SOME FEATURES OF PLANNING OF UNIVERSAL EDUCATIONAL ACTIONS OF SCHOOLCHILDREN IN PRIMARY EDUCATION
Author(s)Chigapova Natalia Viacheslavovna
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AbstractA modern progress of Russian primary education trend is oriented to educating of students to ability to study. Educational activity of modern junior schoolboy is the activity sent to the capture by the generalized methods of actions in the field of scientific concepts, id est actions, having wide to possibility on a transfer not only on other objects but also on any types of activity. Universal educational actions as an action studying in the process of educating, that spread to all educational objects, formed in the process of structural, positive co-operation between a teacher and student. On the basis of approach of the systems in obedience to the theory of the stage-by-stage forming of mental actions and concepts the actions understood as methods of decision of certain class of tasks must become in the modern theory of educating the article of forming. It requires to distinguish and build the system of terms from three subsystems, in each of that envisaged implementation consistently at first terms, providing a construction and correct implementation the student of new method of action, after terms, providing forming of the desired properties of method of action and, finally, terms of sure and valuable transfer, from an external subject form in a mental plan. Universal educational actions, as cognitive actions must include not only general educational actions but also logical universal educational actions: comparison, identification, analysis, synthesis, seriation, classification, generalization, proof, tricking into under a concept, establishment of analogies. Then universal educational actions in wide sense will provide development at students to the capacity for self to development and self-perfection, and in narrow will allow to develop flairs to the independent mastering of new knowledge and abilities.