Dialogo Journal is an International, open access, peer reviewed, online journal. The journal welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific preeminence in all areas of any discussions between science and theology. Focus and Scope: © RCDST (Research Center on the Dialogue between Science & Theology) - the Editor, Ovidius University of Constanta. Romania in association and partnership with academic institutions and research centers from Slovakia - Pakistan - Switzerland - Poland - India - Egypt - Uganda - Jordan - Turkey - Argentina - USA - Canada - Germany has developed this multidisciplinary forum of dialogue between every scientific domain and any theology in an effort to provide a way for leading scholars to share and exchange their views, as well as to comment on the opinions of their peers regarding particular aspects of science and religion. Not limited by ideological orientation, the Journal embraces all areas of theology (biblical, historical, ethical, constructive, doctrinal, etc.) as well as any types of scientific studies (literary, social, psychology, philosophy, astrophysics, evolutionary biology, physics, chemistry, anthropology, biology, genetics, anatomy, neurology, and other science) for a live dialogue, putting together not only their theories, but the minds working with them every day. This might include ways to challenge the boundaries within and between religion and science, and or between and within the academy, as well as the boundaries of the sacred and secular, of reason and faith. Ultimately, we want to ask how queer religion, science and philosophy, can and/or should be.

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The Globethics.net library contains articles of Dialogo as of vol. 1(2014) to current.

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  • DALL’AMORIS LAETITIA AL DIALOGO ECUMENICO

    Pesce, Francesco (Universidade Católica de Pernambuco, UNICAP, 2020-03-24)
    Questo articolo esamina la dimensione ecumenica dell’esortazione apostolica Amoris Laetitia di papa Francesco, mostrando come dipenda anche dagli interventi degli osservatori cristiani non-cattolici al Sinodo sulla famiglia. Questi interventi hanno messo in evidenza le ricchezze della riflessione ecumenica sul matrimonio che costituisce un elemento rilevante nel dialogo ecumenico da anni. La lettura ecumenica della Amoris Laetitia e la sua recezione pone l’attenzione sull’importanza della relazione tra grazia e matrimonio, il ruolo del matrimonio nell’evangelizzazione del XXI secolo e la natura dei matrimoni misti per la vita quotidiana e per la riflessione teologica della Chiesa Cattolica. FROM AMORIS LAETITIA TO ECUMENICAL DIALOGUEAbstractThis article examines the ecumenical dimension of Pope Francis' apostolic exhortation Amoris Laetitia, showing how it also depends on the interventions of non-Catholic Christian observers at the Synod on the Family. These interventions pointed out the riches of the ecumenical reflection on marriage that has been an important element in the ecumenical dialogue for years. The ecumenical reading of Amoris Laetitia and its reception focus the importance of the relationship between grace and marriage, the role of marriage in the evangelization in the 21st century and the nature of mixed marriages for daily life and theological reflection of the Catholic Church.
  • IN CAMMINO… UN ANNO DI ESPERIENZE ECUMENICHE LOCALI E NON LOCALI DALLA VISITA DI PAPA FRANCESCO A GINEVRA

    Burigana, Riccardo (Universidade Católica de Pernambuco, UNICAP, 2020-03-24)
    La visita di papa Francesco a Ginevra rappresenta una tappa significativa nel dialogo ecumenico per le parole e gesti che hanno caratterizzato la visita del papa al Consiglio Ecumenico delle Chiese in occasione del 70° anniversario della sua fondazione. La visita del papa ha acquistato un valore ancora più rilevante alla luce dei tanti eventi ecumenici che l’autore descrive, soffermandosi su alcuni temi condivisi; questi eventi hanno testimoniato la vitalità della stagione che sta vivendo l’ecumenismo a livello globale, nonostante il dibattito nel mondo ortodosso riguardo alla Chiesa Ucraina. ON THE WAY…. A YEAR OF ECUMENICAL LOCAL AND NOT LOCAL EXPERIENCES FROM POPE FRANCIS’ VISIT TO GENEVAAbstractPope Francis' visit to Geneva represents a significant step in the ecumenical dialogue for the words and deeds which characterized Pope’s visit to the World Council of Churches in occasion of 70th anniversary of its foundation. Pope’s visit gained even more value in light of so many ecumenical events which the author describes, by focusing some shared topics. They testified to the vitality of the season that the ecumenism lives, despite the debate inside the Orthodox world about the Ukrainian Church.
  • L’AIDE DU SAINT ESPRIT: NOTA SU FRÈRE ROGER NEI DIARI DEL CONCILIO VATICANO II

