• Palaeo-philosophy: Complex and Concept in Archaic Patterns of Thought

      Paul S. MacDonald; Murdoch University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2005-12-19)
      This paper argues that efforts to understand historically remote patterns of thought are driven away from their original meaning if the investigation focuses on reconstruction of concepts. It is simply not appropriate to be looking for an archaic concept of soul, name or dream, for example, when considering the earliest documents which attest to their writers’ (and others’) beliefs about certain types of phenomena. Instead, we propose to employ the notion of cognitive complex (as elaborated in the work of Piaget, Vygotsky, and Hallpike) in order to investigate some important philosophical themes in Ancient Egyptian, Ancient Iranian, and Ancient Near Eastern documents. Our principal theoretical claim is that archaic thought does not work with concepts but with complexes whose salient features are an over-abundance of properties, an over-production of connections, and weakness in abstraction. The basic level of complex formation may be the most inclusive level at which it is possible to form a mental image. Specific studies are focused on ancient texts which exhibit archaic patterns of thought. In Egyptian texts, “manifestation” (kheperu) seems to convey something which all categories of beings are capable of becoming, being and having, assuming and leaving; the “name” (ren) was considered to be an essential component of the individual’s survival; symbolic representations, such as images and words, are causally connected to the ‘objects’ the image or word signifies. In ANE records the human etemmu was plainly the corpse or skeleton of the dead person; on the other hand it was also the shadowy, volatile image of what he was during life. In ANE records the baffling idea of the divine me referred to an entire cultural area, an acquisition of civilized life; but at the same time it is also the result of an invention, a divine decision. The complexes involved in these archaic ideas about soul, name and dream are ideas fused with their ‘objects’; they have unstable traits and prototypical instances; and are thought at the most abstract level which have concrete images.
    • Paper 1: Taking a Pragmatic Position for Describing Objects, Time, Space, and Making an Extra-Model of Them

      N/A; Luigi Gian Luca Nicolini; Private (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2017-01-27)
      This Paper 1 introduces a tentative Formalism, which is detailed in a separate Paper 2, and tested there on two cases studies of Time dilation. Paper 2 titles: Practical application of the composite Modeling Units, and an exercise on emulating the mathematics of Time dilation in a relative velocity or gravity situation. We touch exclusively at the way we describe the physical Objects in human terms, whilst the true Objects, as well as true Time and true Space, remain unchanged. The particular Formalism we propose is geometrically-blind, so it needs to work in parallel with regular human Observing-Modeling of the Objects. A good question is why we should complement our regular geometric picture of the Objects, and also think of them as our Formalism does. The possible advantages are: a much intuitive and practical handling of the human Nonlocal; a plain reading of human Objects and of their Relationships in terms of elementary Logics; a common Modeling frame for the formal light-like, and for the Closed and Local Massive-like Objects we have in the Model. We may also gain some independent hints on the human Observing-Modeling in general. The Geometry of our own body qualifies Closed and Local, so it is much similar to the one of regular Objects we want to Model. As a matter of fact, our body makes a concrete Observing-device, thus we qualify as a very particular case of Observer-Modeler of the physical World. We want to conserve such a concrete and well-established human position with regards to the Objects, but we want also to generalize it. Thus we attempt extending our naïve Geometric perceiving of the World, and see where it leads. Section 1 focuses on Geometry, and proposes a logically-inverted Geometry B as a natural complement of our regular Point-based Geometry A. Then we explore the idea of a composite Model Object made of both a Local and a Nonlocal part. We base on a double Point-Of-View, which reflects formally our new A-and-B Geometry. Section 2 investigates the Point-Of-Views, as a second key element on which we base any human Observing-Modeling of Objects. We propose a pragmatic Absolutism-Relativism classification of the Model Parameters. This depends plainly on where we Modelers want to set the Point-Of-View, and basically makes a practical tool for reproducing the objectivity of an Object, and the objectivity of the Observation. Section 3 checks the implications, and handles pragmatically the human conceptualizations of Time and of Space. The scope is very small-minded, and we declare openly not to know what those items are. Instead, we formalize a Model Time-like and a Model Space-like to start working practically with our Objects. This requires introducing a human notion of Time which is discontinuous, and thus very particular to our Nongeometric Modeling of Objects. Section 4 anticipates the two kinds of composite elementary Objects that we can formalize based on the components above. They are made of a geometric-like body A-B, which includes a Logic A-B and a special Time-like function on board. We specify our Objects as being concrete and to conserve as usual. We can however explore the effects of the Logic, so we get a flexible Modeling Unit, which can take different configurations, and emulate different kinds of Objects. The full Procedure appears in Paper 2. Below we simply suggest a possible handy visualizing of our composite A-B Objects. We also provide a few practical indications on how they work and behave formally in the Model. The whole refers to the well-knows Point-Mass scheme. Operatively, we build an equivalent which is Nongeometric and contains two-Slabs A-B, where A emulates the solid core of a regular Object. Then we set our two key-standards, which are the elementary Model Objects of the kind of Proto1 or Proto2.
    • Paper 2: Practical Application of the Composite Modeling Units, and an Exercise on Emulating the Mathematics of Time Dilation in a Relative Velocity or Gravity Situation

