Founded in 1974, it is the official publication of the School of Theology, Philosophy and Humanities at the Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. The journal covers the fields of Theology, Humanities and Social Sciences. Publicación oficial de la Escuela de Teología, Filosofía y Humanidades de la Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Su temática abarca los campos de la Teología y de las Ciencias Humanas y Sociales. Su objetivo es presentar algunas reflexiones e investigaciones de actualidad en estos campos del saber. Los contenidos de la revista están dirigidos a los estudiantes, docentes, investigadores, egresados, profesionales de las áreas teológicas y a los lectores afines a este saber.

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The Globethics.net library contains articles of Cuestiones Teológicas as of vol. 42(2015) no. 98 to current.

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  • Considerations about God for our Time

    Caamaño, José Carlos (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2021-03-18)
    The article addresses, in five points, some considerations regarding some of the challenges faced when talking about God in our time. The tension between the fidelity of the message and paying attention to the new demands of our time is a concern that is present across it. The aim of the article is to warn against some aspects we must consider in our language and approaches. The latter determine the conclusions, and because of that we might reach standardized answers, despite of how creative our way is. Thus, though our approaches might be traditional, if we dare explore new spaces, it is likely that we might find novel challenges. Likewise, the article considers some remarkable moments of the magisterium of Pope Francis, who has expressed some concerns regarding an ideological, functional, and clerical paralysis of the Gospel. The article begins with the difficulty of admitting the fidelity of a God, who appears to be elusive and distant. Then, it considers truth from the standpoint of two risks: understanding it as solid, unmovable, and complete; or seeing it as dynamic, ungraspable, and ethereal. Third, it addresses the issue of the truth of God, as a being that exists in communion with humanity and that persists in its presence. This mystery of presence and communion leads to the issue of the persona and difference in God as foundation both for dialogue and tolerance. Finally, it warns against the always latent logic of idolatry.   
  • An Ecclesiological Perspective on the Challenge of Plurality within Church

    Duhau, Juan Bautista (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2021-03-18)
    Processes of modernization in Latin America have not accelerated the end of religions, as declared by some proponents of Secularization Theory, but have caused a transformation in the forms of participation and sense of belonging, which are characterized by pluralization of groups and religious contents. In general terms, the religious field has become more plural and diverse; and, at the same time, an internal pluralization of Catholicism has been observed. Beginning with the Second Vatican Council, Catholic Church acknowledges the action of the Holy Spirit, by spreading gifts and charismas to improve the stable structure of the ecclesial community. The Church has transformed herself by recognizing the contribution of renovation and edification of personal and communal charismas, innovative pastoral practices, new forms of organizing laity, and multiple ways of aggregation of believers, all of which are an expression of her charismatic diversity. These new features are the response to the diverse symbolic necessities of Catholic believers, and it is the responsibility of the ecclesial community to accompany a healthy integration and to the judgement about its value and validity. Every historical moment fosters processes of innovation that alter the stable structure of the Church and renovate the tension between innovative and institutional features. Thus, no longer it is the sole responsibility of the hierarchical gifts, but a synodal responsibility of the entire ecclesial community to accompany and judge whether the new pastoral practices and aggregation of believers are valid alternatives. Our time demands a peculiar attention to possible sectarian deviations to this judgment, as well as developing safe environments, which prevent any form of sexual abuse, abuse of power, or abuse of conscience.
  • An Outline for a Philosophy of Religion in Emmanuel Lévinas: The emergence of hermeneutics

