La Revista FEMERIS tiene por objeto divulgar estudios doctrinales y rigurosos sobre género en el ámbito de todas las disciplinas, entre ellas, la historia, la filosofía, las ciencias jurídicas, las ciencias sociales y ciencias de la información, entre otras.


The library contains articles of FEMERIS as of vol. 1(2016) to current.

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  • Descargar FEMERIS (2020), Vol. 5, Nº 1

    -.-, -.- (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2020-02-27)
    Revista completa en PDF.
  • The social construction of motherhood in Mexico and women who decide not to procreate

    Hernández González, Jessica (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2020-02-27)
    Abstract. This article*** refers to the sociocultural implications of being a woman and not being a mother in the Mexican context, characterized by having an extremely traditional family model. In Mexico, any family structure that gets out of the heteronormativity, including homoparental families, single parents, LGBTTTIQ+ couples and couples without children, is questioned, judged and criticized. The approach is made mainly from the feminist epistemology, since, from politics and criticism, it makes visible the unequal power relations that exist between men and women, as well as the gender roles that have been imposed socio-historically on each one, which are legitimized by the discourses of science, religion and patriarchy, generating that men continue to be the main occupants of the public spaces and women of the private spaces such as the home and what it essentially entails: motherhood. As Saletti explains, one goal of feminist theory is “to analyze the construction of social discourses about women” (2008, p. 169), one of them being motherhood. She also states that “by revealing the constructed character [of maternal practice], it demonstrates that the social imaginary about it, is shaped by diverse representations that identify motherhood with femininity, providing a common ideal for all women” (2008, p. 170). That is why the article addresses issues such as gender roles, mother­hood, science, patriarchy and how these aspects impact or influence women who have decided not to be mothers.Keywords: motherhood, social construction, gender, power, child-free women.
  • Students and sex/gender violence in the university. Community action proposals at UNAM (2017-2019)

    Zabalgoitia Herrera, Mauricio (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2020-02-27)
    Abstract. This work is based on the experience in two workshops on gender and com­munity action held in the Degree in Pedagogy of the FFyL of the UNAM. It begins with the formative and transformative role that involves the reading of essential texts of feminism, gender studies, masculinities and queer theory in the workshop space. It continues with a theorization about the “constant of violence” as sex/gender violence in education and the uni­versity. In a third section, it sets out the precepts of the so-called community actions, and their relationship with the reconstruction of the social fabric and the sex/gender regimes, closing with examples of some of the actions carried out by students between 2017 and 2019, based on various problems of violence in the university community..Keywords: Critical Workshop, Sex/Gender, Community Action, Violence, Students
  • Fuente Pérez, Mª Jesús y Ruiz Franco, Rosario (eds.). Mujeres peligrosas

    Rodríguez López, Sofía (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2020-02-27)
    Este artículo reseña: Fuente Pérez, Mª Jesús y Ruiz Franco, Rosario (eds.). Mujeres peligrosas. Anejos de la Revista de Historiografía nº 9. Madrid, 2019. 319 págs.
  • Analysis of feminicide from gender perspective and the role of the Peruvian judiciary

    Tello Gilardi, Janet (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2020-02-27)
    Abstract. This research paper analyzes the crime of femicide from a gender perspective, based on the study of judicial criteria established by the Permanent and Transitory Criminal Chambers of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Republic of Peru, in order to determine its concordance with the provisions of treaties and international instruments for the protection of the fundamental rights of women and the standards determined by the Inter-American Court and the European Court of Human Rights. The research undertook included a review of national and international jurisprudence. It also considered doctrine and domestic and comparative leg­islation with other avant-garde countries that face discrimination and violence against girls, adolescents, young women, and older adult women due to gender, sexual orientation or gender identity, in order to make access to justice of this vulnerable group effective. The research meth­odology used is descriptive, since concepts and classifications of the legal institutions discussed in this paper are developed. Moreover, the problematic reality of femicide in Peru is shown and is contrasted with judicial decisions. Finally, it presents the conclusions of the researcher.Keywords: Femicide, feminicide, gender perspective, gender discrimination and vio­lence, access to justice, vulnerable person
  • Why we need to review consent in the context of sexual violence?

