Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies has the perspectives of humanities and social sciences. This journal also has programs aimed at bridging the gap between the textual and contextual approaches to Islamic Studies; and solving the dichotomy between ‘orthodox' and ‘heterodox' Islam. The two were linked: the textual tradition showed that Islam was, as well as a set of religious tenets, a way of approaching the practical economic and social challenges of life. So, this journal invites the intersection of several disciplines and scholars. In other words, its contributors borrowed from a range of disciplines, including the humanities and social sciences.


The library contains articles of Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies as of vol. 1(2011) to current.

Recent Submissions

  • Community-based health coverage at the crossroad; the Muhammadiyah health fund in Indonesia

    Samsudin, Agus Mohammad; Prabowo, Harjanto (IAIN Salatiga, 2022-06-04)
    This paper discusses the complexities of community-based health insurance (CBHI) coordinated by faith-based NGOs in Indonesia, and how government health care schemes threaten community-based health care plans. It discusses, in particular, Muhammadiyah’s history, one of the largest Islamic civil society organizations dealing with the health sector, as well as their struggle to facilitate community-based health care insurance. The role of state-based universal health coverage (UHC) has markedly overshadowed civil society programs, including faith-based NGOs, in implementing and providing health care services in their circles or members. While the State faces a delicate situation in the management of its universal health care, both financially and operationally, civil society groups have sought to revive the limited health care scheme as a way to supplement and even contend with the state welfare regime. 
  • Islamic revival and cultural diversity: pesantren’s configuration in contemporary Aceh Indonesia

    Rahman, Bambang Arif (IAIN Salatiga, 2022-06-04)
    This study aims at investigating the extent to which pesantren (Islamic boarding school) in Aceh, Indonesia have flourished in encountering multicultural situations in the post-disaster of a massive tsunami and post-separatist-military conflict through the lens of Islamic revivalism. A decade and a half after the gigantic natural disaster in 2004 and the protracted bloody conflict, Aceh underwent various changes in social, economic, political, educational, and religious areas. In the educational and religious sectors, a pivotal metamorphose took place in pesantren as a means of Islamic revival, where this Islamic boarding school has transformed into multicultural institutions. Using a qualitative design, this study observed a small number of pesantren in Aceh, interviewed their key stakeholders, and analyzed pesantren documents. The findings show that pesantren cultures in contemporary Aceh differ from previous monolithic traditional Islamic schools in curriculum, characteristics, typology, and affiliation. This change is a unique mark of an Islamic revival following the influx of the plural Indonesian and of the world communities to Aceh after the catastrophe and violence with their heterogeneous aids and cultural settings. In addition, the implementation of shari’a (Islamic) law in this special province after both tragedies confirmed the work of the Islamic revival, though many nationalists sharply criticize this sectarian and exclusive law within multicultural countries like Indonesia. However, in this situation, pesantren in Aceh expressed a positive commitment to celebrating cultural diversity through ethnicity respect, religious tolerance, and Indonesian unity rather than endorsing the idea of an Islamic state.
  • Islamic political supports and voting behaviors in majority and minority muslim provinces in Indonesia

    IAIN Manado; Salim, Delmus Puneri (IAIN Salatiga, 2022-06-04)
    This article focuses on relation between Islam and politics in Indonesia during the last two presidential election. The article looks at Islamic political support to Prabowo Subianto and its influence into the 2014 and 2019 Presidential election in the majority and minority Muslim provinces. Data collection was conducted by document study to texts of internet media, especially on the issues of Islamic political support to Prabowo Subianto and results of the 2014 and 2019 Presidential election in the chosen majority and minority Muslim provinces. This study reveals correlation between Islam and politics with results of the two previous Indonesian Presidential election, finding out that the Islamic political support has increased votes of the promoted candidates in majority Muslim provinces and reversely decreased votes of the candidate in minority Muslim provinces. The study shows that the Islamic political supports affect voting behaviors more in minority Muslim provinces than in majority Muslim provinces. These findings, in turn, highlight the importance of developing a strategy to manage religious political support in Indonesian elections.
  • Theologising democracy in the context of Muhammadiyah’s ijtihād

