Ethic@ , uma publicação do Núcleo de Ética e Filosofia Política da UFSC , tem como objetivo principal publicar trabalhos (artigos, resenhas, entrevistas, etc.) de excelência e vanguarda na área de Filosofia Moral Moderna e Contemporânea. Com periodicidade semestral (junho e dezembro), a revista ficará disponível gratuitamente na versão eletrônica a cada número no endereço www.cfh.ufsc.br/ethic@ e, posteriormente, será editada no formato tradicional ou em CD-ROM para usos pessoais ou consultas em bibliotecas. ethic@ não possui orientação ideológica e publica artigos de quaisquer tradições ou linhas de pesquisa filosófica que satisfaçam os requisitos de excelência acadêmica. Os trabalhos podem versar tanto sobre questões meta-éticas quanto normativas e de ética aplicada. Neste último caso, a discussão deve ser claramente feita a partir de um ponto de vista filosófico.

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The Globethics.net library contains articles of ethic@ as of vol. 1(2002) to current.

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  • Kelsenâ s legal positivism and the challenge of Nazi Law

    Souza, Rubin Assis da Silveira; Pauer-Studer, Herlinde (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2021-12-16)
    Kelsenâ s legal positivism has often been criticized for having supported the compliance of the German judiciary with Nazi law. Especially Kelsenâ s insistence on the separation of law and morality was considered as a crucial deficiency. I reject that criticism. My argument is that Kelsenâ s thesis that law and morality constitute two distinct normative spheres seems persuasive if one takes into account that the Nazi legal theoristâ s program of a â unification of law and moralityâ served to extend the authority and power of the Nazi-regime. I criticize, however, Kelsenâ s relativist account of morality which made his position vulnerable to the post-war objections that legal positivism provided no safeguard against the Nazi perversion of law.
  • Autorictas facit legem: the problem of justification of authority in Hobbes

    Brondani, Clóvis (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2021-12-16)
    This text aims to address the relationship between science and authority in Thomas Hobbesâ philosophy. The fundamental problem that motivates this text lies in Hobbes' constant assertions that it is authority and not truth that makes the law. Such statements, which reveal adherence to the voluntarist conception of law, seem to compromise Hobbes' project of institution of scientia civilis, since the sovereign's decision would be of a merely arbitrary character and therefore not rationally founded. From this perspective, the project of founding a science of morals and politics seems to lose much of its strength, which in turn makes the establishment of an adequate normative basis for political authority problematic, since the justification of the normative statements that underlie it should necessarily derive from scientific knowledge. The intention is to list some elements that can demonstrate that the thesis of auctoritas facit legem does not imply the abandonment of rationality, proving that not only the justification of authority, but the establishment of civil law itself follows a set of rational principles.
  • Apresentação

    Mattos, Delmo; Trevisan, Diego Kosbiau; Bittencourt, Renato Nunes (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2021-12-16)
    Apresentação do Volume 20, número 3
  • Whoâ s afraid of freedom of speech? The good citizen and the agitator in Spinozaâ s Theologico-Political Treatise

    David, Antônio (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2021-12-16)
    The article examines the problem of separation between State and religion and the issue of freedom of speech in Spinozaâ s Theologico-political treatise. The starting point for the exam is the reception of the work in its advent context, and its transgressions. Based on it, the article aims to show how the Theologico-political treatise takes part in the Dutch political imaginary, and why Spinozaâ s choice of the hebrew imperium foundation and ruin is strategic. Contradicting the common place that there was full freedom of though and speech in the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands, this book reveals a quite different situation of tensions and deadlocks in the context, which is why in this work Spinoza supports the freedom of opinion. At the end, confronting the traditional images of the â good citizenâ (who submits his or her opinion to civil authorities) and the â rebelâ or â agitatorâ (who acts against civil authority and encourages others to do so), the final chapter makes a criticism which is immanent to the vulgar thought, and reveals at the end that the â true agitatorsâ are those who aim to annihilate freedom of speech.
  • Democracy and the political body in Hobbes: a reading of the Elements of Law