    Blancini, Gialuca (Universidade Católica de Pernambuco, UNICAP, 2020-03-24)
    La presenza di Roger Schutz e Max Thurian della Comunità di Taizé al Concilio Vaticano II ha arricchito la riflessione sull’unità della Chiesa dal momento che i due monaci hanno offerto un contributo sulla spiritualità cristiana alla luce dell’esperienza ecumenica di Taizé. L’autore descrive la presenza dei due monaci al Vaticano II dalla lettura di alcuni diari dei partecipanti al Concilio mostrando il significato della presenza di Taizé al Vaticano II soprattutto per la promozione della riconciliazione delle memorie.L’AIDE DU SAINT ESPRIT: NOTE ON FRÈRE ROGER IN THE DIARIES OF THE VATICAN COUNCIL IIAbstractThe presence of Roger Schutz and Max Thurian of the community of Taizé at the Second Vatican Council enriched the reflection on the unity of the church because the two monks made a contribution on the christian spirituality in the light of the ecumenical experience of Taizè. the author describes the presence of the two monks at Vatican II from reading some diaries of the participants of the Council showing the meaning of Taizé's presence at Vatican ii especially for the promotion of the reconciliation of memories.
  • IL RAPPORTO TRA CRISTIANI ED EBREI NEI DOCUMENTI DEL CONSIGLIO ECUMENICO DELLE CHIESE

    Danieli, Natascia (Universidade Católica de Pernambuco, UNICAP, 2020-03-24)
    This article examines World Council of Churches (WCC) policy regarding the Jewish people throughout the analysis of produced documentation by WCC since 1948. There are different documents written from various WCC programme areas, as a consequence, to grasp the essence of a single WCC document, one has to establish which mode is prevailing in the policy logic of that document. The analysis of the different documentation reveals how much this relationship is changed during the years, evolving in something of completely different from the past to nowadays. At the beginning, the focus was antisemitism and Shoah, than the different theology and now the comprehension of the different identities between Christian and Jewish Communities. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CHRISTIANS AND JEWS IN WORLD COUNCIL OF CHURCHES’ DOCUMENTSAbstractThis article examines World Council of Churches (WCC) policy regarding the Jewish people throughout the analysis of produced documentation by WCC since 1948. There are different documents written from various WCC programme areas, as a consequence, to grasp the essence of a single WCC document, one has to establish which mode is prevailing in the policy logic of that document. The analysis of the different documentation reveals how much this relationship is changed during the years, evolving in something of completely different from the past to nowadays. At the beginning, the focus was antisemitism and Shoah, than the different theology and now the comprehension of the different identities between Christian and Jewish Communities.
  • OS DEGREDADOS FILHOS DE EVA DE ONTEM E DE HOJE

    Libório, Luiz Alencar; Araujo, Sandra Helena Rios de (Universidade Católica de Pernambuco, UNICAP, 2020-03-24)
    No Catolicismo, a veneração à Virgem Maria perpassa séculos. Uma quase milenar devoção é a oração da Salve, Rainha, atribuída ao monge beneditino HermannusContractus, em 1050. Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar parte da oração da Salve Rainhae propor uma reflexão sobre “os degredados filhos de Eva” a partir da Doutrina Moral Sexual da Igreja Católica. Para tanto, o artigo coloca em evidência uma das causas da situação de abandono das crianças no período histórico do Brasil Colônia e Império e, no tempopresente de nossa história, a identificação de quem são esses filhos degredados hoje: crianças enjeitadas e discriminados sexualmente. Como resultado, a situação de degredo gerou as Santas Casas, com a célebre “roda dos expostos” que acolhiam diretamente as crianças enjeitadas e favoreciam indiretamente a sexualidade extramatrimonial que gerou os degredados de ontem e de hoje. THE EXILED SONS OF EVE, IN THE PAST AND TODAYAbstractIn Catholicism, the veneration of the Virgin Mary goes back centuries. An almost millennial devotion is the Hail Queen's prayer, attributed to the Benedictine monk Hermannus Contractus, in 1050. This article aims to analyze part oft the Hail Queen's prayer and to propose a reflection on “the exiled Sons of Eve” from the Sexual Moral Doctrine of the Catholic Church.To this end, the article highlights one of the causes of the abandonment situation of children in the historical period of Colonial and Empire of Brazil and nowadays of our history, the identification of who are these exiled children today: rejected children and sexually discriminated. As a result, the situation of exile generated the Holy Houses, with the famous “Wheel of the exposed” that directly welcomed the rejected children and indirectly favored the extra-marital sexuality that generated the yesterday's and today's exiled.
  • Offshore pipeline influence on middle east religion

