Gema Teologika is published by Faculty of Theology Duta Wacana Christian University periodically twice per year (April and October). The aim of the journal is to publish research articles in the fields of theology, especially contextual theology divinity studies, religious studies, and philosophy of religion in the contexts of Indonesia and Asia.

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The Globethics.net library contains all the articles of Gema Teologika from 2016 (vol.1, issue 1) to Current.

Recent Submissions

  • Kekristenan dan Spiritualitas Online: Cybertheology sebagai Sumbangsih Berteologi di Indonesia Christianity And Online Spirituality: Cybertheology as a Contribution to Theology in Indonesia

    Mick Mordekhai Sopacoly; Izak Y.M. Lattu (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2020-10-01)
    The mobilization of information, technology, and social change marked by the presence of cyberspace not only affects the way people think in building relationships with others and themselves but also the process of developing faith and spirituality. Using the methods of qualitative research, literature study, and Focus Group Discussion (FGD), this research finds that in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, Christian religious patterns are changing drastically, driving all churches to move to virtual reality. The Christian notion of spirituality is also being transformed so that the experience with God is believed to occur not only in the physical space of the church but also in virtual reality. “Click-activism” forms a new faith community determined by click and spiritual experiences which strength lies in the imagination of communities and individuals. This study concludes that cybertheology is an important contribution in helping Indonesian Christians to have a strong spirituality about God who cannot be confined within time and space.
 
 Arus mobilisasi informasi, teknologi, dan perubahan sosial yang ditandai dengan adanya ruang cyber (cyberspace) ternyata tidak hanya mempengaruhi cara berpikir manusia dalam membangun relasi dengan sesama dan diri sendiri tetapi juga proses pengembangan iman dan spiritualitasnya. Metode yang digunakan ialah penelitian kualitatif, studi literatur, dan Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa dalam konteks pandemi COVID-19, pola beragama Kristen berubah secara drastis sehingga memaksa semua gereja untuk pindah ke realitas virtual. Pemahaman kekristenan tentang spiritualitas juga bertransformasi sehingga pengalaman dengan Tuhan diyakini tidak terbatas dalam ruang fi sik gereja tetapi juga dalam realitas virtual. “Aktivitas klik” membentuk sebuah komunitas iman yang baru, yang ditentukan oleh klik dan pengalaman spiritual yang kekuatannya terletak pada imajinasi komunitas dan individu. Karena itu, studi ini menyimpulkan bahwa teologi cyber menjadi kontribusi penting untuk membantu kekristenan di Indonesia untuk berspiritualitas mengenai Tuhan yang tidak dapat dikurung dalam ruang dan waktu.
  • Agama dan Kerusakan Ekologi: Mempertimbangkan ‘Tesis White’ dalam Konteks Indonesia Religion And Ecological Destruction: Consideration of the “White Thesis” in the Context of Indonesia

    Emanuel Gerrit Singgih (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2020-10-01)
    This article is an evaluation of two anthologies which respond to Lynn T. White Jr., who traces the cause of the present ecological destruction to implementation of religious worldviews in the past, and concludes that Christianity as a very anthropocentric religion, is responsible for this destruction. Although the majority of the responders regard that White’s article from 1967, which become famous as the “White Thesis”, is one sided, they still acknowledge its continuing relevance. This study suggests that in the context of Indonesia, Christians could respond accordingly to the thesis by engaging in dialogue with local or nature religions concerning the Divine immanence and transcendence, for the common struggle to prevent further ecological destructions.
 
 Tulisan ini merupakan evaluasi dari dua antologi yang berisi tanggapan-tanggapan terhadap tulisan Lynn T. White Jr., yang menelusuri kerusakan ekologi pada masa kini dalam penerapan-penerapan pemahaman religius, dan berpendapat bahwa agama Kristen yang antroposentrik bertanggung jawab atas kerusakan tersebut. Meskipun mayoritas dari penanggap memperlihatkan bahwa tulisan White dari tahun 1967, yang kemudian terkenal sebagai “tesis White” agak berat sebelah, mereka tetap mengakui relevansinya. Dalam bagian penutup diperlihatkan bagaimana dalam konteks Indonesia, orang Kristen bisa menanggapi tesis White, dengan jalan berdialog dengan pemahaman lokal mengenai imanensi Yang Ilahi, dalam rangka berjuang bersama menghadapi kerusakan ekologi.
  • Resensi Buku: Pengantar Filsafat Keilahian (Teologi)—Ragam Pemahaman tentang Tuhan

