La Revista FEMERIS tiene por objeto divulgar estudios doctrinales y rigurosos sobre género en el ámbito de todas las disciplinas, entre ellas, la historia, la filosofía, las ciencias jurídicas, las ciencias sociales y ciencias de la información, entre otras.

News

The Globethics.net library contains articles of FEMERIS as of vol. 1(2016) to current.

Recent Submissions

  • The ideology of the “gender ideology”. Understanding a conservative reaction

    Verbal, Valentina (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2022-01-25)
    For some years now, the world has seen the re-emergence of an extreme right in the West, characterized by a conservative reaction against immigration, some environmental protection policies, so-called “political correctness,” and “gender ideology.” This work aims to characterize the last of these phenomena, which can be synthesized in the rejection of the extreme right to feminism and the recognition of LGBTIQ+ people. What are the arguments behind that rejection? How are these arguments raised? In reviewing three sources that have denounced what they name gender ideology in Latin America, the author concludes that these arguments presuppose a conservative or essentialist conception of human sexuality.
  • The impact of what is not measured. Principal underlying factors in the UNDP Gender Inequality Index

    Zamora Torres, América Ivonne; Marín Leyva, René Augusto; Díaz Barajas, Yesica (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2022-01-25)
    Currently, there are still significant inequalities in the conditions in which men and women live and act in most of the countries of the world, which as a whole, constitute important gender gaps in various areas, that do not allow countries to benefit with the maximum potential of both genders in their development processes, also preventing women from reaching their maximum human potential. The objective of this paper is to identify, through the generation of empirical evidence, the factors that impact gender inequality in 161 countries by the year 2020, integrating dimensions to the proposal of the Gender Inequality Index (GII) developed by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), which would allow addressing the problem in a more comprehensive way. To achieve this objective, it was used a verifiable factor analysis method, considering the variables that currently make up the three dimensions of the GII in 2020, finding -according with the theory analyzed- the role of the female gender as first underlying factor, which frames women as main responsible for the home and reproductive sphere, acting as a first form of exclusion that prevents them from joining the social, productive and political spheres with the same conditions of freedom and opportunities that men.
  • Políticas activas de empleo desde la perspectiva de género. Una mirada particular a los efectos de la Covid 19

    Blázquez Agudo, Eva María; Pérez del Prado, Daniel (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2022-01-25)
  • Groves, Tamar y González-Pérez, Alicia (Eds.). Women and knowledge. From the challenges of the past to empowerment for the future

    Soriano Moreno, Silvia (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2022-01-25)
    Este artículo reseña: Groves, Tamar y González-Pérez, Alicia (Eds.). Women and knowledge. From the challenges of the past to empowerment for the future. Roma: Aracne, 2018. 138 pp. ISBN: 978-88-255-1084-3.
  • Silvia Soriano Moreno (coord.). Perspectivas jurídicas de la igualdad de género en el entorno rural

    Martín Guardado, Sergio (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2022-01-25)
    Este artículo reseña: Silvia Soriano Moreno (coord.). Perspectivas jurídicas de la igualdad de género en el entorno rural. Navarra: Cizur Menor, Thomson Reuters-Aranzadi, 2021.
  • Gender and public policies in Latin America: an integral vision of the problem

    Sotomayor Gil, Yudith de la Caridad (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2022-01-25)
    One of the cross-cutting problems in the Latin American scenario is the issue of public policies with a gender focus, which in a climate of implementation of government programs, where the solution to problems of discrimination against women and men is still insufficient, becomes more acute in the COVID-19 framework. Access to resources, education, power relations, among others, is increasingly limited, despite the diversity of institutionalized policies existing in the region that should guarantee equal opportunities and the solution to social differences. That is why this work focuses on explaining the development of public policies in Latin America, emphasizing some countries where difficulties persist in this regard. Techniques such as bibliographic and documentary review are used. Within the methods are:the hermeneutic for from the content analysis to establish the extensive strategy, as part of the component of the quantity-quality criterion, which allows from the understanding and the explanation to arrive to the interpretation that strengthens and rediscovers the objective character of the information, based on the construction of the theoretical data and the case method (empirical level). In this way, an analysis is provided that allows rethinking the different public policies to reverse the situation of gender discrimination and favor conditions that enable social equity in both sexes.
  • Violence against women as a global scourge: Study of the countries visited between 2015 and 2020 by the Special Rapporteur of the United Nations on violence against women