      N/A; Luigi Gian Luca Nicolini; Private (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2017-01-27)
      Paper 1 suggests intuitively that as humans, we must continue to investigate physical Objects by our natural Geometry. At the same time, we may want to explore a Nongeometric tool to check some other aspects. The two positions presume two distinct scopes and two independent Logics, so they are not conflictual, and we should be able to form a single consistent picture (no-strange-things criterion). In Paper 2, we enter the technique of NBM more systematically. The text below comes from a compromise, as we want to make as clear as possible any assumption which hides into the Model. At the same time, we want it to remain a very straight and practical tool, so we formulate it in term of Rules, Procedures, and lists of instructions.
    • Parallel Irelands: The Disenchantment and Re-enchantment of IONA

      Sean O Nuallain; stanford (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2017-11-11)
      This book length work by Seán Ó Nualláin and other authors (Gearóid O' Colmáin, Joe McCarthy, Gerald Gillespie, Frank Lillis, Glynn Custred, Cathal Brugha II, Hassan Ahmad, Eoin de Bhaldraithe, Mary Elizabeth Steiner) explores the geopolitics of the islands of the north Atlantic (IONA) in the wake of Brexit and the new dispensation governing Ireland's place in the EU following the EC's Apple tax decision. This is juxtaposed with deep analysis of how the Irish state works, and fails to work.  Moreover, the conference on which this is based featured trenchant discussion on immigration to the EU. It is proposed that a Celtic confederation should co-exist with the UK in IONA. The high resource, low population density countries of Ireland and Scotland should reach out to their peers in Wales and England with an offer of belonging. An immense and beautiful new possibility is proposed to replace the current illegal congeries.
    • Parapsychology, N,N-Dimethyltryptamine and the Pineal Gland

      Nicola Luigi Bragazzi; Hicham Khabbache; Marco Perduca; Bruno Neri; Fabio Firenzuoli; Gabriele Penazzi; Mário Simões; Riccardo Zerbetto; Tania Simona Re (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2018-08-26)
      In the last decades, one of the psychedelic substances which has gained high attention for its implications in several para-psychological phenomena (including out-of-body states, deep changes in sensory perception, mood, and thought, travels in "hyperspace", and meetings with disincarnate entities, as well as other "breakthrough experiences") is dimethyltryptamine (N,N-DMT, or simply DMT). High dose DMT-containing plants (like Psychotria viridis, in Quechua language Chacruna or Chacrona) are one of the two principal ingredients of the Ayahuasca, the visionary Amazonian brew reported to induce a range of paranormal experiences, but it can be found as well in a huge number of different natural sources, even some of animal origin - e.g., the Sonoran desert toad, in the form of 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine or 5-MeO-DMT. It was Rick Strassmann (born 1952), a medical doctor, psychiatrist and clinical psycho-pharmacologist, who had the virtue of giving a second birth to the academic interest in scientific research of psychedelics after the post-70's age of obscurantism lead by the American prohibitionist position on this field. Strassman is also the person who named this compound "the spirit molecule", in order to suggest the deeply psycho-spiritual implications concerning this substance. Here, we overview the scientific basis and evidences supporting the association between DMT and the pineal gland.
    • Parsing the Source: From Form to Light, From Known to Knowing, From Substance to Void

