Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics is an open access philosophical journal, being published only in an electronic format. The journal aims at promoting research and reflection, both historically and theoretically, in the field of moral and political philosophy, with no cultural preclusion or adhesion to any cultural current.

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The Globethics.net library contains articles of Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics as of vol. 1(1999) to current.

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  • Levinas e il femminile. Tra stereotipo ed etica

    Dadà, Silvia (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-09)
    The issue of the relationship between Levinas and the feminine has been a central role in recent levinasian studies and represents one of the places where critics are most in disagreement. In fact, there are those who highlight the devaluing and stereotypical representation of woman in a subordinate position with respect to male subjectivity, reducing her to the space of the house or to erotic pleasure; while others focus mainly on the importance of the maternal sense of ethical subjectivity. The aim of this article is to show all the places where Levinas talks about the role of the female and to reconstruct the critical debate on them. In doing this, we will try to answer urgent questions that characterize the current feminist philosophies: how to think together about vulnerability, responsibility and a dispossessed subject without ending up supporting a conservative vision that justifies forms of submission and subordination? To answer this question, we will show the main female figures that we encounter in the author's thought, illustrating the specific role of each of them within his work. At that point we will analyze the debate that has developed around this theme and we will show our personal conclusions.
  • Logiche di vita secondo il greco “zen”: la zoopoiesi all’origine

    Cislaghi, Alessandra (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-09)
    The text moves from the intention of thinking about living, within the western tradition, considering the sources that speak Greek, be they philosophical (Plato, Aristotle, Plotinus) or evangelical (John, Paul). In both stands an idea of fontal, original, inexhaustible living: zen. The zoopoietic activity, which can be thought of from there, is not about imagined depictions or biotechnological productions, but rather the regeneration of vital energy that allows a second birth to the individual existence, which always has to do with biological and psychic life. Investigating the multiplicity of the ways of parta-king in living, the text proposes a reading of the edenic myth, about the “naked life”, through the de-termination of the different states of nature elaborated by theological thought, contrasting itself with Agamben's position, in recognition of the value of the fullness of life.
  • Diritti infiniti e doveri limitati? Per una fondazione del dovere di giustizia tra le generazioni

    Pirni, Alberto (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-09)
    The essay starts by focusing on some of the Charters of fundamental rights, by stressing their sovra-contextual and diachronical aspects. This last point constitutes the core of the subsequent parts, in which it is explored an attempt for grounding the duty of justice for future generations. By exploring the pragmatic efficacy of some objections to such a duty, the essay develops a con-structivist strategy, devoted to address intragenerational and intergenerational duties as equal claims of justice. On the one hand, is it articulated the comprehensive claim for intergenerational altruism, as a result of an incremental normative commitment. On the other, it is explored the legitimacy of a unique normative bond that offers the possibility of a robust foundation of the duty of justice among generations, by linking the pragmatic effort to accomplish unavoidable intragenerational obligations with the normative claim in favour of unavoidable intergenerational ones.
  • Burke lettore di Rousseau: note a margine di "A Letter to a Member of the National Assembly"

    Arrigo, Giacomo Maria (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-09)
    Edmund Burke, known for his full condemnation of the French Revolution, has ascribed to the French philosophes the making of that turn of mind which eventually created the conditions for the total subversion of France. This paper aims at investigating Burke’s interpretation of Rous-seau: in fact, him he considers to be the father of that disposition – which he calls vanity – that has inflamed the spirits of an entire population. «A silent revolution in the moral world preceded the political, and prepared it», Burke writes. Hence, by delving into A Letter to a Member of the National Assembly (1791), known to be Burke’s most extensive critique of Rousseau’s thought, and by constantly referring to his broader intellectual production, this paper tackles the question on the charges Burke imputes to Rousseau in fermenting that very disposition of mind which prepared the ground for the Revolution. Not political doctrines, but examples derived from Rousseau’s very life and his proper pedagogic reflections, according to Burke, have had the great-est responsibility in shaping the revolutionary mind.
  • Dimensioni della tirannide in Kojève. L'incapacità di vivere da straniero