    Bachtiar, Hasnan (IAIN Salatiga, 2022-06-04)
    This article focuses to examine the process of Muhammadiyah’s ijtihād has evolved, specifically in constructing the notion of Negara Pancasila sebagai Dār al-‘Ahd wa al-Shahādah (the state of consensus and witness) and the arguments on which it is built. The scholarly issues that have been highlighted in this article are study on this specific discourse has not been done yet, the ijtihad in the field of Siyar (law of war and international relations in Islamic traditions) which has been elaborated with ideas of contemporary social sciences is very rare, and the discourse of Siyar has dominantly covered only the area of Middle East. Accordingly, this article confidently fulfils these gaps applying qualitative research method and analysis of social contextualisation. This article argues that the way of Muhammadiyah’s ijtihād in producing the idea of Indonesia as the state of consensus and witness is applying theologising democracy. It consists of trajectory in which Muhammadiyah has objectified Islam and substantialised it to enhance the meaning of democracy.
  • Interpreting ‘bulugh’: enhancement of women’s right through management of marriage within salafi community in Wirokerten Yogyakarta

    Dr. Sunarwoto, M.A.; Pasca Sarjana UIN Sunan Kalijaga; Abubakar, Fatum (IAIN Salatiga, 2022-06-04)
    This article discusses Salafi Wirokerten women and the enhancement of their status and rights through management of marriage and interpretation of bulugh (legal maturity for marriage). It therefore observes the practice of marriage within Salafi women in term of age and their attitudes toward their own manhaj. It also seeks to see the Salafi’s attitude in general toward the state law of marriage. The materials of this article were obtained from ethnographic investigation that was conducted in a Wirokerten village in Banguntapan sub-district of Yogyakarta in 2018-2019 through interviews, participatory observations, group discussions. Deploying anthropological approach this article finds that Salafi women have notions to improve their rights, and they stress the importance of the maturity of religious knowledge. This article also argues that Salafi women identify themselves as Salafi agents by transforming authority to gain manhaj recognition of marital management as a source of strength and empowerment. In addition, it concludes that Salafi women have an important role in bridging relations of the Salafi manhaj with the state and that while negotiating state law with their own manhaj, they often need to refer to Islamic doctrines to base and strengthen their position. They refer not only to Islamic teachings but also propagate narratives of the significance of study and of being knowledgeable to do and thus to marry.
  • Consuming and disputing Aisha song: the quest for pleasure and Islamic romance in contemporary Indonesia

    No Funding; Rijal, Syamsul (IAIN Salatiga, 2022-06-04)
    The increasing consumption of Islamic popular culture in Indonesia has marked the deepening Islamisation among the Muslim majority. Some scholars have observed the interplay between Islam and popular culture among Indonesian Muslim youths. However, only a few scholars have studied how a particular religious product has been debated and contested within a Muslim society. This article examines the conflicting responses over an Islamic song that describes romantic expression between the Prophet and His wife, Aisha. It focuses on three groups: popular preachers, progressive writers, and YouTube audience. This study found that while some Muslim preachers and progressive writers have criticized the song’s lyrics, most Muslim audience keep consuming the song and regard it as an ideal model of Islamic romance as expressed by the Prophet and His wife, Aisha. The various responses from the three groups represent the diversity of Indonesian Muslims with regards to Islam and popular culture. It also suggests that the Muslim consumers do not always follow the opinions of popular religious elites. The popularity of the song has resonated with the increasing aspiration among pious young Muslims who seek the basis of Islamic romance through the lives of the Prophet and His wife. 
  • Islam on the air: the struggle for salafism through radio in Indonesia

    Masduki, Masduki; Muzakki, Akh.; Rosidi, Imron; HARTONO, TONI (IAIN Salatiga, 2022-06-04)
    Indonesian Islam has become the point of contestation of ideologies, particularly between the so-called globally-inspired and locally- rooted views of Islam. This article deals with the Salafism struggle in da’wah on the airwaves through the radio as locally rooted in Indonesia with a special reference to the Salafi radio highly popular in Batam of Riau, Hang Radio. It analyzes two main issues, first on the growth of religious thinking in Indonesian Islam and its relationship with media propaganda, and second on the Salafi struggle for Islamic identity by means of broadcasting through radio. It argues that through the radio the Salafists implement their ideology as part of their socio-religious identity in a public sphere. Through a hermeneutical-phenomology analaysis, this article finds thatthe Salafism struggle of Islamic identity by means of radio is fragmented rather than cohesive and solid. Moreover, this struggle is not immune to capitalism. Above all, this struggle is also influenced by transnational and local elements.
  • Millennial students’ perception on the integration of Islam and science in Islamic universities