    Delistoian Dmitri; Mihael Chircor (Ovidius University Press, 2017-12-01)
    The Middle East is responsible for nearly 30% of world oil production. Oil export is possible just using oil tankers and pipelines. Most developed pipeline network it has Syria. At the same time Syria is a gateway to Europe oil market. Bearing in mind oil price decline, fight on oil markets becomes more pronounced. The consequences of this struggle are creating increasing religious tensions between Shiites and Sunnis. Syria becomes a global battlefield for the influence on Arabian oil.
  • Divinity in dementia

    Docu Axelerad Any; Docu Axelerad Silviu; Alina Zorina Stroe; Daniel Docu Axelerad (Ovidius University Press, 2019-11-01)
    Various studies have shown that religiosity has a favorable impact on health and the quality of life, but still not much is known about religiosity in Alzheimer’s disease and about the progression of its cognitive, behavioral, and functional symptoms1. Our purpose was to identify any affiliation between religiosity and the progress of cognitive decline and behavioral disorders in mild Alzheimer’s disease.
  • The Distinction between Science and Christian Orthodox Theology in Cosmology

    Eugen Gantolea (Ovidius University Press, 2019-12-01)
    Science and theology are covering two distinct domains of our reality: physics and metaphysics, using two distinct methods of investigation: epistemology and gnoseology, respectively. As such, a conflict between science and theology should not be possible because there is no overlapping area. Science only offers paradigmatic explanations of how the universe works, without having the scope to provide scientific explanations for the cause and purpose of the universe and all beings’ existence. On the other hand, using gnoseology, Christian Orthodox theology, especially the apophatic one, can offer spiritual ontological understanding for the cause and scope of the universe and all beings’ existence, without providing detailed functional explanations for them. Gnoseology is based on the human spiritual cognition, in direct interpersonal collaboration with God. This article is focused on the complementary approach between science and Christian Orthodox theology.
  • Become trainer in the interreligious dialogue and mutual acceptance for theological teachers. Proposal for a Handbook Research; its necessity and development

    Tudor Cosmin Ciocan (Ovidius University Press, 2019-12-01)
    My intention is to improve the receiving of the idea of ‘interfaith dialogue and mutual acceptance’ for Romanian people in general and foremost on their teachers, by writing a handbook for teaching it to the students and future public opinion formatters. It is a requirement nowadays firstly to make people understand the benefits of interfaith, then to make them believe it is the only solution of the social common living in such a religiously diverse society, and finally provide methodological and technical support for those who want to become the voices of interfaith in their own environment. I need to lift my training to that level that I can improve myself, maturing from a religious pluralism embracer to a trainer, professionally prepared and systematic instructed. For that matter, this paper is not an unassisted research presentation, but a proposal from which I would like to evolve to a fully developed result that I will share with our Dialogo readers when published (e.g., ask for a review on a possible, future book on the topic).
  • The arcane discipline present in the Eucharistic consciousness of the Church by protecting the Holy Eucharist against desecration

    Vlad Marian (Ovidius University Press, 2019-12-01)
    Disciplina Arcani (“Instruction in the Sacred Secret”, i.e. initiation into the mystery): this term was first applied by Dallaeus and G. T. Meier to the practice of maintaining a studied reticence (fides silentii) concerning the form and character of introduction into the Church, as if it were something analogous to the initiation into the mysteries of the heathen world. The practice is especially observed in the fourth and fifth centuries. Baptism and the Lord's Supper, with the baptismal formula and the Lord's Prayer, played an essential part in the introduction, as they represented the center of the supposed mysteries.
 A theological term used to express the old discipline of the primary Church. This forbade the disclosure of Christian sacraments to non-Christians. The notion that defines this phenomenon is relatively modern and does not seem to have been used before the controversies of the seventeenth century when both Protestants and Catholics published works on the subject of the Old Church.
  • The Process of Integrating the Monastic Phenomenon into the Forms of Institutional Organization of the Church and the Implications of its Recognition as its Third Constituent Element. Ecclesiological-Canonical Consequences