      Jack Engstrom (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2016-10-14)
      Portions of Arthur M. Young's Theory of Process and G. Spencer-Brown's Laws of Form (LoF) are presented as deep (ultimate) ontic and epistemic ways, respectively, to parse the Universe and our experience into parts of wholes:  both systems include the observer/experiencer/agent as an integral part of the Universe, with a partial unity of knower and known.    In Young's theory, the Universe is generated by dividing Wholeness: into three, creating substance; and into four, creating form; and their combination, giving the formed substance of molecular matter. (Then from matter, Life acquires powers, in stages.)  Reversing the sequence of generation gives an ontic parsing into Wholeness and its divisions.    Spencer-Brown's neoPlatonic ontology has radiant Being at its ontic center, with existence at its periphery (or surface), and has at its epistemic center a knowing being. The epistemology of LoF deconstructs our knowledge of existence to successively-more-central fields: of truth, then of indications, then of The Form of some first distinction, and finally to a Void which can include a knowing being.  This deconstruction has an analogy in ‘retracting ones psychological projection', resulting in liberating self-realization. 
    • Past and Future Presents: Existential Time and Futural Materialism

      William S Jaques; York University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2017-01-27)
      The paper brings existential temporality, as developed in the work of phenomenologists Merleau-Ponty, Heidegger, and Husserl, into dialogue with historical materialism. What results is the development of a theoretical background for what the author terms futural materialism, which is taken to be a complimentary logical extension of historical materialist projects. To this end, it is suggested that the past and the future are best understood as materially existing in the present in an immanent way, mediated by conscious beings in the form of memory, projection, residual effect, and affect. Put differently, the present's presence in the past and future play a determining roll in those temporal dimensions, which subsequently fold back into the configuration of the present. Following Nietzsche and drawing influence from Guattari and Deleuze, it is argued that past and future are relatively fluid tools to be purposively deployed in the present for particular purposes rather than being transcendent facts which subjectivity must merely contend with. It is further asserted that as part of a broader non-reductive material monist project of social transformation, both futural and historical materialism are necessary considerations.  
    • Philosophical Anthropology, Ethics and Political Philosophy in an Age of Impending Catastrophe

      Arran Gare; Swinburne University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2009-11-25)
       In this paper it is argued that philosophical anthropology is central to ethics and politics. The denial of this has facilitated the triumph of debased notions of humans developed by Hobbes which has facilitated the enslavement of people to the logic of the global market, a logic which is now destroying the ecological conditions for civilization and most life on Earth. Reviving the classical understanding of the central place of philosophical anthropology to ethics and politics, the early work of Hegel and Marx is explicated, defended and further developed by interpreting this through developments in post-mechanistic science. Overcoming the opposition between the sciences and the humanities, it is suggested that the conception of humans developed in this way can orient people in their struggle for the liberty to avert a global ecological catastrophe.
    • Philosophy and Revolution: Badiou's Infidelity to the Event

      Toula Nicolacopoulos; La Trobe University; George Vassilacopoulos; La Trobe University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2006-10-27)
      Our aim in this paper is to give reasons for thinking that Badioursquo;s philosophy is not prepared to follow through all the consequences of the historical retreat of the political event. We want to suggest that it is important to come to terms with the implications of this retreat as no less a revolutionary aspect of the revolution. Whereas fidelity to the event demands that we not be selective in following the consequences of an event, fidelity to the eventrsquo;s retreat points to a more direct relation of philosophy to the event than Badiou allows. In the first section of our paper we outline the philosophical orientation that informs our encounter with Badioursquo;s thought. In the second we examine the relationship between philosophy and the political event in order to set the context for the elaboration of our claim in the third section that fidelity to the event calls for attention not only to the demands of its emergence but also to those associated with the eventrsquo;s retreat. In the final section we indicate how the retreat of the political event might give rise to the philosophical subject and to the requirements of a philosophy of the event.
    • Philosophy of Communication: What Does it Have to do With Philosophy of Social Sciences