    Suciati, Rizkia; Susilo, Herawati; Gofur, Abdul; Lestari, Umie; Rohman, Izza (IAIN Salatiga, 2022-06-04)
    This study describes students' perception of the concept of the integration of Islam and science. The integration of religious knowledge into science learning means the elimination of the paradigm of separating science and religion. This is important because many students do not understand how to connect the scientific theories studied to their own religious beliefs. This research surveys 175 students from 4 Islamic universities in Indonesia. The respondents filled an online questionnaire containing 8 two-tiered questions based on 7 conceptual understanding indicators of the integration of Islam and science. The indicators measure students’ understanding of: (1) Science; (2) The relationship between science and religion (Islam); (3) The effect of science on religion; (4) The influence of Islamic insights on science learning; (5) The role of religion in the development/advancement of science; (6) The conflict between science and religion; (7) The differences in scientific concepts developed by Muslim and non-Muslim scientists. The result shows that the students’ perception on the relationship between Islam and science can be categorized as the perception of integration. They argue that religion has a role in the development of science, and science has a role in supporting the sustainability of life. The students also conceive that a lecturer's Islamic insight can have an influence on the learning process, especially in Biology course.
  • Islamic orthodoxy-based character education: creating moderate Muslim in a modern pesantren in Indonesia

    Pondok Pesantren Modern Islam Assalaam Pabelan, Kartasura, Sukoharjo, Jawa Tengah; Mujahid, Imam (IAIN Salatiga, 2021-12-08)
    Pesantren (Islamic boarding school) has been contributing to build moderate character for Muslims in Indonesia towards globalization. However, amid peaceful Islam disseminated in the country, nowadays, radical Muslim movement challenges this character. This study aims to describe the construction of turats (traditional Muslim virtues), which has been taught in pesantren as an orthodox teachings legacy, to create young Muslim with moderate attitude through character education. It will also highlight about how and why character education with Islamic orthodoxy content is necessary to be inculcated in pesantren to produce moderate Muslim. Qualitative research was employed in this study, with a case study approach. In doing so, data collection was carried out through interviews, observation, and documents analysis techniques. The results demonstrated that the moderate character building based on the modernization of turats is derived from the renowned dogma of the ushul fiqh (traditional Islamic Jurisprudence); al muhafadhatu 'ala al-qadim as-sholih wal akhdu bi al-jadid al-ashlah (maintaining good tradition and employing the new-better one). It also revealed that within 24 hours pesantren learning activities, this jargon is disseminated to the students through the concept of Islamic guidance. In this concept, moderate character values infused to the student’s activities are rooted to the Qur'an (Muslim holy book) and Hadits (Prophet’s wisdom) as the religious foundation, the founding fathers’ vision (historical foundation), the pesantren mission (institutional foundation), and the contextual experience (empirical foundation) as well as the dynamic challenges of the globalization. The entire character education process paves a pivotal way to the moderate Muslim generation creation.
  • Hybrid perspectives: Muslim and secular discourses in French politics

    Firmonasari, Aprillia; Udasmoro, Wening; Salzano, Roberta (IAIN Salatiga, 2021-12-08)
    Increased immigration, especially from Muslim-majority countries, has been broadly debated in French socio-political life. Frictions have been common between two groups: Muslims and non-Muslims who identify themselves as ‘defenders of secularism.’ At the same time, however, hybrid strategies have emerged in which Muslims and non-Muslims have sought to culturally and socially adapt themselves. Through a review of online French media published between 2017 and 2020, as understood using social constructivism, this study explores the groups’ construction of hybrid identities. Discourses were analyzed to identify their ideological schemes, utterances, references, and arguments, with linguistic analysis facilitated by NVIVO software. Analysis shows that the hybrid discourses of non-Muslim ‘defenders of secularism’ have been more prominent than those of Muslims. Furthermore, the narrative tendencies of these hybrid discourses indicate that non-Muslim groups have sought to promote diversity in religious practices in France, while Muslim groups have sought to integrate themselves into broader French society.
  • Islam and Iran’s post-revolution war on drugs: a Durkheimian analysis