    Vlad Marian (Ovidius University Press, 2019-12-01)
    In the late nineteenth century, monasticism was subjected to the same type of analysis applied to the Bible and early Christian texts in general. Although there are enough studies that explain the motivations of the emergence of monasticism and its historical manifestation, there are a few studies that highlight its role and status for the life of the Church from the ecclesiological and canonical point of view. Monasticism is nothing more than a state of the laity with a life consecrated to God through volunteering, without special invitation from the Church for consecration by ordination as in the case of clergy. It represents a particular calling and vocation to members of the church, to whom they willingly respond and not from a specific necessity. Basically, monasticism is a charismatic movement inside the church through which the Holy Spirit continues the work of the Prophets, apostles, Martyrs, and Charismatic Christian missionaries from the first Christian centuries. This specific manifestation of the church, present in its consciousness since its origins, has received legal recognition as belonging to the body of the church for the first time through the 4th Canon of the Fourth Ecumenical Council of Calcedon (453). Thus, monasticism becomes the third constituent element of the church.
  • A historical perspective on the authentic multiculturality of Dobrogea The cohabitation of Turkish and Turkish-Tatar communities in Dobrogea

    Bănescu Lucian; Ciornea Andrei (Ovidius University Press, 2019-12-01)
    The present paper represents an attempt to identify and decipher the identitarian dynamics of two of the oldest ethnic communities in Romania, the Turkish and the Tatar. As a context, the study presents the historical and demographic evolution of the Turks and Tatars from Dobrogea until the 19th century. From a chronological point of view, the medieval period is focused on, with the purpose of identifying the way in which the political, economic and social changes of that time were reflected on the ethnic and religious identitarian structure, on the Turks and Tatars in Dobrogea, then the research gradually extending on the identitarian evolutions in modern history period. Corroborating archival research with text analysis, the study identifies the types of relationships and attitudes created in relation to the regimes of the time, together with the evolution of Turkish / Tatar self-representation and hetero representation generated by the main identitarian reference points: ethnicity, religion, origins, mother tongue and traditions, both in within the medieval period, as well as after the decay of Ottoman rule.
  • General considerations on the evolution of the interethnic, intercultural and inter-confessional dialogue in Dobrogea in the context of the national construction

    Ciornea Andrei; Bănescu Lucian (Ovidius University Press, 2019-12-01)
    The present study intends to offer a new perspective to approach the problem of the integration of Dobrogea in the modern Romanian society, to take care, in our view, to benefit from a more generous historiographic reflection so that the conditions of subsidization have been rejected. The analysis of the evolution of interethnic, intercultural and inter-confessional dialogue in the Dobrogea society involved comparative research, a discernment of the particularities, of the differences, the analogy is meant to facilitate the synthesis, the vision of the ensemble. We started from the premise that it is necessary to value, on the one hand, the specificity of Dobrogea in the Romanian geography, with its historical, political, spiritual, economic reflexes and, on the other hand, we analyzed the projection of the Dobrogea space on a European scale, with everything with geopolitical implications.
  • Maritime Fair Trade. A new trend for the postmodern sustainable developed society

    Maria Cristina Dragomir; Liviu Razvan Dragomir (Ovidius University Press, 2019-12-01)
    Maritime Fair Trade is a new concept occurring in the biased sector of shipping. The concept emphasizes, among other ethical desiderates, the necessity of assuring ethical and safe business and work environment, including organizational gender equality, which is one of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The paper presents an overview of the context of appearance for the new concept, underlying the role of maritime charities and international organizations. The paper includes a comparison between criteria considered by the Seafarer Happiness Index and their relation to Maslow’s pyramid, as focal point for developing maritime fair trade concept.
  • The Family Environment. Valences and Malfunctions

