Gema Teologika is published by Faculty of Theology Duta Wacana Christian University periodically twice per year (April and October). The aim of the journal is to publish research articles in the fields of theology, especially contextual theology divinity studies, religious studies, and philosophy of religion in the contexts of Indonesia and Asia.

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The Globethics.net library contains all the articles of Gema Teologika from 2016 (vol.1, issue 1) to Current.

Recent Submissions

  • Bom Surabaya 2018: Terorisme dan Kekerasan Atas Nama Agama

    August Corneles Tamawiwy (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2019-10-01)
    The socio-political analysis of the acts of terrorism has produced phrases such as “terrorism/terrorist has no religion”. Such expressions overlook ethical-theological approaches in analyzing the acts of terrorism. This article aims to show that without an ethical-theological analysis, the socio-political interpretation of acts of terrorism is inadequate because of very strong theological elements that influence the person or group of people committing such acts of terror. Studying the case of the Surabaya Bombing in May 2018, this article demonstrates that socio-political ideology is not strong enough to make a person or group of people to carry out acts of terrorism unless they are based on theologically informed belief.
  • Gema Teologika

    Duta Wacana Christian UniversityOJS, 2017-09-13
  • Ekoteologi Fungsi Hutan Oenaek: Penyimpangan Paradigma Ekologis Menuju Perilaku Eksploitatif

    Nirwasui Arsita Awang; Yusak B. Setyawan; Ebenhaizer I. Nuban Timo (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2019-10-01)
    This study aims at describing and analyzing the change of Camplong residents’ perspective towards the function of forest which brings an impact on the damage of Oenaek Forest. In addition, the purpose of this study is also to conduct an ecotheological observation about
 this viewpoint shift. There is a Natural Tourism Park in Camplong with various kinds of flora and fauna. In Timorese belief, this forest functions as a palace for Usi (the highest god) and a shelter for the spirits of passed away ancestors. The shift of the forest status from
 natural forest (restricted forest) to productive forest has caused the change of residents’ perspective towards the function of the forest. In the past they used to perceive the forest as a subject, but now it has been seen as an object of economic enterprise. The change of this standpoint has influenced the behavior of Camplong people who live around the forest area: the forest is no longer served as a place for celebrating traditional rituals, but merely as a tourist destination. The method applied in this research is qualitative descriptive which is carried out through observation and in-depth interview.
  • Resensi Buku Relasionalitas, Filsafat Fondasi Interpretasi: Aku, Teks, Liyan, Fenomenon

    Haleluya Timbo Hutabarat (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2019-10-01)
  • Penguasa, Tuhan, dan Rakyat: Membaca Apokalips Daniel 7 sebagai Subversi

    Robert Setio (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2019-10-01)
    Because of its cryptic nature apocalypse Daniel 7 has been interpreted in many ways. Often it is linked to the end of time teachings. This kind of interpretation is problematic. First, while emphasizing the dark side of the prophecy, it fails to capture its main intention which is optimism toward the future. Second, apocalypse contains dualistic ideas, but, they are not supposed to be separated, let alone taking one side over the other. Apocalyptic dualism should be treated as an oscillating, always negotiating positions, tensional but creative collisions. This article shows a reading of apocalypse that reveals dualism as an integrated entity. It also considers theological consequences of such a reading. While being placed within the world’s history, God is deeply involved in worldly drama which consists of tragedy, as well as, comedy. On the political side, this reading demonstrates that imperial history does not run by itself, but, always prones to subversive movements.
  • Etika Animalitas

