likestillingsforslaget i Staten
tilblivelsesmyten i Timaios
Language and Literature
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Abstract<em>The Superfluity of Women in Plato. </em>In her article «Plato’s problematic women» Kristin Sampson argues that Plato has two different views on women in the <em>Republic</em> and the <em>Timaeus </em>respectively. In the <em>Republic</em> Plato operates with some sort of equality of status between the two genders, at least in the leaders’ and the soldiers’ classes, whereas in the mythology of the <em>Timaeus</em> women are depicted as reincarnations of men who earlier had lived an unmoral and bad life. According to my interpretation, these two views must be seen as two aspects of one common Greek thought or, as Vigdis Songe-Møller puts it, one common Greek dream, «the dream of the women’s superfluity». In the <em>Republic</em> Plato tries to rule out differences between genders by making the women as similar to men as possible, while in the <em>Timaeus</em> he describes them as something completely different from the norm, the man, and actually as a punishment to men with bad moral behaviour, something that society ideally should do without.