Dialogo Journal is an International, open access, peer reviewed, online journal. The journal welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific preeminence in all areas of any discussions between science and theology. Focus and Scope: © RCDST (Research Center on the Dialogue between Science & Theology) - the Editor, Ovidius University of Constanta. Romania in association and partnership with academic institutions and research centers from Slovakia - Pakistan - Switzerland - Poland - India - Egypt - Uganda - Jordan - Turkey - Argentina - USA - Canada - Germany has developed this multidisciplinary forum of dialogue between every scientific domain and any theology in an effort to provide a way for leading scholars to share and exchange their views, as well as to comment on the opinions of their peers regarding particular aspects of science and religion. Not limited by ideological orientation, the Journal embraces all areas of theology (biblical, historical, ethical, constructive, doctrinal, etc.) as well as any types of scientific studies (literary, social, psychology, philosophy, astrophysics, evolutionary biology, physics, chemistry, anthropology, biology, genetics, anatomy, neurology, and other science) for a live dialogue, putting together not only their theories, but the minds working with them every day. This might include ways to challenge the boundaries within and between religion and science, and or between and within the academy, as well as the boundaries of the sacred and secular, of reason and faith. Ultimately, we want to ask how queer religion, science and philosophy, can and/or should be.

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The Globethics.net library contains articles of Dialogo as of vol. 1(2014) to current.

Recent Submissions

  • Social marketing and social distancing : Jordan experience in combating COVID-19

    Alkhatib, Ahed J (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2020-06-30)
    This study explored the efforts input by the Jordanian government to control COVID-19. The government implemented the concept of social marketing successfully, and leadership was very useful. Social distancing was obligatorily applied and people accepted that. as the disease progressed more, the government applied more forcing steps to make social distancing more effective. From the economic point of view, the government paid salaries for all employees, cut all discounts, and collaborated with banks not take loan fees until the crisis is over. Moreover, the government established online education for schools and universities. The confidence of people with measures of the government increased. The overall health results controlled the disease, and it is expected to see Jordan free of COVID-19 soon.
  • The book of Joshua.

    Vasile, Adrian (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-06-30)
    In the Old Testament, we do not always find texts or histories lacking in violence or war, perhaps because ancient Israel did not enjoy peaceful times. Israel actively participated in various conflicts with neighboring peoples and theologized about that war. Israel, on the other hand, suffered from the war and considered this suffering as directly related to Yahweh's plans. Israel has grown and developed as a culture and nation in the context of empires whose domination strategies have certainly included war. That is why the Old Testament texts contain the whole range of attitudes and experiences related to war. The Book of Joshua does not transmit historical information, but rather a theological message that God protects the chosen people and provides the guarantee of a fulfilled life, and the condition of fulfilling these promises is linked to absolute fidelity to Yahweh.
  • The theological trap

    Marchal, Bruno (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-06-30)
    "I explain why theology and the spiritual research are always near a fatal trap which is intrinsic to their subject matter, and why religion can easily lead to pseudo-science and pseudo-religion, leading itself toward hate, war, and misery. I suggest how we might be able to prevent this. I have to warn that such prevention can, of course, be misused by dishonest or excessively naïve people with motivations usually unrelated to religion, but related to empowering themselves. Warning: I might wander very near that theological trap. Serious religion is, by its very nature, a voyage near death, or near inconsistency."
  • New philosophical approach in understanding the context through application of theory of probabilities in construction of the meaning

    Alkhatib, Ahed J; Latyshev, Oleg Ju. (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-06-30)
    "The present study tries to philosophically approach the context through the application of the concept of probability in the construction of the meaning. Actually, the semantic stimulates many meanings depending on the general awareness level of the receiver. In this area, we may wonder if the receiver can exactly understand the real semantic as meant by the sender. We may ask a philosophical question here, “is it possible to transfer the meaning or the semantic objectively?” My suggestion is that when the semantic, as a signal here, has been detected by our brains, it is going to be filtered and reformed again. We may argue that this is the real meaning, or this is our perception. Within our minds, we create our perceptions, and awareness levels are generated accordingly. In this context, we would like to include the concept of probability to formulate the meaning. In other words, in the mental space, there are large numbers of entities that have relative importance in our minds. This importance is characterized by being not constant among persons, and varied even for the same person based on his psychological state, educational level, and life experience. We would like to put focus on the concept of ambivalence. I think personally that the ambivalence is hypothesized within the mental space more than being a reality. The probabilities by which the meaning rotates around the axis of semantics would determine for what extent we are going to form our perception. This understanding defines our philosophy in judging things. In this study, we think that ambivalence is not necessarily available and can be understood as different entities in our mental spaces. I believe that we can have a better understanding of religious books because the text stimulates many entities in the mental area of the reader. The probabilities of constructing the meanings are widely occurring, which may lead to ambivalences depending on how the receiver can understand or formulate his mental space. Accordingly, implementing this approach will make the text alive."
  • The vision of the apostol John in the Book of Revelation, constructed around the tension between the present and the future, in the vision of Jacques B. Doukhan