    farhadi alashti, Zahra; Javan Jafari Bojnordi, Abdolreza (IAIN Salatiga, 2021-12-08)
    Despite widespread criticism of the failure to achieve the predetermined penal and criminological goals of Iran’s post-revolution war on drugs, the harsh penal practices remain in practice until today. By applying Durkheim’s attitude in his last major work, the elementary forms of religious life, the purpose of this paper is to analyze the rationale for the Iranian war on drugs from the perspective of religion and not penal code or criminology. This article draws on qualitative analysis, and data were collected through analysis of legal documents, literature discussing the war on drugs, news reports, and past journals. The findings of this article reveal that the war on drugs originates from an understanding that attributes evilness to such criminals to prevent the disintegration of Islamic society. This approach blurs the line between “preserving Islam” and the “Islamic society,” and the repressive policies are consecrated to avoid social disintegration. Our study confirms Durkheim’s attitude in which sacredness is highly contagious. Following the sanctity of preserving Islamic society from the profanity of drug crimes, the application of specialized mechanisms for fighting drugs, such as anticipating specialized criminal courts for violation of sacred values, setting special legislative authorities for the crime, and meting out harsh punishments, have all become plausible. Accordingly, all these practices would be treated as sacred because they are associated with fighting the “profane” phenomenon of drugs. 
  • Values of tepo seliro in Bakri Syahid’s Tafsir al-Huda and Bisri Mustofa’s Tafsir al-Ibriz

    Mubasirun, Mubasirun (IAIN Salatiga, 2021-12-08)
    Tafsir al-Huda  and Tafsir al-Ibriz are religious narratives containing Javanese cultural values that aspire to live in peace and harmony. One of the means for achieving such aspiration is Tepo Seliro, which embodies values of tolerance, mutual respect, accepting differences, not blaming others, and not imposing one’s will on others. The current study aims to reveal the Javanese cultural values of Tepo Seliro in Tafsir al-Huda and al-Ibriz. The method of analysis used in the present research was content analysis with Gadamer’s hermeneutic approach, which is of the view that the reading and understanding of a text are essentially a dialog between the text, the author, and the world of the readers. The study results indicate that the lofty values inherent within the culture of Tepo Seliro are found in the al-Huda and al-Ibriz Quranic exegeses. Tafsir al-Huda tends to be more contextual in its elaborations of Tepo Seliro values, while Bisri Mustofa in Tafsir al-Ibriz frequently used terminologies that are less precise to indicate their true meanings.
  • Contribution of education, employment, and ethnicity level to the integration of Islam and Christian religions in Central Lampung regency

    Sudarman, Sudarman (IAIN Salatiga, 2021-12-08)
    This study explores data on the contribution of level of education, employment, and ethnicity to the integration of Muslims and Christians in Central Lampung, by looking at the sociological dynamics of integration between adherents of Islam and those of Christianity. The group integration is divided into two—majorityminority and balanced group—based on religious adherence. Data were collected using observation, interviews, and questionnaires consisting of favorable and unfavorable. The data collected were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. Quantitative analysis was carried out using one-way analysis of variance, while qualitative analysis was adopted logical thinking, including induction, deduction, analogy, and comparison. The results of the study show that there are differences in integration between groups of people with a composition of minority-majority and balanced religious adherents that the majority-minority community group has a higher quality of integration than the balanced group. The education variable shows that the level of education has a positive correlation with the level of integration; the higher the education, the higher the quality of integration. The job variable does not have a significant effect, but the overall average value is above the hypothetical average value. Ethnic variables show variations in the quality of integration; Batak and Javanese ethnicities have high integration quality; Palembang ethnicity is moderate and Lampung ethnic has low integration quality. The integration of Muslims and Christians in Central Lampung is formed by group awareness, complementary subsystems and the presence of institutions, which become catalysts so that mechanical solidarity is formed. Differences between them are recognized but not given important meaning in the relationship between them.
  • The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on divorce rates among Indonesian Muslim societies

