Development of a web-based, interactive, three-dimensional model of the equine carpal joint for teaching veterinary anatomy and pathology
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AbstractA virtual 3D computer model of the equine carpal joint (horse knee) has been created to teach veterinary anatomy and pathology. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and white-light scanning data were used to create 3D models of the bones and soft tissues and capture the motion of bones during flexion. The models were incorporated into a web-based Shockwave® application which allows the user to interact fully with the model, viewing a variety of layers of tissue or isolated bones, skeletal motion or a bank of magnetic resonance images. The model was made available to a first year veterinary anatomy class, who voluntarily completed survey questions inquiring of the effectiveness of the model in teaching anatomy of the joint. The overall response was very positive. Average response for the class (n=64) was 4.3 ± 0.6 on a Likert scale of 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree) when asked if the model was beneficial to their 3D understanding of the skeletal anatomy.