Indonesian Journal of Theology (E-ISSN: 2339-0751) is a theological journal published by Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia (Indonesian Theologian Association). It is established to enhance theological discourse among theologians across denominations and faith traditions, particularly in the Indonesian context. We welcome contributions from scholars of theological studies, religious studies, and other related fields.
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The library contains articles of Indonesian Journal of Theology as of vol. 1(2013) to current.

Recent Submissions

  • Like Priests Set Apart: A Source-Critical Problematization of Circumcision, Religious Othering, and Intermarriage

    Tumanan, Perdian (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2020-06-18)
    There is no biblical conception that so interferes with public life and invites endless debates and controversies as the theology of election. From a religious studies perspective, the theology of election has created a tremendous, hideous impact on the history of humankind, from colonialization to Shoah to the politics of identity and populism today. Rather than being the doctrine that unites humanity, the concept of election has been regarded as the core cause that creates otherness. This article argues that the ideation of otherness in the theology of election is deeply connected to and cannot be separated from sexuality issues. The notion of circumcision, as the main feature of post-exilic priestly election theology, inevitably constructs the ideal of lineage purity, thus forbidding intermarriage. The unfaithfulness of God’s people during the Judean monarchy era would later be perceived as the main cause for the suffering and traumatic experience of exile. Radical holiness in the form of religious separation from other nations must be observed for the priests to enjoy the continuation of God’s promise in the form of descendants. The continuation of priestly lineages would assure the continuity of the Temple's existence and worship.
  • Christ-Centered Worship: Letting the Gospel Shape Our Practice: by Bryan Chapell

    Augustan, Hansel (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2020-06-18)
    Sebuah resensi untuk buku Christ-Centered Worship.
  • Ruang-ruang Keadilan bagi Sang Margin

    Kurniawan, Danang (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2020-06-18)
    This essay examines just space(s) from the perspective of Christian hospitality towards the marginalized. The focus for Letty Russell in her theology addresses those considered the ‘unfortunate’ or those victimized by the variegated visage of injustice (the ‘unfair’) as that face is set against ‘the outsiders’; Miroslav Volf focuses on the ‘other,’ as does Amos Yong concerning “the stranger.” Nevertheless, they use these three terms interchangeably. To build just space(s) for the marginalized, I intend to approach the justice discourse via two arguments: first, by claiming that every theory of justice derived philosophically tends to get trapped in matters of techno-calculation; second, by proposing the relevance of a theological approach for “patching” such philosophical shortcomings. Following the parable of the workers in the vineyard in Matthew 20:10-16, we see that a theological approach yields a conceptualization of generosity—as the commentaries of Michael Green show—thereby demonstrating the relevance of such theological praxis. As a study in Christian hospitality, this essay proposes several ethical tenets for the building of just space(s) as spaces for justice that take as their point of departure the very same marginalized toward whom these spaces are oriented.
  • Menampakkan Corak Biru Kekristenan Indonesia: Sebuah Perspektif Ekoteologi

    Maggang, Elia (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2020-06-18)
    This paper seeks to interpret that which is blue of Indonesia—the largest archipelagic nation in the world—by way of proffering for Indonesian Christianity a range of blue hues (corak biru) following an ecotheological perspective. I start by discussing ecotheology and its contribution within Christianity to illustrate how this sub-discipline becomes a “brush” that for Christianity can render such blue hues. This is followed by a discussion on why and how a responsive ecotheology to the environmental/marine ecosystem crisis could render as “blue paint” for that subdisciplinary brush—a blue ecotheology (ekoteologi biru). To accomplish this, both Christianity’s abject appraisal of the sea, as well as Christianity’s own blue-hued anthropocentrism (corak biru antroposentrisme), are parsed and addressed in turn by the paradigm of a community of creation as “sketch.” These discussions summarily affirm the conviction that the sea must be considered and treated not as an object of human exploitation but as a proper subject working to support the life that is common among all of God’s animate creation. Humankind and the sea itself, alike, participate in that life. The spectrum of blueness I propose to be displayed across the “canvas” of Indonesian Christianity is this: to be sea-friendly in both outlook and attitude, in ways that safeguard the sea’s ongoing involvement in life. To conclude, this paper invites Indonesian Christianity to put the full array of its blue hues on display within both theological discourse and its activities as the church.
  • Menyoal Agapisme Klasik di Indonesia : Sebuah Dialektika Mengenai Anders Nygren dan Apropriasi Terhadap Eros dalam Etika

