Famílias na rede de saúde mental: um breve estudo esquizoanalítico<A NAME="n1"></A> Familias en la red de salud mental: un breve estudio esquizoanalítico Families at the mental health network: a brief schizoanalytical essay
Author(s)Roberta Carvalho Romagnoli
Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
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AbstractEssa pesquisa estudou a dinâmica de funcionamento das famílias de portadores de transtorno mental do CERSAM Teresópolis de Betim, cidade da Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte. A amostra se constituiu de 08 famílias atendidas no Programa de extensão Saúde Mental e Família, em uma parceira da prefeitura local com a PUC-Minas. Os dados foram coletados através do cadastro familiar, que abordava as seguintes categorias: situação familiar, renda familiar, emergência da psicopatologia e funcionamento familiar. Os resultados atestam que a baixa renda familiar, a cronicidade da doença mental e sua respectiva dependência, a necessidade de cuidado ininterrupto, a crise que advém da eclosão da doença, tudo isso integra um território existencial marcado pela dor e pelo sofrimento, formando um modo de existência grupal que tem na doença mental seu eixo de sustentação.<br>Esta investigación estudió la dinámica de funcionamiento de las familias de personas que sufren de trastorno mental de CERSAM - Teresópolis de Betim, ciudad de la Región Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte (MG). La muestra se constituyó de 08 familias atendidas en el Programa de extensión Salud Mental y Familia, en una sociedad del Ayuntamiento de Betim con la universidad PUC-Minas. Los datos fueron recogidos a través de un censo familiar, que contemplaba las siguientes categorías: situación, renta y funcionamiento familiar y emergencia de la psicopatología. Los resultados atestan que la baja renta familiar, la cronicidad de la enfermedad mental y su respectiva dependencia, la necesidad de cuidado ininterrumpido, la crisis que conlleva la eclosión de la dolencia, todo eso integra un territorio existencial marcado por el dolor y por el sufrimiento, formando un modo de existencia grupal que posee en la enfermedad mental su eje de sustentación.<br>This research studied the dynamics of families dealing with mental issues at 'CERSAM - Teresopolis de Betim', a city located in the surroundings of Belo Horizonte (MG). The samples comprised eight families being assisted by a social program involving Mental Health and Family - Programa de extensão Saúde Mental e Família - in partnership with the town hall of Betim and PUC- Minas (Catholic University of Minas Gerais). Data were collected from a family dossier, which showed the following categories: family situation, income, emergency of psychopathology and the family dynamics. The results showed that, a low family income, the chronic nature of the mental disease leading to dependence, the crisis after the disease appeared, and the need for continuous care, are factors that contribute to a existential territory marked by pain and suffering, thus, developing a form of 'existence in group' that finds support in the mental condition.
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中國城市居民的親屬關係與精神健康: 親屬網絡與支持對心理抑鬱的影響 : 以北京為例.孫薇薇.; Chinese University of Hong Kong Graduate School. Division of Sociology.; Sun, Weiwei. (2009)At last, we found some basic characteristics in Chinese kinship. Couple and child-parent are still the pivots in present urban China. Filial piety is undergoing many changes. For adult children, parents are important in instrumental supports. And siblings are hardly regarded as expected supporters.
Exploring Psychosocial Well-being and Social Connectedness in Northern UgandaHorn, Rebecca (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2014-04-16)This paper describes research conducted
as the first stage in the process of developing a structured
interview schedule to assess psychological distress,
empowerment, social connectedness, economic well-being, and
other variables among women in the Acholi region of Uganda.
An interview schedule was developed following a review of
the literature, individual interviews with women in northern
Uganda, and group discussions with community members,
members of women's groups, and community leaders.
Following initial testing of the entire interview schedule,
the reliability and validity of two sections-measures of
psychological distress and social connectedness, were
explored in more detail. Initial analysis suggests that both
are potentially useful with this population. However, the
measure of psychological distress did not distinguish
clearly between a group of women identified by a local
community-based organization (CBO) as showing signs of
psychological distress and a group of women showing no such
signs. Additional work is required to confirm the validity
of the psychological distress scale used. It was found that
psychological well-being was more closely associated with
the amount of social support a woman receives than with how
many social activities or groups she is involved with.
Involvement in groups may not, in itself, alleviate
psychological distress, but the practical and emotional
support provided by friends, neighbors, and relatives is
likely to have a positive effect. Some evidence was found
that there is a relationship between involvement in
religious activities and psychological well-being.
Psychological distress is often accompanied by poor physical
health. Although further research is required to clarify the
nature of these relationships, initial findings suggest that
organizations that aim to improve psychological well-being
would do well to address physical health problems as a
priority, and may wish to explore ways in which women
experiencing psychological distress could link with
A model for empowerment of families with mentally handicapped childrenMavundla, T.R. (Prof.); Kgole, Jermina Chuene (2009-11)The purpose of this study was to develop an empowerment model for families of mentally handicapped children in Moletši district in Limpopo Province. To achieve this purpose, the study consisted of four steps, namely exploring the meaning of empowerment in the context of families with mentally handicapped children; developing and describing a model for empowerment of such families; formulating guidelines for the implementation of the model, and evaluating the implementation of the model. A qualitative, explorative, descriptive and contextual theory-generative design was used. The population of the study was all families who had mentally handicapped children in Moletši district of the Polokwane and Aganang municipalities. Semi-structured interviews, assessment guides and case studies were conducted with the families to evaluate the effectiveness of the model and whether the families reached self-efficacy in the care, treatment and rehabilitation of their mentally handicapped children. Non-probability, purposive sampling was used in order to obtain relevant information from the correct participants. Concepts were identified and analysed, which led to the development of the model for empowerment of families with mentally handicapped children. The model was applied in practice, where the families’ problems were identified and planned for, and the plans were put into action by means of case studies, and monitoring and evaluation was done through observation, interviews, discussion and meetings.The results revealed that the families proved to be independent and reached self-efficacy in the care, treatment and rehabilitation of their mentally handicapped children. The model is a unique contribution to nursing education, research, administration and practice and sets guidelines for a new field in the practice of psychiatric nursing.