    Fernández Hart, Rafael (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2021-03-18)
    The article introduces an outline for a philosophy of religion in the work of Emmanuel Lévinas. Thus, it throws light on an issue of interpretation in which, on the one hand, it is thought that the philosophy of Lévinas is framed in the Theological Turn in French Phenomenology and, on the other, the philosopher himself denies any theological approach. At the same time, it acknowledges the considerations of Levinas regarding God, the Holy Scriptures, and Sacredness, without framing his work in any form of philosophy of religion, of which he never wrote. Though there is some research in the philosophy of religion of Levinas, the value of such an approach, as a response to those who rush at affirming a Theological Turn within Levinasian philosophy, has not been yet considered. Bearing this in mind, the article focuses on the work Écrit et sacré (1989), which is his only work that might be labeled as “philosophy of religion”. Precisely, because just one work is not enough reason to characterize the entire thought of Levinas, only an outline is proposed in this article, thus preserving his undertaking, but allowing to address a work that has been usually dismissed. Therefore, the article shows that it might be more appropriate to speak of a Hermeneutic Turn than of a Theological Turn. First, it introduces a general view of the philosophy of religion to consider the possible points of contact with the philosophy of Lévinas. Second, it considers the idea of anomalies. Finally, it considers original elements of Écrit et sacré that might make possible to outline a philosophy of religion connected to a Hermeneutic Turn. It also shows that due to his familiarity with the Scriptures, Lévinas argues for a human being who is capable of them and who is open to them.
  • Fernán González, S. J. (Comp.). (2020). Curas guerrilleros patriotas y curas realistas. Bogotá: Academia Colombiana de Historia, 628 p.

    Pita Pico, Roger (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2020-12-30)
    Innegable es para todos el gran influjo ejercido por la Iglesia en América desde los inicios del dominio hispánico a través de una presencia institucional que permeaba todos los ámbitos de la vida social, económica y cotidiana de entonces. Un poder que alcanzaba tanta preponderancia como el poder político, de manera que Dios y Rey se constituían en los máximos ejes de autoridad. El siglo XIX despuntó con intensas convulsiones políticas tras irrumpir la etapa revolucionaria que comprometió tanto a España como a las colonias de ultramar, con lo cual se abrió paso en la Nueva Granada, en 1810, el periodo de Independencia, que se extendería por más de una década.
  • Kateusz, Ally. (2019). Mary and Early Christian Women: Hidden Leadership. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 295 pp.

    Richter, Eric E. (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2020-12-30)
    Ally Kateusz es profesora de historia eclesiástica en la Universidad de Missouri e investigadora del controversial Winjgaards Institute for Catholic Research. Se ha especializado en el arte cristiano en la antigüedad y medievo temprano. Esta obra, su segundo libro, está dividida en ocho capítulos. Algunos consisten en artículos previamente publicados que han sido revisados y ampliados. Su tesis central radica en afirmar que María de Nazareth fue considerada una líder eclesiástica y litúrgica en el cristianismo primitivo, lo cual se ve reflejado en representaciones artísticas y literarias de la época. Ella también aborda las inevitables implicancias que la percepción de la figura de María, como líder, tuvo en el rol de la mujer en el cristianismo primitivo, específicamente en funciones de liderazgo, enseñanza y evangelización.
  • Love as a Fundamental Way of Being

    Molina Pérez, Sergio (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2020-12-30)
    Human beings are always in a relationship, they cannot avoid it. Just their existence involves a relationship with God, with themselves, with the others and with the cosmos. Though Modernity invites to individualism, there is also the possibility to promote human beings that are more open to consciously interact with others, to recognize everything that is around them and see it as a good to themselves. The article addresses the concept of love as a fundamental way of being human based on several authors of the philosophical and theological traditions, and following a hermeneutic method framed within the conversation of classical philosophy, catholic theology and philosophical personalism, which are brought together by a Christian worldview in which love is a fundamental concept. As a starting point and as a form of introduction, the article presents a framework of the concept of love and a reason for love as fundamental way of being. It then presents several ideas of love throughout the history of thought and explains why reason is a key human faculty for the experience of love, contrary to some views of postmodernism. Afterwards, it suggests love as mode of the relationship of human beings with themselves within the frame of alterity, based particularly on personalism. Finally, it establishes love as a mode of the relationship with the cosmos, considering that loving and taking care of the world is one of the features of the human beings who live love as a fundamental way of being.
  • Veracity-Truthfulness according to Leonardo Polo