    Aruan, Abel Kristofel (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2020-06-18)
    In Indonesia, the discussion concerning the meta-ethical basis for the doing of good to others is still dominated by agapism, which is the line of thought claiming that agape is the highest form of love, done by God, and that which is proper for a Christian to bear out. Theological refutations have begun to emerge there, from theologians such as Ferry Mamahit and Joas Adiprasetya. Mamahit criticizes the dichotomous polarization of agape apart from eros, while Adiprasetya restores the goodness of philia vis-à-vis agape. This essay criticizes agapism, especially the classical agapism of Anders Nygren, from an overtly philosophical angle. With assistance from the philosophical anthropological apparatus of Christian thinker James K. A. Smith, I explicate how desire (erotic-love) is an inherent quality of being human. The problem does not lie in whether humankind should want to jettison eros—which is the normative prescription of Nygren—because eros is the ultimate impulse that in actuality underlies good deeds toward others. The issue lies precisely in what is to be the final purpose (causa finalis) of any good deed. To complement Smith’s thought, this essay employs Nicholas Wolterstorff’s proposal that shalom serve as the causa finalis of a person’s doing good. The intent of all this effort is to underscore that the Smith/Wolterstorff model is more in line with reality than is agapism.
  • Eksklusivisme dan Radikalisme dalam Kitab Ezra: Upaya Menelaah Penyebab Eksklusivisme dan Radikalisme Bangsa Israel dalam Kitab Ezra serta Menemukan Refleksi bagi Pembaca Kristen Indonesia pada Masa Kini

    Awijaya, Agetta Putri (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2020-06-18)
    The story of Israel’s journey in the Book of Ezra provides a description of how exclusivism and radicalism were able to grow among the group of Israelites returning from exile with Ezra. By paying attention to the social and political dynamics underlying the writing of this book, the reader can suss out how the situation of historical events provoked concerns related to identity within Ezra’s own cohort, eventually changing them to become an exclusivist and radicalized group. This article presents an excavation of the social and political context for the Book of Ezra, including a critique concerning the point of view of its author. The purpose of such an excavation is to investigate how exclusivism and radicalism emerged in the post-exilic period. Through this critical reading, readers, especially Indonesian Christians, can see how the seeds of exclusivism and radicalism grew in this given group of people, as well as how to prevent these seeds from causing conflict in order to preserve the unity in diversity of Indonesia [cf. Bhinneka Tunggal Ika].
  • Dari Terra Sancta ke Terra Incognita: Dua Contoh Negosiasi Identitas Umat Kristen Purba

    Tjen, Anwar (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2014-09-07)
    This article is an attempt to learn from the struggle for identity in early Christianity. Since its birth from the womb of Judaism, Christianity was challenged to redefine its identity, rooted as it was in Judaism vis-à-vis the influence of Hellenization. Such a journey into unknown territory (terra incognita) unavoidably led to the birth of new identity which, on the one hand, remained an integral part of its original matrix, but at once challenged its exclusive character. In this overview, two main examples of reinterpretation are presented to illustrate the case, first, by Paul who radically reinterprets Torah and the identity of God's people in Christ, and second, by the author of 1 Peter who reinterprets the identity of "Christianos" as "aliens" and "exiles" in their Graeco-Roman milieu. As can be learned from these examples, negotiation, and renegotiation are an inevitable necessity when Christianity penetrates new territories in its encounter with the "other", in order to root itself in new terra incognita.
  • Ketegangan Antar Kelompok Agama pada Masa Orde Lama sampai Awal Orde Baru: Dari Konflik Perumusan Ideologi Negara Sampai Konflik Fisik

    Sukamto, Amos (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2013-07-21)
    Sejak masa awal kemerdekaan sampai masa munculnya pemberontakan PKI pada tahun 1965 Indonesia banyak diwarnai ketegangan antara kelompok Islam, Islam nasionalis, abangan, dan Kristen. Ketegangan tersebut tampak dalam perumusan dasar negara RI yang diakhiri dengan satu modus vivendi dikenal dengan nama Piagam Jakarta. Namun sehari setelah Indonesia merdeka ketujuh kalimat dalam Pembukaan Undang-undang Dasar 1945 tersebut dihapus. Pada saat inilah bibit ketegangan antara Islam dengan Kristen mulai muncul. Tahun 1950-an terjadi kebangkitan aliran kepercayaan (Kejawen), penganut gerakan ini menjadi basis utama bagi massa PKI. PKI merupakan oposisi utama bagi ideologi maupun politik Islam. Ketika PKI gagal mengadakan revolusi pada tahun 1965 banyak orang Islam yang membantu Angkatan Darat dalam menumpas para pengikut PKI. Karena kecewa maka banyak para pengikut PKI yang abangan memeluk agama Kristen. Konversi ke Agama Kristen dikalangan abangan ini telah menggeser kelompok yang dianggap ancaman bagi Islam dari kelompok abangan ke kelompok Kristen.
  • The Advaitic Experience in Christianity and Hinduism : Comparing Jacques Dupuis’ Discernment about Jesus’ Awareness with Saradananda’s Notes on Sri Ramakrishna’s Mystical Experience

