Mudanças tecnológicas e seu impacto no processo de trabalho em saúde Technological changes and their impact on the work process in the area of health
Keywordstrabalho em saúde
recursos humanos em saúde
ocupações em saúde
work in the area of health
Human Resources in health
occupations in health
Public aspects of medicine
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AbstractObjetiva-se aqui analisar as mudanças contemporâneas no mundo do trabalho e os seus efeitos ou impactos nos processo de trabalho em saúde. Trata-se de uma análise que toma como referencial teórico uma vertente dos estudos do trabalho em saúde desenvolvida no Brasil, no campo da saúde coletiva, que, partindo do pressuposto da consubstancialidade entre trabalho e necessidades sociais, vai aprofundar a investigação dos processos de trabalho e seus elementos constituintes, bem como da dimensão intersubjetiva e ético-moral da produção de serviços de saúde. Considerada, de um lado, a complexidade dos objetos de trabalho em saúde que requerem simultaneamente o aprofundamento vertical do conhecimento especializado e a sua integração e, de outro, a introdução de novos modelos organizacionais/gerenciais e a constante inovação e incorporação tecnológica, observam-se mudanças marcantes nos processo de trabalho, dentre as quais destacam-se: o caráter multiprofissional e interdisciplinar das práticas de saúde, o redimensionamento da autonomia profissional diante da necessidade de recomposição dos trabalhos especializados, e a necessidades de garantir maior e permanente qualificação profissional para o conjunto dos trabalhadores em saúde, tanto na dimensão técnica quanto na ético-política e comunicacional.<br>Our objective here is to analyze the contemporary changes in the world of work and their effect - or their impact - on the work processes in the area of health. The theoretical reference for this analysis is a specific stream of studies on work developed in Brazil in the area of collective health. Starting from the assumption that work and social needs are consubstantial, the analysis deepens the investigation of the work processes and their constitutive elements, as well as of the inter-subjective and ethical-moral dimensions of the production of health services. Having considered, on the one hand, the complexity of the work objects in the area of health - that demand both a vertical increase in specialized knowledge and the horizontal integration of that knowledge - ; and, on the other, the introduction of new organizational/managerial models and the constant presence of technological innovation and incorporation, we observed significant changes in the work processes, including, among others, the multi-professional and interdisciplinary character of health practices, the re-dimensioning of professional autonomy in the face of a need to recompose specialized work, and the need to provide all health workers with better and permanent professional qualifications, both in its technical and in its ethical-political and communicational dimensions.
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