    Williams Jiménez, Iván (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2020-02-27)
    Abstract. Sexual violence is widespread and systemic worldwide**. At a legal level this issue still remains trivialised and largely neglected from the regulatory agenda. The increasing amount of protests and public debates following particular cases on issues related to consent in the context of sexual violence demonstrate the urgent need to redefine what constitutes sexual consent in the legal context. This term that entails a gender-based sexual violence con­notations still lacks from clarity from the perspective of a collective understanding. As a perva­sive issue it still requires fit for purpose regulations and to keep pace with times.In the legal scene legislators have been historically biased by cultural imposed stereotypes and social norms that have limited a natural progress in the way consent is understood and inter­preted. The need to address this legal debate at a national is justified by an increasing progress made in other jurisdictions (significant progress in European jurisdictions) in the definition of sexual consent in law. In order to address the issue the question that’s worth formulating is if the current regulatory framework for sexual consent law is appropriate from a legal standpoint.Keywords: consent, sexual violence, gender-based violence.
  • Maternity in the penitentiary centers of Sinaloa, Mexico. 2019

    Coronel Cabanillas, Ana Imelda; Gastélum Escalante, Jorge Antonio (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2020-02-27)
    Abstract. This article´s objective is to present, from a gender perspective, the life story regarding the maternity of female prisoners in the three female penitentiary centers located in the State of Sinaloa, Mexico. The approach is qualitative and exploratory-descriptive in scope. It is a case study (Stake, 1995).The sample is intentional (Martínez, 2006) and was integrated with 11 women who are inmates at CECJUDE at Culiacán, Mazatlán, and Ahome at the State of Sinaloa, who met one of the following selection criteria: to be mothers with children living with them within the criminal, or be inmates in pregnancy condition. In both criteria it was considered that, due to the scarcity of economic resources and inadequate conditions of confinement, they find it even more difficult to live their maternity at prison.To specify the qualitative approach, an ethnographic visit was carried out, and to col­lect the information of life stories, the respective instrument was used according to Taylor and Bogdan (1998).In inmates women testimonies it is detected a majority perception of deficiency in the medical service, at the same time they express that there are medical facilities, but there is a lack of medicines, instruments and medical specialists. Nor are there programs to detect and prevent chronic degenerative diseases of women, such as cervical and breast cancer.Regarding the conditions to house the minors who live inside the female prison of Sinaloa, with their mothers imprisoned, it is observed that a special area is lacking for the inmates to reside with their children. There are no daycare or basic education services; there are no conditions for an adequate diet nor pediatric medical attention.Keywords: Gender, maternity, pregnancy, prison, penitentiary centers.
  • Inclusion of dogs in emotional rehabilitation in casesof violence against women

    Castellanos-Suárez, Viviana (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2020-02-27)
    Abstract. In the face of violence against women, there are numerous models of preven­tion and psychoeducational care, with few tertiary intervention specifically rehabilitation of emotional damage left by violence in women. This study aims to publicize the story of six women who have experienced violence and who report having a companion animal in this case a dog and thereby identify the benefits they have had in their emotional recovery and rehabilitation. It is appreciated how animals support women in establishing and managing positive links, overcoming emotional crossroads and regaining control of emotions and being catalysts to restore strength and energy. As an area of opportunity it is necessary to develop specific protocols to be able to migrate from an animal inclusion to an Animal Assisted Thera­py in cases of violence against women.Keywords: Therapeutic inclusion with dogs, emotional rehabilitation, violence against women.
  • Women as a social class: origin and development of a theory. From the Feminist Collectives to the Feminist Party of Spain (1975-1983)

    Gahete Muñoz, Soraya (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2020-02-27)
    Abstract: The Spanish feminism of the seventies and eighties was part of the feminist ten­dencies developed in the so-called second wave. Among these trends we can point out materia­list feminism, that is, one who, based on Marxist postulates, carried out his own theory about the origin of the exploitation of women and developed different tactics to subvert reality. In Spain, this trend was represented, at first, by the so-called Homologated Collectives of the Spanish Sta­te and, later, by the Feminist Party of Spain that developed much more the idea announced by the Collectives: women as a social class. As happened internationally, the formulation of this idea caused different debates among its detractors, especially those related to Marxist feminism for whom Marxist theory could not be extrapolated to the situation of women because the reality of these and of the Working class was totally different. Statement that the organizations mentioned above did not share and that tried to show that women form a social class by being inserted into the domestic production mode.Keywords: Spanish feminism, seventies and eighties, materialist feminism, Feminist Collec­tives, Feminist Party of Spain.
  • Heterosexuality: Six Stories by Women Authors from Le Sueur (1936) to Lawson (2016)