    Sanz Caballero, Susana (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2022-01-25)
    The work makes a chronicle of the manifestations of violence against women detected by the Special Rapporteur on violence against women during her official visits between 2015-2020. The visits cover countries on the five continents and allow us to differentiate two large groups of cases: those of violence that are repeated in all the countries visited and those that are specific to the culture, religion and harmful traditions of a given geographic area. The types of violence that are repeated in all countries are domestic violence, sexual violence, trafficking in women and femicide. Among the particular cases are violence in divorce and inheritance proceedings in Israel, online harassment in the United Kingdom, zina in  Afghanistan, polygamy in Palestine, violence within gangs in Honduras, ablation in Sudan, etc. The articleindicates the need for a collective commitment, awareness, education and training work, social, political and economic change, as well as the need of collaboration of all the actors involved, starting with public authorities but continuing with civil society, companies, educational and health centres and families. The measures to be adopted should be of a legislative, administrative, social, educational, economic and political nature to be meaningful.
  • Notes to build an analytical method from Queer Legal Feminism

    Sánchez-Moreno, Manuel (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2022-01-25)
    Feminisms put the focus on Human Rights to say that equality and universality has been built leaving out certain subjects, such as women or affective-sexual diversity. Critical theory also addresses rights and subjects, within the framework of social struggles. All this shed new light, to first questioning the construction of law and, later, to build and interpret laws considering all humanity. The identities excluded previously, claim now a greater presence and underrepresented experiences. Feminisms have discovered that Law is an area of heterocispatriarchy and that the Law and its interpretation must contemplate experiences of traditionally excluded people. The Feminisms develops tools to demonstrate the lack of protection and invisibility before the Law. Starting from the Feminist theoretical proposals and an evolution of the Standards, the main causes of this legal bias such as forclusion or foundationalism are analyzed.Elements that are considered key to avoid an essentialist analysis, such as intersectionality, the inclusion of LGTBIQA+ people or the manifestations of sexism will also be retaken. Finally, a Queer Legal Feminism methodology will be proposed as a starting point for analysis, interpretation and formulation of gender-sensitive normative texts. We will follow studies of Iris Young, Martha Nussbaum, Catharine Mackinnon, Nancy Fraser, Margrit Eichler or Alda Facio. 
  • Masculinity and prostitution continuum: self-representations of female prostitution “clients”

    Ranea-Triviño, Beatriz (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2022-01-25)
    This article focuses on the approach to the male demand for female prostitution in the Spanish context and it analyzes how the periodicity of prostitution consumption influences the perception and subjective identification of men with respect to prostitution. A difference has been established between the typology of eventual clients who do not identify with the consumption of prostitution, and therefore, in their self-representation there is a disidentification with respect to this practice. And, on the other hand, regular customers who perceive prostitution as a part of their identity and as a relatively everyday element.
  • Does the stay in women’s shelters contribute to their empowerment?

    Lucas Arranz, Miriam; Hurtado Villanueva, Soledad; Paz Sanz, Desirée (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2022-01-25)
    This paper tries to look into the actual functioning of the Protection System for victims of gender violence, more concretely into how women´s shelters work.Based on a qualitative approach, this research has been carried out through the analysis of experienced and qualified staff interviews: 18 professionals have been asked to evaluate the psychosocial intervention in these refugees for women victims of gender violence focusing on the empowerment perspective. This standpoint has been emphasized and considered as a main objective by most of therapeutic proposals for women who have suffered gender violence.The 100% of interviewed people considers that residential resources for victims of gender violence provide protection and security. However, the 88.8% points out that the stay in these refugees does not contribute to their empowerment. They support this idea on different reasons: these resources are still based on an aid- oriented approach, the strict normative system and institutional control (this does not allow women to be independent and autonomous), the design of these community refugees restricts their privacy, the temporary nature of these resources defines the intervention and lastly, the fact, on the basis of the intervention, that victims have to leave their homes, and stay hidden and sheltered.
  • El comienzo del Feminismo Institucional en el Ayuntamiento de Madrid

    Segura Ordaz, Leticia (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2021-02-22)
    Este artículo trata el tema del Feminismo Institucional a nivel municipal a partir de la conformación de la primera Concejalía de Promoción de la Igualdad y Empleo del Ayuntamiento de Madrid en el año de 1999. El análisis se basa en la literatura sobre el tema y en una revisión histórica del proceso mediante entrevistas cualitativas y revisión documental. Después de dos décadas de la creación de la primera concejalía de igualdad del Ayuntamiento de Madrid, hay pocos estudios hechos relacionados con este acontecimiento. Con el objetivo de ampliar el conocimiento referente al Feminismo Institucional a nivel municipal, el presente artículo pretende identificar las condiciones que facilitaron la creación de la primera estructura de política de igualdad del Ayuntamiento de Madrid, enfocando la atención en los actores que formaron parte del proceso. Se concluye que los factores más influyentes que permitieron la configuración del Feminismo Institucional en el Ayuntamiento de Madrid fueron: la presencia de actores críticos como el movimiento feminista, el apoyo de partidos políticos de izquierda dentro del gobierno y la influencia de las políticas internacionales y europeas. La presencia de estos actores impulsó la introducción de objetivos feministas en la política municipal de igualdad que dio como resultado la creación del Consejo de Mujeres de la ciudad y de la figura de agentes de igualdad, dos actores que en alianza promovieron el Feminismo Institucional en el Ayuntamiento de Madrid.
  • The working conditions of the Maghreb temporary workers in the Huelva camps