    Sellés, Juan Fernando (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2020-12-30)
    The article addresses the virtue of veracity-truthfulness in the thought of Leonardo Polo. First, it describes its nature and types (linguistic and labor). Second, it reviews the bad habits that are contrary to this virtue: error, lie, unjustified silence and duplicity. Third, it shows some advantages that come with having it: happiness, audacity, increase of common good and love for truth. This topic is discussed because lie, in all the possible manifestations, is a major issue the contemporary society, which not only is increasing, but also disrupts the language and community. Therefore, the purpose of the research is to review every pertinent work by Leonardo Polo regarding both the virtue of truthfulness and its contrary bad habit, lie; and, also, the consequences that come with this virtue. The research is framed within ethics, which is second to transcendental anthropology, because if the Thomist distinction between actus essendi and essentia is accepted, ethics becomes the manifestation of the act of being of humans within the essence of humans, which can perfect or degrade such essence. The research follows a theoretical method because according to Aristotle “the life according to reason is best and pleasantest”; thus, the only truth method would be for the being to put everything on the line and find out what is the cause of truthfulness, and of its virtuous and vicious manifestations. It concludes that the cause of the lack of truthfulness, lie, is the depersonalization or progressive loss of the act of being human. Bearing this on mind, for our society this involves being in a permanent state of crisis. 
  • Discernment: From Spirituality to Ethics

    Mifsud, Tony (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2020-12-30)
    The theme of discernment has been reduced to the field of spirituality with a clear reference to religious and priestly life. However, in Saint Paul it has an undeniable ethical application, linked to the Christian vocation in general. On the other hand, spirituality is the base and foundation of the Christian ethos. Therefore, the theme of discernment constitutes a bridge between spirituality and the Christian ethos, capable of establishing itself as a method of reaching concrete ethical judgments.  Traditionally, in Moral Theology, two methods were applied: deontology (the application of the norm to reality) and teleology (the purpose determines the ethics of the act). The article proposes a third method: ethical discernment that presupposes a consequence and a coherence between professed faith and daily living. The article begins with a study of the term discernment in the theological thought of Saint Paul, then moves on to the rules of discernment in the Spiritual Exercises of Saint Ignatius of Loyola and ends with a more complete understanding of its meaning in the reflections of Pope Francis.  Once the meaning of the term discernment is elucidated, it becomes clear that this term constitutes a solid bridge between spirituality and ethics, being a method of converting the spiritual experience into an ethical commitment. It ends with the proposal of a concrete method for the formation of an ethical judgment.
  • Guillermo Jünemann: Philologist and Literary Critic from the Church of Concepción-Chile

    Uribe Ulloa, Pablo (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2020-12-09)
    The following text is an approach to the unknown figure of Father Guillermo Jünemann. It shows the contributionthat he made from the church in Concepcion between the end of the XIX century and the first half of the XX century. The peak of his work was the first translation into Spanish of the Bible done in Latin America, and based on the Greek version of the Septuagint. The results of the research show who was Father Jünemann, as well as the historical and ecclesial context where he developed his pastoral ministry, and the important work he did at the church in Concepción. It follows the methodology of documentry analysis, doing an attentive inquiry into first hand bibliographic sources, which corresponds to Father Jünemann’s manuscripts and edited writings (sources). In addition to some other existing studies of the character (specialized bibliography) and other more general texts (general biography). This work contributes to a rarely explored line of inquiry about a character ignored by the history of the contemporary Catholic Church in Chile and in Latin America.
  • Spirituality, Identity and Historical Memory: From the Perspective of the Franciscan and Jesuit Cases