    Rais, Isnawati (IAIN Salatiga, 2021-12-08)
    This study aims to look at the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on divorce rates in Indonesia. Few months after the outbreak, the media reported the increasing rate of divorce. Some authorities and researchers have taken this information for granted; therefore, their responses can be misleading. This socio-legal study confronts the media reports with the statistical data on divorce case numbers received by the Religious (Islamic) Courts and the Religious Courts judges’ explanation about the issue. This study finds out that the one-year period (2020) of the COVID-19 pandemic has not influenced the rates of divorce cases submitted to the court. Social mobility restrictions and the inadequate use of the E-Court facility to enhance courts’ performance are among the causes of the crowding of divorce applicants. This implies that the current COVID-19 pandemic has little impact on divorce dynamics despite its significant influence on households’ economic instability and the increasing of domestic violence cases. With a more careful response to the media report, the authorities will be able to address the real issues faced by many households and the judiciary.
  • The understanding of Islamic Moderation (wasatiyyah al-Islam) and the hadiths on inter-religious relations in the Javanese pesantrens

    helmy, Muhammad Irfan; Jumadil Kubro, Ahmad Darojat; Ali, Muhamad (IAIN Salatiga, 2021-12-08)
    The Wasatiyyah of Islam has been described as the value of moderation in Islam, emphasizing justice, balance, and tolerance. The Quran and al-Hadith contain these values, but they are often misunderstood and misapplied. The pesantren or Islamic boarding school, is an educational institution close to the community and it plays a key role in instilling the moderate values of Islam. This article aims at discussing the moderation of Islam in relation to other religions and religious communities as taught through the hadith and as understood among the teachers and students of three pesantrens in central Java. It investigates the teachers’ and students’ views of Islam as a religion among other religions, and their attitudes as the pesantren community toward other religious believers. It combines  textual research employing a mukhtalif al-hadiṡ approach and living or lived hadith research. It argues that the hadiths on inter-religious relationship are understood as a necessity to be just towards faith, which means that one should believe that his own faith is correct but should keep tolerant towards other faiths. This means giving others the right to choose and implement their own faiths, behaving in a balanced way, and conducting healthy competition in various fields, especially the proselytization or dawah. With this textual understanding, the students have generally been quite well informed about the values of Islamic moderation and they seek to apply it in their religious and social life. The students have learned about the hadiths on interreligious relations and the moderate values primarily from their teachers although they have read directly from books and sometimes from social media. Wasatiyyah Islam digambarkan sebagai nilai moderasi dalam Islam, menekankan keadilan, keseimbangan, dan toleransi. Al-Qur'an dan al-Hadis mengandung nilai-nilai ini, tetapi  sering disalahpahami dan diterapkan secara salah. Pesantren merupakan lembaga pendidikan yang dekat dengan masyarakat dan berperan penting dalam menanamkan nilai-nilai moderat Islam. Artikel ini bertujuan membahas moderasi Islam dalam kaitannya dengan agama dan umat beragama lain sebagaimana diajarkan melalui hadis dan sebagaimana dipahami para guru dan santri di tiga pesantren di Jawa Tengah. Artikel ini menyelidiki pandangan siswa tentang Islam sebagai agama di antara agama-agama lain, dan sikap mereka sebagai komunitas pesantren terhadap pemeluk agama lain. Ini menggabungkan penelitian tekstual yang menggunakan pendekatan mukhtalif al-hadiṡ dan penelitian hadits hidup (living or lived hadith). Artikel ini berargumen bahwa hadis-hadis tentang hubungan antarumat beragama dipahami sebagai keharusan untuk bersikap adil terhadap keimanan, yang berarti bahwa seseorang harus percaya bahwa imannya sendiri benar tetapi harus tetap toleran terhadap agama lain. Ini artinya memberikan hak kepada orang lain untuk memilih dan menjalankan keyakinannya sendiri, berperilaku seimbang, dan melakukan persaingan yang sehat di berbagai bidang, terutama dakwah. Dengan pemahaman tekstual ini, para santri secara umum telah terinformasi dengan baik tentang nilai-nilai moderasi Islam dan mereka terus menerapkannya dalam kehidupan keagamaan dan sosial mereka. Para siswa telah belajar tentang hadits tentang hubungan antaragama dan nilai-nilai moderat terutama dari guru mereka meskipun mereka telah membaca langsung dari buku dan kadang-kadang dari media sosial. 
  • Keeping the middle path: mainstreaming religious moderation through Islamic higher education institutions in Indonesia