    Núñez-Puente, Carolina (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2020-02-27)
    Abstract. This work puts forth a comparative study of six short fictions by female au­thors—Le Sueur, Dinesen, Atwood, Kincaid, Alvarez, and Lawson—which replicate and challenge patriarchal notions on women’s (hetero)sexuality throughout five decades. Most stories revolve around the problems posed by patriarchal ideology regarding women’s first heterosexual rela­tions; furthermore, since patriarchal beliefs on sexuality favor masculinity, several women find difficulties to discuss the term “rape”. I organize the authors into four groups: Dinesen and At­wood function as a frame in which I compare Kincaid with Alvarez and Le Sueur with Lawson. As the female protagonists live in different times and places, I examine the dissimilarities among them, often focusing on an issue that repeats itself across cultures and generations: the myth of virginity. Together with this, I delve into both the topics and the stylistic techniques developed in the writings. Finally, my theoretical-critical perspective is both feminist and socially engaged, including academic studies (e.g. Pickering, 2016), internet lectures (e.g. Orenstein, 2017), and newspaper articles (e.g. the sentence of “La Manada”, 2019), among other sources.Keywords: Women, heterosexuality, patriarchy, feminism, literature, society.
  • La necesaria asunción de la prevención de riesgos laborales desde una perspectiva de género

    Blázquez Agudo, Eva María (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2020-02-27)
  • Film analysis Shared custody

    Oliete León, Aida (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2020-02-27)
    Abstract. In this article I analyze the movie “Custodia compartida”, through it I want to explain all those problems that the film shows in a more or less subtle way, among them, how dangerous and pernicious it is to obviate the violent and aggressive character of a man who has shown being violent with his children and his wife, the dangerous thing that many times is to reject the statements of the children in situations like the one this movie shows. It seems a lie, but today we must still remember that an abuser cannot be a good father and therefore we should all be aware of how many children under his guardianship can suffer, spend time with an aggressive and unstable man who has already had bad behaviors with his children and whose attitudes and behaviors have caused them to develop a more than justified fear towards him cannot be considered a little relevant fact by those who defend the supreme interest of the child. It is very important to study each case separately and not apply the law as a block, I am sure that this is not done on most occasions but still, these types of stories make us reflect.Keywords: Law, society, sexism, father, mother.
  • Cronaca della giornata sull’occupazione delle persone con disabilità, tenutasi il 7 novembre 2019

    Gutiérrez Colominas, David (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2020-02-27)
  • Mujer, trabajadora y madre: la superheroína del siglo XXI = Woman, Worker and Mother: the Superheroine of the 21st Century

    Rodríguez Navarrete, Laura (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2019-10-01)
    Resumen. La inserción de la mujer en el mercado laboral es un claro ejemplo de logro histórico ya que, gracias a la lucha de muchas mujeres, a día de hoy, es una realidad que la población femenina ha logrado su inserción en el mercado laboral. Sin embargo, aun queda mucho camino por recorrer, prueba de ello es que, en la actualidad aún existe un cierto rechazo a considerar que la mujer está cualificada para ser trabajadora, dando lugar a la segregación ocupacional y vertical que provoca como resultado la brecha salarial, circunstancia que refleja como sufre una discriminación salarial frente a los trabajadores de sexo masculino, simple­mente por su género. El objetivo perseguido con este ensayo consiste en facilitar al lector una visión genérica de cómo la situación de la mujer en el mercado laboral se ha ido transforman­do hasta llegar a la visión actual, finalizando con una reflexión que pretende constatar en los lectores la importancia de favorecer una igualdad plena y real en la sociedad.Palabras claves: mujer, trabajadora, igualdad, discriminación, segregación ocupacional, brecha salarial,Abstract. The insertion of women in the labor market is a clear example of historical achievement because, thanks to the struggle of many women, today, it is a reality that the female population has achieved its insertion in the labor market. However, there is still a long way to go, because, at present, there is still occupational segregation which drives to the wage gap and, even, wage discrimination. The objective pursued with this essay is to facilitate the reader a broad view of how the situation of the women in the labor market has been trans­forming until achieving the current situation.Keywords: women, workers, equality, discrimination, occupational segregation, wage gap.
  • Fe de erratas al artículo "El amor romántico como renuncia y sacrificio: ¿Qué opinan los y las jóvenes?"

