O conceito kantiano de máxima e a solução da antinomia da faculdade de julgar teleológica na terceira Crítica The Kantian concept of maxim and the solution of the antinomy of teleological judgment in the third Critique
Author(s)Renato Valois Cordeiro
princípios práticos objetivos
princípios práticos subjetivos
objective practical principles
subjective practical principles
Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
DOAJ:Philosophy and Religion
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AbstractO presente artigo visa explicar o conceito kantiano de máxima. Seu propósito é aduzir uma interpretação capaz de identificar as diferentes funções deste conceito na filosofia de Kant. Além disso, o autor explora as consequências da sua análise na esfera da solução da antinomia da faculdade de julgar teleológica na terceira Crítica. No cerne desta antinomia está a alegação de Kant, segundo a qual toda a "aparência" (Anschein) de conflito entre as máximas mecânica e teleológica provém da confusão de um princípio da faculdade de julgar reflexiva com um princípio da faculdade de julgar determinante.<br>The present paper attempts to clarify the Kantian concept of maxim. Its object is to provide an interpretation that places the assignment of different functions to this concept in the Kantian philosophy. The author explores also the consequences of his analysis for the solution of the antinomy of teleological judgment in the third Critique. At the heart of this antinomy is Kant's contention that all "semblance" (Anschein) on a conflict between the mechanistic and teleological maxims stems from the confusion of a principle of reflective with one of determinative judgment.
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Sexuated Topology and the Suspension of Meaning: A Non-Hermeneutical Phenomenological Approach to Textual AnalysisBailey, Steven (2014-07-31)This study assumes the subject's pursuit of meaning is generally incapacitating and should be suspended. It aims to demonstrate how such a suspension is theoretically accomplished by utilizing Lacan's formulae of sexuation integrated with his work in discourse theory and topology. Part I places this study into context by examining scholarship from the established fields of hermeneutics, phenomenology, (post)structuralism, aesthetic theory and psychoanalysis in order to extract out their respective theory of meaning. These theories reveal that an historical struggle with meaning has been underway since the Reformation and reaches near crisis proportions in the 20th century. On the one hand this crisis is mollified by the rise of Heideggerian-Gadamerian hermeneutical phenomenology which questions traditional epistemological approaches to the text using a new ontological conceptualization of meaning and a conscious rejection of methodology. On the other hand this crisis is exacerbated when the ubiquitous nature of meaning is itself challenged by (post)structuralism's discovery of the signifier which inscribes a limit to meaning, and by the domains of sense and nonsense newly opened up by aesthetic theory. These historical developments culminate in the field of psychoanalysis which most consequentially delimits a cause of meaning said to be closely linked to the core of subjectivity. Part II extends these findings by rigorously constructing out of the Lacanian sexuated formulae a decidedly non-hermeneutical phenomenological approach useful in demonstrating the sexual nature of meaning. Explicated in their static state by way of an account of their original derivation from the Aristotelian logical square, it is argued that these four formulae are relevant to basic concerns of textual theory inclusive of the hermeneutical circle of meaning. These formulae are then set into motion by integrating them with Lacan's four discourses to demonstrate the breakdown of meaning. Finally, the cuts and sutures of two-dimensional space that is topology as set down in L'étourdit are performed to confirm how the very field of meaning is ultimately suspended from a nonsensical singular point known in Lacanian psychoanalysis as objet a. The contention is that by occupying this point the subject frees himself from the debilitating grip of meaning.
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