Founded in 1974, it is the official publication of the School of Theology, Philosophy and Humanities at the Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. The journal covers the fields of Theology, Humanities and Social Sciences. Publicación oficial de la Escuela de Teología, Filosofía y Humanidades de la Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Su temática abarca los campos de la Teología y de las Ciencias Humanas y Sociales. Su objetivo es presentar algunas reflexiones e investigaciones de actualidad en estos campos del saber. Los contenidos de la revista están dirigidos a los estudiantes, docentes, investigadores, egresados, profesionales de las áreas teológicas y a los lectores afines a este saber.

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The Globethics.net library contains articles of Cuestiones Teológicas as of vol. 42(2015) no. 98 to current.

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  • Narrative as a theological research method within the framework of a hermeneutical epistemology

    Pérez-Vargas, John Jairo; Nieto-Bravo, Johan Andrés (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2022-06-03)
    Hermeneutics has substantially contributed to the developments of Theology. Historically there has been an intrinsic link to its work that begins with approximations to Holy Scripture and offers further developments that seek to overcome textuality or literalness. In parallel, narratives as a research method also use hermeneutics as an epistemological approach perspective, giving meaning and rigor to interpretation and analysis. Thus, there is evidence of a common floor that allows weaving not only historical transfers but also routes of prospective action between theological hermeneutics and narrative hermeneutics. Regarding the above, this text seeks to approach theological work and narrative as scenarios that tend to reconstruct meanings that use hermeneutics to consolidate knowledge and approaches that constitute valuable inputs for the generation of knowledge. In this scenario, the aim is to analyze theology and narration from its episteme anchored in hermeneutics, and from there, to find common ground that allows narrative to be mediated as an input that, through its own techniques, instruments and analysis processes, can question the theological task today. This is a way of overcoming logic that exclude the contributions of everyday life and verbalized expression in human settings, thereby allowing the tracking of important inputs for theological research in action-oriented reasoning.
  • Methodological proposal in pastoral theology

    Palafox Cruz, A. Ernesto (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2022-06-13)
    Many of the debates within pastoral theology are oriented towards the search and clarification of its methodological identity, allowing, among other things, to do constant research, to deepen and update its methods from various areas and contexts. This article adds to this search effort based on the specific proposal of two contemporary methodologies: the triangular correlation and the pastoral circle. These two methodologies of an inductive nature, even though not born in our continental geography, maintain a close link with the Latin American theological tradition in their main components and their internal dynamics.
  • Phenomenology and social representations as a research method for the theological understanding of spirituality

    Escobar Mejía, José Edwar; Quintero Torres, Fredy Alonso; Moncada Guzmán, Ciro Javier (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2022-06-03)
    Phenomenology is configured as a research method within the framework of theological research. It is also thought of as an epistemological perspective when the intentionality of an inquiry is linked to the social representations that underlie a given context, since its determination from the interactions, stories, understandings and practices of the subjects enable a deep understanding of the problem being addressed. This is added when the delimitation exercise focuses on the question of human spirituality, since it is possible to understand it as a human phenomenon evident in the daily life world as well as a place of interest for theological analysis. Hence, this article aims to show the links between phenomenology and social representations as a research method in theology for the deep understanding of the projects of this field of knowledge linked to spirituality. The resulting scope of this is the presentation of the correlation of these conceptual categories as a contribution to the investigative processes from theological knowledge. The results represent the theoretical triangulation of several research projects addressed by the authors where the central categories exposed were their place of inquiry, in such a way that a prospective methodological exposition is achieved in the end to support researchers in related areas. A possible route based on awareness, openness to the phenomenon, inquiry through the senses and praxis is concluded.
  • Scriptural Reasoning: A method for interreligious dialogue after Nostra Aetate

