Indonesian Journal of Theology is designed to foster exchange of ideas and academic research results, across faith traditions, for Indonesian theologians. The journal seeks to build a dialogical community of theological scholars of various denominations, and religious traditions, to learn from each other and work together for the sake of the availability of widely accessible current theological discourse. As an inter-denominational-based scientific journal, the journal receives papers from the theological disciplines, as well as related interdisciplinary studies, including among others, bible studies, systematic theology, history, pastoral training, liturgy, spirituality, religious studies, politics, gender, ecumenism and philosophy.


The library contains articles of Indonesian Journal of Theology as of vol. 1(2013) to current.

Recent Submissions

  • IMAGO DEI: Sebuah Upaya Membaca Alkitab Sebagai Perempuan Indonesia Dalam Konteks Perdagangan Orang di Nusa Tenggara Timur

    Mangililo, Ira D. (UKSW Salatiga, 2017)
    This paper examines the close connection between the domain of biblical interpretation and the communal sphere, which is comprised of living data that serves as starting point for scriptural interpretation. The yield of such interpretations serves as an important contribution for a church seeking proactively to address and resolve various urgent concerns in the current context. This essay considers one such crisis needing to be addressed: the issue of human trafficking in East Nusa Tenggara, with specific regard to how female victims of human trafficking have been torn apart by the variegated forms of oppression they have undergone. By looking to Genesis 1:26-27, with its emphasis on the concept of imago Dei, this paper demonstrates just how useful is a postcolonial approach to reading scripture, namely in the case of female victims who are reconsidering the manner in which they regard and understand themselves; no less than are men, women too are created in the image of God and, therefore, have in the sight of Godan equality and parity of status with men. Equality and parity become a strong foundation upon which to resist every effort to debase the dignity and value of women. Furthermore, this article highlights the role of the community, namely as an agential collective set to oppose any attempt to rob fellow human beings of their claim, namely as living persons created according to God’s image.
  • Perkembangan tafsir perjanjian lama dan pembacaan kitab ayub bersama dengan orangorang yang hidup dengan HIV/AIDS

    Margianto, Aris (UKSW Salatiga, 2017)
    Throughout the long historical development of biblical hermeneutics—in phases from the implicit-practical to the theoreticalreflective— consideration for the meaning of a text is determined by what is 'behind', 'inside', or 'in front of' it. Among the hermeneutical perspectives available in today's postmodern era, biblical interpretive methods can be catregorized according to whether they refer to (1) the author and his world, (2) the text and its world, (3) the reader and his/her/their world, or (4) the thing and its world. Over the past few decades, approaches oriented toward the reader have gained in influence. Of profound interest is the book of Job and its reading by those who live with HIV/AIDS. The book of Job, in its presentation of the suffering person as central figure, raises a paradox that brings readers to laughter. The book of Job is, therefore, a consoling read.

    Baker, Ailsa (UKSW Salatiga, 2017)
    Missional hermeneutics is the interpretation of Scripture as it relates to the missionary task of the church. Four elements comprise a missional hermeneutics: 1) the missional trajectory of the biblical story being the foremost element, which also underlies the other three, 2) a narrative throughout Scripture centered on Christ and intended to equip the people of God for their missional task, 3) the missional context of the reader, in which attention moves from the task of equipping to the community being equipped, a community that is active, and 4) a missional engagement with culture and the implications thereof. Through the life of God’s people an alternative is offered, together with an invitation to come and join. Because the separation of theology from the mission of the church has distorted theology, all theology needs to be reformulated from the perspective of missio Dei and from the realization that the church is a sent community, missional in its very being. A missional hermeneutics bears implications upon the congregation, worship, preaching, discipleship, education, ministerial training,and the missionary task in multicultural contexts.