    Alcántara Bojorge, Dante Alberto (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2020-12-07)
    The article addresses the connection between the Order of Friars Minor and the Society of Jesus’ spirituality in relation to historical memory. Provided the lack of literature that discusses this subject, the article addresses the issue regarding the link between spirituality and historical memory, to later characterize their Franciscan and Jesuit sides, highlighting similarities and differences. Based on both the writings by their founders, Francis of Assisi and Ignatius of Loyola, and particular cases of the chroniclers of New Spain, the article raises the issue of the influence of spirituality in the internal representations of both religious organizations, as it has been reported in their historical accounts. The article understands historical memory as an intellectual construct, which involved conscious elaboration, highlighting the idea suggested by Pierre Nora in which the concept of “memory” locates the past within the present, giving it life through a deep emotional charge that rests on identities. Likewise, it understands spirituality as a basic, practical, or existential attitude, which in Christian culture is both the result and expression of a Christological view of human life. The article concludes that the spiritual legacy of the founders of these religious organizations, which is established through both their writings and later hagiography, belongs to the elements that meet in shaping a particular corporate identity and in a particular way of proceeding, which is evident in the historiography of both organizations.
  • Creation pushes and God with it: study of the argumentation in Rom 8,18-30

    Granados, Juan Manuel (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2020-12-07)
    This paper puts forward an exegetical study of Rom 8:20-21 and attempts to explain “who it was that subjected creation to failure.” The exegetical discussion regarding the meaning of the expression “by the will of the one who subjected it” (διὰ τὸν ὑποτάξαντα) helps to determine whether the Pauline Theology of Creation in Romans is to be interpreted as eschatological or Christological. The announcement of the liberation of creation in Rom 8:21 also raises the issue of “its bondage to decay.” Why and for what purpose was creation subjected “in hope”? This research proposes a rhetorical approach to Rom 8:18-30 and reveals a crescendo (auxesis) in the groaning: the creation groans, we groan, and the Spirit groans. This crescendo involves the believers’ understanding of the effects of God’s salvific action through Christ. Paul uses the rhetorical figure of “personification” (prosopopeia) to identify human and non-human creation. Paul also relates this figure of thought with a play on words (groans / groaning) to show a paradox: in Christ, human suffering and God’s help to give birth to new life come together. Thus, Paul intends to demonstrate not only a “New Creation” in Christ, but also a new awareness: that of divine filiation.
  • Use of the Old Testament in Paul’s Epistle to the Philippians

    Gonzaga, Waldecir; Almeida Filho, Victor da Silva (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2020-12-07)
    This article considers Paul’s Epistle to the Philippians as an opportunity for teaching, incentive and motivation, distinctive contributions of the Apostle to the Gentiles (Rom. 11: 13). Thus, the research highlights these features based on the use of the texts of the Old Testament according to the method developed in G. K. Beale’s Manual do uso do Antigo Testamento no Novo Testamento and R. B. Hays’ Echoes of Scripture in the Letters of Paul. Following the method used to identify the use of the Old Testament in the New Testament, the article aims at understanding how Paul appropriated and interpreted the allusions and echoes of the ancient texts that left a mark on him and influenced his writing. It also aims at understanding how Paul grasped these passages and how they contributed to and influenced the apostle in the moments when the letter was written. He always re-interpreted those texts, in the everyday life of his community, according to the concrete experience of the life of the Church in Philippi. Finally, it also carefully considers two further things: the analysis of the Christological Hymn (Phil. 2: 10-11) and the issue concerning the unity of the epistle, which is regarded as authentically Pauline. Therefore, the article helps to understand how the New Testament appropriates the Old Testament, basing itself on the LXX and not the Hebrew Bible, which occurs not only in the Pauline epistles, but in the whole New Testament. 
  • Missionary Animation within Pontifical Magisterium and Pastoral