    Robert Patannang Borrong (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2019-10-01)
    Why animal ethics? The importance of animal ethics for the Indonesian public is to respond to the extinction threat of some animal species in Indonesia, like Tiger in Sumatera, Orang Utan in Kalimantan, Anoa in Sulawesi, and Cendrawasih in Papua. The way humans consume animals is often cruel, causing pain and suffering on the part of the animals. Such an attitude indicates the lack of moral standing in animal sphere. Philosophically and theologically, animal has sentience and intrinsic values which with humans have to recognise as the moral standard for animal. Using the theological-ethical concept that human being was created in the image of God, which means that they are not only endowed with senses but also the intellect to make them moral standing creature, this article points to the capacity as well as responsibility of humans to the environment, specifically to the animal world (animalities). As such, animals have to be regarded as having moral standing in the context of human beings’ moral attitude and treat. Animals have to be respected and loved morally because they have sense, sentience and intrinsic value. Animals have feeling of pleasure and suffering which with human beings must honor and make as a moral standard. Like human beings, animals have the right to enjoy contentment and to be protected as the good creatures created by God. Although consuming animals can be considered part of natural order and natural recycle, animals have the right to enjoy liberation and prosperity during they are living, and to be avoided from suffering. In this sense, life and death must be accepted in balance. As a conclusion, in relating to animals, humans should demonstrate the virtues of respect, love justice, and restrained attitudes. Animal ethics, thus, concerns with the sustainability of the peace and welfare of the whole creation on the planet earth.
  • Paulus dalam Konflik Antarumat Beragama: Membaca Konflik di Maluku Utara Berdasarkan Sikap Nasionalisme Paulus

    Demianus Nataniel (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2019-10-01)
    The imagination reflected in this article is what if Paul as a nationalist Jew living in the Roman imperium milieu became part of the North Maluku people in the late twentieth century. What would he likely have done when recognizing that there were signs that the conflict involving Muslims and Christians tended to develop into a religious war? Based on the discourses among scholars in the New Perspectives on Paul, arguing that Paul’s letters were part of his rhethoric againts his opponents including Roman imperialism, this article shows that as an educated leader, he was trying hard to prevent a religious war form occuring. Such an imagining is helpful for reflecting on the context of post-conflict North Maluku, where, as Christopher Duncan assumes, there has never been a truly reconciliation.
  • Teologi Guanxi: Sebuah Upaya Memahami Aspek Teologi Relasional dalam Budaya Tionghoa

    Linus Baito (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2019-10-01)
    This article aims at constructing a theology of business starting from the Chinese principle of relationship which is known as guanxi. Many have seen the role of guanxi in the process of China’s economic growth. Guanxi plays a philosophical role not only in economic life, but also in social as well as cultural ones. Using Robert Schreiter’s method of intercultural theology, this study finds that the philosophical concept of guanxi offers values compatible with a Christian theology of relationship. Interacting the two resources would provide a strong basis for constructing a theology of business.
  • Penerjemahan sebagai Media Pekabaran Injil Middelkoop Ditinjau dari Perspektif Hermeneutika Hans Georg Gadamer

    Jear Niklas Dominggus Karniatu Nenohai (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2018-10-01)
    This is paper is a hermeneutical approach to Peter Middelkoop’s Bible translation in West Timor, East Nusa Tenggara. By way of Gadamer’s hermeneutical thought, the author deduced that evangelism is always impacting either the mission activities or the site of mission. Since any achievement of evangelism, which implicated the local languages is not a sole accomplishment of mission institutions, such as Netherland Zending Genotschaf (NZG), but an outcome of the engagement between the missionaries and the existing culture.
  • Teologi Keramahan Allah: Sebuah Pembacaan Kristologi Lukas

    Frans Setyadi Manurung (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2018-10-01)
    This paper is an attempt to present a hospitable christology model that is relevant for answering issues of plurality in the Indonesian context. The author raises one of the problems of christology, namely the controversy over the idea of Jesus’ subordination to and belief in God in both Luke’s writings. Developing the synthesis approach of Douglas H. Buckwalter, it is suggested that Luke’s Christology is traditional and does not show any conflict with these two ideas. Luke’s ability to build a synthesis in his Christology is precisely an important point for Luke in depiciting Jesus as a manifestation of God’s hospitality and a model for his community. Luke’s Christology that presents the idea of the hospitality of God, is an important contribution for the construction of a model of Christian life in the Indonesian context.
  • Pembacaan Lintas Tekstual: Tantangan Ber-Hermeneutik Alkitab Asia (2)