    ROTARU, Ioan-Gheorghe (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-06-30)
    The prophecies of the Book of Revelation were revealed to the Apostle John in a vision as he was exiled to Patmos island, a small rocky island in the Aegean Sea, he arrived there as exiled because of the Christian faith. The vision of the Book of Revelation was built around the tension between the present and the future, so the message sent to the seven churches that were contemporary with the Apostle John must also be read in a prophetic key. Thus the letters to the seven churches of John’s time must be seen and understood as a message for future churches. The prophecies from the vision revealed in the Book of John’s Revelation are proof that God takes care of His people. The followers of the Lord, in faith, must not forget that they are not alone when they go through various attempts of faith. The same Lord Jesus who has given words of encouragement and hope to the old disciple John, who was facing a difficult situation of persecution, is alongside His followers, throughout history, when they go through various life endeavors.
  • In the country of the one-eyed giant, the two-eyed man is in danger : conflicts, nationality and religion in James Joyce’s Ulysses (“Nestor” and “Cyclops”)

    Stanca, Nicoleta (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-06-30)
    Two chapters of James Joyce’s novel Ulysses, “Nestor” and “Cyclops”, could be read as illustrative of the idea of violence and conflicts which are opposed by broader perspectives on life involving faith as well. In “Nestor”, the background is Mr. Deasy’s school, Deasy, the headmaster overtly showing his anti-Semitic and colonial historical attitude, countered by Stephen’s more comprehensive vision of history and manifestations of divinity. In “Cyclops”, in Barney Kiernan’s pub, through the use of the technique of gigantism [1], the Citizen is depicted as domineering in attitude, exposing his hatred against foreigners and Jews, only with Leopold Bloom contradicting him, preaching love – the basic tenet of any religious belief- and standing up for his Irishness and Jewishness.
  • Molecular sociology : micro-environmental approaching of evil

    Alkhatib, Ahed J; Latyshev, Oleg Ju. (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-06-30)
    "This study continues our previous studies addressing molecular sociology. The idea of evil has been argued from philosophical and religious dimensions. Evil may refer to moral concepts and ethics in philosophy, and it is opposite to good. In religions, the idea of a devil is thought to be the driving motives for evil. In this study, we introduce a new concept of evil and devil based on our previous studies and that of others, taking into consideration that we may have conflicts with philosophical and religious explanations of evil. Evil has been described as supernatural forces deviating the behaviors. We think that evil may be perceived as cognition abnormality, which, in turn, is affected by micro-environmental factors. Environment and gene create a behavior. Our micro-environment has various elements made of microbes, heavy metals from the external environment, and absent certain essential chemicals that interfere with the nervous system, including vitamins such as Vitamin D, and Vitamin B12. Several studies, including ours, have demonstrated that deficiency of testosterone was one of the predisposing factors leading to severe depression and addiction. Other studies showed an association between Vitamin D deficiency and depression and suicidal ideas. We demonstrated that mothers exposed to lead (pb+2) during pregnancy gave mentally retarded babies. These cases were diagnosed as mentally retarded by inheritance. We also demonstrated that prisoners had higher levels of lead (pb+2) compared with the control group. Those exposed to heavy metals are more irritable and have a low threshold to violence. Microbes have new roles rather than being infectious agents and interfere with behaviors, including Toxoplasma gondii. We found that the interactions of microbes with the host are more important than we thought before. Microbes may be involved in obesity and diabetes, which has behavioral impacts. From the previous context, evil and devil can be perceived from a new approach which may change our perception for the motives of evil and devil may also be perceived as chemicals and microbes circulating in our blood and shape the way by which we look for the life in general."
  • The topicality and the necessity of the inter-religious dialogue in a world full of conflict and violence