    Martínez Sáez, Juan F. (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2020-12-07)
    The magisterium of Pope Francis is a clear call to every single baptized catholic and the whole Church to be in a “permanent state of mission”. The article presents a summary of the pontifical magisterium and pastoral practices from before Second Vatican Council to the current Pope regarding missionary animation as pastoral instrument for every baptized person to participate in the mission of the Church. It aims at showing how the idea that the universal and missionary spirit of the Gospel is a responsibility of every baptized catholic has been strengthened within the Church with the purpose that it becomes the common self-understanding of Christians and Christian communities. Both the pontifical magisterium and pastoral practices of the popes concerning universal Church have contributed to this idea, particularly through the Pontifical Mission Societies and other charismatic initiatives linked to missionary institutions. Thus, the theological-pastoral concept of missionary animation has gradually been developed, both in meaning and method. The historical overview makes possible to understand that though Pope Francis does not literally use the expression missionary animation, he does introduce its content and forms into his magisterium, gestures, and actions; as well as into his pastoral magisterium towards the universal Church, so every baptized person becomes a missionary disciple and provides hope based on “a new chapter of evangelization”.
  • Saint Joseph in Sacred Scripture and in Spirituality

    Mancuello González, Wilma; Medina Cristaldo, Carlos Alberto (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2020-12-07)
    The article addresses the figure of Saint Joseph from the point of view of biblical exegesis and Catholic spirituality. It aims at reinterpreting some features of his character and suggests some answers concerning how God interacted with him and his form of answering the divine call. Christian spirituality has always interpreted his silence as an expression of his profound obedience and has granted him with several epithets: Putative or Nominal Father of Jesus, Guardian of the Redeemer, Husband of Mary, Patron Saint of Carpenters, among others. The research is based on texts of both the Old and New Testaments, which are studied according to their own nature and using analytic tools of the synchronic approach. Its purpose is to understand how God handled Joseph and the way in which he answered his call, which was based on a profound friendship with God Himself, just like Abraham and some biblical prophets. He is also represented, as a form of re-reading, as a contemplative man of the mysteries of the Kingdom, as the master of Jesus, and diligent protector of those in need throughout history. In this line of argument, the research finds a distant spiritual link, though bearing upgrading force, in the friendship Saint Joseph had with Teresa of Jesus, first female Doctor of the Church and regarded as Doctor of Prayer. She invites Christians to choose Saint Joseph as Master of Prayer, following him to learn of friendly conversation with Him Who we know loves us.
  • Spirituality and Lifestyles

    Bueno Castellanos, Mauricio; De Souza Martins, Marlucio; Posada-Bernal, Sandra (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2020-12-07)
    Human religious and spiritual expressions could be related to people's lifestyles and, in the case of university education, it represents a scenario of integral development for students. In this case, theology students and members of religious communities carry out formation processes that link the cultivation of Christian spirituality by recognizing and or valuing the dimension not only of the body but also of spiritual awareness. This study aims to characterize the spirituality and lifestyles of the students at the Faculty of Theology of the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana–  Bogotá. For the development of this research, a quantitative descriptive study was carried out in a cross section, with a sample of 34 students; a self-administered questionnaire in Likert Scale was used, with 30 questions, to characterize spirituality and lifestyles. The results show negative indices for the categories: nutritional factors, physical activity, and preventive behavior; Likewise, they show positive indices for the categories: religious practices, service practices, order of values, social relations, and stress control. It is concluded that spirituality has a strong association with a healthy lifestyle for those who practice it. It is recommended that strategies that promote the development of healthy lifestyles and that deepen disciplinary knowledge of the implications of Christian spirituality and health care be included within the process of formation of theology students.
  • Filosofía e interdisciplinariedad

