnetic north is important to obtaining these effects.  The collective evidence suggests that pyramidal structures may be psychotronic generators that work together with consciousness and a form of energy to produce advantageous effects on matter.
    • Interpreting Huizinga through Bourdieu: A New Lens for Understanding the Commodification of the Play Element in Society and Its Effects on Genuine Community

      Samuel Keith Duncan (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2016-05-23)
      This article explores the transformation of play in the sport field by combining Johan Huizinga’s historical observations of play with Pierre Bourdieu’s concepts of field, capital and habitus, using Australian football in the AFL as a case study. By developing this theory, this analysis provides a means of understating how the economic and media fields have transformed play, which has ultimately weakened the community. Furthermore, by interpreting Huizinga’s observations using Bourdieu’s concepts, I have provided Huizinga’s observations with a theoretical framework and structure that ensures his observations can be applied to today’s society to understand how and why the play element has changed and what the consequences of such change are for the community.
    • Introduction

      Lorenzo Chiesa; Alberto Toscano; Goldsmiths College, University of London (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2009-07-23)
      Introduction to the special issue of Cosmos and History, 'The Italian Difference: Between Nihilism and Biopolitics'. This volume brings together essays by different generations of Italian thinkers which address, whether in affirmative, problematizing or genealogical registers, the entanglement of philosophical speculation and political proposition within recent Italian thought. Nihilism and biopolitics, two concepts that have played a very prominent role within contemporary Italian thought, serve as the thematic foci around which the collection orbits, as it seeks to define the historical and geographical particularity of these notions as well their continuing impact on an international debate. The volume also covers the debate around ‘weak thought’ (pensiero debole), the feminist thinking of sexual difference, the re-emergence of political anthropology and the question of communism. The contributors provide contrasting narratives of the development of post-war Italian thought and delineate paths out of the theoretical and political impasses of the present—against what Negri, in the text from which the volume takes its name, calls ‘the Italian desert’. The Italian Difference features texts by Antonio Negri, Pier Aldo Rovatti, Gianni Vattimo, Roberto Esposito, Matteo Mandarini, Luisa Muraro, Mario Tronti, Alberto Toscano, Paolo Virno and Lorenzo Chiesa.
    • Introduction

      Sean O Nuallain; stanford (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2014-06-08)
      This is the introduction to the special edition on Foundations of Mind: Cognition and Consciousness and the introduction to the conference at UC University at Berkeley on which the edition is based.
    • Introduction to Foundations of Mind VII: On Fields

      Sean O Nuallain; Foundations of Mind (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2018-08-26)
      The "foundations of mind" series (O Nualláin 2014a, 2015, 2016a, 2016b, 2017, 2018)  which began on Cosmos and History in 2014 is now the most downloaded series of conferences proceedings in the history of modern science of mind and possibly  alt science in general. Perhaps not coincidentally, it is also the most various and here we review it. It is fair to say that the project took on a life of its own and far exceeded my relatively humble plans for it as I sat in my garden in Normandy in late 2013.  As ever, this collection features a wide range of papers from the rehabilitation of the ether by Rubik and Jabs that has perhaps been presaged by Nobel laureate Wilczek's notion of the "grid" to a revisionist history of the field in physics by Meucci; moving from physics, Chris Langan continues his life project of metalevel thinking and writing; Shinninck et al explore the field in a context defined by Sheldrake; we continue to publish systems thought, as we do crossover from psychoanalysis to spirituality. Our meeting with gestalt therapists in Italy bore fruit as expected with work on quantum mechanics  and psychoanalysis and less expectedly Islamic spirituality;  Cynthia Larson deals explicitly with the Wheeler "20 questions" as reformulated by Stapp. As ever there is a concern about health and some lost papers of the great Richard Strohman and Walter Freeman are interpreted to presage a new science of metabolism and health. My papers attempt to synthesize these and others' diverse thrusts. In this introduction I review the contributions we have made to the foundations of mind, foundations of physics, foundations of biology, and science/religion dialogue over the history of these conferences  and point several paths forward.  Consciousness studies  is seen to emerge from consideration of the foundations of mind and its relation to the world. In particular, cognitive processes typically admit of the time intervals appropriate for the sampling speed of consciousness in tenths of seconds. At a  certain point, mind breaks free from its fetters in biology with observer status requiring that the laws of physics exert a top-down influence on biology. The fact that the brain is now capable of arbitrary levels of hierarchy changes the dynamics of biological fields at lower levels of the hierarchy. The observer is described with physics concepts like relativity and measurement in quantum mechanics; again, the sampling speed of consciousness can be achieved through the quantum zeno effect as Stapp has shown. The overarching goal remains to ground higher-order speculation about healing, mentation and metabolism in insights and observations that are attested cutting-edge science often from the world's greatest universities.  It cannot be long now before a hierophant, perhaps from the community of creation spirituality, generates a powerful new expression of what it is to be in the world defined by these new discoveries.
    • Introduction to Quantum Metamechanics (QMM)

