• Mind the Gap!

      Karundeng, August Corneles Tamawiwy (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2013)
      In recent decades, poverty has become pivotal problem in Indonesia. In this paper the author tries to review the roots economic problems in Indonesia in the realm of Christianity. In addition, the author also tried carrying a "new field" as contextual theology that serve economic gap in Indonesia. This paper discuss Emanuel Gerrit Singgih thought about Christianity and poverty as contextual theology in Indonesia. In this context the author interpreting the text of Luke 16: 9-13 as the foundation of faith and theological evaluation against the argument concerning the deep-rich inequalities Gospel as a reflection on the context of the severe economic inequality that occurs in Indonesia.
    • Ketegangan Antar Kelompok Agama Pada Masa Orde Lama Sampai Awal Orde Baru

      Sukamto, Amos (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2013)
      This article discusses the tension between religious groups during the Old Order until the beginning of the New Order. From the early days of independence until the rise of the PKI uprising In 1965 Indonesia was heavily colored by tensions between Islamic groups, Islam nationalist, abangan, and Christian. The tension appears in the formulation the basic state of Indonesia which ends with a vivendi mode known by its name Charter of Jakarta. Yet the day after Indonesia gained the seven words of The preamble of the 1945 Constitution was abolished. At this time the seeds tensions between Islam and Christianity began to emerge. The 1950s happened awakening the beliefe groups (Kejawen), adherents of this movement became the basis main for the PKI masses. The PKI was the main opposition to ideology as well political Islam. When the PKI failed to hold a revolution in 1965 much the Muslims who assisted the Army in crushing followers PKI. Being disappointed, many of the abangan PKI followers embraced Christianity. Conversion to Christianity among these abangans has shifting the group considered a threat to Islam from the abangan group to a Christian group.
    • Toward a Reformed Theological Interpretation of Scripture

      Sutanto, Nathaniel Gray (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2013)
      The purpose of this paper is to expound the contemporary discussion on the theological interpretation of Scripture and its relationship to epistemology. The theological interpretation of Scripture is a recent movement, endorsed by key figures such as Christopher Seitz, Stephen Fowl, John Webster and Kevin Vanhoozer, partly in response to the modern bent towards historical-criticism in biblical exegesis. It is also stemming from the desire to read Scripture with and for the church while rediscovering the merits of pre-critical methods of reading. This paper, specifically, will suggest that the theological interpretation of Scripture is epistemically justifiable if one adopts the Reformed epistemology of Alvin Plantinga, and that it is the obligatory method if one is committed to a Presuppositional (or Covenantal) epistemology, as held by Cornelius Van Til. It is thus fruitful to rethink the relationship between philosophy, theology, and exegesis in light of this observation.
    • A Perichoretic Model for Christian Love

      Tupamahu, Ekaputra (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2013)
      This article is basically a theological response to the Common Word Between Us and You. It gives a special emphasis on the Trinitarian concept of perichoresis and uses it as a model for Christian love in a pluralistic society. A close attention is given to Jurgen Moltmann’s social trinitarianism, and how it helps formulate a theological framework for a Christian attitude toward others.
    • A Preliminary Research on the Islamic Concept of Jesus as the Spirit and Word of God

      Harmakaputra, Hans Abdiel (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2013)
      There are many publications that study Jesus from Islamic perspective or in comparison with Christian perspective. Many aspects of the identity of Jesus can be studied from Islamic perspectives. This paper will focus on the notions of Jesus as the word and the spirit of God as stated in the holy Qur’ān. Indeed, these attributes are vital in Christian doctrines. Yet, the meaning of these attributes can be totally different in Islam. This paper tries to analyze how the two religious traditions expound these attributes in their theologies. Its begin with introduction which outlines the methodology of the paper. The author shall elaborate this paper through an approach called comparative theology which looks to persuade Christian theologians to dig deeply into other religious traditions outside Christianity, instead of building an assumption about other faiths solely from Christian grammars. The goal is not to intermingle any opposing views, but to make the topic more discernible and clearly conveyed in both religious traditions. When one comes to learn other’s perspective, one’s theological understanding will be stretched and transformed. Thus, comparative theology fits interreligious discourse, even when it touches some polemical issues. This article assert that Muslim- Christian polemics should incorporate comparative theology, so that Christians may learn from Muslims, and vice versa.
    • Mystical Love in Confessions X

