Habitar na Tecnopolis: espaço público, Democracia e Direitos Humanos numa Civilização Tecnológica
information and communication society
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AbstractTechnical-scientific progress has brought a keener awareness that the most powerful transformations affecting the citizen in the 21st century provide new forms of dwelling, reinventing the sense of relationship, questioning democracy based on questions and dimensions which coessential to it, highlighting particularly human rights, civic participation, and freedom of speech. This paper intends to reflect on some assumptions, consequences and challenges facing democracy and human rights in an era experiencing unprecedented technological development. We will first focus on the concept of technopolis and then revisit the Principle of Responsibility of Hans Jonas, identifying the ethical assumptions that serve to address a technological civilization. Thirdly, we intend to identify some of the challenges information and communication technologies pose to the common citizen, highlighting difficulties and identifying the frailties that the path of scientific and technological progress has not been able to resolve, despite all the speeches and expectations. The construction of a truly inclusive information society for all the citizens of the City-World, a society that can banish the digital divide or, at least, narrow the gap separating the technologically more advanced countries from others, safeguarding privacy and the promotion of civic participation in all spheres that affect individuals in a globalised world, are fundamental issues that need to be addressed within human rights. The paper ends with a reflection on human rights in a technological society, a networked society.