    Hutagalung, Toar Banua (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2014-09-07)
    Relationality between Jesus the Son and God the Father becomes a perfect model of God and humanity. But, how do we understand the meaning of this relationality? Why in Hinduism, especially, in Advaitic tradition, this relationality issue becomes an essential element to realize the one God? Can we do a pilgrimage of our faith by comparing Christian and Hindu traditions? This study will examine on mystical approach of Sri Ramakrishna’s experience as a Hindu and the discernment of Jacques Dupuis’ on awareness as a Catholic. The notion of relationality would be exposed within those two different traditions, each with different perspectives. One will question Advaita and the other will delve into awareness. In the end, advaitic perspectives will help us to comprehend the relationality of God and humanity through our readings of understanding Dupuis’ awareness.
  • Yesus Belajar Ilmu Sihir di Mesir? Matius 2:13-23 dan Studi Yesus Sejarah

    Nggadas, Deky Hidnas Yan (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2013-07-21)
  • Manusia yang Diciptakan Allah: Telaah atas Kesaksian Perjanjian Lama: by J. A. Telnoni

    Ekklesi, Benni Amor Salutavi (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2014-01-05)
    A book review of Manusia yang Diciptakan Allah.
  • Analisis Kritis Liturgi Perjamuan Kudus Huria Kristen Batak Protestan

    Pakpahan, Binsar Jonathan (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2014-09-07)
    The liturgy of the Eucharist is a communal rite that becomes a very important foundation of the theological construction of the church. The church must have a good foundation of the Eucharist as a place where they can encounter God as a community. As a result, the theology that comes from this encounter will encourage the church to act out in her theology in the world. In 2014, Huria Kristen Batak Protestan (Protestant Batak Christian Church/HKBP) is trying to reformulate their church order. This research encourages HKBP to look at their theology of the Eucharist more seriously. By using a critical analysis towards the HKBP liturgy of the Eucharist, this paper shows the inconsistency between the HKBP church documents view on the Eucharist. The inconsistency is caused by the different times of the writing of the documents, which were never synchronized.
  • Mystical Love in Confession X: An Inquiry on the Name of the Divine

    Theojaya, Simeon (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2014-01-05)
    “God ” is, in the first place, a name. Before being a person or Being, the name “God” could be anything imaginable. “What’s in a name?” “Who is the one that we love and how could we finally give account to it?” Such are the questions this paper will try to answer. This study will conduct a reading based largely on Augustine’s Confessions X, and will be dissected into two smaller parts. In the first part, I will propose the possibility of applying a mystical approach to address this issue. Then I will examine how the saint travels across his memory in search of God, as a demonstration of the mystical journey into love.
  • A Perichoretic Model for Christian Love : A Theological Response to “A Common Word Between Us and You”

    Tupamahu, Ekaputra (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2013-07-21)
    This article is basically a theological response to the Common Word Between Us and You. It gives a special emphasis on the Trinitarian concept of perichoresis and uses it as a model for Christian love in a pluralistic society. Close attention is given to Jurgen Moltmann’s social trinitarianism, and how it helps formulate a theological framework for a Christian attitude toward others.
  • Knowing Yet Not Knowing: The Irony of the Evangel in Romans 10

    Onggosanusi, Eko Nugroho (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2014-09-07)
    Is Romans 10 simply an excursus on the need for evangelism and mission in the midst of Paul’s “doctrine of predestination”? In this article, a chiasm is identified and utilized as a framework to further analyze Romans 10. It is demonstrated that the chiasm lends itself to accentuate the epistemological irony of Israel’s response to the gospel. Despite the glory of the gospel that was proclaimed in the Hebrew Bible, the majority of the Jews in Paul’s time remained in ignorance as they missed the hermeneutical key to understanding the Mosaic Law, namely, “Christ is the goal of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.” Rather than an excursus within Paul’s doctrinal discourse, Romans 10 is the climax of the irony of Israel as the most privileged people who failed in their hearing and understanding.
  • The Price of Monotheism: by Jan Assmann

    Tupamahu, Ekaputra (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2014-01-05)
    A book review of The Price of Monotheism.
  • Toward a Reformed Theological Interpretation of Scripture

    Sutanto, Nathaniel Gray (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2013-07-21)
  • Lima Penggerak Bangsa Yang Terlupa: by Gerry Van Klinken

    Dwiana, Ignatius (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2013-07-21)
    A book review of Lima Penggerak Bangsa Yang Terlupa.
  • God as Sound-Conciousness

    Ludji, Irene (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2014-09-07)
    This paper describes the concept of sacred sound in Hinduism as a way for the Hindu to approach and to know the Christian God. Different from Christians who are known as the people of the book, Hindu people are known as the people of the sound. The vocalic syllable Om or Aum and the repeating/chanting of the sacred sound in Hindu worship give a unique room to a new and different way of knowing God. God is no longer perceivable as the powerful figure in the book but as consciousness. The word “consciousness” in this paper refers to the ability of believers to be mindful and responsive to God. This paper will also describe the concept of sonic theology as a different way to perceive God in Hinduism and relate it to the practice of Yoga that is widely practiced in the modern world today.

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