    Nasir, Muhammad; Rijal, Muhammad Khairul (IAIN Salatiga, 2021-12-08)
    The Ministry of Religious Affairs of Indonesia continues to voice religious moderation to mainstream a peaceful Islamic discourse. This article aimed at looking at religious moderation values from several Islamic higher education institutions in Indonesia. The focus of article aims to find a pattern of the implementation of moderation in Islam in Islamic universities. This article discusses to what extent Islamic higher education institutions internalize religious moderation values to students. By conducting qualitative research, this article explores 3 Islamic higher education institutions in Indonesia: Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Universitas Darussalam Gontor Ponorogo, and Ma’had Aly As'adiyah. The result shows that higher education institutions play a critical role in inculcating religious moderation values through pesantren institutions. The Pesantren universities have a role in transmitting moderate Islamic values through their curriculum and various religious activities. This research reveals that religious moderation is implicated in these 3 Islamic universities. The curriculum is eclectic and reflects moderation values, such as national commitment, tolerance, non-violence, and local culture accommodation. This study concludes that the three pesantrenuniversities in Indonesia have a distinctive pattern of emphasizing moderation in the three areas: theoretical, practical, and ideological aspect. 
  • A suggestion that Europe is the Muslim Domain: a study from historical and contemporary perspectives

    Awaluddin, Muhammad Aiman; Maznorbalia, Anisa Safiah (IAIN Salatiga, 2019-05-24)
    In the past century saw that Europe associates themselves as a Christian domain until now. The proclamation of Edict of Thessalonica in 380 AD made Nicene Christianity as the state in The Roman Empire and saw a transition from paganism to a Christian domain of Christendom. Since its inception, several edicts have been enacted and several peace treaties have been broken to diminish an idea of multiculturalism within their faith land. The establishment of Muslim rules in the Iberian Peninsula has changed the dominion of Christian. Muslims in Spain introduced convivencia, which saw that Abrahamic religions, Islam, Judaism, and Christianity co-exist together, removing racial, cultural, and religious barriers to embrace each other that nurture spirit of inclusion. The Golden Age of Muslim Civilization gives a piece of evidence that Cordova has become a center of Europe, perhaps the world for scientific knowledge advancement. Subsequently, it contributes to the Renaissance Age in Europe. Additionally, the fall of Constantinople in 1453 under Ottomans reshaping the geography of Europe and permanently marked the term of European Islam. Through tedious analysis of media, reports, and past journals, this article adopted critical analysis in understanding the complexity of the history of Europe, at the same time positioning Islam as part of European culture. The contribution of Islam in Europe seems negligible and less attention has been given. Past researchers tend to overlook and belittle impacts of Islam in the European continent, thus diminish any legitimacy of Islam in Europe. Critical analysis methodology assists the researcher to understand the main issues, review past and present evidence