      Jean Robillard; Télé-université, Université du Québec (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2005-12-19)
      As concepts, communication and information are very closely related, but they also designate more than their usual conceptual meaning when they are called upon in social theories as well as in philosophical theories about the reality and the truth of social life; information and communication are then designating physical events or event like objects of the observable reality, which will be hereafter described as a procedural ontologization of information. Why do they have this role and how do they play it in contemporary social sciences and philosophy of social sciences? This article questions the scientificity of these concepts in these theoretical contexts. It wants to propose a framework for an epistemology of communication and information that is critical about the cybernetician paradigm in the social sciences. It presents this paradigm’s main features: informational ontology and probabilistic sociality. It offers a critique of this paradigm’s epistemological and methodological pretensions. It finally exposes the basis of an alternative philosophical theory of communication that wants to support the thesis that the cybernetician paradigmatic communication theory is not scientifically productive; and that it cannot be used in social scientific theoretical contexts without being dramatically redesigned and reoriented towards new goals.
    • Philosophy of Computational Social Science

      Sebastian Benthall (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2016-10-14)
      Computational social science is an emerging field at the intersection of statistics, computer science, and the social sciences. This paper addresses the philosophical foundations of this new field. Kant and Peirce provide an understanding of scientific objectivity as intersubjective validity. Modern mathematics, and especially the mathematics of algorithms and statistics, get their objectivity from the intersubjective validity of formal proof. Algorithms implementing statistical inference, or scientific algorithms, are what distinguish computational social science epistemically from other social sciences. This gives computational social science an objective validity that other social sciences do not have. Objections to the scientific realism of this philosophy from the positions of anti-instrumentalism, postmodern interpretivism, and situated epistemology are considered and either incorporated into this philosophy of computational social science or refuted. Speculative predictions for the field of computational social science are offered in conclusion: computational social science will bring about an end of narrative in the social sciences, contract the field of social scientific knowledge into a narrower, more hierarchical field of expertise, and create a democratic crisis that will only be resolved through universal education in computational statistics.
    • Philosophy of History: Change, Stability and the Tragic Human Condition.

      Gregory C. Melleuish; University of Wollongong; Susanna G Rizzo; University of Notre Dame (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2017-11-11)
      This paper contends that the role of a philosophy of history in the twenty first century is as a meta-discourse which explains and attempts to understand the role of history as part of human being-in-the-world.  Such a philosophy of history will not, as in the past, take the form of a universal history. Instead it will take a phenomenological approach which seeks to explore the historical enterprise as a means through which human beings attempt to come to terms with the fact that, despite their craving for being, they live in a world which is marked by becoming.  Change and its implications are at the core of any philosophy of history.  History is an attempt to master change and to keep its somewhat frightening consequences under control.  Humans both crave being and stability and appreciate that change is their constant companion.  That is part of the tragic nature of human existence
    • Physics Avoidance & Cooperative Semantics: Inferentialism and Mark Wilson’s Engagement with Naturalism Qua Applied Mathematics

      Ekin Erkan (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2020-05-06)
      Mathematics' abilities to capture nature's unfolding processes within its own conceptual terms rests upon its capacities for supplying algorithms that can graphically engage in deduction numerically, bolstered by the hope of paralleling natural processes. Inter alia, Mark Wilson's project in Physics Avoidance shows that nature presents us with a multiplicity of manifolds that simply can not be smoothly mapped. Thus, even our most basic/fundamental modes of effective mathematical reasoning falls short of the ‘real extent' of natural processes. Mathematicians have developed sophisticated strategies that string together patchworks of numerical approximation, despite the algorithmic limitations upon our concrete reasoning capacities. There is, in turn, a trans-historical element to Wilson's pursuit in Physics Avoidance, one which is driven by a self-correcting (Sellarsian) scientificity-directed at knowledge, while constantly refining itself both methodologically and substantively. Kindling the critiques of twentieth-century thinkers such as Clifford Truesdell and Walter Noll on the essential idealization thesis of physics (i.e., that ‘physics always idealizes') while simultaneously parsing a distinction that was conceived of with the nineteenth-century distinctions between rari-constant and multi-constant approaches to elasticity (associated with the derivational methods pursued by Navier and Cauchy, respectively), Wilson approaches limits and infinitesimals qua multi-scalar localization. Meticulously engaging with Wilson's rendering of the problem of the physical infinitesimal, we not only set out to complicate the historical discussion of matter-which has bedeviled the entire epoch of classical mechanics' reign-but also to hold a candle to a novel methodological means of approaching the philosophy of language. Henceforth, we shall seek to illuminate the developmental exigencies that have not only lacerated and left scars upon modern philosophy of science but also the conceptual consideration of scientific laws via counterfactual grounding. Just as Sellars is pellucid in demonstrating how correspondence rules ought not be treated as definitions of theoretical expressions in terms of their observation language expressions-underscoring the semantic autonomy of theoretical expressions that cannot be captured in observation language-so too will we examine semantics and applied mathematics-cum-physics correspondence rules as proposals for reconsidering our observational vocabulary. In doing so, we will closely engage with Wilson's (and Robert Batterman's) research, reviewing his work while prodding it into a unique trajectory so as to carve an analytic and rationalist theory of media vis-à-vis set theory, while accepting an inherent contrast between norms of correctness and effective thinking routines.
    • Physics has Evolved Beyond the Physical