    Raciti, Andrea (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-09)
    In this work I aim to explain the theory of tyranny outlined by Alexandre Kojève in the essay entitled Tyrannie et Sagesse, that was originally composed as a review of Leo Strauss’ On Ty-ranny. 
 The paper tries to demonstrate that this specific Kojèvian theory is not occasional, but it repre-sents an important articulation of the “Hegelian” System of wisdom created by the Russian phi-losopher. An articulation in which it shows a kind of “meeting place” of central parts of the Sy-stem, in particular the philosophical anthropology based on desire (Begierde) and recognition (Anerkennung), the theory of Authority and the phenomenology of law. 
 The common thread of my interpretation is the relationship thematised by Kojève between political power and philosophy. This perspective could open plural dimensions of tyranny in the kojèvian thought. Dimensions which are interconnected in the direction of a post-historical and post-political State, in which the concepts of “stranger” and “alien” are dissolved into an universal and all-embracing reality.
  • Ratio Negativa: Normative Reason and History in Husserl and Merleau-Ponty

    Rotundo, Alessio (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-06)
    In this paper I examine the notion of normative reason in history with a special focus on the phenomenological approaches of Husserl and Merleau-Ponty. The setting of the present study is the relationship between Husserl’s final presentation of phenomenology with ethico-normative questions about renewal, norms of reason, and absolute values. In this context, central to Husserl’s phenomenological thinking is the idea of “person” as spontaneous and autonomous agency. As part of the argument, I contend that self-critical and methodological considerations within Husserl’s phenomenological theory of reason point to the possibility of a philosophy of history. In the second part of the paper, I turn to Merleau-Ponty’s recasting of the problematic of constitution. I show that this recasting makes explicit the problem of feasibility for the method of phenomenology to bring the ultimate transcendental origins of experience to evident demonstration. I contend that this self-critical consideration of method in phenomenology is displayed by Merleau-Ponty rereading of constitution as institution. There results a conception of rational normativity and of humanity in search of rational norms in history that integrates Husserl’s rather Kantian regulative conception of reason.
  • The Sources and Stances of Moral Normativity

    Bagnoli, Carla (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-06)
    This paper argues against the view that the issue of moral normativity is best accounted by undertaking the first-person deliberative perspective. Section 1 characterizes Korsgaard’s self-constitutivist view of moral normativity in contrast to skepticism and contractualism. Section 2 highlights the role of the value of humanity in the self-constitutivist view. Section 3 formulates an issue about the sources of moral obli-gations to others, which points to a tension within Korsgaard’s theory of moral obligation. Sections 4-5 show that the dominance of the first-person deliberative stance in accounting for moral normativity is related to the deployment of the strategy of reflective endorsement, which is not functionally equivalent to the self-constitutivist strategy for vindicating moral authority. Section 6 argues that endorsement un-derstood as an act of imaginative rehearsal fails to carry out the main insights of Kantian constructivism regarding normative discussion and the transformative potentiality of practical reasoning. Section 7, de-fends the importance of multiple stances to do justice to the complexity of moral normativity.
  • The Neo-Kantian Notion of We-Subject Between Phenomenology and Analytical Philosophy. Some Preliminary Remarks

    Redaelli, Roberto (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-06)
    This paper examines Rickert’s reflection on ethics, with a special focus on the notion of Wir-Gemeinschaft, and assesses its relevance to the current philosophical debate on the sources of moral normativity. To this purpose the paper firstly examines the social notion of self developed by Rickert against solipsistic theories in ethical and theoretical fields. The second point is to bring to light the presence of a thought of the other in Rickert’s philosophy: albeit this proposition is apparently reminiscent of certain virtuous phenomenological positions recognizable in the current debate on sources of normativity, yet it does break away from it on account of the symmetry it establishes between the I and the you. Finally, on the basis of these inquiries, I conclude attributing to Rickertian philosophy a theory of normativity in the first-person-plural (We) featuring a radical redefinition of the Kantian notion of autonomy in the social sense.
  • A Conversation Between Andrea Staiti and Christine Korsgaard on The Sources of Normativity

