Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics is an open access philosophical journal, being published only in an electronic format. The journal aims at promoting research and reflection, both historically and theoretically, in the field of moral and political philosophy, with no cultural preclusion or adhesion to any cultural current.

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The Globethics.net library contains articles of Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics as of vol. 1(1999) to current.

Recent Submissions

  • Ricordo di Pierluigi Donini (1940-2020)

    Gianotti, Gian Franco (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-05-06)
  • Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics (2021) XXIII/1

    EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-05-12
  • Segregazione e fraternità. Pasolini e Lacan

    Moroncini, Bruno (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-05-06)
    The Pasolini-Lacan report is not supported by any philological evidence. However, there are striking similarities. These include the link that unites fraternity and segregation, democracy and banishment. From which the essay reconstructs the literary structure of Petrolio, compared by Pasolini himself with the novel by Mario Soldati Lo smeraldo. In particular, it highlights the role of the author who transforms himself from an almighty father into the literary game of the reader's brother.
  • Foucault’s Analyses of Liberal Governmentality. Past Investigations and Present Applications

    Hofmeyr, A. B. (Benda) (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-05-06)
    This essay seeks to elucidate if and to what extent Foucault’s analyses of governmentality and neoliberalism as a form of governmentality in his 1978-1979 Collège de France lecture series can justifiably be used to come to a critical understanding of present-day neoliberalism(s). This has been a hotly debated issue among Foucault scholars based on what they consider to be ambiguities related to the normative status as well as the methodology of these lectures. In an attempt to contribute to this debate and to settle some of these concerns, I start by explicating how neoliberalism has variously been interpreted and specify what I understand “neoliberalism” to mean. Foucault’s notion of “governmentality” and his analyses of the mid-20th C versions of German and American neoliberal governmentalities presented in these lectures are contextualized in terms of his general thinking in the late 70s and early 80s specifically his insistence on the critical attitude as virtue and his methodological specifications of philosophical-historical research. I contend that although Foucault’s neoliberal governmentality lectures might be valueneutral, methodologically they remain a strategics of power/knowledge configurations imbued with the “critical attitude” that asserts the right not to be governed like that. It is therefore both justifiable and instructive to critically engage contemporary neoliberalisms through the lens of governmentality.
  • Democrazia sive dittatura: Rousseau e il giovane Carl Schmitt (1917-1923)

    Sferrazza Papa, Ernesto C. (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-05-06)
    The present essay explores Carl Schmitt’s interpretation of Rousseau’s Contrat social in his early works. The essay aims at investigating the role of concepts such as dictatorship, democracy, general will and homogeneity of the people in Carl Schmitt’s political theory. In particular, the essay will be focused on three texts: Diktatur und Belagerungszustand (1916), Die Diktatur (1921) and Die geistesgeschichtliche Lage des heutigen Parlamentarismus (1923), where Rousseau’s theory is vigorously discussed by Schmitt, although in a partial and sometimes ideological way. In the end of the paper, some critical remarks on Schmitt’s interpretation and his proble-matic theory of “identitarian” democracy are provided.
  • Il bacio di Lamourette: fraternità inclusiva e fraternità identitaria nella Rivoluzione francese

    Vetter, Cesare (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-05-06)
    This essay – on the basis of the lexicological and lexicometrical evidences reconstructed in the different digital corpora with the tools of the computational linguistics – examines the polysemy of the word fraternité in the lexicon of Adrien Lamourette and in the lexicon of the French Revolution and its gradual shrinking from an expansive dimension to an identity one.
  • Codici etici e modelli di organizzazione economica. Lo strano caso dell’Unione europea