    Sriulina, Indah (UKSW Salatiga, 2016)
    Hidden trauma within the survivors of an erupting Mount Sinabung has made it difficult for survivors to think objectively about the future—a limitation that has "contaminated" them, with regard to the past. Concerning this disaster, ongoing from 2010 until now, the urgency for physical relocation is clear. Nevertheless, this remains an unheeded warning. To address this issue, the author articulates here a method of pastoral care with intent to effect physical relocation. Rather than rushing ahead to the end result, the author instead forwards an alternative approach, namely, the relocation of memory. Relocation of memory describes a method of pastoral care that assists in recognizing the danger to come, if survivors remain unwilling to undergo physical relocation. Relocation of memory thus helps survivors to realize that life moves on, even with certain trauma.
  • KARL BARTH DAN KARL MARX:Catatan Investigasi Awal

    Sihombing, Daniel (UKSW Salatiga, 2017)
    This article is a preliminary attempt to understand the theology of Karl Barth in its relation to the ideas of Karl Marx. Barth mentions the name of Marx many times throughout his own writings and gives some theological responses to Marx’ thoughts, in modes both appreciative and critical. Barth even once claimed that theology properly worked out would result in a promise for liberation preferable to that of Marx. In this initial phase of research, the present article surveys the mentions of Marx throughout Barth’s works. The author considers each mention in context, before sketching in general and then identifying in specific certain themes resulting from this preliminary investigation, to be explored in further research.
  • A MUSLIM READING OF THE HAUSTAFELN OF EPHESIANS 5:21-33IN DIALOGUE WITH QURAN 4:34: Does the Text Support a Hierarchical Relation between Husbands and Wives?

    Fina, Lien Iffah Naf’atu (UKSW Salatiga, 2017)
    The essay questions whether Ephesians 5:21-33 supports that a hierarchical relation between husbands and wives as an ideal and universal principle. To answer the question, as a Muslim, I share my reading of this passage in dialogue with a similar Qur’anic passage, Q. 4:34. I learn that the two texts have undergone similar historysince its emergence until today. Through a contextual reading, I view that even though Ephesians 5:21-33, as well as Q. 4:34,adoptedthe household concept accepted in the area, which was patriarchal, the author instilled a new higher equal relationship between husbands and wives. In short, this text proposes “an intended transformation” or an “imaginative vision.” Offering a new reading of gender related texts is a shared struggle in both traditions. It is an important endeavor to make the scriptures speak for today’s world as a powerful basis for social transformation.

    Ranboki, Buce A. (UKSW Salatiga, 2017)
    As a Catholic theologian at the vanguard of liberation theology, Leonardo Boff wrote much about the poor and of the destruction of nature. Boff constructed his theology on the basis of Vatican II’s (1962-1965) spirit of aggiornamento. Eventually, and with much controversy, Boff opted to leave the Franciscan order, having oft criticized the doctrines and social teachings of the Catholic Church deemed “lukewarm” toward structural poverty and Latin American socio-economic life that had been impacted by the actions of junta militarism; as well, he criticized both the hierarchical spirit of the Roman Catholic Church and the doctrine of papal infallibility. Since the election of Jorge Mario Bergoglio (Pope Francis), who has dedicated his life and theology to address the destruction of nature and the cries of the poor, the spirit of Boff's theology seems again to be on the rise. My conviction is that the theological content of Laudato si’ displays something of a Boffian character, the import of which propels the present study. By way of comparative method, I show that there are similarities in the theologies of both theologians. This essay begins with an exploration of Boff's theology, continuing with an exploration of the text of the encyclical Laudato si’, followedby the bringing together of these texts comparatively. By the end of this paper, a critique concerning the concept of sustaining development will be put forth.
  • YANG TERLUPAKAN, YANG BERKARYA:Tinjauan atas Peran Perempuan Jawa dalam Tradisi Rewanguntuk Memahami Ulang Makna sebuah Karya