from reliable sources to establish concrete arguments in providing critical evaluation on the issues. It is also a form of the method involving the investigated topics more deeply, by going beneath the surface of reality to explore the truth of a particular issue. The article established its arguments through a historical analysis in Europe starting from ancient time to present situation to give a clear analogy and legitimacy on the presence of Islam in Europe. The finding shows that Islam indeed a part of Europe since the establishment of Umayyad Caliphate and the presence of Islam in Sicily. Moreover, contemporarily, the rising of Muslims, issues of atheism, and secularism prove that Europe is no longer the center of Christianity but already becomes a multicultural society. Pada abad lalu, Eropa mengasosiasikan diri mereka sebagai sebuah domain Kristen sampai sekarang. Maklumat Edict of Thessalonica pada 380 AD menjadikan Kekristenan Nicene sebagai negara di dalam Imperium Romawi dan melihat peralihan dari paganisme kepada suatu domain Kristen atau Kekristenan. Sejak didirikan, beberapa dekrit telah diberlakukan dan beberapa perjanjian damai telah dipatahkan untuk mengurangi gagasan multikulturalisme di dalam tanah kepercayaan mereka. Pendirian aturan Muslim di Semenanjung Iberia telah mengubah kekuasaan Kristen. Muslim di Spanyol memperkenalkan convivencia, yang melihat bahwa agama Abrahamik, Islam, Yudaisme dan Kristen hidup berdampingan bersama-sama, menghilangkan hambatan rasial,budaya dan agama untuk merangkul satu sama lain yang memupuk semangat inklusi. Zaman keemasan peradaban Muslim membuktikan bahwa Cordova telah menjadi pusat Eropa dan mungkin dunia untuk kemajuan pengetahuan ilmiah. Selanjutnya, berkontribusi untuk Renaissance Age di Eropa. Selain itu,jatuhnya Konstantinopel pada tahun 1453 di bawah Ottomans membentuk kembali geografi Eropa dan secara permanen menandai istilah Islam Eropa. Melalui analisa yang membosankan tentang media, laporan dan jurnal masa lalu, artikel ini mengadopsi analisa kritis dalam memahami kompleksitas sejarah Eropa, pada saat yang sama memposisikan Islam sebagai bagian dari budaya Eropa. Kontribusi Islam di Eropa tampaknya diabaikan dan kurang mendapatkan perhatian. Peneliti masa lalu cenderung mengabaikan dan meremehkan dampak Islam di benua Eropa, sehingga mengurangi legitimasi Islam di Eropa. Metodologi analisis kritis membantu peneliti untuk memahami isu utama, meninjau bukti-bukti masa lalu dan sekarang dari sumber terpercaya untuk membangun argumen konkret dalam memberikan evaluasi kritis pada masalah yang dibahas. Ini juga merupakan bentuk metode yang melibatkan penyelidikan topik lebih dalam, dengan menjangkau bagian bawah dari permukaan realitas untuk mengeksplorasi kebenaran dari masalah tertentu. Artikel itu menetapkan argumen melalui analisis sejarah di Eropa mulai dari zaman kuno untuk menyajikan situasi dan memberikan analogi yang jelas dan legitimasi di hadapan Islam di Eropa. Temuan ini menunjukkan bahwa Islam memang bagian dari Eropa sejak berdirinya kekhalifahan Umayyah dan kehadiran Islam di Sisilia. Selain itu, bersamaan dengan meningkatnya umat Islam, isu ateisme dan sekularisme merupakan bukti bahwa Eropa tidak lagi menjadi pusat Kekristenan tetapi sudah menjadi masyarakat multikulturalisme.
  • Moderate Islam and the Social Construction of Multi-Ethnic Communities in the hinterland of West Kalimantan