    Stanescu Nina (Ovidius University Press, 2019-12-01)
    The family is a dynamic system, which undergoes constant changes. Its members develop and evolve together, adding new elements that enrich their family life. The family system never remains the same; it changes from one moment to another, depending on the events that occur inside and outside the family. Our contemporary society is faced with the phenomenon of domestic violence, with the increase of extra-marital relations, consensual unions, divorces, the separation of the classical families. Children's reactions to such situations take various forms: affective (anxiety, depression, obsession, phobia, insecurity), characterological (aggression, detachment, over-sensitivity), cognitive (school performance failures), psychosocial (family conflicts, rebellion against parents, attempts to weaken the dependence bonds). The frequency of these familial and social phenomena is influenced by the industrialization and urbanization processes, by the increase of the education level and women’s emancipation, by economic causes, unemployment, poverty. Sociological studies conducted over the recent years have highlighted the frequency of an environment stabilized on tension and conflict, in family relationships. The most frequent forms of violence – this physical abuse to which one family member is subjected by another member – take place between spouses and between parent and child (children); child abuse (including sexual abuse) is explained by psychological and social factors and evidently by a lack of moral, religious education.
  • Understandings of Theological Conversion in the Interreligious Dialogue

    Tudor Cosmin Ciocan; Osman Murat DENIZ (Ovidius University Press, 2019-12-01)
    Conversion is a word with a variety of meanings. It also has various significations, from the exchange between different currencies, to job conversion or the change of career path, to the change from one religion, political belief, viewpoint, etc., to another – all these types of conversion have mutual methods and shared purposes. They are all requiring malleability, the capacity of exchanging old things for the new ones, openness to different, the will to adopt something new or at least different, and the legerity of giving up on the old things. All these requirements are always easier said than done, and therefore conversion is not for all types of characters and personalities, some being more stable and fundamental, thus resistant to renewal.
 There is no religion, on the one hand, that does not promote conversion and thus use proselytism to do it. On the other hand, same religions that believe conversion (to their own faith) is an act of God, a sign that everyone should embrace and leave whatever religious belief they might have previously, consider it as a ‘sin’, an act that should be forbidden, the conversion/leaving for other, diverse religion. How is it regarded by religions and scientific thought and at what point it became obsolete?
  • Relationship between Religious Feeling and Clinical and Personality Traits in Elderly People

    Claudia SALCEANU; Mihaela Luminița Sandu (Ovidius University Press, 2019-12-01)
    Although aging is a biological process, genetically determined and mediated by environmental factors, one of its main characteristics is the gradual dissolution of the human personality. As physiological changes occur and exert a great impact on the physical and mental health of individuals, many old people search for comfort in their relationship with God. Furthermore, due to the reduction of their professional activity, going to church may become, for elderly people, a way of continuing their social life, which they embrace during the last years of their life. A sample of 79 old people, aged between 73 and 86 years, have been assessed with: Clinical Assessment Scales for Elderly people and Autonomy Questionnaire (Cognitrom, Cluj-Napoca, 2012), Religious Feeling Questionnaire (Lupu & Calcan, 2003), Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale and a Moral Values Questionnaire (Sandu & Nadoleanu, 2012). The main objective of the study is to identify the relationship between the religious feeling and some clinical and personality traits in elderly people. Nonparametric correlations were made and the results show that there are strong correlations between religious feeling and depression, mania, self-esteem, and moral values. No significant correlations were found between religious feelings and anxiety, fear of aging, paranoia, and autonomy. Explanations of the results and practical implications of the study are discussed in the end.
  • The idea in John Duns Scotus’ turn-about Between Plato and Descartes

    Francesco Fiorentino (Ovidius University Press, 2017-12-01)
    The theoretical distance between the Cartesian concept, on the one hand, and the Platonic concept and Medieval tradition, on the other, would be incomprehensible unless one were to take into account the fundamental link, that lies in the thought of John Duns Scotus. The scope of this contribution is to illustrate the theoretical bearing of the turnabout in theology operated by Scotus as regards the concept of ideas. In fact, for Scotus, as we shall see, the concept of the idea is profoundly transformed, loses its exemplary value and takes on a new semblance that is nearer to the Cartesian concept, all this starting from a theological framework.
  • NeoNeoplatonism: Can Theology be studied With the Scientific Attitude

