• A Critical Appreciation to Thomas Groome's Shared Praxis Approach

      Harjanto, Sutrisna (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2017-06-29)
      Thomas Groome’s shared Christian praxis approach is the fruit of a genius effort to draw theological, philosophical, and pedagogical insights from various, sometimes opposite, resources, and blend them together to provide a rich approach in Christian religious education. His approach can be understood better by exploring the theological and the philosophical frameworks behind it, and also the historical background that influences Groome, which shaped his thoughts and to which he reacted. Among the significant contributions of this approach are an enriched epistemology for Christian religious education and a balance/holistic approach between theory and praxis, and between Christian Story/Vision and participant’s stories/vision. There are, however, some points that need to be critically challenged in order to make this approach more fruitful, such as his overemphasis of freedom as the purpose of Christian religious education and the absence of clearer boundary markers between the constitutive and nonconstitutive elements of the Christian Story/Vision in this approach.
    • A Muslim Reading of the Haustafeln of Ephesians 5:21-33 in Dialogue with Quran 4:34: Does the Text Support a Hierarchical Relation between Husbands and Wives?

      Fina, Lien Iffah Naf’atu (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2019-04-18)
      The essay questions whether Ephesians 5:21-33 supports a hierarchical relation between husbands and wives as an ideal and universal principle. To answer the question, as a Muslim, I share my reading of this passage in dialogue with a similar Qur’anic passage, Q. 4:34. I learn that the two texts have undergone similar history since its emergence until today. Through a contextual reading, I view that even though Ephesians 5:21-33, as well as Q. 4:34, adopted the household concept accepted in the area, which was patriarchal, the author instilled a new higher equal relationship between husbands and wives. In short, this text proposes “an intended transformation” or an “imaginative vision.” Offering a new reading of gender-related texts is a shared struggle in both traditions. It is an important endeavor to make the scriptures speak for today’s world as a powerful basis for social transformation.
    • A Pentecostal Lex Legendi For Fostering Polyphonic Perspectivalism in Pentecostal Tradition

      Rice, Monte Lee (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2014-01-05)
      I begin this paper by surveying qualitative distinctives of Pentecostal Bible reading, which together contribute to the missional localizing giftedness of Pentecostalism worldwide. In Part 2 I then suggest that detrimentally incongruent to these distinctives are several Fundamentalist-Evangelical mediated postures to Scripture. In Part 3 I address this incongruence by proposing a Pentecostal lex legendi (“rule of reading”), built on Telford Work’s “Trinitarian-Ontology of Scripture.” I argue that Work’s bibliology provides a compelling theological premise for both the Pentecostal dynamic and polyvalent understanding of biblical revelation, and substantiates theological pluralism as intrinsic to Pentecostal tradition. Further building on Work’s bibliology, I then propose a Pentecostal form of lectio divina (“sacred reading”) that structures the classical/medieval fourfold Scripture sense, to a constructivist understanding of the threefold Pentecostal soteriological experiences (redemption, sanctification, and Spirit baptism). I conclude by delineating how this Pentecostal form of lectio divina may help Pentecostals identify and utilize theological hermeneutics that best foster the Pentecostal missiological giftedness, and hence the pluralizing of Pentecostalism(s) worldwide.
    • A Perichoretic Model for Christian Love : A Theological Response to “A Common Word Between Us and You”

      Tupamahu, Ekaputra (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2013-07-21)
      This article is basically a theological response to the Common Word Between Us and You. It gives a special emphasis on the Trinitarian concept of perichoresis and uses it as a model for Christian love in a pluralistic society. Close attention is given to Jurgen Moltmann’s social trinitarianism, and how it helps formulate a theological framework for a Christian attitude toward others.
    • Analisis Kritis Liturgi Perjamuan Kudus Huria Kristen Batak Protestan

      Pakpahan, Binsar Jonathan (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2014-09-07)
      The liturgy of the Eucharist is a communal rite that becomes a very important foundation of the theological construction of the church. The church must have a good foundation of the Eucharist as a place where they can encounter God as a community. As a result, the theology that comes from this encounter will encourage the church to act out in her theology in the world. In 2014, Huria Kristen Batak Protestan (Protestant Batak Christian Church/HKBP) is trying to reformulate their church order. This research encourages HKBP to look at their theology of the Eucharist more seriously. By using a critical analysis towards the HKBP liturgy of the Eucharist, this paper shows the inconsistency between the HKBP church documents view on the Eucharist. The inconsistency is caused by the different times of the writing of the documents, which were never synchronized.
    • Arah Baru Pendidikan Kristiani di Indonesia? Sebuah Pengantar Editor

      Sasongko, Nindyo (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2020-04-14)
      This is an editor introduction to the special issue on Christian Education in Indonesia
    • Bait Suci: Kemegahan Versus Penderitaan: Sebuah Tafsir Ulang atas Pembangunan Bait Suci Salomo Menurut 1 Raja-raja 5:1-18

      Samosir, Agustina Raplina (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2019-10-12)
      Construction for Solomon's Temple entailed forced labor. This is evinced, first, by several terms connoting forced labor, such as mas, sēbel, and ‘ebed, which are used in the text to describe the Temple project. Widely attested during the reigns of David and Solomon, terms such as these denote just how royal projects were carried out. A second piece of evidence concerns the outbreak of civil unrest during Solomon's day over the issue of forced labor in Israel. As such, the Temple's very construction bears enormous human cost, just as the splendor of that Temple is directly proportionate to the suffering of both denizens and working class. Here the author analyzes the Temple-construction process of Solomon's era, showcasing one example of the “human pyramid” that demands consideration amid a proliferation of interpretative work to be done in the present time.
    • Beriman dalam Dialog: Esai-esai tentang Tuhan dan Agama: by Martin L. Sinaga