    Daniel K. Listijabudi (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2019-04-01)
    This article (part two) evaluates the examples given from the works of Asian theologians (in part one) by considering their hermeneutical positions in the inter-scriptural discussion through the insights of the theology of religions and interreligious hospitality. Herewith, the insights of theology of religion as a critical lens. The next step is an elaboration of the examples through this lens. Afterwards, the historical developments behind the cross-textual reading are also briefly searched. The following discussions include Archie Lee’s approach which emphasizes (a) the relation between text and the context of readers within their Asian hybrid set of locations as well as (b) the process of interrelating the two texts with each other. Some critical remarks as well as constructive contributions to the post-colonial bible reading and Indonesian contextual reading are raised. At last, this article offers a hermeneutical standpoint by elaborating how a cross-textual reading of sacred texts can function as an important instrument within the field of interreligious dialogue.
  • Bukan Jalan Buntu, Melainkan Setapak Terjal: Sebuah Apresiasi Kritis terhadap Sumbangsih Teori Kultural-Linguistik Lindbeck bagi Penumbuhkembangan Dialog Antaragama yang Autentik

    Risang Anggoro Elliarso (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2016-04-01)
    Advancing from his criticism against two principal theological theories of religion, namely (1) cognitive-propositional theory and (2) experiential-expressive theory, George A. Lindbeck proposes his cultural-linguistic theory as an alternative theory which is deemed more adequate in comprehending plurality of religions. Regrettably, for some, Lindbeck’s theory is considered rather as a closure to any interreligious dialogue, as a consequence of its superfluous emphasis on the incommensurability and untranslability amongst different religions. Therefore, within this modest article, taking into account several insights from postcolonial studies, I try to venture a critical appreciation on how Lindbeck’s cultural-linguistic theory might contribute to the endeavour of fostering constructive, authentic, and profound interreligious dialogue. I attempt to argue that Lindbeck’s cultural-linguistic theory, instead of imparting a cul-de-sac to any interreligious dialogue, actually lay bare a path for the dialogue. A path which is, whilst hard and steep, viable.
  • Bukan Jalan Buntu, Melainkan Setapak Terjal: Sebuah Apresiasi Kritis terhadap Sumbangsih Teori Kultural-Linguistik Lindbeck bagi Penumbuhkembangan Dialog Antaragama yang Autentik

    Risang Anggoro Elliarso (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2016-04-01)
    Advancing from his criticism against two principal theological theories of religion, namely (1) cognitive-propositional theory and (2) experiential-expressive theory, George A. Lindbeck proposes his cultural-linguistic theory as an alternative theory which is deemed more adequate in comprehending plurality of religions. Regrettably, for some, Lindbecks theory is considered rather as a closure to any interreligious dialogue, as a consequence of its superfluous emphasis on the incommensurability and untranslability amongst different religions. Therefore, within this modest article, taking into account several insights from postcolonial studies, I try to venture a critical appreciation on how Lindbecks cultural-linguistic theory might contribute to the endeavour of fostering constructive, authentic, and profound interreligious dialogue. I attempt to argue that Lindbecks cultural-linguistic theory, instead of imparting a cul-de-sac to any interreligious dialogue, actually lay bare a path for the dialogue. A path which is, whilst hard and steep, viable.
  • Menguak Prasangka Homoseksualitas dalam Kisah Sodom dan Gomora: Kajian Hermenutik Kejadian 19:1-26

    Silva S. Thesalonika Ngahu (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2019-04-01)
    The issue of homosexuality tends to be avoided in the public discourse in Indonesia. Heteronormative constructions based on religious teachings lead to a negative stigma against homosexuals, producing injustice and discrimination. The story of Sodom and Gomorrah in Genesis 19:1-26 considered as a reference for punishment against homosexuals is used as an excuse to legitimize discrimination and hatred by particular grups of Christians. This study uses historical criticism method in the biblical hermeneutic work and qualitative methods in the field research. The finding show that the story is a criticism of the xenophobic attitude of the inhabitants of Sodom and Gomorrah as well as a way of promoting the importance of the culture of hospitality.
  • Menafsir Metafora Dalam Kitab Hosea: Historis Kritis, Feminis, dan Ideologis