    Manolache, Stelian (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-06-30)
    Organized under the aegis of Dialogo, the international symposium Inter-religious Dialogue in a World full of Conflicts and Violence, occasions discussions and presentations related to the ambivalent dialogue feature of the religions, which is, on the one hand, the aggressiveness/violence and, on the other hand, the moral/spiritual values[ ]. Difficult questions were related to the mechanisms that trigger the aggressiveness and the violence of religions and to the possibility of the institutionalized religions to bring to date their ontological and social vocation of absorbing the violence. These are also the main themes we are addressing in our paper, starting from 1. The topicality and the necessity of the inter-religious dialogue; 2. A possible answer to the problem of the origins of conflict and violence and their diagnosis, from a Christian ontological perspective; 3. The role of the Person, as the image and likeness to God (Genesis 1:26-27), in the mediation of conflicts and violence worldwide.
  • The relevance of Acts 2,42 for the religious dialog

    Mosoiu, Nicolae (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-06-30)
    From Acts 2,42 we learn that the first Christians „devoted themselves to the apostles` teaching (te didache ton Apostolon, doctrina Apostolorum) and the fellowship (te koinonia, communicatione), to the breaking of bread (te klasei tou artou, fractionis panis), and the prayers (tais proseuchais, orationibus)”.The joint confession of the teaching of the Apostles, the full living of fellowship (koinonia), the communion from the same chalice and prayers for “the union of all” form a unity that expresses the identity and the integrity of the Church, and also underline the responsibility for the other human beings and for all of the creation. In relation with this biblical text, Father Stăniloae[ ] used the concept open sobornicity/conciliarity in a moment when the churches which were involved in the ecumenical movement and especially in the bilateral theological dialogue, were centered on their own models of unity proposed for the defense of their confessional identity. This defensive “contraction” led to confessionalism, proselytism, anti-ecumenism. Father Stăniloae encouraged through all possible means the dialog not only between churches but also between Christians and persons of other faiths and worldviews.
  • The serpent and its tail : the biological basis of the religious impulse

    Lindhard, Tina (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-06-30)
    Throughout the ages, people of all creeds, backgrounds, and cultures have dedicated their lives to search for a higher reality where the visionary experience of Cosmic Consciousness brought about through mystical union, is part of an inner process which may lead to enlightenment. Traditions in India hold that this urge to find the truth involves awakening kundalini energy. In its dormant state, this serpent energy is said to lie coiled up at the base of the spine. In search of a biological basis of the religious impulse, we look at early embryonic human development, which is seen as being guided by higher cosmic forces. On approximately day 30-33, the human embryo begins to grow a tail, which then disappears. The corresponding development of the heart during this phase resembles that of reptiles. Linking the time lapse between the formation and absorption of the tail with an increase in voltage between the tail and the head suggests that on intake, the increase in charge could result in the potential at the base of the spine where it lies dormant until used either for procreation or reverse itself up to join the cosmic source from which it originated. To further our understanding of kundalini energy and its connection to light, we also consider these terms from various perspectives, including quantum physics.
  • The impact of cosmic forces on human mind

    Gramann, Pratibha (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    Considerable focused attention has been given to the differences and oppositions between science, religions, theologies, and spirituality. Could there be a cause or substratum among these that is shared, yet unexplored? Little attention has been directed to the possibilities of cosmic forces that preceded the creation of the universe, and our world of time, space, forms, processes, creatures, science, religion, theologies, philosophies, humankind, and thought processes. This paper aims to delve behind the created universe to a cosmological dimension that existed prior. During the earliest period of creation, there may have been cosmic forces responsible for the first subtle substances, processes, stages, and all creation. Some peoples claim that creation was performed by a divine being or God; others claim that creation of the universe was a natural process of cosmic intelligence. Either due to a divine cosmic being orchestrating a substratum of cosmic forces, or due to a phenomenon of cosmic intelligence, the entire creation occurred. Science and theologies both have interest in what exists beyond materiality. Perhaps the concept of consciousness referred to by science is synonymous with what religious and spiritual systems refer to as transcendence.
  • The distinction between science and Christian Orthodox theology in cosmology