    Korsgaard, Christine M.; Staiti, Andrea (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-06)
    In this short exchange, Christine Korsgaard and Andrea Staiti address some of the salient theses and issues raised by Korsgaard's seminal book The Sources of Normativity.
  • Husserl sui concetti specificamente normativi

    Staiti, Andrea (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-06)
    In this paper I explore Husserl's theory of specifically normative concepts (in contemporary idiom: thin normative concepts) as presented in his lectures on ethics. In the first section I examine Husserl account of normative judgment in the Prolegomena. I argue that it is insufficient because it doesn't appreciate the irreducibility of normative to non-normative concept. In the second section I turn to Husserl's later account of normative concepts and explicate the meaning and significance of his claim that such concepts invariably refer to posita or Sätze, rather than ordinary objects. I also explain how, on Husserl's account, the normative stance that makes specifically normative concepts possible can be extended to ordinary objects and acts of consciousness. I conclude with some remarks about the significance of Husserl's analysis for metanormative theory.
  • Civility to Graciousness: van der Walt and Rawls

    Michelman, Frank I. (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-07)
    Johan van der Walt finds the essence of the concept of liberal democratic law to lie in an uprootedness of law “from life.” He connects that finding to a modern experience of life fundamentally divided. Division of life occurs both at the societal level, as a fact of visionary pluralism, and at the personal level, as an experience of deep-set inner conflicts of passions and motivations. The path to law-from-life uprooting from the experience of external social division may be the more obvious; the path there from the experience of internal conflict may be the more interesting. The two paths join at a crucial place reserved by Van der Walt for indispensable moments of “sacrifice” – or, better, “gift;” or, still better, “graciousness” – in the liberal democratic experience of law. We ask here whether that is also the place of “civility” (in the lexicon of John Rawls), where the conception of liberal democratic law put forth by Rawls in his philosophy of political liberalism may be seen to meet up with the thought of Van der Walt.
  • Kosmos, Nomos, Physis and “the Concept of Liberal Democratic Law”

    Christodoulidis, Emilios (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-07)
    The paper is a review of Johan van der Walt’s The Concept of Liberal Democratic Law. It proceeds through a genealogy of the articulations and alignments of the three terms – kosmos, physis, nomos – that form the backdrop of the book’s main thesis. In a discussion of tragedy and of the natural philosophers (Anaximander) it argues that Greek thought sustained a deep unity of the practical, the ethical, and the aesthetic, and looks at van der Walt’s interpretation and defence of public reason in that light.
  • Rational Necessities: on the Silence of Liberal Democratic Theory in Front of the Unreasonable Other

    Spindola Diniz, Ricardo (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-07)
    To take or think history seriously, The Concept of Liberal Democratic Law tells us, is to comprehend it as a constant process of denaturalization. Having presented us with a conception of history as an on-going earthquake that ruins and denaturalizes everything, does Van der Walt not in the end step back from this seismic vision of history? This engagement seeks to circumscribe this question in the textual body of The Concept of Liberal Democratic Law. It does so under the auspices of the following bet: to submit one’s literary enterprise as a reading is tantamount to submit one’s work to a process of denaturalization. After all, in other interpretations, the text does not live on. Interpretation marks off the text’s posteriority, its after-life. Therefore, by interrogating the way the text posits its possible readership, declaring silence to the foreseeable unreasonable reader, arguably one makes room to evaluate whether the text’s representation of what liberal democracy is about does not end up being a dissemblance between its maxim and practice when it declares that before an unreasonable reader, the discussion must come to an end.
  • Public Disagreement about Uncontroversial Conclusions of Science in the Light of Cultural Cognition Theory: Making the Case for Civic Friendship as a Hybrid Epistemic and Moral Virtue

    Šušnjar, Aleksandar (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-07)
    The aim of this article is to explore one of the possibilities of alleviating or countering problematic public disagreement about uncontroversial conclusions of science which is not in the domain of reasonable pluralism, i.e. those conclusions that are not controversial among the experts in the field. Using Dan Kahan’s theory of cultural cognition to identify the dominant cause of the problem - epistemic group polarisation, I suggest that one of the rectifying strategies that could be employed is based on the account of hybrid epistemic and moral virtues, as conceived by Miranda Fricker. Civic friendship is suggested as such a hybrid virtue which in addition to its moral component, also has significant epistemic benefits in alleviating the problem of public disagreement of the kind described in this article.
  • Rereading Estlund: In Defence of Moderate Epistemic Proceduralism