    Budiono, Lukas Eko (UKSW Salatiga, 2017)
    The tradition of rewangin Javanese society denotes the preparation and production of meals, a custom performed primarily by women. As a cultural value, rewang reflects an ideal standard for the role of women. In this essay, an assessment of the role of women is deployed to explore the meaning of work and, at the same time, to surface an understanding of hospitality that is based on the tradition of rewang, in order to demonstrate social meaning and values from the rewang tradition. Within this tradition, the meaning of work begins necessarily with remembering just how important is each person’s role. For members of the Javanese community, participation according to the rewang tradition shows the importance of strengthening blood-relationship with others (termed silaturahmi in Bahasa Indonesia). It is this blood-relation that serves as core value within the rewang tradition, such that rewang becomes a model for being community within the social context of Indonesia. By employing a perspective of rewang, this essay thus attempts to demonstrate how hospitality can serve as basis for the identity of presence concerning the Javanese community.
  • MENJEMBATANI TEKS DAN KONTEKS: Membangun Teologi Perjanjian Lama Kontekstual di Indonesia

    Setiawidi, Agustinus (UKSW Salatiga, 2017)
    Although efforts to construct Old Testament theology in Indonesia started in the 1970s, as attested in the number of theses and dissertations written by Indonesian scholars, the shape of contextual biblical theology itself remains dominated by a one-way model. The Bible is taken to be source, inspiration, evaluator, or teacher, while readers merely listen, imitate, and adhere to it. Yet readers today, who come from dynamically variegated contexts, are inevitably required to bridge-build between biblical texts and their own respective contexts. In view of this, dialogue in its broadest sense becomes the key to constructing a biblical theology overall, including OT theology. This paper challenges biblical theologians to find available approaches and, deploying them properly, to construct contextual Old Testament theology in Indonesia.
  • MANUSIA PERTAMA ITU NAMANYA INA : Membaca Narasi Mitos Penciptaan dari Perspektif Perempuan Maluku

    Tiwery, Weldemina Yudit (UKSW Salatiga, 2017)
    This article elucidates the concept of creation, which is examined through the narrative of the creation of the Moluccas and the first Moluccans. As with Hebrew, Babylonian or Greek mythological tradition, the Moluccans also maintain a historical narration of the creation myth. This myth within the Moluccan tradition begs to be interpreted. The Moluccas (Nusaina) are considered by Moluccans to be a home shared as fellow brothers (and sisters), emerging from one womb of Ina(mother) who inhabits the realm of Nusaina. This creation narrative focuses on the role of Ina or mother as the central figure. Ina is she who is pregnant, breastfeeding, nurturing and raising. Beyond myth, this narrative also contains theological value, which needs to be constructed to offer theological meaning for the people of the Moluccas.
  • MATI DAN BANGKIT BERSAMA KRISTUS: Sebuah Spiritualitas Kristen Berdasarkan Refleksi Biblis Kolose 2:16–3:4

    Emanuel Gerrit Singgih, dan Nindyo Sasongko (UKSW Salatiga, 2017)
    What is “spirituality”? The term finds wide usagein the literature today, yet its meaning remains nebulous. One crucial problem lies in how precepts and propositions are maintained as truth, oftentimes becomeing obstacles for the flourishing of authentic spirituality. In our reading of Colossians 2:16–3:4, we see the challenges Colossian Christians faced as stemming not from what has been termed the “Colossian heresy,” but rather from what we are calling the “Colossian orthodoxy.” Those who were enthusiastically eager in spiritual matters built stumbling blocks for the spiritual growth of others. In constrast, the epistolary author underscores for the Colossian church just how important is their union with Christ, which must be manifest in their everyday lives. We contend that authentic spirituality relies upon the love of God for the people of God, not on religious precepts.
  • DUA TANGAN ALLAH MERANGKUL SEMESTA: Panentheisme dan Theenpanisme

    Adiprasetya, Joas (UKSW Salatiga, 2017)
    This article proposes a Trinitarian imagination that demonstrates the embrace of the whole universe by the Son and the Holy Spirit, the two hands of God, through the creation and perfection of the universe. Both divine acts take place in the incarnation of the Son and the inhabitation of the Holy Spirit. The Trinitarian perichoretic principle also applies to the relationship between God and creation in sucha way that, not only is the whole universe in the Son (panentheism), but so too the Holy Spirit permeates the whole universe (theenpanism). As a result, Christian theology offers a comforting pastoral message, namely, that the universe is never entirely separable from the loving communion of the Triune God.