    Gantolea, Eugen (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    Science and theology are covering two distinct domains of our reality: physics and metaphysics, using two distinct methods of investigation: epistemology and gnoseology, respectively. As such, a conflict between science and theology should not be possible because there is no overlapping area. Science only offers paradigmatic explanations of how the universe works, without having the scope to provide scientific explanations for the cause and purpose of the universe and all beings’ existence. On the other hand, using gnoseology, Christian Orthodox theology, especially the apophatic one, can offer spiritual ontological understanding for the cause and scope of the universe and all beings’ existence, without providing detailed functional explanations for them. Gnoseology is based on the human spiritual cognition, in direct interpersonal collaboration with God. This article is focused on the complementary approach between science and Christian Orthodox theology.
  • The tolerance and the need for absolute

    Popescu, Nicolae (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    Since ancient times, people have felt the need to know and control the absolute truth, to ensure their security of life in this ephemeral world. The need for the absolute has determined man to adopt dogmas, laws, axioms, theories, and teachings. In this way he was able to organize himself socially, but imperfectly because the ordinances created by man are temporary, relative and contextual. But discovering that, by his natural powers, man is not able to know the absolute reality, some people have rejected very early the religious way for a path of science and technology. By default, those people lost the communion of faith when they rejected the absolute knowledge for some relative knowledge. In this unstable situation, inevitably the humanity faced violence and in order to find a reasonable solution for the stable functioning of society after they rejected the divine absolute and preferring the human relativity, the same people invented Tolerance.
  • “Old” and “New” Europe, as blue flame for European Union

    Delistoian, Dmitri; Viorel-Bogdan, Radoiu (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    The European Union is the largest energy importer in the world, and this leads to the fact that in recent years there has been a struggle between the most significant energy producers. All this happens in the background of the artificial division between the “Old” and “New” Europe. At the same time, the US is showing itself as a caring father who worries about the EU’s energy security by offering its LNG. The EU faces a choice: to buy LNG from the USA received by sea or to continue to buy gas through pipeline from Russia. Who will win, caring father (about his pocket) or national interest? In all economic battles, all known and unknown methods are applied that affect the national sentiments of the peoples of the EU.
  • The confinement periplus of Archimandrite Arsenie Papacioc under the dictatorship of Carol II

    Ciornea, Carmen (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    The present paper aims to reveal unique aspects of the biography of the one who would become Archimandrite Arsenie Papacioc, one of the great father confessors of the Romanian Orthodox Church, aspects which confirms his exemplary profile, although the present research implies the recovery of data from the detention periplus experienced by Father Arsenie Papacioc during the dictatorship of Carol II. The research is based on archival documents, contextualized from the testimonies of the subject, their confrontation aiming to eliminate the risk of presenting a unilateral perspective, suitable for the secret police of the time. A comparative analysis is, we believe, an effective method of reconstructing historical phenomena and processes, which can also facilitate the enlightenment of dark areas.The presentation of the two imprisonment periods is also a proof added to the list of sacrificial acts of Father Arsenie Papacioc. His existence, placed in a continuous war, held in the name of Orthodoxy, for the promotion of the spiritual and social dimension of the faith, rooted in the liturgical horizon, has been a constant and intense mission of our work. The dictatorship of Carol II was for Anghel Papacioc, to all appearances paradoxically, a period of deepening of his spiritual search and spiritual shaping, a stage of modeling for this emblematic personality of the Romanian Orthodox Church, who managed to triumph over a century marked by the two World Wars and totalitarianism.
  • A historical perspective on the authentic multiculturality of Dobrogea

    Bănescu, Lucian; Andrei, Ciornea (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    The present paper represents an attempt to identify and decipher the identitarian dynamics of two of the oldest ethnic communities in Romania, the Turkish and the Tatar. As a context, the study presents the historical and demographic evolution of the Turks and Tatars from Dobrogea until the 19th century. From a chronological point of view, the medieval period is focused on, with the purpose of identifying the way in which the political, economic and social changes of that time were reflected on the ethnic and religious identitarian structure, on the Turks and Tatars in Dobrogea, then the research gradually extending on the identitarian evolutions in modern history period. Corroborating archival research with text analysis, the study identifies the types of relationships and attitudes created in relation to the regimes of the time, together with the evolution of Turkish / Tatar self-representation and hetero representation generated by the main identitarian reference points: ethnicity, religion, origins, mother tongue and traditions, both in within the medieval period, as well as after the decay of Ottoman rule.
  • Acceptance of power or power of acceptance?