    Silva, Delmo Mattos da (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2021-12-16)
    In the Elements of Law, Hobbes evidences the passage from the multitude to the people by which the reduction of the multiple to the one is evidenced. The evidence of the unity of wills indicates that democracy is the first foundation in the order of constitution of political institutions by which it makes possible the consensual apparatus and, therefore, the Hobbesian conception of a political body. The objective of this article is to understand the terms of democracy in Hobbes, specifically in the context of his work Elements of Law and its relation to the establishment of the political body. It is, therefore, to highlight the way in which the idea of the people operates the conversion of particular wills originally in disagreement into a single will. Insofar as the union of individual wills toward the submission of the single will becomes the condition for the establishment of democracy. In these terms, it is demonstrated that the condition of unity present in the political body becomes compatible with the conciliation of wills towards a single end that identifies itself with the terms of the public will.
  • Espinosa and the immanence of the ethics of beatitude in opposition to the sad affections of theological-political power

    Bittencourt, Renato Nunes (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2021-12-16)
    The article approaches the relationship established by Espinosa between ethical life based on the practice of virtue and divine beatitude, either by the path of religion or even philosophy, in counterpoint to the obscurantist powers of sects that promote the most demeaning conditions to drive man away from genuine sacred happiness in life.
  • From political representation to social normativity

    Bocca, Francisco Verardi (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2021-12-16)
    This article reflects on the human social organizations resorting to life sciences, or rather, to the statute of life conceived by Georges Canguilhem. For him, biological normativity prevails in life, an argument of what could be called his "biological philosophy" and which supports his, only outlined, "social theory". A philosophy built from the developments in Biology and Medicine and made effective in the concepts it extracted from them. In short, without reducing human facts to natural facts, it is a matter of applying to them, through the notion of normativity as social self-organization, an evaluative, that is to say, axiological point of view that Canguilhem shared with Nietzsche.
  • Pragmatic-dialogical compatibilism in J. S. Mill

    Santos, Gilmar do Nascimento (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2021-12-16)
    This article aims to present and examine the compatibilism defended by the philosopher John Stuart Mill. Initially, I present the usual way of defending millian compatibilism, that is, a conception based on the exercise of second-order desires. Then, I argue that Mill's compatibilism can be understood in a more productive way if considered as a compatibilism with a pragmatic-dialogical bias.
  • The ethics of international migration: generosity, benevolence, and care

    Ventura, Raissa Wihby (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2021-12-16)
    The current scenes of international migration face us with one pressing question: Does the distribution of membership should be the object of a theory of justice? This paper aims to assemble a set of perspectives on the ethics of migration united by a firm negative answer to this question. Namely, theoretical perspectives for whom political membership cannot be the proper object of social justice. The reconstruction is organized according to the following thread: in the first two sections, it presents and articulates arguments trying to show why benevolence (Stephen Macedo), and duties out of care (David Miller) could conform a more suitable moral vocabulary regarding the normative problems brought about by people crossing state borders. After that, and momentarily begging the question about whether the language of social justice is the most adequate in dealing with concerns of international migration, it is raised the question on how each of the aforementioned ideas (generosity, benevolence, and care) could work when one must interpret and evaluate asylum claims. Finally, the last section is dedicated to showing what is required from liberal and democratic political authorities when such alternative moral languages are used as the privileged way of conceiving the claims of asylum-seekers.
  • Spinoza and Hobbes: considerations on democracy and monarchy