    Cortés Rodríguez, Rocío (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2022-06-03)
    Since the Second Vatican Council, the Church has joined various initiatives that promote, on the one hand, knowledge about non-Christian traditions and, on the other, the way in which they interact with them. This article presents the method of interreligious dialogue called Scriptural Reasoning. This method, which emerged in the Anglo-Saxon world in the early 1990s, is presented as a current methodology that promotes dialogue between members—especially, but not exclusively—of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim traditions. The starting point of this text is the Christian experience that opens up to dialogue with believers of other religions through the practical and theoretical tools offered by this method. To understand this method, experience and practice are prioritized, and then space is given to theory. The journey of this text begins with a first section dedicated to the way in which interreligious dialogue is carried out according to the principles of Scriptural Reasoning. Subsequently, a brief review of the history of the method is offered. The last two sections examine the theoretical background that currently supports this methodology of interreligious dialogue. Even though the strengths of the method are recognized in this text, the possibilities of this method that have not yet been explored and that can expand its horizons of action, especially considering the characteristics of the Latin American context, do not fail to be mentioned.
  • El indígena y el amor cristiano

    García Isaza, Alfonso (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 1992-12-30)
    No había despuntado la sonrisa de la aurora como hermosa promesa de luz, cuando la voz de ¡Tierra, Tierra! en la garganta llensa de asombro y exaltación de Rodrigo de Triana derrotaba las tinieblas que envolvían la tierra y cegaban los espíritus. Tierra en la que la ilusión acariciaba con tanto amor y fidelidad por Colón al fin se encarnaba, tierra sobre la cual el excéntrico despistado acertaba, era la tierra entrevista por la arcana y poderosa intuición de Platón y Séneca y aun en las escrituras bíblicas, allí abierta sobre el incógnito y tenebroso mar como un milagro en aquel amanecer del 12 de Octubre de 1492, más claro que la luz de todos los astros, era una esmeralda que emergía de la entraña marina, "Toda ella verde que es placer mirarla", como la describió el descubridor. La larga aventura de Colón, toda hazaña preflada de azares, se coronaba de gloria irunortal, el dolor de años sin término se trocaba en dicha sobrehumana y al fin, nadie más cuerdo que aquel marino a quien pudo considerársele loco por su propósito que desbordaba el pensamiento común y adocenado y aquel caminante cuya errátil sombra era más de mendigo que de recio empresario.
  • El catecismo, los catecismos y la evangelización

    Tisnés J., Roberto M. (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 1992-12-30)
    Providencia y designio eterno del Señor fue el descubrimiento del mundo nuevo americano, como consecuencia de la obra que el cronista López de Gomara apellida con justicia y belleza “la mayor cosa después de la creación del mundo, sacando la encarnación y muerte del que lo crió”, y su siguiente evangelización llevada a cabo por una pléyade de misioneros y obispos a lo largo y ancho de tres centurias. Trátase, además, de una evangelización excepcional en la historia eclesiástica y religiosa universal por la cantidad de frutos obtenidos, al haber sustituido las nuevas cristiandades a las que en mala hora, en Europa más que milenaria, habían abandonado la única verdadera Iglesia.
  • Discurso de la raza pronunciado en la Basílica Primada de Bogotá

    Giraldo Ramírez, Néstor (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 1992-12-30)
    Para abrir estas páginas ofrecemos este interesante discurso pronunciado en el ya lejano doce de octubre de 1922 por el entonces Arzobispo de Medellín, Manuel José Cayzedo, en el Te Deum que con tal ocasión se celebro en la Catedral de Bogotá.
  • Cultura y evangelización: Itinerario y perspectiva de un pensamiento eclesial

    Vallejo Tobón, Gustavo (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 1992-12-30)
    Evangelización significa anuncio de una buena noticia; hay evangelización desde que hubo una Buena Noticia para la humanidad: “Os anuncio una gran alegría, que sería para todo el pueblo: os ha nacido desde hoy, en la ciudad de David, un salvador, que es Cristo Señor” (Lc 2,10). “Id por todo el mundo y proclamad la Buena Nueva” (Mc 16,15). Esa Buena Noticia, que se la salvación de Jesucristo, es la razón de ser de la Iglesia, y en función de ella sigue evangelizando: “Lo que importa es evangelizar, no de una manera decorativa, como barniz artificial, sino de una manera vital, en profundidad y hasta sus mismas raíces, la cultura y las culturas del hombre” es expresión de programática de Pablo VI.
  • Antropo – ética en el pensamiento precolombino