    D'Acunto, Salvatore; Quadrano, Natasha (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-05-04)
    The debate on post-pandemic recovery policies revealed that the distinction between symmetric and asymmetric shocks on economic activity plays a significant role in the conventions governing the dialectics among EU political players. The representatives of individual member countries have indeed introjected a ‘rule’ according to which a member country in economic trouble has the right to receive aid from EU partners only if its trouble is caused by a symmetric disturbance, i.e. a shock simultaneously hitting all member countries. The rationale behind this lies in a sort of ‘responsibility principle’, according to which aid is justified only in the absence of negligence on the part of the recipient. Within this framework, a mere local shock would be evidence of negligence. Grounding on a very influential stream of literature, we argue that this principle conflicts with the peculiar mechanics of an economy integrated on a continental level. Local shocks are a natural consequence of a high degree of sectoral specialization of a country’s economy, and consequently no one can be blamed for them. Counterbalancing the adverse effects of asymmetric shocks is then the primary task of supranational governance institutions, when market adjustments are not enough. Furthermore, this task becomes increasingly important as time goes by, because member countries’ sectoral specialization tends to deepen as economic integration proceeds.
  • Ética, moral e virtudes: Anscombe e Ricoeur, leitores de Aristóteles

    Cadilha, Susana (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-05-04)
    This paper discusses the influence and role of Aristotelian ethics in two contemporary ethical theories stemming from different traditions, those put forward by Elizabeth Anscombe and Paul Ricœur. In different ways, these accounts of ethics can be considered “virtue theories”. First, we focus on Anscombe’s recovery of Aristotelian “virtue ethics” in the context of her criticism of the standpoint of moral philosophy. We discuss the reception that her 1958 “Modern Moral Philosophy” has had, leading to contradicting interpretations of the role she ascribes to Aristotelian ethics and the problems raised by modern moral philosophy. Second, we discuss the status of the Aristotelian standpoint in Paul Ricœur’s “little ethics”, focusing on the primacy given to the ethical aim over moral obligation, and the role of Aristotelian practical wisdom (phronesis) in the overcoming of the difficulties of a modern deontological standpoint. Drawing on these two readings of Aristotelian ethics, we discuss issues such as the prospects of “human flourishing”, the conception of the subject underlying these accounts and the extent to which the context-dependent traits of human experience – as against an essentialist standpoint – should be taken into account in these theories.
  • Tra liberalismo politico e populismo. Riflessioni sul costituzionalismo contemporaneo

    Fabbrizi, Valerio (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-05-05)
    This article engages liberal-democratic constitutionalism by focusing on its fundamental characters and definitions; the implications of populism and illiberal turns will be investigated as well, especially in the second part of the essay. The first section of this paper addresses the critical and interpretative paradigms of contemporary constitutional theory, by illustrating the dichotomy between dualist and monist under-standings of democracy. Conversely, the second section addresses the relationship between populism and constitutionalism to illustrate the paradigm of the so-called populist constitutionalism as an illiberal form of constitutional democracy.
  • Dove sono i “miei” dati? Privacy e reificazione nell’era digitale

    Esposito, Alessandro (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-05-04)
    The topic of the article is the definition of the concept of "privacy" in the digital age. My aim is to show how this concept can be interpreted through the Lukácsian category of "reification". At first I will analyze the difficulties of defining a general concept of privacy. I will argue that privacy cannot be understood through general theoretical categories, which try to capture the totality of real cases. For this reason, as a second step, the concept of privacy will be analyzed specifically in the real digital reality, i.e. as "property of personal data". This specific determination of the concept of "privacy" could be read as the expression of three different notions: a) deprivation; b) bureaucracy; c) reification. We will see how the last one includes the other two notions. If "privacy" is considered as a synonym of "property", then we can interpret it as a manifestation of a society, based on the reification of relationships between human beings. If the problem of privacy is a problem of reification, then we will rethink our digital dimension in terms of different participation and collective determination of new platforms.
  • Dio modello o oggetto di secolarizzazione? Un excursus da Spinoza a Kant