    Wijaya, Agetta Putri (UKSW Salatiga, 2016)
    Song of Songs is afforded relatively rare attention in church, where an allegorical mode of reading often continues to serve as the default interpretative strategy for examining this particular book of the Bible. And this remains the case, despite development of numerous other approaches that can better account for elements of eroticism as contained in that book. In this essay, discursive problematics arising from the interpretation of Song of Songs are considered in detail, in order to ascertain the reasonfor the church's aversion toward using some such exegetical method that would be more attuned to the erotic elements within Song of Songs. One's own willingness to be open to such erotic elements in Song of Songs may even assist in bringing the church to realize the riches to be found therein. Such riches may then also serve as basis for a more progressive constructive theology concerning human sexuality. As such, the church may thus regard Song of Songs as its biblical warrant for constructing a theology that regards sexuality in a more positive manner.

    Verdino, Timotius (UKSW Salatiga, 2016)
    In and since its historical beginnings, Christian worship has retained its eschatological dimension, as this even is intricately related to aspects of its missionality. As such, the worship given and performed in the contemporary Reformed church must also retain its eschatological-missionality. While Martha L. Moore-Keish locates this eschatological dimension within the event of Holy Communion, Reformed churches do not celebrate Holy Communion every Sunday. Might Reformed worship, whenever it goes without Holy Communion, be losing its very own eschatological quality? This article serves as a constructive proposal for (re)locating the eschatological-missionality of weekly Reformed worship, by way of emphasizing the eucharistic aspect of the Reformed liturgy. To pursue this inquiry, the present article undertakes an investigation of Reformed eucharistic theology, followed by a consideration of the Orthodox Alexander Schmemann's figuring of the world as sacrament and its relation to mission. I then reconstruct the positionality of the eschatological dimension within Reformed worship, in the end thereby synthesizing theReformed eucharistic theology of Calvin with the Eastern Orthodox eucharistic theology articulated in Schmemann's thought in order to locate the eschatological-missionality of the Reformed liturgy. In the end, it is hoped that this constructive proposal might underscore the importance of the eucharistic aspect of the Reformed liturgy, even in such a way that emphasizes the very character of its eschatological-missionality.

    Kristofel, Abel (UKSW Salatiga, 2016)
    Many hermeneutical approaches have been developed in response to interpretive difficulties arising from the reading of text, especially sacred writings. The linguistic ontology developed by John Langshaw Austin (1911-1960) might offer a novel perspective for “reading” such an utterance. For Austin, there are multiple kinds of speech effected in the instance of human uttering. A given action therefore results out of a person’s given speech. Austin terms “performative utterance” that action performed by way of speech. Further explicating his speech-act theory, Austin outlines that the action exemplified by a given speech are, in fact, three simultaneous acts—first the “locutionary act,” as the compilation of the particular words uttered; next the “illocutionary act,” as the force rendered by this given speech; then the “perlocutionary act,” as the effect consequentially achieved upon a speech’s audience. By proposing that Austin’s approach be deployed to interpret the Epistle of James, I consider a number of ways in which such an interpretation would be demonstrably enriched via speech-act theory. I contend that an interpreter of James’ letter must distinguish among the three kinds of acts being performed in the work of the epistolary author. The culminating aim, then, is to discern what outcomes might have been intended by the epistolary author, in relation to the letter’s original audience.
  • The Depth of Unknowing

    Sasongko, Nindyo (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2014-12)
    What is the relevance of the sixth century writings attributed to Dionysius of Areopagite or Pseudo-Dionysius for twenty-first century Christianity? This article is an inquiry into the notion of divine unknowability within the Pseudo-Dionysian corpus. As a thinker who lived in an era in which great disputations over cardinal doctrines of the church had become passé, Pseudo-Dionysius seemed to have creatively used different concepts and phrases than those great thinkers before him. For Dionysius, the way to know God is to unknow (agnōsia) God, for God cannot be the object of human knowledge—God is beyond being. To posit God as being or to be existent means, therefore, an idolatry, since God is that which cannot be grasped by words or human concepts. To assess this apophatic theology of Pseudo-Dionysius, I shall make use of the thinking of Raimon Panikkar who struggles against Western “strict monotheism.” Finally, I shall demonstrate the implications of the doctrine of the unknowability of God vis-à-vis modern debates on the existence of God and on atheism.
  • Kesatuan dan Perbedaan dalam Gereja Perdana