    Echajri Amhaouch, Ilhame (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2021-02-22)
    There will be no development or human progress without real and effective equality of opportunities between men and women. Therefore, any action by the public authorities to ensure equality between the sexes will have a multiplier effect that will drive social and economic improvements at all levels, particularly benefiting the most unprotected women, among which foreign workers are undoubtedly. This article focuses on a collective concrete number of immigrant women, victims of harsh living and working conditions, as well as sometimes different degrees of sexual violence. I am referring to the workers, mainly of Maghreb nationality, who every year arrive in the fields of Huelva to work on the plantation and /or harvesting of strawberries, raspberries and blueberries. The dubious recruitment formula used will be analysed in particular, and how it contributes to the extreme occupational and vital precariousness suffered by these women. 
  • Lesbophobia, an analysis about experiences of lesbians artists and activists

    Orellana Rojas, Zicri; Barrera Mansilla, María (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2021-02-22)
    Lesbophobia is a violence phenomenon against lesbians that has little information, systematization and scientific knowledge that allows to account for the problem, and in this way, offer relevant information to take actions at the social and political level. This article offers an approach to the problem, taking into account the experiences of lesbian artists and activists who recognize lesbophobia as an important part of their lives, since this both damages and makes their lives difficult .From the stories of lesbians, it has been possible to organize a body of knowledge that allows us to identify that there are several types of violence, which threaten the very existence of lesbians. In consequence, 7 types of violence were identified: bumps, expulsion, stigmatization, misogyny, censorship and silence, economic violence and impoverishment, promotion of guilt and pressure. These types of violence occur in at least 4 settings: family, school, church and street. And as for the triggers of violence, they observe that the exit from silence, especially within the family; and the aesthetics ,visibly out of femininity, triggers violent practices from people. This description of violence has also allowed to divide it into 3 forms of lesbophobia: explicit, covert and internalized. To make the reflection on this phenomenon, feminist concepts have been taken that provide a field of theoretical analysis for understanding. Above all, because this is about a problem that affects lesbian women, who experience a double condition of discrimination, and when it comes to women belonging to an ethnic group, a triple condition of discrimination and risk of violence. For this reason, the organization of lesbian thought and lesbian experience is necessary, so that measures and actions can be taken in favor of their lives.
  • Exploring the patriarchal limits of liberal democracy. Spanish feminist movement’s shift from institutional to protest struggle

    Romero Portillo, Daniel; Márquez Bono, Laura (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2021-02-22)
    8th of March protests have recently become one of the most salient political phenomena. In Spain, the rate of participation and the nature of its demands clearly depict a strong and organized movement highly critical of how the democratic regime itself serves women interests and needs. Thus, after reviewing how feminist theory have previously dealt with liberal democracy theory and its concept of citizenship, it is explored whether Spanish feminist movement supports or not liberal democracy. To accomplish that goal, statistical analysis is developed using data from opinion barometers 3173 (April 2017) and 3210 (April 2018) by Spanish Center for Sociological Research (CIS). Descriptive graphics and regression models are used to test the hypothesis. Strong evidence is found on the relationship between the increase of protest politics and feminist ideologization, especially among young women. Meanwhile, slighter but actual evidence is found on whether participating in feminist protests leads to either non-institutional feminist electoral alternative or abstention, depending on self-political effectiveness. Hence, the increase in political strength on the Spanish feminist movement has not implied a disengagement of liberal democracy although grievances and obstacles to participation this political system impose to women. Instead, it has led to a struggle for radical democracy supported by feminist disregarding age or left-right ideological self-placement
  • Leaving an abusive relationship behind: voices and testimonies of immigrant women victims of sexist violence

    Vera-Esteban, María del Carmen; Cardona-Moltó, María Cristina (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2021-02-22)
    This research aims to present the stories and narratives of a group of immigrant women who have suffered gender violence living in a shelter in the Valencian Community. Also, find out the state in which they arrive at the House, the barriers they have had to overcome in order to leave the abusive relationship and the influence of the support received during their stay there. This is a qualitative investigation developed in a social entity using a multiple case study design. The entry to the field occurs through a Contemporary Dance workshop in which a space of personal knowledge and communication is created and where participants can tell their experiences without being judged and release their repressed emotional charge since long time. After the experience, it can be concluded that the arrival at the House is stressful for this group due to the suffering they carry with them, the uncertainty, the imminent change, and the erroneous expectations about what they will find in the House. However, after the adaptation period they usually find themselves again. They recover and start managing their lives with the strategies learned. They approach their daughters/sons, and leave strengthened and making a positive assessment of the professional support received. 
  • Criterios y sistemas de promoción profesional y ascensos y no discriminación por razón de género