    Robert Setio (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2018-01-01)
    The book of Hosea is one among a few books in the First Testament that gives rise to the diversity of interpretations. The text contains some language problems which prevent clear meaning. Its use of pornographic imagery as metaphor for the wrong doers has also provoked disagreements among the interpreters. Scholars throughout the ages have tried to look for the best way to receive the disturbing metaphor. By relating the Book with some historical circumstances, the metaphor is understood as representation of an historical reality, namely, the unfit leadership of the Israelite and Judahite communities. According to this interpretation, the use of sexual imagery should not bother the readers as it merely serves to convey the harsh criticism towards the community leaders who brought the society into chaos. However, feminist interpreters do not agree with such kind of interpretation. In their view, unravelling the ideology that allows such the use of metaphor that denigrate woman is the main task of interpretation. Their criticism has opened our eyes of how ideology plays siginificant roles in the production of the Book. The story of Hosea and Gomer should not be taken for granted as it results from a certain way of thinking. The view of the writer of the Book, for the feminitsts, is strongly misogynistic that it deserves severe criticism. While criticizing the gender imbalance view of the Book, the feminists seem to forget the main purpose of the metaphor. This writing wants to show that the metaphor is actually intended to alarm the worst socio-political situation. The blame of the socio-political turbulences is put on the shoulder of those whose view differs from that of the writer's. While blaming the opponents, the Book urges the acceptance of a dreamed society of the ideal.
  • Menafsir Metafora Dalam Kitab Hosea: Historis Kritis, Feminis, dan Ideologis

    Robert Setio (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2017-10-01)
    The book of Hosea is one among a few books in the First Testament that gives rise to the diversity of interpretations. The text contains some language problems which prevent clear meaning. Its use of pornographic imagery as metaphor for the wrong doers has also provoked disagreements among the interpreters. Scholars throughout the ages have tried to look for the best way to receive the disturbing metaphor. By relating the Book with some historical circumstances, the metaphor is understood as representation of an historical reality, namely, the unfit leadership of the Israelite and Judahite communities. According to this interpretation, the use of sexual imagery should not bother the readers as it merely serves to convey the harsh criticism towards the community leaders who brought the society into chaos. However, feminist interpreters do not agree with such kind of interpretation. In their view, unravelling the ideology that allows such the use of metaphor that denigrate woman is the main task of interpretation. Their criticism has opened our eyes of how ideology plays significant roles in the production of the Book. The story of Hosea and Gomer should not be taken for granted as it results from a certain way of thinking. The view of the writer of the Book, for the feminists, is strongly misogynistic that it deserves severe criticism. While criticizing the gender imbalance view of the Book, the feminists seem to forget the main purpose of the metaphor. This writing wants to show that the metaphor is actually intended to alarm the worst socio-political situation. The blame of the socio-political turbulences is put on the shoulder of those whose view differs from that of the writer's. While blaming the opponents, the Book urges the acceptance of a dreamed society of the ideal.
  • Penciptaan dalam Perspektif Sumba: Suatu Upaya Berteologi Ekologi Kontekstual

    Asnath Niwa Natar (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2019-04-01)
    Today, the increase of global warming has made humans and nature difficult to live comfortably. Human activities damage the ecology and create global warming as the consequence. Humans exploit natural resources at the expense of the sustainability of nature. To respond to that ecological problem, this article draws forth the Sumba local wisdom embedded in the culture of the community for ages. The aim is to construct a contextual theological perspective promoting an equal relationship between humans and nature based on justice, love, and solidarity instead of domination and exploitation.
  • Resensi: Hospitality and Islam—Welcoming in God’s Name

    Haleluya Timbo Hutabarat (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2019-04-01)

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