La Revista FEMERIS tiene por objeto divulgar estudios doctrinales y rigurosos sobre género en el ámbito de todas las disciplinas, entre ellas, la historia, la filosofía, las ciencias jurídicas, las ciencias sociales y ciencias de la información, entre otras.

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The Globethics library contains articles of FEMERIS as of vol. 1(2016) to current.

Recent Submissions

  • El papel del convenio colectivo como instrumento de transparencia retributiva

    Cairós Barreto, Dulce María (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2024-05-27)
    La transparencia retributiva constituye un mecanismo de divulgación de información que pretende revelar el sesgo o la discriminación por razón de sexo en las prácticas salariales con la intención de poner de manifiesto la brecha de género y encontrar medidas para disminuirla o cerrarla. Con ello contribuye a la consecución de la efectiva aplicación del principio de igualdad de retribución por un trabajo igual o de igual valor. La legislación internacional, europea y española han identificado diferentes instrumentos de transparencia retributiva, destacando entre ellos el convenio colectivo, porque es la herramienta esencial y más importante en la determinación de los sistemas de clasificación profesional y los niveles y sistemas retributivos, así como de establecimiento de la estructura salarial. Será, por tanto, el convenio colectivo el responsable de enumerar y definir los puestos de trabajo adecuadamente valorados de manera neutra desde una perspectiva de género, así como de fijar los salarios y determinar sus distintos componentes con criterios objetivos, neutros y no discriminatorios. Este estudio analiza la virtualidad de la intervención del convenio colectivo, sus necesarias vías de actuación y los retos que debe afrontar para lograr no sólo salarios equivalentes por un trabajo de igual valor, sino también salarios dignos y homogeneizados al alza.
  • El principio de igualdad retributiva por razón de género tras la aprobación de la Directiva (UE) 2023/970. La evolución de la noción de retribución

    Rodríguez Romero,  Rosa María (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2024-05-27)
    El principio comunitario de igualdad retributiva por razón de género es un instrumento para la erradicación de la discriminación salarial en la Unión Europea con un amplio recorrido jurídico. Así, y pese a los múltiples intentos para atajar dicha problemática, la brecha retributiva entre hombres y mujeres persiste, entre otros aspectos, por las carencias existentes en el marco normativo. Siendo ello así, recientemente se ha aprobado la Directiva (UE) 2023/970 con el objetivo de contribuir a la eliminación de la discriminación directa e indirecta por razón de sexo en el conjunto de los elementos que integran la retribución mediante la aclaración de determinados conceptos (“trabajo de igual valor”) y el establecimiento de procedimientos de transparencia retributiva y mecanismos para su consecución. Nos encontramos ante la primera norma que aborda exclusivamente la brecha retributiva de género en el seno de la UE y que trata de abordar la imperiosa necesidad de garantizar la igualdad de trato, también en materia retributiva. El objetivo de este estudio es ofrecer un análisis sobre el principio de igualdad retributiva y, más específicamente, sobre la noción de retribución tras la aprobación de la mencionada directiva desde una perspectiva estrictamente jurídica. Para ello, en primer lugar, se explicará el principio de igualdad retributiva y su desarrollo normativo en todos los ámbitos (internacional, comunitario y nacional). En segundo lugar, y focalizándonos en la noción de retribución, habrá que completar el estudio con los pronunciamientos del TJUE, que aclaran qué aspectos constituyen retribución, además de incluir las novedades aprobadas por la Directiva (UE) 2023/970. Teniendo esto en cuenta, se plantearán los interrogantes que se suscitan, así como las conclusiones que puedan extraerse de dicho análisis.
  • Discriminación algorítmica e ilusoria neutralidad. Actuales desafíos ante el fortalecimiento de tradicionales desigualdades en materia de violencia contra la mujer