    Ciornea, Carmen (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    The present study aims to reconstruct a faithful image of the route of the three students from the Architecture Faculty who were part of the „Burning Altar” group, until the conviction from 1958. The main source of the present scientific research were the files from the Archives of the National Council for the Study of Security Archives (A.C.N.S.A.S.) from which we selected a series of documents that directly concern Văsîi George, Nicolae Rădulescu and Emanoil Mihăilescu. Also, in order to avoid the danger of slipping into the Security logic, I appealed to combine the data obtained from the ACNSAS files with the lucid observations of the memorialists Emanoil Mihăilescu and Nicolae Rădulescu. The comparative analysis of these documents proves that their conviction did not focus on the individualʼs crimes, but the Securityʼs objectives and obsessions. The reading among the lines discloses an entire form of mind, through which multiple constituent elements (Security, Justice, administrative apparatus, etc.) of this deformed, absurd system are dynamited. The austere and tenacious profile of Father Daniil Sandu Tudor, the founder of the Burning Altar, a complex man, in which coexist the intransigence and the deepest sensitivity, the polemic spirit and the altruism brought to the highest sacrifice, is shaping as an epicenter, an opportunity to reveal some exceptional life histories.
  • Anastasie Crimca – distinct cultural and philanthropic personality in Romanian medieval religious history

    Stanescu, Nina (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    Anastasius Crimca depicts himself as a scholar who dominated, with his personality, two decades of Romanian culture. Regardless of the expression means, "the enlightened patriotism”, which he confesses in his will of 1610 on the alienation of the monastery, is also to be seen in his social, philanthropic work, as well as in the spirit of brotherhood which made him give away a series of books to the Metropolitan Seat of Targoviste, at a time when the two regions were as if united (Moldavia being ruled in that period by Radu Vodă Mihnea, and the Romanian Principality by his son, Alexandru Coconul). Artist in the true sense of the word, erudite theologian and diplomat, initiated in matters of law, writer, Anastasius Crimca has acquired, both through his own personality and through his entire inherited work, a place to be valued in the history of our medieval culture. He must also be regarded as a prominent figure of Orthodoxy in the age illustrated by Cyril Luccaris, Peter Movilă and Varlaam. The fact that his sudden death was recorded in three different manuscripts attests, in itself, the fame and the appreciation he enjoyed even during his lifetime. About Anastasius Crimca’s life and activity, about the school he initiated and patronized and whose products, with such a troubled history, adorn today, some of the largest libraries and museums in the world, as well as its splendid achievement at Dragomirna ("the school" of calligraphers and miniaturists from Dragomirna Monastery), there is nothing left to say except that there are undoubtedly some of the most representative spiritual and cultural realizations in Romanian medieval history.
  • General considerations on the evolution of the interethnic, intercultural and inter-confessional dialogue in Dobrogea in the context of the national construction

    Ciornea, Andrei; Lucian, Bănescu (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    The present study intends to offer a new perspective to approach the problem of the integration of Dobrogea in the modern Romanian society, to take care, in our view, to benefit from a more generous historiographic reflection so that the conditions of subsidization have been rejected. The analysis of the evolution of interethnic, intercultural and inter-confessional dialogue in the Dobrogea society involved comparative research, a discernment of the particularities, of the differences, the analogy is meant to facilitate the synthesis, the vision of the ensemble. We started from the premise that it is necessary to value, on the one hand, the specificity of Dobrogea in the Romanian geography, with its historical, political, spiritual, economic reflexes and, on the other hand, we analyzed the projection of the Dobrogea space on a European scale, with everything with geopolitical implications.
  • Some aspects of solid state nuclear track detectors

    H. Baker, Jalal; Ahmad, M. Ayaz; Mustafa, Syed Khalid; Sarikavakli, Nursabah; C. Victoria, Anghel Drugarin; Josephine, Muncho (Ovidius University of Constanta (Romania), 2019-11-30)
    An attempt has been made to find some valuable information for particle detection with the help of Solid State Nuclear Track Detectors (SSNTDs). The detector is characterized by a critical value of the energy-loss rate by the charged particle. Only those charged particles which give up energy exceeding the critical value alone can produce teachable tracks. The detection thresholds of nuclear track detectors can be specified in terms of their energy loss rates. The findings have been found within a good agreement with the other works.

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