Ideas y Valores, Colombian Journal of Philosophy, is a vehicle of communication between the Colombian philosophic community and their colleagues in other countries. It is published three times a year and includes unpublished articles resulting from philosophical research , as well as texts in Spanish and in English. The purpose of these publications is to consolidate philosophical studies, both in Colombia and the Spanish-speaking world.

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The Globethics.net library contains articles of Idea y Valores as of vol. 1(1951) to current (icpl.).

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  • Phantasia logistike y deseo en el razonamiento práctico en Aristóteles

    Carbonell, Claudia (Universidad Nacional de Colombia: Departamento de Filosofía, 2013)
    En De Anima III, 10, Aristóteles introduce la noción de phantasia logistike como uno de los principios de la acción racional A partir de la exposición de algunos textos del De Anima y de Ética a Nicómaco, se busca interpretar el lugar de aquel tipo de imaginación en el razonamiento práctico. Para ello, se presenta primero la doctrina aristotélica de los principios de la acción y la problemática de su articulación, y luego se discute el papel de la imaginación racional en la configuración del objeto del deseo
  • Conocéos a vosotros mismos: un estudio sobre la relevancia democrática del fisgoneo, a partir de Plutarco

    Mingo Rodríguez, Alicia María de (Universidad Nacional de Colombia: Departamento de Filosofía, 2012)
    Gossip might appear to be an anecdotal type of behavior in the context of the micro-sociology of everyday life. However, since the media have turned it into a profitable mass topic, it might be reasonable to think that the knowledge it provides about the private life of others is ethically and politically relevant for the peculiar and exemplary image of humanity and of the community itself, as well as for axi - ological options, thus inevitably affecting the prestige of democracy. In order to explore this issue, the article starts out by examining the currency or lack thereof of Plutarch�s thoughts on gossip.
  • Los tratamientos de lo involuntario en las Éticas de Aristóteles: una cuestión de métodos

    Rossi, Gabriela (Universidad Nacional de Colombia: Departamento de Filosofía, 2012)
    The article examines Aristotle�s two attempts to explain the phenomena of voluntary and involuntary actions: Eudemian Ethics (EE) II 6-9 and Nicomachean Ethics (EN) III 1. Though there are notorious coincidences, there are also substantial differences between them in the characterization of involuntary actions, in the general argumentative strategy, and in the definition of voluntary actions. The paper endeavors to account for these material differences on the basis of the general methodological strategy used by Aristotle in each case.
  • Alcance y pertinencia de las lecturas éticas del Tractatus de Wittgenstein

    Luján Martínez, Horacio (Universidad Nacional de Colombia: Departamento de Filosofía, 2010)
    Although we recognize the value of ethical interpretations of the Tractatus Logicophilosophicus, we also believe that many of them overvalue the place and value of ethics in the book. This paper analyzes these interpretations, in order to show their merits and their faults and develop what we call �complementarity between logic and ethics�. Only with the interaction of logic and ethics, considered transcendental by Wittgenstein, will we be able to read the Tractatus as a non-contradictory whole.
  • Capital espiritual: novedad y tradición

    Bosch, Magdalena (2015)
    Se analizan las versiones más relevantes de capital espiritual y los aspectos que tienen en común, y cómo algunas lo vinculan con la religión y otras no; se describe el carácter multidimensional de esta noción, lo que converge en una teoría de la motivación profunda y de fuerte arraigo interno en las personas. Esta dimensión intrínseca de la motivación se muestra decisiva en las teorías éticas de la virtud de inspiración aristotélica, que ponen énfasis en el aspecto interno del comportamiento.
  • El papel de los afectos en el pensamiento político de Spinoza

    Serrano Marín, Vicente (2014)
    The article analyzes the most traditional aspects of Spinoza's political theory, the theory of the contract and the critique of religion, in close relation with the Ethics and the handling of the relations between affects and the imagination, considered to be the core of his political thought. Thus, the idea of conatus is interpreted from the dual perspective of politics and ontology, whose articulation with other categories included in the Ethics, particularly that of affects, offers an alternative to the idea of omnipotence that prevails in most modern philosophies.
  • La justicia natural y el mejor régimen en Aristóteles