    Cerovac, Ivan (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-07)
    This paper engages an elaborate critique that Prijić-Samaržija uses to disqualify moderate epistemic proceduralism as a proper approach to political legitimacy. The paper offers an alternative interpretation of Estlund's position, arguing that his position (contrary to Prijić-Samaržija's reading) represents a veritist account that locates procedure's epistemic value in its ability to produce the correct outcome. Furthermore, by introducing the distinction between collective decision-making procedures and collective decision-authorization procedures, it argues that moderate epistemic proceduralism can accommodate the special role of experts in its theoretical framework.
  • Between Modesty and Ambition: Remarks on "The Concept of Liberal Democratic Law"

    Tekin, Serdar (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-07)
    Johan van der Walt offers a modest conception of liberal democratic law as a groundless modus vivendi, while at the same time backing up this conception with an ambitious inquiry into the long history of Western metaphysics and the ways in which it shaped legal imagination. There are two main dimensions to my criticism of Van der Walt’s work, and they exactly divide between its modesty and ambition. I contend that the understanding of liberal democratic law as a modus vivendi is too modest insofar as it avoids normative justification, whereas the philosophical storyline is too ambitious insofar as it amplifies the extent to which questions of legal and political theory are embedded in questions of ontology.
  • La nascita, evento di libertà tra dono e potere

    MANCINI, Roberto (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-08)
    Mario Vergani’s book Nascere. Una fenomenologia dell’esistenza is a great contribution to re-thinking finitude and the human condition in a phenomenological key. In the dialogue with Ver-gani two questions come to the fore. The first question concerns the semantic of the gift and its philosophical value for developing a phenomenology of birth. The second question pertains the nature of power and the critique to Arendt’s conception of this political category.
  • Fenomenologia della nascita con Husserl e oltre Husserl

    Zucal, Silvano (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-08)
    In addition to framing Vergani’s book Nascita. Una fenomenologia dell’esistenza in the interna-tional debate on the issue of birth, the present essay aims at discussing the key theoretical coor-dinates of Vergani’s work. It focuses, therefore, on the concept of the “phenomenology of birth” and on the author’s attempt to follow a double logic: the fidelity to Husserl’s phenomenological system on the one side and, on the other, the “heretical” distancing from it.
  • Natale e nativo. Note alle osservazioni su "Nascita. Una fenomenologia dell’esistenza"

    Vergani, Mario (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-08)
    In this paper I seek to respond to some of the remarks raised by the authors invited by the journal Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics to discuss my book on philosophy of birth Nascere. Una fenomenologia dell’esistenza (Carocci, Roma 2020). In the first part I discuss some comments on the methodological approach. Then I focus on objections by my interlocutors that allow to clarify and to formulate better some main theoretical points of my proposal. Finally, I deepen the distinction between the categories of natality and nativity.
  • Liberal Democracy and the Event of Existence, Seen from a not-so-Rickety Bridge Between Rawls and Merleau-Ponty. Reply to my Critics

    Van Der Walt, Johan (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-09-08)
    The discussants of my book The Concept of Liberal Democratic Law (CLDL) in this issue of Ethics & Politics raise many important and challenging questions about key aspects of the book to which I respond as carefully as I can. My responses to all the questions raised ultimately converge, I believe, on the question of liberal democracy’s relation to its own historicity, a historicity to which I eventually come to refer as “the event of existence.” This question emerges from an engagement with the thoughts of especially John Rawls and Maurice Merleau-Ponty. Rawls and Merleau-Ponty are of course not often discussed together, but the combination of questions raised by several of the discussants expressly invite me to do so. In the endeavour to respond to these questions coherently (the endeavour to bring these questions together), I believe I managed to construct an elementary but “not-so-rickety bridge” between Rawls and Merleau-Ponty that offers one a unique point of access to the question of liberal democracy’s relation to its own historicity.

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