Prácticas culturales y gestión del riesgo sísmico: la cultura de las buenas costumbres / Cultural practices and seismic risk management: culture of good habits
social behavior disaster
Public aspects of medicine
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AbstractResumen Objetivo: reconocer y comprender las prácticas culturales y sentidos referidos a la gestión del riesgo sísmico de un grupo poblacional que ha vivido diversas situaciones de este tipo, en la ciudad de Manizales, Caldas. Metodología: este estudio se ubicó en el campo de la investigación cualitativa, basado en la micro-etnografía y el análisis cualitativo, asumiendo como fundamento que la investigación de este tipo centra sus análisis en el contexto histórico cultural de las comunidades. Resultados: las prácticas culturales relacionadas con la gestión del riesgo son creaciones de significado que a partir del saber popular se configuran con su particular modelo de internalización cultural frente al fenómeno sísmico. Este proceso de aprendizaje comunitario se soporta a partir de convenciones morales y valores familiares que apremian desde una ideología de prevención y supervivencia, lo que se constituye para dicha comunidad en un hecho legítimo. Por otra parte, se encuentra, la no apropiación simbólica del conocimiento de carácter técnico-científico, situación que genera resistencias comunitarias a la apropiación de los nuevos contenidos, por no sentir un verdadero respeto e inclusión de su tradición cultural. Conclusión: la gestión del riesgo no es sólo la reducción de éste, sino la comprensión social de las prácticas culturales, de conductas y modos de vida (incluso de ideologías y de perspectivas de mundo, de vida, de religión), que en términos sociales, requiere de la participación de los diversos estratos, sectores de interés y grupos representativos, y así, reconocer cómo se construye en colectivo la gestión del riesgo como una cultura de las buenas costumbres./ Abstract Objective: to recognize and understand cultural practices and meanings related to seismic risk management of a community that has lived different situations of this kind in the city of Manizales, Caldas. Methodology: is a qualitative research, based on micro-ethnography and qualitative analysis, assuming that these type of research focuses in a analysis on the historical and cultural context of communities. Results: cultural practices related to risk management are creations with meaning since a particular model of cultural internalization about the seismic phenomenon. This process is supported in the community, learning from family values and moral conventions adopted it for an ideology of prevention and survival, that is legitimate for the community. On the other hand, the non-symbolic appropriation of knowledge of technical-scientific situation creates community resistance to the appropriation of new content, because they don’t feel a real respect and inclusion of their cultural Conclusion: that risk management is not just to reducing the risk, it necessary to understand the social understanding of cultural practices, behaviors and lifestyles (including ideologies and perspectives of the world, of life, of religion), in social terms, it requires the participation of various strata and sectors of interest representative groups, and thus recognize how risk management is built collectively as a culture of good habits
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