    Múnera Vélez, Darío (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2020-11-18)
    Sin temor a equivocación se puede aceptar como característica del filósofo, en cuanto hace filosofía, su actitud crítica. Esto no quiere decir que la filosofía se defina por la crítica, pues en tal caso habría que explicar el juicio, así como la diversificación de los conceptos que éste engendra. Tampoco hay que definirla como la ciencia de la sabiduría; pues, en tal caso, es la sabiduría 10 que hay que definir. Tal vez como mejor se expresa la definición de la filosofía es con una interrogación: ¿cuál es la razón de ser del hombre en el mundo? y subsidiariamente, ¿cuáles son las modalidades de esta razón de ser". Hay que admitir que todos los sistemas históricos llevan consigo esta interrogación. En otras palabras, todas las filosofías implican un proyecto humanista, pues, todas, de alguna manera, tienen que -ver con el hombre, mirado éste como dato material o cosa, como estructura, como individuo, como persona o como ser genérico, o como razón. (…)
  • Entrega

    Cuestiones Teológicas Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2020-11-18)
    La actividad teológica constituye un ministerio eclesial, que se realiza no sólo de manera ordinaria, en la labor cotidiana de formación de la conciencia de la fe del pueblo cristiano y en la de la formación de quienes han de desempeñar responsabilidades especiales en la comunidad, como es el caso de los presidentes de la comunidad, de 100 catequistas, etc., sino también en forma, por así decido extraordinaria. La investigación teológica es invocada en circunstancias particulares por el magisterio de la Iglesia, o por la comunidad misma, para iluminar ciertos aspectos más urgentes de la conciencia vivida de la fe. (…)
  • En la muerte de Monseñor Tulio Botero Salazar

    Ramírez, Alberto (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2020-11-18)
    Al atardecer del Domingo 1o. de Marzo murió inesperadamente en su retiro del Barrio de los Caunces, el inolvidable Arzobispo, Monseñor Tulio Botero Salazar, Pastor de esta Iglesia de Medellín durante casi 22 arios. Su muerte- aconteció verdaderamente en la paz del Señor. Todos los que estuvimos vinculados con él por los lazos de la noble amistad, paternal y fraternal, que nos brindó, y por los del ministerio eclesial que compartimos con él, repasamos en el corazón, con ocasión de su muerte, el sentido total de su vida y los pormenores de su historia, íntimamente ligada con la nuestra. Sus actitudes todas, de persona humana y de Pastor de nuestra Iglesia, son convertidas ahora, por la mirada integradora de nuestra fe, en una hermosa armonía, cuyo valor no ha sido decidido simplemente por nuestros sentimientos superficiales, sino por los designos amorosos de Dios. (...)
  • La formación del Antiguo Testamento

    Giraldo Ramírez, Néstor (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2020-11-18)
    Reducir a esquemas un problema tan complejo como la formación del Antiguo Testamento es correr el riesgo de incurrir en una simplificación que olvide los innumerables aspectos que el proceso redaccional implica. No es problema únicamente literario: en su estudio intervienen consideraciones múltiples tanto de índole cultural como histórica que plantean interrogantes que corresponde examinar y responder a la teología de la inspiración. No es mi intención abordar estas cuestiones, se trata sólo de algo muy simple: presentar un esquema con intención más pedagógica, que investigativa, que permitiera al estudiante introducirse en el mundo de la historia de la redacción del Antiguo Testamento. Es un modesto apoyo didáctico, sobre el cual espero volver más tarde con algunas observaciones de fondo sobre aspectos del problema que revisten para mí gran interés por sus múltiples implicaciones teológicas. Por esta vez me limito' a algunos ligeros comentarios que ayuden al lector a mirar un poco más allá del "simplismo esquemático" del cuadro que nos ocupa. (...)
  • La comunidad eclesial: reflexiones bíblicas sobre comunión y misión carisma y ministerios

    Giraldo Ramírez, Nestor (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2020-11-18)
    La abundante literatura, a menudo valiosa, que ha venido acumulándose sobre el tema "Iglesia", especialmente en los últimos veinticinco años, muestra su importancia, a la vez que su complejidad. Restringiéndola al área estrictamente bíblica, esta literatura es ya voluminosa, tanto en el campo católico, como en el protestante, si a las obras publicadas agregamos los artículos aparecidos en revistas de reconocida seriedad. (…)

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