    Moshe William Daniel (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2020-10-01)
  • Yesus Sang Mediator yang Merengkuh Umat Termarginalisasi: Sebuah Analisis Sosio-Historis Terhadap Yohanes 9 Jesus The Mediator Embracing The Marginalized: A Socio-Historical Analysis of John 9

    Finki Rianto Kantohe; Samuel Benjamin Hakh (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2020-10-01)
    This article focuses on the portrait of Jesus as depicted by the Johannine community according to John 9. Exploring the perspectives of Johannine scholars, the historical context of the Gospel of John, and the image of Johannine faith community, this study suggests that a born-blind man is a symbolic figure of the marginalized Johannine community. The marginalization is caused by the confl ict between the blind man and the Pharisees, starting with Jesus’ violation of the Sabbath’s rule, and followed by identity confl ict concerning Jesus and Moses. The epilogue of John 9 implies a portrait of Jesus as the Mediator through his actions to embrace the blind man following his expulsion. This article concludes with a theological implication concerning the presence of Jesus in the struggle of contemporary marginalized people such as GKI Yasmin and HKBP Filadelfia.
 
 Artikel ini menyoroti gambaran Yesus yang dikonsepkan oleh komunitas iman Yohanian menurut Yohanes 9. Melalui penelusuran terhadap pandangan para ahli Yohanian, konteks historis Injil Yohanes, dan gambaran komunitas iman Yohanian, kajian ini menemukan bahwa orang buta sejak lahir dalam Yohanes 9 ini adalah tokoh simbolis dari komunitas iman Yohanian yang termarginalisasi. Marginalisasi tersebut disebabkan oleh konflik antara orang buta dan orang-orang Farisi yang dipicu oleh pelanggaran Yesus atas hari Sabat, lalu berkembang menjadi konfl ik identitas mengenai Yesus dan Musa; karenanya, mengakibatkan orang buta yang Yesus sembuhkan tersebut termarginalisasi dari sinagoge. Epilog Yohanes 9 menyiratkan potret Yesus sebagai mediator melalui tindakannya merengkuh orang buta tersebut setelah pengusirannya. Sebagai simpulan, artikel ini menyodorkan implikasi teologis tentang kehadiran Yesus dalam pergumulan umat masa kini yang termarginalisasi, seperti GKI Yasmin dan HKBP Filadelfia.
  • Pesan Suci yang Terkontaminasi: Suatu Tinjauan atas Pendekatan Pascakolonial Sugirtharajah dan Konteks Indonesia Contaminated Holy Message: A Review on the Postcolonial Approach of Sugirtharajah and the Context of Indonesia

    Haleluya Timbo Hutabarat (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2020-10-01)
    The history of religions records the existence of persistent violence in religions. Many rulers, with the help of clergies, misuse sacred texts for their conquering interests. The coming of Christianity to Indonesia was linked to Western colonialism with its exploitating ambition. To date, the fruit of the agenda of misusing Scriptures can still be found in the theology and traditions of the Indonesian churches. This study presents the post-colonial biblical criticism of Sugirtharajah as an inclusive, collaborative hermeneutic umbrella for efforts to liberate texts, traditions, and contexts of Indonesia. Rasiah S. Sugirtharajah has pioneered the post-colonial biblical criticism as a hermeneutics that criticizes domination and alienation. This study looks at the relevance of Sugirtharajah’s thinking for the context of Indonesian Christianity. The methods used include qualitative literature review on the post-colonial publication in Indonesia to find out the progress of the existing post-colonial hermeneutic works.
 