      Shiva Meucci (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2020-05-06)
      Contemporary physics is, indeed, at a crucial crossroads that impacts our ideas about the nature of mind. Through the development of computers, as the crucial application of mathematical methods has grown, the limits of our specific methods and applications have become far more clear, more quickly, than they ever could have without massive computing power. The limits hinted at by Gödel are becoming more specific and applicable rather than vague idealizations. The very nature of our computation methods have become fundamentally unsuited to meet our requirements. We have recognized the necessity for "massively parallel" systems even if our current incarnations of them are less than truly concurrent. Simultaneously, physics has begun to probe the strange borderline between information and energy that were first encountered with questions of the EPR paradox. With the physics community recognizing its own need for revolution, some writers have suggested that the solution be an abandonment of physicality as a basis for understanding the world. This fully oppositional and reactionary response is the most common response to seemingly intractable problems, but perhaps there is a middle ground which abandons nothing of physicality while embracing some additional understanding of phenomena that adds to our understanding, via a perspective shift. Schrödinger believed we could simply transform our perspective instead of abandoning it and that wisdom is what may serve us today. Perhaps we have already begun down the correct path without fully, yet, embracing it.
    • Plasma Brain Dynamics (PBD): A Mechanism for EEG Waves Under Human Consciousness

      John Z.G. Ma; California Institute of Integral Studies (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2017-03-26)
      EEG signals are records of nonlinear solitary waves in human brains. The waves have several types (e.g., a, b, g, q, d) in response to different levels of consciousness. They are classified into two groups: Group-1 consists of complex storm-like waves (a, b, and g); Group-2 is composed of simple quasilinear waves (q and d). In order to elucidate the mechanism of EEG wave formation and propagation, this paper extends the Vlasov-Maxwell equations of Plasma Brain Dynamics (PBD) to a set of two-fluid, self-similar, nonlinear solitary wave equations. Numerical simulations are performed for different EEG signals. Main results include: (1) The excitation and propagation of the EEG wave packets are dependent of electric and magnetic fields, brain aqua-ions, electron and ion temperatures, masses, and their initial fluid speeds; (2) Group-1 complex waves contain three ingredients: high-frequency ion-acoustic (IA) wave-intermediate-frequency lower-hybrid (LH) wave, and low-frequency ion-cyclotron (IC) wave; (3) Group-2 simple waves fall within the IA band, featured by one or a combination of the three envelops: sinusoidal, sawtooth, and spiky/bipolar. The study proposes an alternative model to Quantum Brain Dynamics (QBD) by suggesting that the formation and propagation of the nonlinear solitary EEG waves in the brain have the same mechanism as that of the waves in space plasmas.
    • Plasma Brain Dynamics: II. Quantum Effects on Consciousness

      John Z.G. Ma; California Institute of Integral Studies (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2018-01-13)
      This article studies the quantum effect of the brain neuronal system on both normal and abnormal conscious states. It develops Plasma Brain Dynamics (PBD) to obtain a set of kinetic quantum-plasma Wigner-Poisson equations. The model is established under typical electrostatic and collision-free conditions in both the absence and presence of an external magnetic field. The quantum perturbation is solved analytically by employing a backward-mapping approach to the motion of electrons. Results expose that the quantum perturbation turns out to be zero at normal conscious states; but no more than 11% of the classical perturbation under assumed abnormal situations like a sudden head trauma ,mood disorder, etc. The introduction of the magnetic field does not influence the results.
    • Play, Community and Democracy: Understanding How Pay can Stimulate Democracy