    García-Huidobro, Joaquín (Universidad Nacional de Colombia: Departamento de Filosofía, 2012)
    Aristóteles afirma que aunque los regímenes políticos varían de un lugar a otro, uno solo es en todas partes el mejor por naturaleza. Se analizan algunos problemas que derivan de esta afirmación, para mostrar que ella no significa que en el mejor régimen quede abolida la diversidad de formas políticas, ni resulte superflua la justicia convencional. Además, la idea aristotélica del mejor régimen difiere radicalmente del utopismo posterior. Por último, se estudia la relación que se da entre lo justo natural, tal como se presenta en la Ética a Nicómaco, y la cuestión del mejor régimen en la Política.
  • Kant y Hannah Arendt. La comunidad del juicio reflexionante

    Rivera de Rosales, Jacinto (Universidad Nacional de Colombia: Departamento de Filosofía, 2005)
    This article introduces a critical commentary to Hannah Arendt’s interpretation of Kant in her Lectures on Kant’s Political Philosophy. The author follows the scheme of what Arendt considers the three Kantian human perspectives: man as a rational being, man as an animal species, and man as a synthesis of the rational and the sensitive. Arendt’s research focuses on the contribution that the Kantian theory of the reflexive judgment can bring to a political theory, following the distinction between actor and spectator.
  • La dimensión teleológica del azar en Física II4-6: un ensayo de reconstrucción e interpretación

    Ríos Gutiérrez, Iván de los (2015)
    The Aristotelian interpretation of randomness is examined as an accidental cause in the sphere of ends of that which can be brought about by nature or by thought. Why would a fortuitous event belong to the order of ends? What does it mean to say that fortuitous events are “for something” (ἓνεκά του)? The main responses to specialists are reviewed, some deficiencies are noted, and a non-causal-explicative reading is proposed for the expression ἓνεκά του. This reading differs from the “as-if teleology” as an explanation of the finality of the fortuitous event.
  • El hysteron/proteron del tiempo

    Acevedo Zapata, Diana María (2015)
    Passage 218b21-219a of Aristotle’s Physics has led to the formulation of a concept of time that is determined by the perceptual conditions of the psyche. The paper shows that the conditions for perception, that which is prior, closer to the senses, and better known by human beings, are just the starting point for the investigation. The point of arrival is the necessary connection between the existence of time and change. The perception of change in the case of the sleeping Sardinian heroes makes it possible to determine those elements involved in the experience of time and, subsequently, those that make up the existence of the same
  • De la posibilidad a la necesidad en el ámbito de la acción. Sopesando las lecturas deterministas e indeterministas de Aristóteles

    Gómez Espíndola, Laura Liliana (2015)
    Passages of Aristotle are examined to specify the link between need and possibility in the process of human action. It is proposed that, given the rational faculties of human beings, it should be noted that the process begins with the possession of alternative possibilities of action. The agent, as prime controller, determines the dominant desire that will activate his or her faculties in a particular direction. The action is then produced because it is necessary.
  • El compromiso con la racionalidad en el enfoque pragmadialéctico

    Hoyos Morales, Jorge Iván (2018)
    The article addresses the issue of “rationality” in the standard version of the pragmadialectic approach, which aims at overcoming the dichotomy between the normative and descriptive aspects that are evident in studies on argumentation. It points out that when conceptualizing its notion of rationality, pragma-dialectics explicitly assumes some of Popper's postulates. Given that said conceptualization also includes elements from Searle and Grice, the paper also inquires into whether these philosophers' ideas on rationality are implicitly present in the commitment to rationality. Likewise, it discusses some connections between Aristotelian thought and the formulations of Popper, Searle, and Grice, in order to clarify the pragma-dialectic conception of rationality and foster an enriching return to the sources of argumentation.
  • El significado político de la alegoría de la caverna de Platón