    Failla, Mariannina (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-05-05)
    The present 'excursus' from Spinoza to Kant intends to show that with Kant starts a different way of secularization of the divine. Through Kant's moral reflection, the secularization of the divine doesn’t borrow from divine love the moral ideas of community benevolence and the harmonious composition of the instances of individuals, as it happened in Spinoza and in Leibniz. In Kant takes places something more radical because God isn't a model of secularization anymore, he doesn't exhibit exempla that the human being must emulate or apply by acting virtuously in the community. Rather, God is himself secularized, God is the object of secularization.The triad human being-divine law-community, typical of the philosophies of Spinoza and Leibniz, is replaced by Kant through the triad human being-intelligible community-God. It is no longer divine law or divine wise to mediate between human being and community, in their place takes over the acknowledgment’s dynamic of intelligible beings (Intelligible Community). It is based on three moments (humanity-autonomy-dignity).These three moments can become a effectively secularized model for the realization of human rights in the political-liberal communities.
  • La differenza di Haraway: la spaccatura nel dibattito femminista

    Fasoli, Annachiara (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-05-05)
    In contemporary bioethics, feminism is a relevant and authoritative source. De facto, sexual dif-ference represents the main issue in the different strands of this theoretical movement. 
 On the one side, some feminists consider this argument to be pointless. On the other side, for others, sexual difference is a crucial issue: it has not yet been thought about. 
 This paper intends to frame the theory of Donna Haraway, a California-based philosopher, trying to clarify its interpretive coordinates and its philosophical problems. At the same time, the cyborg theory will be compared with the italian theory of sexual difference and with the theoretical model of Adriana Cavarero, in particular.
  • Epistemic Democracy, Political Legitimacy, and Reasonable Pluralism

    Baccarini, Elvio (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-04-29)
    After presenting some of Cerovac's theses (2020), the article explains some challenges to the criticism of all forms of epistocracy that he developed. The objections are expressed through the employment of some elements of Rawls's conception of public justification, more precisely of public reason. It is remarked that Rawls's theory of public reason has two sides. One is rep-resented by the characterization of reasonable disagreement. The other side is represented by the fact that disagreement is not reasonable in all cases. In such situations, limited forms of so-phisticated epistocracy are justified.
  • Del reclutare escort per un premier: chi offende cosa? Riflessioni sul rapporto fra diritto e fatto in un affaire giudiziario

    Bifulco, Daniela (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-04-29)
    The paper aims at highlighting the role of courts in selecting facts (so called ‘facts of case’) which might be relevant in the constitutional review and, more specifically, the role and marge of discretion that the Italian constitutional Court can enjoy in evaluating the selection of facts previously made by a judge/court. The case here discussed concerns an ‘incidental’ constitutional review, i.e. a case where the question of law’s constitutionality arises as an ‘incident’ to ordinary legal proceeding. The ‘inci-dent’ arose before the Court of Appeal of Bari, in 2018, and had as an object the question of consti-tutionality of art. 3, statute n. 75/1958, foreseeing as a crime the recruitment and aiding of voluntary prostitution. In turn, the Bari legal proceeding had to do with some people accused of recruiting escorts for the former Italian Premier Berlusconi. The article focuses on the evaluation, made by both the Bari Court of Appeal and the Italian constitutional court, of the ‘harm principle’, requiring an offense to have been committed against a given legal asset. It then critically inquires the decision made by both courts of restricting the flaw of facts that have been considered relevant in the legal reasoning of the constitutional Court.
  • Public Reason, Expertise and the Transformative Power of Deliberation. Reply to my Critics

    Cerovac, Ivan (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-04-29)
    This paper presents a unified response to the critics of my book Epistemic Democracy and Po-litical Legitimacy. The discussion focuses on three important issues. First, I discuss advantages of a procedural (rather than substantive) interpretation of Rawls' public reason as the basis for my account of epistemic democracy. Second, I elaborate on the proper role of experts (moral and technical) in democratic decision-making and decision-authorization processes, thus sketch-ing how controversial conclusions of science can enter public deliberation and represent valid reasons for ordinary laws and policies (those that do not address constitutional essentials and matters of basic justice). Third, I focus on the transformative effect that public deliberation can (and should) have on citizens' political participation, thereby addressing some challenges to the sustainability of epistemic democracy.
  • The Role of Experts in Deliberative Epistemic Democracy