      Theojaya, Simeon (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2013)
      “God ” is, in the first place, a name. Before being a person or Being, the name “God” could be anything imaginable. “What’s in a name?”1 “Who is the one that we love and how could we finally give account to it?” Such are the questions this paper will try to answer. This study will conduct a reading based largely on Augustine’s Confessions X, and will be dissected into two smaller parts. In the first part, I will propose the possibility of applying a mystical approach to address this issue. Then I will examine how the saint travels across his memory in search for God, as a demonstration of the mystical journey into love.
    • A Pentecostal Lex Legendi for Fostering Polyphonic Perspectivalism in Pentecostal Tradition

      Rice, Monte Lee (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2013)
      I begin this paper by surveying qualitative distinctives of Pentecostal Bible reading, which together contribute to the missional localizing giftedness of Pentecostalism worldwide. In Part 2 I then suggest that detrimentally incongruent to these distinctives are several Fundamentalist-Evangelical mediated postures to Scripture. In Part 3 I addresses this incongruence by proposing a Pentecostal lex legendi (“rule of reading”), built on Telford Work’s “Trinitarian-Ontology of Scripture.” I argue that Work’s bibliology provides a compelling theological premise for both the Pentecostal dynamic and polyvalent understanding of biblical revelation, and substantiates theological pluralism as intrinsic to Pentecostal tradition. Further building on Work’s bibliology, I then propose a Pentecostal form of lectio divina (“sacred reading”) that structures the classical/medieval fourfold Scripture sense, to a constructivist understanding of the threefold Pentecostal soteriological experiences (redemption, sanctification, and Spirit baptism). I conclude by delineating how this Pentecostal form of lectio divina may help Pentecostals identify and ulitlise theological hermeneutics that best foster the Pentecostal missiological giftedness, and hence the pluralising of Pentecostalism(s) worldwide.
    • Peran Organisasi Kemasyarakatan Keagamaan Dalam Penanggulangan Kemiskinan

      Sutisna, Rohadi Joshua (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2013)
      Reformation was introduced to Indonesia in 1998 but it has not been able to alleviate poverty. Many think that it is the government who holds the greatest responsibility for poverty. In fact, the government is not the only stakeholder in development. The private sector and civil society organizations also play an important role in it. The Protestant Church in West Indonesia (GPIB) as part of civil society organizations seems to play a very strategic role in development, including poverty alleviation. Some studies show that the quality of leadership is one of the factors that determines GPIB’s role in reducing poverty. This is closely related to the creation of people’s character that enables the religious civil society organization to make maximum contributions to reducing poverty. Therefore, the 12S-7C5P-3S-GT Navigation Model may provide the leaders and people of GPIB with guidelines to build their character so that they will be ready and able to play a concrete role in alleviating poverty.
    • God as Sound-Consciousness

      Ludji, Irene (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2014-07)
      This paper describes the concept of sacred sound in Hinduism as a way for the Hindu to approach and to know the Christian God. Different from Christians who are known as the people of the book, Hindu people are known as the people of the sound. The vocalic syllable Om or Aum and the repeating/chanting of the sacred sound in Hindu worship give a unique room to a new and different way of knowing God. God is no longer perceivable as the powerful figure in the book but as consciousness. The word “consciousness” in this paper refers to the ability of believers to be mindful and responsive to God. This paper will also describe the concept of sonic theology as a different way to perceive God in Hinduism and relate it to the practice of Yoga that is widely practiced in the modern world today.
    • The Advaitic Experience in Christianity and Hinduism

      Hutagalung, Toar Banua (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2014-07)
      Relationality between Jesus the Son and God the Father becomes a perfect model of God and humanity. But, how do we understand the meaning of this relationality? Why in Hinduism, especially, in Advaitic tradition, this relationality issue becomes essential element to realize the one God? Can we do a pilgrimage of our faith by comparing Christian and Hindu tradition? This study will examine on mystical approach of Sri Ramakrishna’s experience as a Hindu and the discernment of Jacques Dupuis’on awareness as a Catholic. The notion of relationality would be exposed within those two different traditions, each with different perspectives. One will question advaita and the other will delve into awareness. In the end, advaitic perspectives will help us to comprehend the relationality of God and humanity through our readings of understanding Dupuis’awareness.
    • Knowing Yet Not Knowing

