From Gender-segregated Subjects to Multi-material Craft: Craft Student Teachers’Views on the Future of the Craft Subject
Keywordscraft education, multi-material craft, pedagogical innovation process, gender-segregated craft, teacher education, basic education
Arts in general
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Abstract<p><em>This paper describes the views of student teachers of craft about the future of craft as a school subject. The study was conducted at the University of Turku, Department of Teacher Education, in Rauma in 2014. The literature review revealed that the subject of craft in Finnish basic education is understood as a dialog between the maker and the materials. However, teaching and learning craft in schools and in teacher education has a strong gender-based tradition.</em> <em>The aim of this study is to investigate student teachers’ understanding of craft as a school subject in the future and their solutions to teaching craft in basic education. </em><em>The data were collected from essays (N = 20) written by student teachers of craft. The essays </em><em>were analyzed qualitatively using content analysis.</em><em> The results showed that the student teachers<strong> </strong>of craft viewed holistic craft, reflective action readiness, entrepreneurial behaviour, multiple skills, the use of versatile materials, and craft as sources of pleasure and the main solutions for the future of craft as a subject. </em></p>
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The Social Practice of Crafting: Gender, Class, and Race in Western CraftQueen's University (Kingston, Ont.). Theses (Queen's University (Kingston, Ont.)); Helland, Janice; Alfoldy, Sandra; Art History; Hollenbach, Julie (2017-12-21)This study provides an analysis of Western amateur crafting as a social practice that is informed by a complex matrix of historical, social, cultural, ideological, and economic influences. A historical overview of amateur craft culture establishes how it became a practice that was axiomatic with middle-class femininity and domesticity beginning in the late-eighteenth century. A case study expands on this assessment, and situates the handicrafted material culture of the O’Keefe women – members of one of the first Anglo-Canadian families that settled in the interior of British Columbia in the 1870s – as an example of how amateur crafting, through imperial and colonial processes, became a racializing directive that marked and imposed social boundaries within Canadian settler-colonial society. The historical overview and the case study outlines amateur craft’s genealogy, which provides an understanding of how its ideological and symbolic associations with femininity, middle-class status, and whiteness frame contemporary amateur craft culture and practices. The thesis interrogates these symbolic associations which remain at the heart of contemporary craft culture and discourse through an examination of the white moralism of craftivism, a form of lifestyle activism popular among white, middle-class women where domestic crafts are utilized in service of a public expression of protest and dissent.
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