    Zamosc, Gabriel (2017)
    The article argues that Plato’s cave is fundamentally a political and not an episte-mological allegory, and that only if we see it thus can we understand its relation to the images of the sun and the line. On the basis of textual evidence, the article raises questions regarding the main hypotheses grounding the effort to find an epistemo-logical parallel between the cave and the line: that the prisoners represent humanity in general, and that the cave symbolizes the visible world of everyday experience, while the world outside the cave represents the realm of ideas. The suspension of these assumptions makes possible a reading that highlights the cultural and politi-cal issues at stake in this famous allegory.
  • Naturaleza y substancia: el caso de los artefactos en la Metafísica de Aristóteles

    González Varela, José Edgar (2016)
    Aristotle seems to deny the ontological status of artifacts which are not substances. In this paper I discuss the basic regarding this topic and its main intepretations. I discuss R. Katayama’s opinion to show that he is right to underline the importance of the trait of separation, but he is wrong regarding the the notion of separation. My thesis is that neither the forms of natural things nor those of artifacts are separable from the composites, but the former possess a different kind of separation from other forms or species, which the latter do not possess. Hence, the former are substances.
  • El fenómeno de la percepción en Aristóteles y Merleau-Ponty

    Honorato, Diego (2018)
    The article provides a comparative study of the problem of perception in Aristotle and Maurice Merleau-Ponty, taking into account the anthropological context that frames their proposals. It establishes their possible points of convergence and their main differences. The study also pays special attention to the link between the sensoryperceptualact and movement, as well as to the problem of perceptual consciousness and the issue of the actuality common to the sentient and sensible aspects.
  • La esclavitud natural. Una revisión de las tesis de Aristóteles

    Mauri, Margarita (2016)
    In face of the natural slavery defended by Aristotle, some commentators try to protect the internal coherence of his discourse, while others deny it. Trying not to give a value judgment, the article seeks to clear up the nature of the slave, the woman and the relationships between master, woman, and slave within the oikos.
  • El fin histórico de la ciudad: Acerca del vínculo arquitectura y policía

    Landaeta Mardones, Patricio; Espinoza Lolas, Ricardo A. (Universidad Nacional de Colombia: Departamento de Filosofía, 2013)
    The article addresses the historical end of the city as a process linked to politics. The starting point of the process is Plato�s conception of democracy and the endpoint is the reformulation of the urban in the 19th century, when the construction of the metropolis coincides with the birth of the Police, in a fusion of architecture and social science. The paper starts out by exploring the link between city and politics in Greece, and then goes on to examine the relationship among architecture, social science, and the capitalist market of the 19th century. Finally, it addresses the polis in terms of the police domination of the urban scenario.
  • La filosofía heraclítea interpretada por Platón

    Sánchez Castro, Liliana Carolina (Universidad Nacional de Colombia: Departamento de Filosofía, 2012)
    The article seeks to trace the image Plato has of Heraclitus and connect it with the argumentative structure of the Cratylus in order to understand the textual needs that give rise to the doctrine of perpetual flux, that is, the discussion regarding the correctness (....t..) of names. The inclusion of Heraclitus�s testimony makes it possible to trace the alleged consolidation of the thesis regarding primary and secondary names as the axis of separation between two levels of reality (one stable, the other, changing) and the theory of Ideas �that is, as the basis of Plato�s epistemology as set forth in the late dialogues�.
  • On the uses and abuses of eschatology for life

    Brill, Sara (Universidad Nacional de Colombia: Departamento de Filosofía, 2012)
    This paper examines the role of the concluding myth of the Phaedo in the context of the dialogue as a whole, arguing that the myth�s exploration of the relationship between action, condition of soul and form of life provides valuable information about Plato�s conception of the kind of political environment necessary for human flourishing. It identifies three features of the myth essential to this exploration: its self-critical construction of the perspective of the makers of this myth, its focus on the conditions under which violent deeds are committed and its envisaging of the form of human community necessary for the expiation of such deeds.

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