 Sejarah agama-agama mencatat hadirnya kekerasan secara persisten. Penguasa, dengan bantuan rohaniwan, sering kali menyisipkan kepentingan penaklukannya ke dalam penggunaan ayat-ayat suci. Kekristenan di Indonesia datang berkaitan dengan kolonialisme Barat dengan ambisi eksploitatifnya. Dalam hal itu terjadi juga kolaborasi saling menguntungkan antara misionaris dan penguasa (ekonomi dan militer) kolonial. Produk agenda penundukan dan pembodohan yang menggunakan ayat-ayat Kitab Suci masih terasa dalam teologi dan tradisi gereja Indonesia hingga sekarang. Bentuk kolonialisme baru juga terus bermekaran di dalam dan sekitar gereja. Studi ini menyelidiki pendekatan hermeneutik yang dapat melawan upaya mengkontaminasi Kitab Suci. Studi ini menyuguhkan Kritik Alkitabiah Pascakolonial Sugirtharajah sebagai payung hermeneutis kolaboratif inklusif bagi banyak upaya membebaskan teks, tradisi, dan konteks. Metode yang dipakai adalah analisis historis mengikuti kerangka teori Sugirtharajah. Juga dilakukan tinjauan literatur terhadap buku-buku teologi bernafas pascakolonial yang banyak dipakai di Indonesia guna melihat sejauh mana upaya pascakolonial telah ada sekaligus perlu dikembangkan sesuai pemikiran Sugirtharajah. Hasil studi ini diharapkan bisa membantu kekristenan Indonesia untuk lebih merdeka dan terampil dalam membebaskan teks, teologi, tradisi, dan penafsiran Alkitab secara pascakolonial berdasarkan konteks semesta dan manusia Indonesia.
  • Sisi Gelap Kepemimpinan Pentakostal-Karismatik The Dark Side of Pentecostal-Charismatic Leadership

    Minggus M. Pranoto (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2020-10-01)
    This article highlights a critical question: why is Pentecostal-Charismatic leadership vulnerable to various scandals? This model of leadership often exposes the dark side of leadership characterized by the issues of money, sex, and power. This study suggests that Pentecostal-Charismatic leaders are often trapped in the model of personalized charismatic leadership that is based on misinterpretation of the doctrine of being Spirit-filled. The method used in this article is that of practical theology relating the framework of socialized charismatic leadership to the theological concept of the church (ekklesia) as the body of Christ and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit. 
 
 Tulisan ini menyoroti pertanyaan kritis: mengapa kepemimpinan Pentakostal-Karismatik rentan terkena berbagai skandal? Model kepemimpinan ini acap kali memunculkan sisi gelap kepemimpinan yang ditandai oleh masalah-masalah keuangan, seksual, dan kekuasaan. Kajian ini mengungkapkan bahwa para pemimpin Pentakostal-Karismatik sering kali terjebak dalam model personalized charismatic leadership yang didasari oleh penafsiran yang keliru atas doktrin being Spirit-filled. Metode tulisan ini termasuk dalam ranah teologi praktis yang mengaitkan kerangka berpikir socialized charismatic leadership dengan konsep teologis tentang gereja (ekklesia) sebagai tubuh Kristus dan persekutuan Roh Kudus.
  • Langit dan Bumi yang Baru: Eskatologi berdasarkan Teologi Biblika tentang Tempat Kediaman Allah The New Heaven and New Earth: An Eschatology based on the Biblical Theology of the Temple of God

    Hendra Yohanes (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2020-10-01)
    Popular Christian eschatology tends to nullify the earth from the biblical image of the new heaven and earth. On the contrary, the biblical eschatology shows that the new heaven and earth will be the dwelling place of God who will ultimately be with the redeemed people. Using the method of intertextual exegesis, this study constructs a biblical eschatology in terms of the theme of the dwelling place of God that frames the biblical portraits of Eden in the first creation and the New Jerusalem in the new heaven and earth. Sinful humankind has been expelled from Eden, the first sanctuary, yet the New Jerusalem will be the holy dwelling place of God, where God’s people enjoying eternal life. The new heaven and new earth is the telos of God’s salvation plan where no sin defiles the cosmic temple anymore. The biblical eschatological hope promises God’s people about living as the royal priests on the earth that God will renew at the eschaton.
 