    Marchal Bruno (Ovidius University Press, 2015-11-01)
    scientific method, but that, perhaps
 paradoxically at first sight, this does not prevent the
 role of religion, nor the necessity of a dialog between
 science and theology (making it in part into a dialog
 internal to science) or between science and religion,
 seen as possible applied theology.
 It is important to keep in mind that science, well
 understood, has at the start something common with
 (some) religion, which is a humility and modesty
 attitude. Science is born from the doubt, lives with
 the doubt, and never abandon the doubting attitude
 in any of its possible conclusion. We just don’t
 know, in science, and can only make our beliefs/
 assumptions/theories as much precise as possible so
 that we make higher the possibility of refuting them,
 so that we can abandon them or improve them.
 Theology, once made with the scientific attitude is
 no exception, and (re)making theology into a science,
 consists in reintroducing genuine doubts in the heart.
 Only bad faith can fear reasons. Only bad reasons
 can fear faith. When fundamental science forget this,
 it becomes a kind of pseudo-religion.
 I will use Neoneoplatonism for Neoplatonism +
 Church-Turing thesis, as explained below. It is
 a mathematical theology that we can ascribe or
 attribute to any arithmetically sound (Turing)
 universal machine. The machines looking inward,
 and remaining sound in the process, can do this, in
 some technical sense. Such a theology will appear
 to contain a scientific, communicable and justifiable
 part (that we might called Science) extended by some
 Truth, that the machine can intuit or experience,
 but which are not amenable to a thorough scientific
 justification by the machine about itself. Indeed, I will
 argue that most theologies contain a trap, as some
 true theological propositions become false when only
 asserted, vindicating some mystical insight as variate
 as Damascius’ ineffability or Lao-Tseu when he said
 that the wise keeps silent.
 This argument relies on my early study of the
 canonical theology of the universal Turing machine,
 which I will sum up in the first and second section of
 the paper, with some references for those interested in
 the details. It will appear that such a theology is very
 close to the Neoplatonist theology (notably through
 Moderatus of Gades, Plotinus, Porphyry, Proclus),
 and by “neo-neo-platonism” I mean a variety of
 Neoplatonism together with the mathematicalphilosophical
 thesis of Church and Turing which is
 t h e D i a l o g u e b e t ween S c i e n c e a n d Theology
 DIALOGO 2.1: 271 - 283 (2015)
 CONFERENCES & JOURNAL
 doi: 10.18638/dialogo.2015.2.1.30
 NeoNeoPlatonism : Can Theology be
 Studied with the Scientific Attitude ?
 Bruno Marchal
 IRIDIA, Université Libre de Bruxelles
 Belgium
 marchal@ulb.ac.be
 - 271 -
 fundamental in theoretical computer science and
 mechanist philosophy of mind.
 The apparent paradox is that such an approach
 seems to make theology into a science, and this
 should make, at first sight, unnecessary the existence
 of a dialog between science and religion. I will
 explain how that paradox is only apparent, and
 why this mathematical theology of the machine
 cannot be used normatively in religion and why this
 makes necessary the existence and preservation of
 a dialog between science and, let us say, any will for
 an applied theology, that is a practical religion, be
 it through theurgical means, or possible varieties of
 (theo)technological Pascal Wags.
  • The image of the universe as a cultural choice between science and theology. Probabilism and Realism from the Middle Ages to Modernity

    Francesco Fiorentino (Ovidius University Press, 2014-11-01)
    The famous Galilean question was to become the paradigm of the conflict between Nature and Scripture, science and faith, free research of natural reason and authority of the ecclesiastical institution, obscurantism of the medieval period and scientific progress which would illuminate the modern age. It is well known that the stereotype of the pure conflict between scientific thought and religious dogma for long dominated the interpretation of the most profound essence of the Middle Ages, as an obscurantist age in the grip of the universalist political and religious authorities. This image of the Middle Ages was greatly corroborated by the Humanist writers of the Renaissance and enlightenment historiography. This contribution purports to analyse late–medieval science from an olistic methodology based on history of science and philosophy of science, to obtain a big picture in front to Scientific Revolution and to show the cultural roots of the different images of the universe.

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