    López de Zubiría Díaz, Sandra (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2024-05-27)
    The use of artificial intelligence tools applied to various fields is a reality, as their use grows exponentially in many areas of life. In this respect, we present here an analysis of the most alarming issues in terms of prevention and intervention, with special reference to the field of gender violence. These include, among others, those deriving from the fact that we are faced with a system that is significantly opaque, but which is trusted with a certain neutrality that can become an instrument capable of hindering equality, through the proliferation of traditional discriminations masked in illusory neutrality promoted by tools generated from a biased and excluding base. In this way, far from combating this criminal phenomenon, we will be promoting its unequal patriarchal bases through the creation of technological tools that are theoretically neutral but discriminatory in practice. In this respect, without wishing to develop a denialist stance towards technological evolution in this text, what is done here is a study of those aspects that must be addressed so that such progress avoids the growth of discrimination and symbolic violence, the basis of violence against women, masked in a kind of artificial intelligence, neutral, that really hides marked gender biases.  
  • The community principle of gender equal pay following the adoption of Directive (EU) 2023/970. The evolution of the notion of remuneration

    Rodríguez Romero,  Rosa María (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2024-05-27)
    The Community principle of gender equal pay is a tool for the eradication of the gender pay gap in the European Union with an extensive legal background. In this way, and despite multiple attempts to tackle this issue, the gender pay gap persists, among other aspects, due to existing deficiencies in the European legal framework. As a result, the Directive (EU) 2023/970 has recently been approved with the aim of contributing to the elimination of direct and indirect gender-based discrimination in all the factors of remuneration by clarifying certain concepts (“work of equal value”) and establishing pay transparency procedures and mechanisms for their achievement. This is the first regulation that exclusively deals the gender pay gap within the EU and seeks to address the absolute necessity to ensure equality of treatment also in the field of remuneration.   The purpose of this study is to provide an analysis of the principle of gender equal pay and, in particular, of the notion of remuneration following the adoption of the above-mentioned Directive (EU) 2023/970 from a strictly legal perspective. Firstly, the principle of equal pay and its regulatory development at all levels (International, European and National legal frameworks) will be explained. Secondly, and focusing on the notion of remuneration, it will be necessary to complete the study with the pronouncements of the CJEU that clarify which aspects constitute remuneration, as well as including the new features approved by Directive (EU) 2023/970. In this context, the questions that arise and the conclusions that can be drawn from this analysis will be raised.
  • The prevention of occupational risks in the digitalized environment from a gender perspective

    Fernández Villar, Covadonga (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2024-05-27)
  • “Family Unity” and access to the RAI. Prosecution with gender and disability perspectives. Regarding the Superior Court Rulings of Justice of the Canary Islands of April 24, 2024 (Resources 2194/2022) and your private vote

    Poyatos i Matas, Glòria (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2024-05-27)
    Ruling that analyzes the concept of “family unit” and its members, for the purposes of compliance with the income requirement demanded by art. 2.1 d) of RD 1369/2006, to access the Active Insertion Income (RAI), concluding, after a literal and teleological interpretation of the precept, that the physically, mentally and sensorially disabled sister (74%) who cannot be included lives with the applicant. It omits to arrive at another solution, through an interpretation with a gender perspective, because it would be creative, not integrative, and this corresponds to the legislator. The dissenting opinion, highlighting humanizing jurisprudence, and applying the gender and disability perspective, as well as the international principle of due diligence (art. 9.2 EC), reaches another conviction, highlighting that the applicant has the legal obligation to provide care and food to his disabled sister.
  • The role of the collective agreement as an instrument of remuneration transparency

