Actualizable potential, reproduction, and embryo research: bringing embryos into existence for different purposes or not at all.
Value / Quality of Life
Stem Cell Research
Research on Embryos and Fetuses
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Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2010 January; 19(1): 51-60
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Experimenting With Embryos: Can Philosophy Help?Heyd, David (2015-05-05)Beyond the well-known ethical issues involved in medical experimentation on human subjects, experimenting with embryos raises unique and particularly hard problems. Besides the psychological obstacles connected with the fear of "playing God" and the awe with which we hold the process of the creation of human beings, there are three philosophical problems which are the main subject of the article: 1. The logical problem of circularity: the morality of experimenting on embryos is dependent on the status of the embryo, which in turn is partly decided by experimentation; 2. The metaphysical problem: experiments are justified by the benefits they bring to human subjects; but it is doubtful whether an early embryo is a "subject" and whether coming into being is a "benefit"; 3. The moral problem: the standard constraint on medical experiments is that they benefit either the individual subject or at least members of a relevantly defined group of patients suffering from the same syndrome. But embryo experimentation is often associated with potential cure to people of a completely different category (like geriatric patients). Finally, the article discusses the limits of the force of philosophical arguments in the formation of actual policies for regulating such practices as experimenting with embryos. The widely-shared fourteen-day limit is shown to be a sound practical compromise despite the difficulties in justifying it philosophically.
Masir Al-Ajinnah Fi Al-BunukBasalamah, 'Abd Allah (2016-01-08)This paper was submitted to the symposium held by the Islamic Organization for Medical Sciences (IOMS) in Kuwait during the period 18-21 April 1987 on some medical practices from an Islamic ethical perspective. The paper discusses the ethical aspects of benefiting from the surplus of embryos remaining after an in vitro fertilization (IVF) process. The author concludes that embryos, from an Islamic perspective, enjoy dignity and thus should neither be destroyed nor used for scientific research. In the first instance, physicians should not produce any extra embryos in the IVF process.
Al-hayah al-insaniyah: bidaytuha wa nihaytuha fi al-mafhum al-IslamiMadhkur, Khalid; Sayf, 'Ali; Jundi, Ahmad Raja'i; Abu Ghuddah, 'Abd al-Sattar (2016-01-08)This voluminous publication contains the proceedings of the symposium held by the Islamic Organization for Medical Sciences (IOMS) in Kuwait during the period 15-17 January 1985 on the beginning and the end of human life. Many Muslim religious scholars and physicians submitted papers in this symposium and participated in the discussions. Within the broad lines of discussing the beginning and the end of human life, the participants debated a long array of issues such as the ethico-religious status of the embryo, embryo research, abortion and brain death. The publication is divided into two parts: one on issues pertaining to the beginning of human life and the other one on issues with relevance to its end. Each part is appended by final recommendations endorsed by the participants in the symposium.