    -.-, -.- (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2019-10-28)
  • El registro salarial: una simple obligación con una gran implicación

    Blázquez Agudo, Eva María (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2019-10-01)
  • La represión franquista contra la mujer = Francoist Repression against Women

    Ranz Alonso, Eduardo (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2019-10-01)
     Resumen. La situación de las mujeres, en relación con los periodos históricos, siempre ha sido la de supervivencia. Tras el inicio de la Guerra Civil, y la involución en derechos, las mujeres republicanas sufrieron una doble victimización, la pérdida de derechos y seres queri­dos, y represión sobre su honor, su intimidad, o su cuerpo siendo ultrajadas, violadas, encarce­ladas, vejadas, “paseadas”, rapadas, obligadas a ingerir aceite de ricino, asesinadas, e incluso, fusilamiento en grupo, como fue el caso de las 13 rosas. El trabajo esclavo sufrido por ellas, en ocasiones, en condiciones más duras que el de los hombres.Por el bando golpista, ellas eran deshumanizadas o asesinadas sin responsabilidad para el asesino, y por el lado republicano, terminaban sus días sin el reconocimiento merecido de los compañeros de lucha o resistencia. Su situación en la dictadura posterior, fue de reducción a minoría de edad, con la cooperación de la Iglesia católica.Con la llegada de la democracia, las conquistas de derechos sociales fueron muchas, no así, los avances en feminismo. Prueba de ello es que, no será hasta abril de 2004, cuando en España se conozca la paridad en el Consejo de Ministros.La metodología de la investigación, parte del análisis de las fuentes o literatura científica, dividida en seis grandes bloques: Ley de Memoria Histórica; documentación de las comandan­cias de la guardia civil, y archivo General del Ministerio del Interior; jurisprudencia de Juzgados y Tribunales nacionales y europeos; los libros “Valientes”, de la periodista de El País Natalia Jun­quera; “San Marcos. El campo de concentración desconocido”, de las periodistas López Alonso y Gallo Roncero; así como de una entrevista al presidente José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, para la tesis doctoral del autor de esta candidatura, “procesos legales en memoria histórica”.Las heroínas fueron ellas, porque sobrevivieron.Palabras clave: mujeres, republicanas, derechos, reconocimiento, represión, asesinadas.Abstract. The situation of women, in relation to historical periods, has always been that of survival. After the beginning of the Civil War, and the involution in rights, republican women suffered a double victimization, the loss of rights and loved ones, and repression of their ho­nor, their privacy, or their body being outraged, raped, imprisoned, vexed , “Strolled”, shaved, forced to ingest castor oil, murdered, and even, group shooting, as was the case of the 13 roses. Slave labor suffered by them, sometimes, in harder conditions than that of men.For the coup side, they were dehumanized or killed without responsibility for the mur­derer, and on the Republican side, they ended their days without the deserved recognition of the comrades in struggle or resistance. Its situation in the subsequent dictatorship was re­duced to a minority, with the cooperation of the Catholic Church.With the arrival of democracy, the conquests of social rights were many, not so, the ad­vances in feminism. Proof of this is that it will not be until April 2004, when parity in Spain is known in the Council of Ministers.The methodology of the investigation, part of the analysis of the sources or scientific literature, divided into six large blocks: Law of Historical Memory; documentation of the com­manders of the Civil Guard, and General Archive of the Ministry of the Interior; jurisprudence of national and European Courts and Tribunals; the “Valientes” books, by El País journalist Natalia Junquera; “San Marcos. The unknown concentration camp “, by journalists López Alonso and Gallo Roncero; as well as an interview with President José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, for the doc­toral thesis of the author of this candidacy, “legal processes in historical memory”.The heroines were them, because they survived.Keywords: republicans rights, recognition, repression, murdered.
  • Programación neurolingüística, perspectiva de género y prueba testifical = Neurolinguistic Programming, Gender Perspective and Witness Evidence

    Miranda Verdú, Beatriz (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2019-10-01)
     Resumen. El propósito principal de este trabajo es exponer que determinadas herra­mientas y técnicas de la Programación Neurolingüística son útiles para los integrantes de la carrera judicial en la práctica de prueba testifical, sobre todo de víctimas de violencia de géne­ro o de delitos contra la libertad sexual. A través de diversos instrumentos de comunicación y uso del lenguaje en el desarrollo de las pruebas testificales en los juicios orales penales, se ha observado como resultado la descodificación de información en la víctima y el nuevo encuadre de una situación de conflicto tomando en consideración la perspectiva de género, adquiriendo una comunicación más eficaz que da paso a una justicia más humana.Palabras clave: Programación Neurolingüística, comunicación, prueba testifical, vícti­mas, perspectiva de género.Abstract. The main purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that certain tools and tech­niques of Neurolinguistic Programming are useful for members of the judicial career in the taking of evidence, in particular in the case of victims of gender violence or crimes against sexual freedom. Various tools of language and communication analysis in the taking of witness evidence in criminal hearings allow us to decode information provided by the victim as well as to reframe a conflict situation, and thus to take into account the perspective of gender. As a result, communication is more effective, which contributes to a more human justice.Keywords: Neurolinguistic Programming, communication, witness evidence, victims, perspective of gender.
  • Practicing the Alternative. The Impact of the Crisis in Latin America through a Gender Perspective Analysis = Practicando la alternativa. El impacto de la crisis en América Latina a través de un análisis de perspectiva de género