    Zelič, Nebojša (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-04-29)
    In this paper I discuss some problems for epistemic democracy as it is presented and defended by Ivan Cerovac in his book Epistemic Democracy and Political Legitimacy (2020). I discuss three problems I think are present in his discussion about the role of experts in democratic de-liberation. The first problem is concerned with what the proper design for the educative role of technical experts is in deliberative democracy. The second problem deals with the question if there is a certain moral duty of justification towards other citizens of our choice of normative experts. This implies that, in the first place, we have a duty to consult opinions of those who know better than us when we are in the process of enacting decisions that have an influence on the lives of other citizens. Finally, I briefly mention the problem of Constitutional or Supreme Court; namely, are they normative experts or technical experts because this group of experts is not present in Cerovac’s discussion of the role of experts.
  • On the Edges of the Political: Epistemic Democracy and Political Legitimacy

    Matan, Ana; Vladova, Ivan; Vuksan-Ćusa, Bartul (2021-04-29)
    This article questions some of the assumptions about politics and democracy made in Ivan Cerovac's book (Epistemic Democracy and Political Legitimacy, 2020, Palgrave Macmillan). We claim that rational proceduralism and democratic deliberation rest on an idea of democratic citizens that is far too idealistic and in tension with the concept of truth advanced in the book. Following arguments developed by Merleau-Ponty, Rancière, and Lefort, we also question Cerovac's understanding of politics and point to a neglected but essential role that perceptions play in politics. The second part of the article stresses the importance of power and conflict in politics following Schmitt and Neu-mann. Schmitt and Neumann's contributions portray power, conflict, irrationality, and apathy as phe-nomena inherent to democracy. We conclude that this valuable book on epistemic democracy avoids too many of politics' complexities and is thus best placed to contribute to a certain taming of democ-racy.
  • Répondre de son droit. Perspectives sur la vulnérabilité de la subjectivation

    Popa, Delia (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-04-28)
    How is our subjection to the social law experienced? What is the role played by responsibility in our response to normative calls? Does lawful address embrace social vulnerability or rather does it cover its problem? The paper discusses the genesis of the responsible subjectivity from a phe-nomenological and a social standpoint, confronting Levinas’ phenomenological perspective on ethical responsibility with Althusser’s and Butler’s account of the subjective interpellation. If eth-ical and normative interpellation are often seen as overlapping, this paper discusses their differ-ences as a critical resource for the phenomenological theory of subjectivity. The problem of the social law is analyzed in light of the material phenomenality of social suffering and of the ambiv-alence at work at the heart of any process of subjectivation.
  • A lei de Levinas. Para além das tentações idolátricas

    Timm De Souza, Ricardo (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-04-28)
    The text aims to investigate the thesis that E. Levinas’ thinking as a whole constitutes essentially a vast anti-idolatric project, not only in terms of theology and culture, but also in a strict philosophical meaning. This would be the “law” of Levinas’ thinking.
  • Cogito e gênio maligno: Totalidade e Infinito e as duas tentações da modernidade

    Fabri, Marcelo (EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2021-04-28)
    The paper presents the importance of cogito in the phenomenology of Levinas' Totality and Infinity. It starts with the hypothesis that the “fear of being enchanted”, as a direct consequence of the freedom of a self that has detached itself from the Whole, symbolically expresses the situation of European humanity in the face of two temptations: a) the subject can put himself at the service of Totality, affirming a will of power that will culminate paradoxically with his dissolution; b) the temptation of "paganism", that is, the nostalgia for very old "states of mind", characterized by relations with elemental forces, whose reflexes in politics and contemporary society will be tragic. The subjectivity that makes the cogito experience is situated between these two temptations. She discovers, astonished, that both can merge into a tragic complicity.

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