 Eskatologi Kristen populer cenderung mengecualikan bumi dari gambaran alkitabiah langit dan bumi yang baru. Sebaliknya, eskatologi biblika menunjukkan bahwa langit dan bumi yang baru merupakan tempat kediaman Allah yang akhirnya akan bersama dengan umat tebusan-Nya. Penulis menggunakan metode eksegesis intertekstual untuk mengonstruksi eskatologi biblika berdasarkan tema tempat kediaman Allah yang membingkai gambaran-gambaran Alkitab, yakni Eden di dunia ciptaan yang pertama dan Yerusalem Baru di langit dan bumi yang baru. Manusia yang berdosa telah diusir dari Eden, tempat kudus yang pertama. Namun Yerusalem Baru merupakan tempat kediaman Allah yang kudus, di mana umat Allah akan menikmati kehidupan kekal. Langit dan bumi yang baru merupakan tujuan rencana keselamatan Allah, di mana tiada lagi dosa yang menajiskan bait semesta. Pengharapan eskatologis yang alkitabiah menjanjikan kehidupan umat Tuhan sebagai imamat rajawi di bumi yang akan dibarui oleh Allah pada eschaton.
  • Resensi Buku: Testing Fresh Expressions—Identity and Transformation

    Meitha Sartika (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2020-04-01)
  • Resensi Buku: Liquid Ecclesiology—The Gospel and The Church

    Haleluya Timbo Hutabarat (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2020-04-01)
  • Disabilitas dan In(ter)karnasi: Konstruksi Teologis tentang Allah dalam Perspektif Disabilitas

    Timotius Verdino (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2020-04-01)
    The development of incarnation theology has taken into account people with disabilities. However, the incarnation tends to be understood in a single corporeal identity, whilst disability shows the multiplicity of identities of socially constructed bodies. How do we see the incarnation in a disability perspective that embraces the multiplicity of body identity? Mayra Rivera, based on Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy, spoke of intercarnation as an alternative to the incarnation in a social perspective. This article points out that discussing the incarnation in the perspective of disability with a social model leads to the idea of intercarnation. In dealing with this case, the discourse about intercarnation among feminist theologians would be helpful for the theology of disability.
  • Perpaduan Cakrawalamu dan Cakrawalaku: Hermeneutik Gadamer dan Sumbangsihnya bagi Pendidikan Teologi di Indonesia

    Wilda Simanjuntak (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2020-09-01)
    Reading messages from the past to fi nd their implications for the present is a diffi cult task of interpretation. Certain hermeneutical skills are needed to prevent failure to bridge the gap in perspective between writers and readers, and to meet the contextual needs. The focus of this article is the framework of Hans-Georg Gadamer’s hermeneutic theory. Studying Gadamer provides important benefi ts for contextual hermeneutic studies. This article suggests that Gadamer’s hermeneutics is beneficial for theological education struggling to overcome the diversity of horizons in the process of discovering the meaning of scriptures
  • Etika Kepemimpinan Kristen dalam Perspektif Poskolonial: Studi Kasus Program Pelatihan Kepemimpinan dan Manajemen Mahasiswa di Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana

    Jeannette Josephine Mintardjo; Yahya Wijaya (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2020-04-01)
    This article explores leadership paradigms employed in the Management and Leadership Training Program for Students (P2KMM) in Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana. An evaluation of the leadership paradigm is important because it plays a determining role in whether a leader would be successful or failed ethically. Using post-colonial approach, this study focuses on the moral spirit acknowledged as the Duta Wacana values, particularly the value of “Service to the World”. As a part of the research, a fi eldwork was carried out both by observation of 2017 P2KMM writing materials, as well as interviews with representatives of P2KMM committee and the student staff . The finding indicates that the said value tends to be overlooked in the UKDW leadership program for students.
  • Evolusi Biologis dan Ancaman Kepunahan Manusia: Mempertemukan George L. Murphy dengan Film-Trilogi Planet of The Apes tentang Isu-Isu Kosmologi, Evolusi, dan Bioteknologi