    Perini, Lorenza (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2019-10-01)
    Abstract. This paper intends to analyze the impacts of the 2008 economic crisis with a gender perspective, focusing on Latin America (in this case considered as a region, although the single countries have been affected in different ways by the crisis, due to the particular economic situation of each). The main target of the research is to evaluate how austerity perpetuates gender inequality in contexts like labor market and migration, and to advocate for sustained investment in gender equality. The idea is to demonstrate, through some practical examples, why there is a need to give attention to women’s movements, invest on women and girls’ education, knowledge, culture capabilities, competences and skills, especially during economic crisis, in order to transform the existing market and the existing models of production in society.The paper wants to underline the correlation between the general and classic indicators of the economic crisis (work / development / migration / welfare state) and some of the possible “gender variables”. The analysis of this complex scenario is framed through a feminist economic approach, in order to broaden the idea of what economy is, by looking at the consequences of the economic model in times of crisis in people’s lives, bringing into light that women’s economic and social contributions are invisible under the hegemonic patriarchal model we live in.Finally, some consideration are drawn on the fact that the development of communitarian economies and cooperative systems, very relevant in Latin America, is part of an indigenous, peasant tradition and it can be interpreted as an approximation of an alternative feminist economic model, in order to compensate the lack of welfare with the women’s cooperation on reproduction. In this sense, many examples of cooperatives run by women are presented in the last part of the research. This, however, should not be seen as a justification for things not to change, but an incentive to invest in women, their education and their  opportunities to participate in the economy since considering care and reproductive work as the core of the commons, as Federici has stated, it is not a matter of identity but a matter of challenging the hierarchy of power from the very basis.Keywords: economic crisis, gender perspective.Resumen. Este artículo trata de analizar el impacto de la crisis económica de 2008 desde la perspectiva de género, centrándonos en Latinoamérica (en este caso considerada una región en su conjunto a pesar de que la crisis ha afectado de forma diferente a los distintos países). El objetivo fundamental es la de evaluar cómo la austeridad perpetúa la desigualdad de género en los ámbitos laboral y migratorio y abogar por la inversión sostenida en igualdad de género. La idea es demostrar, a través de algunos ejemplos prácticos, por qué es necesario prestar atención al movimiento de las mujeres, la inversión en la educación, el conocimiento, las capacidades culturales, las competencias y las habilidades, especialmente durante la crisis económica, con el objetivo de transformar los actuales mercados de trabajo y modelos de producción de la sociedad.Este trabajo quiere subrayar la correlación entre las variables generales y clásicas y la crisis económica crisis económica (trabajo / desarrollo / migración / estado de bienestar) y algunas de las posibles “variables de género”. El análisis de este complejo escenario se enmarca a través de un enfoque económico feminista, con el fin de ampliar la idea de qué es la economía, al observar las consecuencias del modelo económico en tiempos de crisis en la vida de las personas, sacando a la luz que las mujeres económicas y sociales.Finalmente, se toma en consideración el hecho de que el desarrollo de economías comunitarias y sistemas cooperativos, muy relevantes en América Latina, es parte de la tradición indígena y campesina y puede interpretarse como una aproximación de un modelo alternativo feminista con el objetivo compensar la falta de bienestar relativa a la falta de cooperación en la reproducción. En este sentido, en la última parte de la investigación se presentan muchos ejemplos de cooperativas dirigidas por mujeres. Sin embargo, esto no debe verse como una justificación para que las cosas no cambien, sino como un incentivo para invertir en las mujeres, su educación y sus oportunidades de participar en la economía, considerando la atención y el trabajo reproductivo como  l núcleo de los “bienes comunes”, como lo definió Federici. Así, ésta no es una cuestión de identidad sino de desafiar la jerarquía del poder desde la base misma.Palabras clave: crisis económica, perspectiva de género.
  • Gracia Pedrero Balas. La primera mujer

    Contreras Barbas, Miguel (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2019-10-01)
    Este artículo reseña: Gracia Pedrero Balas. La primera mujer. Publicación independiente, 2019, 297 p.

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