    Cairós Barreto, Dulce María (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2024-05-27)
    Pay transparency is an information disclosure mechanism that aims to reveal gender bias or discrimination in pay practices with the intention of highlighting the gender gap and finding measures to narrow or close it. In doing so, it contributes to the effective application of the principle of equal pay for equal work or work of equal value. International, European and Spanish legislation has identified different instruments of pay transparency, among which the collective agreement stands out, because it is the essential and most important tool for determining professional classification systems and pay levels and systems, as well as for establishing the pay structure. It is therefore the collective agreement that is responsible for listing and defining the jobs that are adequately valued in a gender-neutral way, as well as for setting wages and determining their different components with objective, neutral and non-discriminatory criteria. This study analyses the virtuality of collective bargaining intervention, its necessary avenues of action and the challenges it must face in order to achieve not only equivalent wages for work of equal value, but also decent and upwardly homogenised wages.
  • Chronicle of the European case law on equality (from 1/9/2022 to 31/8/2023)

    Jacqmain, Jean; Lousada Arochena, José Fernando; Quintero Lima, María Gema; Tormos Pérez, Juan Alberto; García Romero, Belén (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2024-05-27)
  • Efectividad y transparencia para unas retribiciones equitativas y no discriminatorias entre mujeres y hombres

    Cabeza Pereiro, Jaime (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2024-05-27)
  • Chronicle of the Spanish Constitutional Court Case on equality rights (year 2023)

    Ron Latas, Ricardo Pedro (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2024-05-27)
    This study tackle the analysis of judgments dictated in application of the principle of equal treatment and nondiscrimination by the Constitutional Court of Justice of Spain during the year 2023. The article will focus in the study of the most notable sentences in this terrain that has produced the Constitutional Court during the year 2023.
  • Transparencia retributiva y principio de igualdad de retribución entre hombres y mujeres. Retos del Derecho español en la transposición de la Directiva (UE) 2023/970 de 10 de mayo de 2023

    Rojo Torrecilla, Eduardo (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2024-05-27)
    Es objeto de explicación la Directiva (UE) 2023/970 y su transposición al ordenamiento jurídico española. El eje principal es el de la igualdad retributiva entre hombres y mujeres cuando se realiza un mismo trabajo o de igual valor, y con carácter más concreto de la transparencia retributiva como mecanismo necesario para alcanzar aquella. La Directiva en el desarrollo del Pilar Europeo de Derechos Sociales y se une a otras normas que también inciden sobre el principio de igualdad. Son destacadas los amplios cambios introducidos en la Propuesta de Directiva durante la tramitación y la negociación con el Parlamento Europeo, comopor ejemplo la aplicación de la Directiva a las personas solicitantes de empleo, el concepto de trabajo de igual valor, con arreglo a criterios no discriminatorios, objetivos y neutros con respecto al género, y el reconocimiento expreso de la discriminación interseccional. Se concluye que la normativa española cumple en términos generales con la comunitaria, e incluso la mejora respecto al derecho a la información de las personas trabajadoras y de la representación del personal, y que solo requiere de algunas modificaciones como por ejemplo el respeto a los plazos previstos para la prescripción de las acciones derivadas de la relación contractual laboral, dejando planteada la hipótesis de interpretación de diversos preceptos de nuestra normativa interna que pueden adecuarse a la comunitaria.
  • Rojas Rivero, Gloria P. (dir). Las “mareas” de la igualdad en el Derecho del Trabajo y de la Seguridad Social

    Sánchez-Girón Martínez, Beatriz (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2024-05-27)
  • Does Politics even use Lipstick? A study on power, gender, and legitimacy in Brazilian Politics

    Alves Palacios, Rosiane (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2023-10-16)
    Although societies have made some progress in gender equality, in most countries, women remain a minority in parliaments. In Brazil, women work, vote, syndicate, and exercise other fundamental rights. However, in many areas, especially those related to work, the participation of women still needs to be questioned, as is the case of political participation. This investigation aimed to investigate how Brazilian female political representatives see the scenario of female participation in the country’s politics. For this, the theories of the Glass Ceiling with that of Max Weber’s Legitimacy of Power were associated. The study is qualitative in the qualitative approach and the narrative method, with structured interviews applied to state and federal deputies and Brazilian senators; the discourse analysis technique was used. The fusion of the two theories provided resources for the analysis of power if considered gender and the understanding of the role of sexism in the low rates of female participation in politics. There is a vicious circle in which the female population hardly gets involved in public life because it oversees private life and the few women who participate face many obstacles. It is up to the parties’ fundamental role to include women in their staff, not only to comply with Brazilian legal provisions but also to eradicate the idea that politics is masculine.
  • “Las mujeres que cosían y los hombres que fumaban”. Voces de mujeres trabajadoras en la España de los siglos XX y XXI