      Eko, Onggosanusi (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2014-07)
      Is Romans 10 simply an excursus on the need for evangelism and mission in the midst of Paul’s “doctrine of predestination”? In this article, a chiasm is identified and utilized as a framework to further analyze Romans 10. It is demonstrated that the chiasm lends itself to accentuate the epistemological irony of Israel’s response to the gospel. Despite the glory of the gospel that was proclaimed in the Hebrew Bible, the majority of the Jews in Paul’s time remained in ignorance as they missed the hermeneutical key to understanding the Mosaic Law, namely, “Christ is the goal of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.” Rather than an excursus within Paul’s doctrinal discourse, Romans 10 is the climax of the irony of Israel as the most privileged people who failed in their hearing and understanding.
    • Dari Terra Sancta ke Terra Incognita

      Tjen, Anwar (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2014-07)
      This article is an attempt to learn from the struggle for identity in the early Christianity. Since its birth from the womb of Judaism, Christianity was challenged to redefine its identity, rooted as it was in Judaism vis-à-vis the influence of Hellenization. Such a journey into unknown territory (terra incognita) unavoidably led to the birth of new identity which, on the one hand, remained an integral part of its original matrix, but at once challenged its exclusive character. In this overview, two main examples of reinterpretation are presented to illustrate the case, first, by Paul who radically reinterprets Torah and the identity of God's people in Christ, and second, by the author of 1 Peter who reinterprets the identity of "Christianos" as "aliens" and "exiles" in their Graeco-Roman milieu. As can be learned from these examples, negotiation and renegotiation are an inevitable necessity when Christianity penetrates new territories in its encounter with the "other", in order to root itself in new terra incognita.
    • Analisis Kritis Liturgi Perjamuan Kudus Huria Kristen Batak Protestan

      Pakpahan, Binsar Jonathan (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2014-07)
      The liturgy of the Eucharist is a communal rite that becomes a very important foundation of the theological construction of the church. The church must have a good foundation of the Eucharist as a place where they can encounter God as a community. As a result, the theology that comes from this encounter will encourage the church to act out in her theology in the world. In 2014, Huria Kristen Batak Protestan (Protestant Batak Christian Church/HKBP) is trying to reformulate their church order. This research encourages HKBP to look at their theology of the Eucharist more seriously. By using a critical analysis towards the HKBP liturgy of the Eucharist, this paper shows the inconsistency between HKBP church documents view on the Eucharist. The inconsistency is caused by the different times of the writing of the documents, which were never synchronized.
    • Hapus Perilaku Pelecehan Spiritual dalam Penanganan Kasus Perempuan Korban Perkosaan

      Kristianto, Paulus Eko (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2014-12)
      Incidents of rape are often broadcast on the news and other media. Although the frequency of reported rape need not equate to its being commonplace, there is a danger of desensitization. We're such conditioning to continue, women victims could be placed at greater risk for gender inequality. Pastors are in a special position, to execute the duties of priesthood and prophet (civic justice advocate), as part of an overall strategy of ministry to the community. But when a pastor does not play this role, perhaps due to the politics of influence and power vis-à-vis his or her position, in the analysis of the present author this should be regarded as spiritual abuse. Therefore, this paper considers the following proposal: such pastors must turn to reflect upon the nature of pastoral service and upon the attitude Jesus showed throughout his exemplary ministry. Only such reflection will combat the proclivity toward perpetuating the aforementioned spiritual abuse.
    • The Depth of Unknowing

      Sasongko, Nindyo (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2014-12)
      What is the relevance of the sixth century writings attributed to Dionysius of Areopagite or Pseudo-Dionysius for twenty-first century Christianity? This article is an inquiry into the notion of divine unknowability within the Pseudo-Dionysian corpus. As a thinker who lived in an era in which great disputations over cardinal doctrines of the church had become passé, Pseudo-Dionysius seemed to have creatively used different concepts and phrases than those great thinkers before him. For Dionysius, the way to know God is to unknow (agnōsia) God, for God cannot be the object of human knowledge—God is beyond being. To posit God as being or to be existent means, therefore, an idolatry, since God is that which cannot be grasped by words or human concepts. To assess this apophatic theology of Pseudo-Dionysius, I shall make use of the thinking of Raimon Panikkar who struggles against Western “strict monotheism.” Finally, I shall demonstrate the implications of the doctrine of the unknowability of God vis-à-vis modern debates on the existence of God and on atheism.
    • Yesus, Sang Orang Asing

