El establecimiento de jueces eclesiásticos en las doctrinas de indios. El arzobispado de México en la primera mitad del siglo xvii.
Author(s)Rodolfo Aguirre Salvador.
KeywordsArchbishoprics of Mexico
Doctrinas de Indios.
History (General) and history of Europe
DOAJ:History and Archaeology
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AbstractThe central aim of this article is to determine the origin and the history of the local ecclesiastic judges in the archbishoprics of Mexico. The rise of this institution should be understood as part of the process of consolidation of episcopal authority, which reached its apex during the first half of the eighteenth century and preceded the secularization of doctrinas that began in 1749. The institution of the local ecclesiastic judge was a relatively late one in the parish world. While local political offces (mayors, priests, Indian chiefs and councils) began to arise in the sixteenth century, space did not start to open for another local offce until the second half of the seventeenth century, and it was not until the first half of the eighteenth century that it was fully consolidated. Judges played a central role in the subordination of Church teachings to the authority of the archbishop. When Ferdinand VI ordered the secularization of the doctrinas in Mexico in 1749, viceroyal authorities and the archbishops found the lay clergy greatly diminished and already accustomed to regulating its actions based on diocesan norms and subject to the vigilance of ecclesiastic judges.
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