    Marín, Jorge Andrés (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 1992-12-30)
    Aunque todavía hay quienes piensan que América Latina es un continente sin historia, en ella las ideas filosóficas están estrechamente relacionadas con sus concretas circunstancias históricas; de allí que, por ejemplo, “  quien pretenda apreciar cabalmente la ética de acción colonizadora de España (Dice Höffner), debe conocer al menos en sus rasgos más característicos, la América Precolombina.
  • El encuentro del evangelio y las culturas de la América prehispánica

    Giraldo Ramírez, Néstor (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 1992-12-30)
    Reviste gran interés y es de fundamental importancia todo lo referente a la cultura, interés que crece cuando se trata de estudiar la relación entre Evangelio y Cultura y el sentido y alcance de la labor misionera del cristianismo. Enfáticamente lo afirmó el Papa Juan Pablo II en su intervención ante la Unesco el 2 de junio de 1960, cuando dijo: “El hombre vive una vida verdaderamente humana gracias a la cultura. La vida es cultura. El hombre no puede prescindir de la cultura. El hombre es el hecho primordial y fundamental de la cultura. El nexo fundamental del Evangelio, o sea del mensaje de Cristo y de la Iglesia, con el hombre en su humanidad misma, es creador de cultura en su fundamento mismo”.
  • Natural theology, revealed theology and mystic theology: Philosophical reflections, starting from Saint Thomas Aquinas and Saint John of the Cross

    González Suárez, Lucero (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2021-12-01)
    What kind of theological discourse about God has preeminence, by virtue of his essential character? The purpose of this article is to answer that question. The thesis to be demonstrated is that, while natural theology and revealed theology (whose masterful synthesis is the work of Saint Thomas Aquinas) are discourses on God, mystical theology of Saint John of the Cross is a discourse from God. Ultimately, the purpose of this reflection is to show that, from a phenomenological point of view, the mystical theology  is superior to natural theology and revealed theology. Since, instead of degrading the mystery of God as a concept, it makes it understandable in a way that preserves its sacredness.
  • Ecclesial Movements And New Communities: Between institution and charism

    Delgado Galindo, Miguel (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2021-12-16)
    The ecclesial movements and new communities are ecclesial realities bearing charisms that the Holy Spirit gives for the common good of the Church, in order to contribute to the holiness not only of a specific group of the faithful, but of all the members of the people of God. The ecclesial movements and new communities, most of whose members are lay faithful, find their origins in the ecclesiology of communion that characterises the magisterium of the Second Vatican Council, and are a reason for hope in the evangelisation of our times. Deeper reflection on the last ecumenical council’s ecclesiology has brought to light the co-essentiality of hierarchical and charismatic gifts in the Church’s divine constitution, an aspect that has been elevated to the category of theological principle. Recent Popes have expressed their esteem for these new ecclesial realities, establishing criteria for discernment and giving general indications to facilitate their harmonious integration in the Particular Churches where their members are found, contributing to the process of missionary conversion in which the whole Church is engaged.
  • The ecclesiology of the Second Vatican Vouncil and of the general conferences of the Latin american Episcopate in the pastoral plans and practices of the Archdiocese of Cali

    Mayor Tamayo, Jhon Fredy; Olaya Arenas, Alejandro (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2021-12-01)
    On the occasion of the research project entitled The Sacred Scripture in the pastoral practices of the Archdiocese of Cali (1965-2019), this article proposes to carry out a theological discernment of the ecclesiological presuppositions that animated the pastoral action of the church in the city of Cali. This was done from the review of the historical process of the Archdiocese, from its pastoral practices and pastoral plans elaborated between the years 1965-2019, with a special attention on the conceptions of the People of God, Church of communion and participation and synodality, which were brought at the time by the Second Vatican Council and the documents of the General Conferences of the Latin American Episcopate (Medellín (1968), Puebla (1979), Santo Domingo (1992) and Aparecida (2007)). Based on the established assumptions, a review was made of the documents of the Archdiocesan archive and of some previous works prepared by other researchers whose interest is in the systematization of the historical presence of the Church (Cali and the Department of Valle del Cauca). The route carried out allows us to identify the way in which this particular Church of Cali responded both to the initiatives of change proposed in the Church (Universal and Latin American) and to the challenges that the historical evolution of an expanding city has brought. The historical readiness to read its pastoral work in the theological horizon of the signs of the times has allowed to configure a style and a pastoral practice that offers great possibilities to enter into the synodal dynamics.
  • For an increasingly necessary interreligious dialogue in the face of intolerance and violence

