Samuel Ruiz García in Chiapas: of the anticommunism to the Native Theology
KeywordsHistória; História Latino-Americana; História das Religiões.
Samuel Ruiz García; Anticommunism; Indigenism; Liberation Theology; Native Theology.
Samuel Ruiz García; Anticomunismo; Indigenismo; Teologia da Libertação; Teologia Indígena. Keywords: Samuel Ruiz García; Anticommunism; Indigenism; Liberation Theology; Native Theology.
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AbstractThis article aims to present the role of ethno-political conscientization played, in the period from 1968 to 1974, by the Liberation Theology among indigenous communities of Chiapas (Mexico), focusing on trying to understand the political-theological specificities assumed by the diocese in the city of San Cristobal de las Casas under the Bishop of Samuel Ruiz García - which began in 1960. To accomplish this task we tried to monitor aspects of the transformation of socio-theological thought of Samuel Ruiz and also the transformations through which the Catholic Church passed in the period - focusing on sectors with which Samuel Ruiz maintained closer relations - with the aim of understand how the intertwining of several factors resulted in the options chosen by the bishop of San Cristóbal.
Este artigo parte do objetivo de apresentar o papel de conscientização étnico-política desempenhado, no período que vai de 1968 a 1974, pela Teologia da Libertação entre comunidades indígenas do estado de Chiapas (México), concentrando-se na tentativa de compreensão das especificidades político-teológicas assumidas pela diocese localizada na cidade de San Cristóbal de las Casas sob o bispado de Samuel Ruiz García – que se iniciou em 1960. Para realizar tal tarefa procurou-se acompanhar aspectos do processo de transformações do pensamento sócio-teológico de Samuel Ruiz e também das transformações pelas quais a Igreja católica passou no período – enfocando os setores com os quais Samuel Ruiz manteve relações mais estreitas – com intuito de compreender como o entrelaçamento entre diversos fatores resultou nas opções adotadas pelo bispo de San Cristóbal.
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