      Christopher Langan (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2019-11-17)
      Solutions for problems arising at the limits of science and philosophy require ontological grounding. Quantum Mechanics (QM) is increasingly called upon as a source of insight regarding such problems, but is not itself well-understood. The fact that QM has many conflicting interpretations for which ontological status is claimed demands a "post-quantum" theory which clarifies its meaning, settles the differences among its interpretations, and facilitates the analysis and solution of otherwise intractable problems. Herein described as Quantum Metamechanics (QMM), this theory is a "meta-interpretative" mapping of QM and its various interpretations into a supertautological description of reality, the CTMU Metaformal System. By incorporating the CTMU, a true ontic identity supporting the self-identification and self-existence of reality, QMM provides QM with a valid ontology in terms of which its various interpretations can be evaluated and synergized.
    • Introduction to Sam Gillespie

      Sigi Jöttkandt; Ghent University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2006-10-27)
      Introduction to the life and work of Sam Gillespie.
    • Introduction to the Neoclassical Interpretation: Quantum Steampunk

      Shiva Meucci (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2020-05-06)
      In a previous paper we outlined a series of historical touchpoints between classical aether theories and modern theoretical physics which showed a shared conceptual lineage for the modern tools and methods of the most common interpretations and fluid based "Hydrodynamic" treatments of an electromagnetic medium. It was proposed that, though the weight of modern experimentation leaves an extremely narrow and convoluted window for even a reconceptualization of a medium, all of modern physics recognizes a plethora of behaviors and attributes for free space and these physics are interchangeable with modern methods for treating superfluid-like continuums. Thus the mathematical equivalence of the methods do not comprise alternative physics but an alternative interpretation of the same physics. Though many individual components describing a "neo-aether" or "quintessence" are available, an overarching structural outline of how these tools can work together to provide an alternative working overview of modern physics has remained undefined. This paper will propose a set of introductory concepts in the first outline of a toy model which will later connect the alternative tools and conceptualizations with their modern counterparts. This introductory paper provides the simpler "100-miles out" overview of the whole of physics from this perspective, in an easily comprehensible, familiar and intuitive, informal dialog fashion. While this paper grants the largest and loosest introductory overview, subsequent papers in this series will address the finite connections between modern physics and this hydrodynamic view.
    • Introduction to the Special Issue: Foundations of Mind II: A Dialogue of World-Views

      Seán Ó Nualláin; stanford (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2015-11-29)
      This is the introduction to the Special Issue: Foundations of Mind II: A Dialogue of World-Views.
    • Introduction: Castoriadis, Genealogy, History

      Editor C & H (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2012-12-14)
      Editorial introduction to the special issue on the work of Castoriadis.
    • Introduction: Homage to Walter Freeman III

      Sean O Nuallain; stanford (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2016-10-14)
      Introduction to the third special edition on the Foundations of Mind: Foundations of Mind: Hommage to Walter Freeman III
    • Introduction: Overcoming Nihilism

      Arran Gare; Swinburne University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2011-12-30)
      This is the introduction to the special edition of Cosmos & History on Overcoming Nihilism.