    Pérez Prieto, Victorino (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2021-12-01)
    Religions were born to be a source of peace, enlightenment and liberation. Yet, their historical realization has been and is still marked by dynamics of aggression and confrontation, of violence and destructive intolerance of the other. This is the most problematic situation to which religion is called to respond effectively. This requires more than at any other time in history an authentic interreligious dialogue for the plurality of our current societies and of our globalized world. This dialogue, which is more than simple tolerance, has certain presuppositions that are marked by the recognition that all religions are true because they are ways of salvation; therefore, they have a part of the Truth, which is one, but which none of the religions exclusively possess. God is always greater than any religion can say about him. Fleeing from syncretism and confusion, since the dialogue is carried out from the different identities, each religion must recognize that it is a different way to achieve the only goal. That is why a dia-logos is necessary in recognition that our particular truths (logos) must always be on the way (dia) in search of the only Truth.
  • Shiphrah and Puah: brave, rebellious and wise heroines. The figure and actions of midwives in Ex 1, 15-22

    Mela, Facundo (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2021-11-09)
    After the account of the beginnings of slavery suffered in Egypt, Ex 1: 15-22 narrates how two brave midwives, Shiphrah and Puah, moved by the fear of God, disobeyed the order to kill the newborn Hebrew males. Their intrepid and intelligent actions prevent infanticide and become a cause of blessing for the people and for themselves. These heroines embark on an unequal combat and defeat an all-powerful monarch who wants to destroy the People of God, and they become an example of the struggle against the culture of death and discarding. In a world that turns its back on immigrants and where ethnic cleansings and genocides still exist, they stand as prototypes of women of faith committed to the sufferings of the poor and the excluded. Remarkably, the biblical tradition did not recall their valiant epic; on the contrary, rabbinical tradition and Hebrew legends did. This article aims to recover the figures of Shiphrah and Puah, by carefully studying different aspects of these exceptional women, such as the office of midwife in ancient times, the possession of names, the question of their nationality, the reckless actions they carried out, the fear of God and the wisdom they possessed, their transformation into instruments of Providence, the blessing obtained, their cunning and courage, motherhood, resistance to oppression, their sisterhood, etc. For the analysis, different instances of the critical historical method, narratology, rabbinic interpretation and other approaches will be applied.
  • On The Correlation Involving the Historical Aspect of the Scripture and Its Logos Character between Kerygma and the Demythologization Process in Rudolf Bultmann According To Paul Ricoeur

    Mariano Da Rosa, Luiz Carlos (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2021-11-09)
    By correlating the historical aspect of Scripture and its status as logos, Rudolf Bultmann introduces an exegetical-hermeneutic procedure based on the historical-critical research of Scripture and imposes the interpretation of logos as kerygma in a process that involves the overlapping possibilities of knowledge in a given historical-cultural context and implies the need to correspond to the cosmovision of the current topicality. Thus, based on Paul Ricoeur's critical analysis, the article focuses on demythologization as a distinction between kerygma and myth in a movement that overlaps the mythological artifice and converges to the questioning of its original meaning through a process that, after all, requires its permanence under the horizon of interpretation. The article points out that Ricoeur shows that Bultmann dispenses with reflection involving the lato sensu language as an object, superimposing the language of faith on the language of myth in a movement that, although intending to supersede the sacrificium intellectus, ultimately converges towards a construction that tends to demand the sacrificium intellectus in the frontiers of demythologization and in the language of the faith that is involved in its process.
  • Spirituality of the senses in the stories of the city

    Espinosa Arce, Juan Pablo (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2021-11-09)
    Spirituality is a quality of the human being. Through it we go on a journey with God, in whom we recognize the deep meaning of our lives. Human life, a space of encounter with God, is understood as the link between body and spirit, of the personal and the community dimension, of the home and urban experience. Based on this consideration, this article seeks to delve into the category and topic of "spirituality of the senses", which has been proposed and developed by the Portuguese theologian José Tolentino Mendonça. The senses are defined as access doors to reality, to history, to the world and to others. Through the senses, the body and our interiority, we develop life, a life walked, celebrated, originated and ended in the middle of our cities. Therefore, the consideration arises of thinking how in the middle of the city, of the urban fabric, and of the challenges of current coexistence, we exercise the aforementioned spirituality of the senses.
  • The role of intuitions on the evidential problem of evil: a moderate rationalist proposal