    Nakayama, Patricia (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2021-12-16)
    This study aims to address the treatment about political regimes in Spinoza and Hobbes, especially about democracy and monarchy. In general, the Westport philosopher is treated as the opposite of the Dutch when the subject is democracy, whereby the first would defend absolute monarchy and the other, absolute democracy. In order to demonstrate this debate of ideas, in addition to the philosophers' own arguments, we will analyze the main scholars on these themes, as well as the contexts of the main intellectual sources. The reconstruction of the reception of Hobbes' texts in seventeenth-century Holland is so sui generis that it will be as much an object of study as the texts of the philosophers. In addition to the Dutch context, we rescued the English context looking for its similarities. The reception of Hobbesian texts in England in the 17th century, compared to the contemporary reception, configures a contradiction in the question of forms of government, in which the first would be a democratic Hobbes and in the second, an absolutist monarchist Hobbes. From the rescue of ancient Hobbes sources, especially Antiphon, it is possible to address the question of political regimes in Hobbes in an alternative way. Democracy and monarchy in Hobbes, from this point of view, are not mutually exclusive. These are possible and admitted regimes in the constitution of the Hobbesian sovereign power. Finally, we will present an approach that sheds new light on these studies, demonstrating that Spinoza does not antagonize Hobbes about democracy.
  • The violence of the event: ontology, ethics, and politics in Zizek

    Mota, Thiago (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2021-12-16)
    The article presents the guidelines of the Slovenian philosopher Slavoj Zizekâ s ontology, in order to understand his unique conception of violence, as well as the respective ethical and political consequences. For him, violence is not necessarily destructive, as there is a productive form of violence: transcendental violence, which involves both breaking the coordinates and building the conditions of possibility for the emergence of a new event. However, although he came to formulate, based on the examples of Socrates, Jesus and Gandhi, the idea of a violent pacifism, Zizek does not distinguish between antagonism and agonistic and, thus, loses sight of the strategic possibility of an agonistic pacifism.
  • Nietzsche and La Rochefoucauld: the moralist as a psychologist

    Oliveira, Jelson Roberto (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2020-09-21)
    This article aims to analyze the influence of the Duke of La Rochefoucauld on Nietzsche, considering especially the readings made in the context of the elaboration of Human, all too human, from 1876. The objective is to demonstrate how the moralist is evoked as a psychologist from the perspective of the psychological observations that serve to Nietzsche's criticism of metaphysical idealisms. It begins by analyzing the influence of La Rochefoucauld on the experience of Sorrento, which is in the genesis ofHuman, all too human, mainly due to the presence of Paul Rée, and then, it examines the aphoristic language as a way of expression the philosophy of free spirit, to then analyze how morality is put in check and present three possible axes of approximation between the theory proposed by La Rochefoucauld and that one used by Nietzsche.
  • Review of "Capital et idéologie", by Thomas Piketty - Is it still easier to think about the end of the world than the end of capitalism?

    Silva, Helio Alexandre (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2020-09-21)
    Review of: PIKETTY, Thomas. Capital et idéologie. Paris: Seuil. 2019.
  • Between cosmopolitanism and political realism: Habermas, Honneth, and the English School of International Relations

    Salles Jung, João Henrique; de Oliveira, Nythamar (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2020-09-21)
    This article recasts the discussion on cosmopolitanism in the critical theory of Habermas and Honneth, based on the formerâ s notion of â constitutional patriotismâ and the latterâ s problematic theory of recognition between States, resorting to some premises of the English School of International Relations, with emphasis on the interlocution between pluralism and solidarity, so as to move forward in the cosmopolitan debate beyond a normatively Eurocentric proposal and as an alternative to utopian and state-centered models. Starting from a conjuncture of a political reality that is directed towards cosmopolitanism, Habermas uses the identity question and the respective awareness of society while being able to self-regulate as a sine qua non condition of legitimacy for a supranational political practice. However, in presenting his panorama, the Sternberg philosopher can be accused of falling into normative Westernism. Honneth remains skeptical about the idea of extending his theory of recognition to international relations between states or as something to be intuitively inferred from a robust philosophy of law, such as that which he himself sought to update by the normative reconstruction of the Hegelian theory of law. It is our contention that the English School may enable new directions in relation to a post-national reality in which it is possible to enforce principles such as global justice and human rights, while respecting the normative cleavages between peoples in the process of not suppressing different moral and cultural valuations.
  • Cosmopolitism in Habermas: with Kant beyond Kant