    Prasojo, Zaenuddin Hudi; Elmansyah, Elmansyah; Haji Masri, Muhammed Sahrin (IAIN Salatiga, 2019-12-25)
    This article discusses the social construction of culture and inter-ethnic relations within the daily lives of the people of West Kalimantan. Religion and ethnicity have played central roles in the identity dynamics of its multi-ethnic communities; they have also contributed to communal conflicts, with religious and cultural sentiments common throughout the region. Islam has become an important religion in West Kalimantan, as it is practiced by more than half of the province's population. This article explores the local potential of communities and the opportunity to promote better Islamic development in the region's hinterland after the collapse of the Islamic sultanates that had introduced Islam into this region. Data were obtained from ten different locations in Mempawah, Landak, and Sanggau Regencies, all of which are considered part of West Kalimantan's hinterland and are relatively homogenous in their demographics, religions, and customs. Over two years of research, we noted important local potentials and wisdoms in the region, finding that these complemented Islam within local communities' everyday lives. These local potentials and wisdoms included beliefsthat serving food strengthens brotherhood, friendliness is a key to success, lineage is a gift that should be appreciated, and serving guests brings happiness, as well as an ethos that promotes hard work and good manners. Artikel ini didasarkan pada hasil penelitian yang mendalam tentang konstruksi sosial yang meliputi persoalan budaya dan hubungan antar etnis yang menjadi isu penting pada masyarakat Kalimantan Barat. Agama dan etnisitas memiliki peran sentral dalam dinamika identitas kehidupan masyarakat yang multi-etnis ini, sehingga konflik yang didorong oleh sentimen agama dan budaya pun terjadi berulang kali di wilayah ini. Islam yang berkembang di Kalimantan Barat menjadi salah satu agama yang memiliki peran sentral, karena dipeluk oleh lebih dari separuh masyarakat Kalimantan Barat. Artikel ini mendiskusikan tentang bagaimana potensi lokal yang dimiliki oleh masyarakat dan peluang Islam untuk berkembang lebih baik dalam konteks bahwa Islam berkembang di wilayah pedalaman pasca runtuhnya beberapa kesultanan Islam yang berhasil membawa Islam ke pedalaman Kalimantan Barat. Potensi lokal tersebut terungkap dari berbagai kearifan lokal yang dimiliki oleh masyarakat yang ditemukan dalam penelitian selama kurun waktu dua tahun. Data diperoleh dari sepuluh titik lokasi yang berbeda di wilayah Kabupaten Mempawah, Kabupaten Landak, dan Kabupaten Sanggau yang dianggap sebagai pedalaman Kalimantan Barat. Daerah – daerah tersebut adalah wilayah pedesaan yang memiliki homogenitas penduduk, baik dari segi suku, agama, dan adat istiadat. Beberapa bentuk potensi lokal yang bersambut dengan Islam dari kalangan masyarakat lokal meliputi kepercayaan terhadap kulinari yang dapat mempererat persaudaraan, tradisi warisan budaya untuk persahabatan dengan alam sebagai kunci kesuksesan, keturunan sebagai anugerah yang tidak boleh ditolak, memuliakan tamu sebagai kunci kebahagiaan, bekerja keras, dan tata karma yang tinggi. 
  • The rejection of religious nationalism towards the secular state and the Islamic caliphate: Indonesian religious figures perspective

    Imam Sutomo, and Budihardjo; State Institute of Islamic Studies Salatiga; Sutomo, Imam; Budihardjo, Budihardjo (IAIN Salatiga, 2021-06-21)
    Religious nationalism is interpreted differently in its application in various countries. The purpose of this study is to explore the development of the meaning of religious nationalism values according to religious figures in Indonesia. The research method used to analyze social phenomena is a qualitative approach, using direct interviews and observations as the main data collection instruments. The essential results of this study are the values of religious nationalism must be preserved as a binder of social harmony since the formation of the Indonesian state. Religious figures view that the values of religious nationalism in Indonesia reject the secular state and the idea of an Islamic state (caliphate). The critical implication of this research is that religious figures promote the implementation of universal religious values in the public sphere and urge freedom of expression of religious activities democratically without discrimination for adherents of all religions.
  • Critique of radical religious paradigm: an epistemological analysis from principles of Islamic thought

    Rohayana, Ade Dedi; Sofi, Muhammad Jauhari (IAIN Salatiga, 2021-06-21)
    As one important factor enabling Islamophobia, radicalism has been a global issue endangering personal safety and public security. It is strongly associated with incorrect understanding of religious doctrines. This paper aims to present a critique of religious paradigm promoted by the radical groups from principles of Islamic thought (usul fiqh) perspective. Using epistemological analysis to uncover the nature of their religious understanding and its justification, this study argues that radical religious paradigm is characterized with monolithic, textual, and rigid interpretation of the sacred texts. According to the radical groups, the sources of Islamic laws or teachings are restricted to only the Quran and the hadith, leaving no space for alternative interpretations. They do not give a place for ra’yu (reason) in determining the laws or teachings. In the other hands, usul fiqh maintains that the sources of the Islamic laws or teachings are not restricted to only the two said sources; it also gives a place for ra’yu (reason). From usul fiqh perspective, the sources can also be found in the form of isyarah (signalling) and ruh (spirit) of the Quran and the hadith. In this sense, usul fiqh refuses the literal interpretation proposed by the radical groups since not all of the texts in the Quran and the hadith can be understood literally.

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