    Miranda-Rojas, Rafael (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2021-11-09)
    This paper seeks to evaluate the scope of the link between the evidential problem of evil and the role of intuitions as a case of sui generis a priori epistemic access. In order to do this, I will first address the theoretical assumptions present in the understanding of what an intuition is and, consequently, what an intuitive belief as a case of non-inferential and a priori belief is. Following Church et al (2020), one main point of this research would be to highlight the link between intuitions  and evidentialism, as it is considered in the evidential problem of evil. This will allow a moderate and empirically informed rationalist analysis of what is understood as evidence regarding the possible (or probable, in some readings) non-existence of God, if it is the case that there is at least one instance of gratuitous evil (pointless evil) in the world. To strengthen this interpretation in favor of an a priori - a posteriori link as a way of responding to the argument of evil and its undercutting defeater role (Oliveira, 2020), two assumptions present in the discussion and their plausibility will be considered: that a priori reasons are not strictly understood as evidence for religious belief of a proposition p; and that the irrationality of religious belief arises from the absence of justification for the occurrence of an event of evil. I maintain that there is a tension between i) and ii), specifically regarding the absence of evidence that allows us to sustain the incompatibility between gratuitous evil and the non-existence of God.
  • The Use of Psalms quotations and allusions in Pauline Writings

    Gonzaga, Waldecir; Goldoni Silveira, Rogério (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2021-11-09)
    This article aims to provide reflection on the use of quotations and allusions from psalms in Pauline writings. Although it is not possible to be sure about the source used by Paul (LXX or BH), the authors agree that Paul made at least 31 references to the psalms, between quotations and allusions, not counting the echoes. In light of this finding, this article presents the criteria for distinguishing citations, allusions and echoes of OT texts in the NT, based on the studies by G.K. Beale, in his work Manual of the Use of the Old Testament in the New Testament, and by R.B. Hays, in Echoes of Scripture in the Letter of Paul. Then, three quotations from psalms and one allusion are analyzed: two safe quotations (Ps 14,1-3 in Rom 3,10b-12; and Ps 112,9 in 2Cor 9,9); one questioned citation (Ps 142.1 in Gal 2.16); and one allusion (Ps 97.2 in Rom 1.17). This analysis will help to understand why Paul employs texts from the Psalter in his writings as well as the literary context, in addition to the criteria the apostle had for referring to such texts. Although it is not possible to accurately determine the source used by the apostle, the present study finds that, as is common throughout the NT, Paul's use of the OT was much more from a Greek version of the LXX than from a Hebrew text. Furthermore, it is clear that Paul both quoted the OT literally and used it freely, depending on his theological intent.
  • The anamnetic dimension of Faith: a dialogue between historical memory and eschatology after the Second World War

    Gándara Ricardo, Carlos Alonso (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2021-11-09)
    The objective of this article was to initiate a dialogue between history and eschatology from the experience of human suffering in God. Therefore, the dialectical method will be addressed in order to establish a hermeneutical reflection that allows understanding the suffering of the present from the force of the past and the commitment to the future. For this, the theological thought of Johann Baptist Metz and other authors will be fundamental, as, from the author’s theological-political proposal and from the provocative memory in the context of a highly globalized world, he vindicates the problem of theodicy from the experience of man who suffers and claims to God its imminent end. Now, within the academic world of theology, several efforts have been made to structure a political theology that looks at the world, since the Christian faith is faith with open eyes, but it has not obtained the necessary reception within the academic world or in the formal ecclesial context. The efforts made after the rise of the Second Vatican Council aroused in 1968 a cry from the oppressed, the poor and the suffering, which is still unknown in both the Latin American and European contexts. Consequently, this dialogue between history and eschatology is born, in which the singularity of faith will be addressed, first, in the context of a new nominalism; second, the secularization of the fruit of the enlightened bourgeois man and modernity, and, finally, the relationship between memory and hope will be concretely outlined in the context of Auschwitz.

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