    Ronald Arulangi (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2020-04-01)
    This article discusses George L. Murphy’s argument that the development of science and technology in the early 21st Century challenges the relevance of core religious theories including theology of nature, the idea of the loving God, and humanitarian ethics. He proposes a theology of the Cross of Jesus Christ as a lens for responding to that challenge. Here Murphy’s theological perspective is put in dialogue with a perspective that departs from the trilogy film: “Rise of the Planet of the Apes”, “Dawn of the Planet of the Apes”, and “War for the Planet of Apes.” Employing Revised Correlational method, this article suggests a more optimistic theological reflection concerning cosmology, evolution, biotechnology, the future of humankind, and harmony
  • Menjadi Sahabat bagi Sesama: Memaknai Relasi Persahabatan dalam Pelayanan Pastoral

    Besly Yermy Tungaoly Messakh (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2020-04-01)
    The capability to build relationships is important in doing pastoral ministry successfully. However, this factor is often neglected by a pastoral counsellor or pastoral caregiver. Many pastoral counsellors tend to improve their technical skills rather than capability to build a good relationship with the client. As a consequence, many persons in trouble feel unaccepted by their pastoral counsellor, leading to the situation of helplessness. Using the method of Christopraxis, this article attempts to respond to such situation. Christopraxis places the attitude and works of Jesus, as witnessed in the Gospel, as the fundamental reference and resource for today’s ministerial works. In this case, Jesus’ praxis of friendship is employed as the model of relationships in pastoral ministry. It is suggested that a pastoral ministry inspired by the radical and open friendship model that Jesus practised would off er a better approach than the feudalistic and paternalistic ones, commonly practised in Indonesia.
  • Gereja Lintas Denominasi: Membaca Narasi Kekerasan dalam Yosua 8

    Daniel K. Listijabudi; Rena Sesaria Yudhita (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2020-04-01)
    The concern of this article is the fact that the Bible, especially the Old Testament, contains accounts of violence. The book of Joshua chapter 8 is one of the best examples. This article uses the method of communitarian reading to interpret that text. The event where the Lord actively approves and even commands Joshua to do violence to humans and other creatures is an interesting research point. Learning from the academic discourse about violence, this article observes how several congregations read the biblical text which is full of violence through so-called reader response criticism tabulated based on some spiritual-denominational values or theological premises within a communitarian reading of four churches (Mennonite, Pentecostal-Charismatic, Calvinist, and Catholic) in their clusters.
  • Gema Teologika

    Duta Wacana Christian UniversityOJS, 2017-09-13
  • Bom Surabaya 2018: Terorisme dan Kekerasan Atas Nama Agama

    August Corneles Tamawiwy (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2019-10-01)
    The socio-political analysis of the acts of terrorism has produced phrases such as “terrorism/terrorist has no religion”. Such expressions overlook ethical-theological approaches in analyzing the acts of terrorism. This article aims to show that without an ethical-theological analysis, the socio-political interpretation of acts of terrorism is inadequate because of very strong theological elements that influence the person or group of people committing such acts of terror. Studying the case of the Surabaya Bombing in May 2018, this article demonstrates that socio-political ideology is not strong enough to make a person or group of people to carry out acts of terrorism unless they are based on theologically informed belief.
  • Ekoteologi Fungsi Hutan Oenaek: Penyimpangan Paradigma Ekologis Menuju Perilaku Eksploitatif

    Nirwasui Arsita Awang; Yusak B. Setyawan; Ebenhaizer I. Nuban Timo (Duta Wacana Christian University, 2019-10-01)
    This study aims at describing and analyzing the change of Camplong residents’ perspective towards the function of forest which brings an impact on the damage of Oenaek Forest. In addition, the purpose of this study is also to conduct an ecotheological observation about
 this viewpoint shift. There is a Natural Tourism Park in Camplong with various kinds of flora and fauna. In Timorese belief, this forest functions as a palace for Usi (the highest god) and a shelter for the spirits of passed away ancestors. The shift of the forest status from
 natural forest (restricted forest) to productive forest has caused the change of residents’ perspective towards the function of the forest. In the past they used to perceive the forest as a subject, but now it has been seen as an object of economic enterprise. The change of this standpoint has influenced the behavior of Camplong people who live around the forest area: the forest is no longer served as a place for celebrating traditional rituals, but merely as a tourist destination. The method applied in this research is qualitative descriptive which is carried out through observation and in-depth interview.

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