    Rubio Ortega, Andrea (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2023-10-16)
    Este artículo reseña: Negrete Peña, Rocío y Somolinos Molina, Cristina (ed.) (2021). “Las mujeres que cosíany los hombres que fumaban”. Voces de mujeres trabajadoras en la España de los siglos XX y XXI. UMAEditorial, Málaga.
  • Educating in Equality, consolidating networks. A boost to teaching innovation with a gender perspective in university classrooms

    Ruiz Franco, Rosario (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2023-10-16)
  • Mercedes Formica. A voice in defense of women’s rights in Franco’s silence

    Ruiz Franco, Rosario (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2023-10-16)
  • Gender, race and class in the novel ‘Curved Station’ by Uxue Apaolaza

    Martin-Etxebeste, Jon (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2023-10-16)
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  • An educational application to promote gender equality in primary education

    Montaner Bueno , Andrés; Fernández Corbalán, Isabel María (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2023-10-16)
    Gender inequality is a serious problem that affects not only the female population but societies in general, limiting the possibilities of reaching their potential growth and preventing them from becoming truly democratic societies in which there is real equality of rights. This study presents a didactic application aimed at promoting gender equality applied to groups in the fifth year of Primary Education at a public school in the Region of Murcia. For this we have tried, first of all, to specify the concept of gender and the possible negative repercussions that unequal treatment between men and women entails. Subsequently, we defend the approach that the educational system is an ideal means for the adequate formation of gender identities and the integral development of people. As an instrument for our purposes, we propose the use of reading due to its socializing function, especially in children at earlier ages. In the implementation of our didactic proposal we have used an ethnographic methodology with pre-test and post-test to know the evolution of the participants’ thinking and a series of activities related to the reading of Marta Rivera’s book illustrated by Cecilia Varela called “Ellas hicieron historia: mujeres admirables”. Included here are the analysis of the text, the literary gathering and the simulation of interviews and letters to female historical figures. The results obtained are encouraging, since an improvement in awareness regarding behaviors based on gender equality is observed and it is confirmed that this type of activity constitutes a good line of action to continue training students in this value.
  • The visibility of gender diversity in social networks. The case of Spanish trans influencers in TikTok

    Martínez Marcos, Blanca (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2023-10-16)
    The percentage of the population that uses social networks on a daily basis is increasing, its rapid expansion and acceptance, especially among the younger audience, has made them become a new way to socialize, create friendships, expose the daily life of many people, etc. Gender identity is a booming issue in social networks, but this exposure has advantages and disadvantages, especially when the person who is exposed in these social networks belongs to a group that already in the offline world suffers discrimination for such membership. The trans community is one of the groups that are part of the LGBTTTQI+. These groups are beginning to use social networks to show their history, the difficulties in their transition, the emotions, and feelings they experience etc. In short, they tell their experiences and also denounce the situations of rejection, violence and/or harassment they may suffer both in the offline and online world. This media exposure puts in their way people who support them, who feel identified, who take them as icons of the fight against transphobia, etc. but it also shows the dark side of society in which other users use their publications against them to show disrespect, insults, threats, etc. Therefore, the question is, can social networks serve to fight rejection and help people discover and construct their gender?  
  • Feminism and the politics of resilience: Essays on Gender, Media and the End of Welfare

    Martínez-Sánchez, María (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2023-10-16)
    Este artículo reseña : McRobbie, Angela (2020) Feminism and the politics of resilience: Essays on Gender, Mediaand the End of Welfare. Polity Press, Cambridge, UK, 2020, 153 páginas.

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