THE WEST AND BYZANTIUM. ESSAY ON THE POLITICAL THEOLOGY OF THE GREAT CLASH
Social sciences (General)
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AbstractThe present paper tries to give a general answer to the question of how did the breach between the Byzantine and Latin Church come about. The author seeks to describe this process from the point of view of the political theology; this could be very helpful in such a presentation of the problem because the theological premises of the Western and Eastern thought come to be very important in understanding the schism: both of them do have and effect on the different views of mutual relations between spiritual and secular powers, between the Altar and the Throne. What comes into prominence in the context of this historical clash has to be examined as the question of the primacy, the theological Filioque formula, the power of the emperor sway over to Byzantine Church, the understanding of the Church as a corpus misticum and politicum, the significance of the cannon law, etc. The author draws conclusion that the Byzantine Church turned out to be much more docile that its Western brother in the face of imperial power and also to much attached to the theological subtilities, even in the front of the Turkish threat, as to be able to become reconciled with the West. On the other hand, the article emphasizes the significance of the fight, which the Latin Church had to wage in order to get independence of the secular power by means of the canon law.