THE DISCLOSURE OF THE CONVERSION OF VOLUME AND UTILIZATION OF FIXED CAPITAL IN THE COMMERCIAL RATE OF RETURN
commercial rate of return
rate of return of resources consumed
Economic theory. Demography
DOAJ:Business and Economics
Economics as a science
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AbstractThe efficiency and sustainability in a competitive economy are provided also by the extent to which the company has a material potential whose technical and operational parameters meet the new requirements of market economy. The management of creating value at the enterprise level requires selecting from a range of alternative investments that variant that incubated the most likely probability to increase the value of the firm. The fixed capital of the company is a production factor with a significant role in the performances of economic efficiency of it. The fixed capital incorporates a certain qualitative level of the production tehnologies and its effectiveness will depend decisively on the degree of physical and moral wear and also by the degree to which production capacity is used. At company level, economic efficiency is called return and, if the ratio between effect and effort is expressed as a percentage, is called rate of return. The key element of a company's profitability is the profit which, in its various forms, is taken into account in determining the different rates of return. The objective of any enterprise is to achieve maximum benefit and profitability of capital invested with the view to ensure its development and compensation of those who made capital investments. The profitability is one of the synthetic forms of expressing the efficiency of the entire financial-economic activities of the enterprise, respectively of all the means of production used and labor force, in all stages of economic circuit: supply, production and sales.
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The modern corporation statement on economicsUniversity of Massachusetts at Lowell ( UMass Lowell ); School for Oriental and African Studies ( SOAS ) ; Université de Londres; University of Manchester [Manchester]; Université de Genève ( UNIGE ); Centre de recherche en économie de Grenoble ( CREG ) ; Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 ( UPMF ) -Université Grenoble Alpes ( UGA ); Lazonick , William; Blankenburg , Stephanie; Froud , Julie; O’Sullivan , Mary; Chanteau , Jean-Pierre; et al. (HAL CCSD, 2016)SSRN papers, 8 p.
Growth Poles and MultipolarityAdams-Kane, Jonathon; Lim, Jamus Jerome (2012-03-19)This paper develops an empirical measure
of growth poles and uses it to examine the phenomenon of
multipolarity. The authors formally define several
alternative measures, provide theoretical justifications for
these measures, and compute polarity values for nation
states in the global economy. The calculations suggest that
China, Western Europe, and the United States have been
important growth poles over the broad course of world
history, and in modern economic history the United States,
Japan, Germany, and China have had prominent periods of
growth polarity. The paper goes on to analyze the economic
and institutional determinants, both at the proximate and
fundamental level, that underlie this measure of polarity,
as well as compute measures of dispersion in growth polarity
shares for the major growth poles.
Leadership and Growth : Commission on Growth and DevelopmentBrady, David; Spence, Michael (World Bank, 2012-03-19)In May 2008, the commission on growth and development (the growth commission) issued its report entitled 'the growth report'. In it the commission attempted to distill what had been learned in the past two decades, from experience and academic and policy research, about strategies and policies that produced sustained high growth in developing countries. It became clear in the course of the work that politics, leadership, and political economy (the interaction of economic and political forces and choices) were centrally important ingredients in the story. Dealing with the politics and the interaction of political and economic forces is a work in progress in research, an important one. Given this breadth, one of the editors' roles is to focus the reader's attention on what they take to be common issues across these chapters. These common problems are fourfold: (1) promoting national unity; (2) building good, solid institutions; (3) choosing innovative and localized policies; and (4) creating political consensus for long-run policy implementation. This report represent an excellent first step toward understanding the role of leadership in generating economic growth, and the author hope that they generate ideas and lead to new research on the problem of leadership in economic growth.