      Samuel Keith Duncan (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2017-01-27)
      This paper explores the link between play, community and democracy to illuminate how play can stimulate vibrant communities which manifest democracy. To expound the link between play, community and democracy, this paper first highlights the notion of democracy and the democratic principles that underpinned Australia's Federation in 1901. Play is then explored to demonstrate how play can stimulate relationships and communities which promulgate the democratic principles on which Australian was founded. Furthermore, this paper highlights the dangers of play's commodification in today's commercial era of sport. If play is corrupted, the formation of communities and the way they operate will also be damaged, thus undermining democracy.
    • Poetics in Public Space: Towards a Hermeneutic Framing of Ephemeral Poetic Expressions

      Research project, “Contemporary Poetry and Politics” (POEPOLIT, FFI2016-77584-P, Ministry of EcEconomy and Competitively, Government of Spain); Strategic Programme UID/ELT/00500/2013 of the FCT (Portugal); Burghard Baltrusch; University of Vigo (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2018-12-12)
      This study aims to revisit some hermeneutical aspects which are essential for a theoretical approach to the interrelated notions of the poetic and poeticity in public space. I will use examples of ephemeral poetic forms such as graffito or performance, but also some examples of poetic objects from linguistic fields such as English, Portuguese, Spanish and German. These reflections on a theoretical and methodological framework for poetry and translation in public space can be subsumed under the key concept of transit-translation. I will associate four poetic expressions from four related cultural areas, with non-lyric discourse in visual, verbo-visual and performance poetry, in public space. They will be distributed along four thematic lines which I consider crucial to the current description of the phenomenon: the intermedial-intermaterial transition, the transfer from the poetic-political to the commercial, the poetic-political multimedia project, and the conflict between the poetic and the public. Drawing from different theoretical backgrounds (Heidegger, Benjamin, Rancière, Badiou, Bhabha, Butler and Spivak), I propose that these forms of non-lyric poetry might represent the advent of a new public sphere, which is no longer exclusively formed by an idealistic, romantic tradition, but rather characterised by a hermeneutic ambiguity which suggests a reconfiguration of the subject and of poetic subjectivity.
    • Poetics of Resistance: Introduction

      Cornelia Gräbner; Lancaster University; David M.J. Wood; National Autonomous University of Mexico (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2010-12-20)
      The following text provides a conceptual and theoretical introduction to a collection of essays written by members of the multidisciplinary network of scholars, artists and cultural producers named ‘Poetics of Resistance’, which seeks to analyse and encourage discussion of the relationships between creativity, culture and political resistance, in the context of neoliberal globalization. The introduction also provides a critical glossary of a set of loosely interlinking keywords, following Raymond Williams, that mark points of encounter and departure between the approaches of the various authors (not to be confused with the list of keywords used to index each article). Rather than presenting a completed research project, this issue serves as a basis for continuing collaborative research and dialogue in the field, and invites readers to join in the ongoing debate. The contributors to this issue are Paulina Aroch Fugellie, Burghard Baltrusch, Arturo Casas, María do Cebreiro Rábade Villar, Roberto Echavarren, Marcos Giadas Conde, Cornelia Gräbner, Nathalia Jabur, Thomas Muhr and David Wood.
    • Popper’s View of Modern Science: In the Footsteps of Schelling

      Alexander John Naraniecki; School of Government and Intrnational Relations, Griffith University (Cosmos Publishing Cooperative, 2014-12-15)
      This paper argues that Popper's mature philosophy reveals an inheritance from the post-Kantian tradition of German naturalism. An appreciation of this tradition is necessary for an understanding of Popper's mature thought. By drawing parallels between Popper's naturalistic metaphysics and Schelling's, this paper aims to open a new direction in Popper scholarship, as well as highlight the continuing relevance of Popper and Schelling for contemporary debates in the philosophy of science. In order to show a commonality between the two, a non-standard reading of Popper is presented.  Recently, there has been much re-appraisal of Schelling's naturalism as a process philosophy for contemporary debates in the philosophy of science, and it is to this line of scholarship that provides the most fruitful comparisons with Popper.   The Popper presented here may come as a surprise for those in the Anglophone world already familiar with his thought. Rather a lesser known comportment of the Viennese philosopher is presented, one that was occluded from the personality he cultivated at the London School of Economics. This side of Popper did not appear in his English publications until later in his life, and then often regarded by others as ‘the folly of old age'.  The aim of this exercise is to show Popper's grounding in a longer German tradition of Naturphilosophie.