      Diredja, Kartika (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2014-12)
      This article offers one of the altenative solutions for the struggle of the Christian-Chinese-Indonesians in facing their status as strangers in Indonesia. This status is a result of the ongoing stereotyping process which position them as a homogenous group. While in reality their understandings about their identity in Indonesia are varied. This heterogeneity can be seen through the various alternative solution they made to face the situation. This article gives the alternative solution according to the Christian faith by undestanding Jesus Christ’s status as The Stranger. The Gospels shows us that Jesus chose His status as The Stranger by purpose to give meaning to it and to use it positively. For Jesus, His status as The Stranger is not a terrible thing, but rather an opportunity to work for the His society. His viewpoint to His status can be the viewpoint of ChineseIndonesians to their status. By that they can use their status to make their presence relevant in Indonesia.
    • Kesatuan dan Perbedaan dalam Gereja Perdana

      Kristianto, Paulus Eko (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2014-12)
      Two interesting questions in relation with the Early Church history are: the extent of unity or diversity among Peter, James, and Paul; and also how Paul's thoughts have shaped direction of the Church in later periods. Answers to these questions will be very helpful in order that we can give a proper response to "Paulinism", an accusation which some non-Christian thinkers often have towards Christians (c.f. Tom Jacobs). Such an accusation (Paulinism) basically says that Christianity is a religion created by St. Paul, not Jesus Christ. In order to respond to such an accusation, in this article the writer will describe: what was the historical truth concerning relation between St. Paul and the Jerusalem Church generally, and especially relation between St. Paul and James the brother of Jesus. It will be shown that the relationship between St. Paul and the Jerusalem Church did not indicate separation or conflict, but unity in diversity. This article is written with a purpose to open a new constructive way of interfaith dialogue; nonetheless this is just a preliminary research therefore this article may not give a
    • Plans to Prosper You

      The, Christopher (UKSW Salatiga, 2015-07)
      Immigrant churches function as interpretive interstices, where assimilation strategies are adjudicated and clashing cultural norms negotiated. Addressing purported Asian American malaise vis-à-vis civic engagement, I propose a practical theology method that privileges interlocution between a scriptural hermeneutics of diaspora and certain insights from social science. In the case of Asian American Christianity, how might immigrant churches more faithfully seek the "city's" shalom? What resources are available to evangelical migrants—and their children—for helping define identity and sense of belonging in this (new) land? How might immigrant churches better serve their ethnic constituencies within the context of American civic society? Thoughtful appropriation of the mantle of exile on the part of immigrant Christians helps to theologize that space of perpetual foreignness within contemporary American society. Immigrant churches are called to foster exilic interpretive imaginaries, in order to discern divine agency and faithful human response within the very contexts where God has dispersed God's people. One such example of doing practical theology is here offered.
    • Menuju Teologi Identitas

      Pinontoan, Denni H.R. (UKSW Salatiga, 2015-07)
      In this article, I argue that issues particularly with regard to concerns of "life after death" and the role of Minahasan forebears within the life of the community have over time been shaped, reconstructed, and re-represented by a Western Christian moralism. A counterproposal is offered, in the form of a "theology of identity." Embracing an understanding of identity as being summative projection of a "newborn spirit," this emerging approach to theologizing Minahasan identity offers novel means to attend to certain turmoils that have festered within the life of the Minahasan church and its Christians.
    • Keindahan dalam Disabilitas

      Sinulingga, Isabella Novsima (UKSW Salatiga, 2015-07)
      This article challenges conceptions of intellectual disability that view such conditions from the perspective of normalcy. In Indonesia, conversations of theological anthropology still employ a medical model lens, which perceives disability merely as bodily and intellectual impairments, thus failing the standard of "normal." Normalcy unilaterally defines disability and dictates normative approaches toward persons with disabilities. Consequently, persons with disabilities are perceived in Indonesia as merely objects of charity to be pitied. On the other hand, they remain susceptible to suffering violence. These trends owe to the fact that Indonesian society does not adequately provide either tangible resource considerations or sufficient social support. Lacun ae in the theological literature concerning disability in Indonesian contexts foment in the life of the church further challenges for persons with disabilities. For persons there with intellectual disabilities, in particular, the situation is even more severe, as their condition is regarded a kind of punishment for sin and further stigmatized as abnormal. This article offers a constructive theology of disability to dismantle the myth of normalcy, which reduces persons with disabilities to being merely impaired organisms within society. Theological musings on the beauty of all creation, the perichoretic relationship within the Trinity,the doctrines of imago Dei and imago Christi are taken up in this essay, to offer an inclusive theology expressly for persons with intellectual disabilities.