    Feldhaus, Charles (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2020-09-21)
    This study aims to show how Habermas based on Immanuel Kant's project of a peaceful world order restricted to the right to universal hospitality and a voluntary federative legal structure ends up developing a much more robust conception of international law that includes an almost state structure, although it is emphatic in asserting that it is a world governance regime without a global state. Habermas develops his conception not only in a debate with Kant's outline of a perpetual peace, but also considering the normative innovations that have occurred in the more than two hundred years that have passed since the original formulation in 1795. 
  • David Hume and difference as a cosmopolitan principle

    Limongi, Maria Isabel (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2020-09-21)
    This article addresses Cosmopolitanism as a theme, with Hume as reference. Hume's cosmopolitanism is concerned at the historical and effective processes of integrating points of view, interests and perspectives that goes along with commercial societies' emergence and advance. At first, I introduce and explain the Humean approach to the theme. In a second moment, I reconstruct and highlight the way in which Hume thought about these processes not as acknowledgment of identity, universality, or impartiality of points of views, but rather of its differences, particularities, and partiality. I argue that the Humean stance is promising when it comes to deal with the question that arises from Cosmopolitanism as a subject: What is the extent of the cosmopolitan domain? Who is inside this domain, and who is outside it? 
  • Foreword - Cosmopolitanism Dossier

    Klein, Joel T. (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2020-09-21)
    This text presents not abstract.
  • Cosmopolitism: citizenship beyond States

    Pinheiro, Celso (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2020-09-21)
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the key principles underlying the emergence of a new concept of citizenship. Essentially, history tells us that individuals become citizens when they belong to a state. Therefore, the right to have rights would be strictly connected to the idea of belonging. According to such a notion of citizenship, refugees, migrants, and expatriates would be treated as citizens, thus having no rights at all. Contemporary global relations, however, have extended the reach of Human Rights making it mandatory to care for individuals who are beyond the borders of their homeland. Similarly, the rise of a new public space through worldwide communication networks brings about the need to guarantee freedom at both transnational and cosmopolitan levels. Based on these considerations one could ask: would those individuals beyond borders become new citizens of the world? It is necessary, therefore, to analyze the emergence of a notion of citizenship that would break the limits of borders, that is, of a global, transnational, and cosmopolitan citizenship. 
  • Kantâ s legal cosmopolitanism

    Klein, Joel T. (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2020-09-21)
    In this paper I argue that Kantâ s legal cosmopolitanism requires the perspective of the world republic, which implies the free federation of peoples as a necessary intermediate step. This interpretation is grounded on two arguments. Firstly, that the concept of world republic is juridically necessary according to Kantâ s concept of law. Secondly, the rejection of a world monarchy and the defense of a free league of nations as a necessary intermediate step is grounded on critical metaphysical requirements, namely, a teleological connection between right and historical, anthropological, political and prudential considerations.
  • The prescriptive element in moral phenomenon: disagreement between Kant and Schopenhauer

    Orrutea Filho, Rogério Moreira; Pavão, Aguinaldo (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2020-09-21)
    This article is developed through three sections. In the first section, we examine the disagreement between Schopenhauer and Kant about the moral prescriptive language. At this point, the disagreement rises because Schopenhauer judges that the philosophy cannot have any moralizing function on human behavior: the philosophy must remain purely theoretical. However, our analysis shows that Kant never had such moralizing pretension. In second section, we discuss the schopenhauerian thesis about the theological origin of the prescriptive language, which Schopenhauer uses as a proof of the contingency between the concepts of morals and duty, and even of the contradiction between both. In the third section, we argue that even if Schopenhauer explicitly denies that the concept of duty is truly moral, however his own Ethics implicitly affirms it. The ground of such implicit affirmation sustains itself over this ineluctable fact: the moral phenomenon is intrinsically prescriptive.

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