    Kristianto, Paulus Eko (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2014-12)
    Two interesting questions in relation with the Early Church history are: the extent of unity or diversity among Peter, James, and Paul; and also how Paul's thoughts have shaped direction of the Church in later periods. Answers to these questions will be very helpful in order that we can give a proper response to "Paulinism", an accusation which some non-Christian thinkers often have towards Christians (c.f. Tom Jacobs). Such an accusation (Paulinism) basically says that Christianity is a religion created by St. Paul, not Jesus Christ. In order to respond to such an accusation, in this article the writer will describe: what was the historical truth concerning relation between St. Paul and the Jerusalem Church generally, and especially relation between St. Paul and James the brother of Jesus. It will be shown that the relationship between St. Paul and the Jerusalem Church did not indicate separation or conflict, but unity in diversity. This article is written with a purpose to open a new constructive way of interfaith dialogue; nonetheless this is just a preliminary research therefore this article may not give a
  • Hapus Perilaku Pelecehan Spiritual dalam Penanganan Kasus Perempuan Korban Perkosaan

    Kristianto, Paulus Eko (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2014-12)
    Incidents of rape are often broadcast on the news and other media. Although the frequency of reported rape need not equate to its being commonplace, there is a danger of desensitization. We're such conditioning to continue, women victims could be placed at greater risk for gender inequality. Pastors are in a special position, to execute the duties of priesthood and prophet (civic justice advocate), as part of an overall strategy of ministry to the community. But when a pastor does not play this role, perhaps due to the politics of influence and power vis-à-vis his or her position, in the analysis of the present author this should be regarded as spiritual abuse. Therefore, this paper considers the following proposal: such pastors must turn to reflect upon the nature of pastoral service and upon the attitude Jesus showed throughout his exemplary ministry. Only such reflection will combat the proclivity toward perpetuating the aforementioned spiritual abuse.
  • Yesus, Sang Orang Asing

    Diredja, Kartika (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2014-12)
    This article offers one of the altenative solutions for the struggle of the Christian-Chinese-Indonesians in facing their status as strangers in Indonesia. This status is a result of the ongoing stereotyping process which position them as a homogenous group. While in reality their understandings about their identity in Indonesia are varied. This heterogeneity can be seen through the various alternative solution they made to face the situation. This article gives the alternative solution according to the Christian faith by undestanding Jesus Christ’s status as The Stranger. The Gospels shows us that Jesus chose His status as The Stranger by purpose to give meaning to it and to use it positively. For Jesus, His status as The Stranger is not a terrible thing, but rather an opportunity to work for the His society. His viewpoint to His status can be the viewpoint of ChineseIndonesians to their status. By that they can use their status to make their presence relevant in Indonesia.
  • The Advaitic Experience in Christianity and Hinduism

    Hutagalung, Toar Banua (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2014-07)
    Relationality between Jesus the Son and God the Father becomes a perfect model of God and humanity. But, how do we understand the meaning of this relationality? Why in Hinduism, especially, in Advaitic tradition, this relationality issue becomes essential element to realize the one God? Can we do a pilgrimage of our faith by comparing Christian and Hindu tradition? This study will examine on mystical approach of Sri Ramakrishna’s experience as a Hindu and the discernment of Jacques Dupuis’on awareness as a Catholic. The notion of relationality would be exposed within those two different traditions, each with different perspectives. One will question advaita and the other will delve into awareness. In the end, advaitic perspectives will help us to comprehend the relationality of God and humanity through our readings of understanding Dupuis’awareness.

View more