Narratives as instrumental research and as attempts of fixing meaning. The uses and misuses of the concept of “narratives”
explicit and implicit narratives
post-structuralism and deconstruction
Geography. Anthropology. Recreation
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AbstractNarratives are the most important means of fixing the meaning of events and of the social and cultural construction of reality. This is the main assertion of this text, together with a detailed explanation of what is to be understood by narratives and narrative research. A particular topic of the paper is what is meant when the concept of narrative is used in the social sciences, for not everyone seems to be talking about the same thing. The misuses of the term borrowed from the common language often pervade scientific speech when dealing with the concept of narratives. Narrative research has gained a lot of ground in the humanities in the past two decades; this paper shows the directions and patterns of this development and how the new branch – enabled by poststructuralist thought – can be put into the older frame of anthropological research. The truth that every truth is socially constructed is taken as granted by the new approach to narratives and this problematic is left behind in order to focus on the how of the construction of meaning. As already stated above, it is my hypothesis that narratives (not to be confused with narrative research in this respect) are one of the most important means of constructing and fixing meaning. Working with narratives can be confusing in a number of ways detailed in the paper, but also clarifying in the respect that it explores more and assumes less than the more traditional approaches of social sciences.
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The Narrative Imperative: Stories in Medicine, Illness and Bioethics Reviews of DOCTORS' STORIES: THE NARRATIVE STRUCTURE of MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE, by Kathryn Montgomery Hunter; the WOUNDED STORYTELLER: BODY, ILLNESS, and ETHICS, by Arthur W. Frank; STORIES and THEIR LIMITS: NARRATIVE APPROACHES to BIOETHICS, Edited by Hilde Lindemann NelsonTanner, David E. (2016-01-08)
Characteristics of narrative interventions and health effects: a review of the content, form, and context of narratives in health-related narrative persuasion researchGraaf, Anneke de; Sanders, José; Hoeken, Hans (ESP, 2016-02-09)In recent years, many studies have been conducted on persuasive effects of narratives in a health context. A striking feature of this research area is the diversity of the narratives that are used in the various studies. Narratives that convey a health message differ widely on a large number of dimensions related to the content, form and context. We expect that these characteristics are potential explanatory factors in the effectiveness of the narratives. To provide an overview of the different characteristics of narratives in health effects research and of the persuasive effects that were found, we review 153 experimental studies on health-related narrative persuasion with a focus on the narrative stimuli. The results show that: a) with regard to the content, showing the healthy behavior in a narrative (as opposed to the unhealthy behavior with negative consequences) may be associated with effects on intention. Narratives that contain high emotional content are more often shown to have effects. b) With regard to the form, for print narratives, a first-person perspective is a promising characteristic in light of effectiveness. c) With regard to the context, an overtly persuasive presentation format does not seem to inhibit narrative persuasion. And d) other characteristics, like character similarity or the presentation medium of the narrative, do not seem to be promising characteristics for producing health effects. In addition, fruitful areas for further research can be found in the familiarity of the setting and the way a health message is embedded in the narrative. Because of the diversity of narrative characteristics and effects that were found, continued research effort is warranted on which characteristics lead to effects. The present review provides an overview of the evidence for persuasive narrative characteristics so far.
[A second treatise on church-government : in three parts: being, I. A continuation of the Narrative of the late troubles and transactions in the church in Bolton: with some remarks on Mr. Goss's narrative. II. A reply to Mr. Adam's answer to my former treatise: in which is shewn the absurdity of his notion that councils are more likely to do justice than the people; as also of the notion that judgment and advice both mean the same thing; as also of his notion of the Negative power. III. Shewing from the word of God the sole right people have to call and dismiss their officers. And shewing, that for ministers to be moderators of church-meetings and negativers, is absurd and incompatible. With an appendix, being some remarks on a pamphlet said to be offered to the churches by the Convention of ministers. To which is added, --The testimonies of many persons in Bolton, to certain facts in answer or contradiction to Mr. Goss's NarrativeChaplin, Ebenezer, 1733-1822 (Boston : [Printed by John Boyle, in Marlborough Street], 1773.Princeton Theological Seminary Library, 1773)