    Fabregat, Gemma (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2021-05-19)
    La garantía del derecho de las personas trabajadoras a la promoción profesional y/o el ascenso sin discriminación de género, constituye una cuestión de esencial importancia en aras de lograr la efectiva igualdad material de mujeres y hombres en las relaciones laborales.Erradicar o reducir de manera considerable la segregación horizontal y vertical que a día de hoy cabe apreciar en nuestro mercado de trabajo, exige necesariamente concretar qué   impide a las mujeres promocionar profesionalmente o, al menos, porque el ascenso, la promoción, resulta tan difícil en sus carreras profesionales. A todo ello va referido este estudio, cuya pretensión final es señalar algunos de los aspectos que deberían ser tenidos en cuenta en los criterios y sistemas de promoción profesional y/o ascensos aplicables con el fin de que las personas trabajadoras puedan desarrollarse profesionalmente sin ser directa, indirecta o socialmente discriminadas por razón de género.
  • Valoración de puestos de trabajo con perspectiva de género

    García Gil, M. Begoña (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2021-05-19)
    La desigualdad entre hombres y mujeres en las relaciones laborales y su repercusión materializada en la brecha salarial exige una perspectiva de análisis específica vinculada a la valoración de puestos de trabajo. En este estudio realizamos un estudio del procedimiento que sirve de herramienta garantizadora de la igualdad entre mujeres y hombres relativa a la valoración de puestos de trabajo. En concreto, nos referimos a todos aquellos aspectos que relacionados con factores y subfactores de valoración permiten identificar, corregir y evitar sesgos de género que son causa de discriminación indirecta y que provocan desigualdades retributivas.
  • Discriminación salarial indirecta y los sistemas de valoración de puestos de trabajo

    Marín Malo, Mirentxu (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2021-05-19)
    La realidad demuestra que la desigual valoración de puestos de trabajo es una de las causas que explican la brecha salarial de género. Hasta ahora se ha realizado un considerable esfuerzo por la normativa y jurisprudencia con el fin de identificar las situaciones de discriminación salarial, sin embargo, resulta necesario dar un paso más y apostar por la incorporación de sistemas de valoración de puestos de trabajo neutros. En el presente artículo se analizan los diversos sistemas de valoración de puestos existentes y su virtualidad para garantizar una valoración neutra en cuanto al género. En su análisis se tiene en cuenta las aportaciones que la jurisprudencia ha realizado para identificar los factores que pueden estar en el origen de una valoración discriminatoria cuanto al género.
  • Sobre las proyecciones convencionales de la igualdad en la clasificación y promoción profesionales: luces y sombras

    Moraru, Gratiela-Florentina (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2019-05-20)
    La promulgación de la Ley 3/2007, de 22 de marzo, para la igualdad efectiva de mujeres y hombres, ha sido consecuencia de la acción pública de la sociedad democrática en favor de la igualdad de la mujer. Sin lugar a duda, este reconocimiento normativo de la igualdad constituye un paso importante, pero no suficiente. Un relevante instrumento para completar el anterior reconocimiento sería la negociación colectiva. La negociación colectiva representa una autentica oportunidad para dotar de real contenido la igualdad efectiva entre hombres y mujeres. El principal propósito de la negociación colectiva sería la fijación de pautas justas en la delimitación de la clasificación profesional por ser esta un engranaje de diferenciación profesional y salarial. Los convenios colectivos han de precisar los criterios en los que han de sustentarse los diferentes grupos y categorías profesionales en una empresa.
  • Evils of the Istanbul Convention. Discourse analysis of Latvian press publications (2016)

    Zitmane, Marita (Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2018-02-05)
    The Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence caused heated discussion both in society and media in Latvia. The controversy was caused because Convention is based on the understanding that violence against women is a form of gender-based violence that is committed against women because they are women. The discussion showed that there are various interpretations and misinterpretations of gender as a concept. As well as hostility towards gender equality interpreted as a propaganda against so called traditional family values. The mass media play an important role in shaping of public thought.The mass media today are the main source of information – a source which not only offers reportage about important events, but also determines the public agenda. By offering commentary on various subjects, the media construct public attitudes towards those subjects. The aim of this article is to examine how the Istanbul Convention was represented in Latvian daily newspapers, what discourses were dominating in media; what information regarding the Convention, gender and gender equality were communicated.

View more