      Harmakaputra, Hans A. (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2019-12-19)
      A book review of Beriman Dalam Dialog
    • Bersukacita Karena Penghakiman Allah: Sebuah Penelitian Puitis Mazmur 58

      Huang, Yasuo Thunderstorm (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2019-10-12)
      Unjust judgment ever haunts human life. One instance of such injustice is recorded in Psalm 58. Injustice begets deep human suffering. This article puts forth a reading of Psalm 58 using poetic criticism in an attempt to disclose the psalmist’s feelings amid his suffering. Taking on this aspect of the psalmist’s feelings differs subtly from other scholarly approaches to reading Psalm 58, such as the contribution of Marvin E. Tate. Instead, here the psalmist’s feelings are disclosed in the very fact of the suffering he experiences, although suffering is not the inception of the psalmist’s feelings. The suffering he experiences creates nothing of his feelings. Rather, divine intervention amid suffering is what stirs the very feelings being wrought within the psalmist. That intervention is registered in the psalmist’s recognition toward God. In the end, the event of God’s just judgment might inspire the church’s own disposition against unjust judgment.
    • Dari Terra Sancta ke Terra Incognita: Dua Contoh Negosiasi Identitas Umat Kristen Purba

      Tjen, Anwar (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2014-09-07)
      This article is an attempt to learn from the struggle for identity in early Christianity. Since its birth from the womb of Judaism, Christianity was challenged to redefine its identity, rooted as it was in Judaism vis-à-vis the influence of Hellenization. Such a journey into unknown territory (terra incognita) unavoidably led to the birth of new identity which, on the one hand, remained an integral part of its original matrix, but at once challenged its exclusive character. In this overview, two main examples of reinterpretation are presented to illustrate the case, first, by Paul who radically reinterprets Torah and the identity of God's people in Christ, and second, by the author of 1 Peter who reinterprets the identity of "Christianos" as "aliens" and "exiles" in their Graeco-Roman milieu. As can be learned from these examples, negotiation, and renegotiation are an inevitable necessity when Christianity penetrates new territories in its encounter with the "other", in order to root itself in new terra incognita.
    • Dekolonialisasi Pendidikan Agama Kristen di Indonesia

      Lauterboom, Mariska (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2020-04-14)
      This article explores the importance of decolonizing Christian religious education in Indonesia, especially in churches that were established during Dutch colonialism, by engaging in an expressly postcolonial and decolonial approach. After briefly tracing and criticizing the long history of Western colonialism concerning educational practice, this paper presents a variegated rationale connecting the content, relations, and methods within education in the present moment with those of the past—such that education today be seen as reflecting traces of the oppressive and colonizing education of yesteryear. The alternative to this is decolonization, by which a decolonial imagination attends that relational space of teaching-learning in order to transform and liberate Christian religious education in the postcolonial context of Indonesia. In this imagination, there is no body/mind dualism nor sacred/profane binary, and God is present to meet all as Liberator.
    • Dua Tangan Allah Merangkul Semesta: Panentheisme dan Theenpanisme

      Adiprasetya, Joas (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2018-06-24)
      This article proposes a Trinitarian imagination that demonstrates the embrace of the whole universe by the Son and the Holy Spirit, the two hands of God, through the creation and perfection of the universe. Both divine acts take place in the incarnation of the Son and the inhabitation of the Holy Spirit. The Trinitarian perichoretic principle also applies to the relationship between God and creation in such a way that, not only is the whole universe in the Son (panentheism), but so too the Holy Spirit permeates the whole universe (theenpanism). As a result, Christian theology offers a comforting pastoral message, namely, that the universe is never entirely separable from the loving communion of the Triune God.
    • Embracing the World: Praying for Justice and Peace: by Jane E. Vennard

      Sasongko, Nindyo (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2014-09-07)
      A book review of Embracing the World.
    • Family and Household Religion in Ancient Israel and the Levant: by Rainer Albertz and Rüdiger Schmitt

      Susanta, Yohanes Krismantyo (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2017-12-01)
      A book review of Family and Household Religion in Ancient Israel and the Levant
    • Fathers and Sons: The Rise and Fall of Political Dynasty in the Middle East: by M.E. McMillan

      Wilar, Abraham Silo (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2017-06-29)
      A book review of Fathers and Sons: The Rise and Fall of Political Dynasty in the Middle East.
    • Fenomena Pemberhalaan Agama

      Sipayung, Parulihan (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2015-02-13)
      Religions tend to imprison God in their formulation. It is even not impossible that religions can replace God. The very act of replacing God is known as the idolatry of religion. Let God be God and religions be God’s hands to bring liberation to the world.
    • Francis of Rome & Francis of Assisi: A New Springtime for the Church; The Sin of White Supremacy: Christianity, Racism, and Religious Diversity in America; The Cross in Contexts: Suffering and Redemption in Palestine: by Leonardo Boff; Jeannine Hill Fletcher; Mitri Raheb and Suzanne Watts Henderson

      Sasongko, Nindyo (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2019-04-18)
      A book review of three books: Francis of Rome & Francis of Assisi, The Sin of White Supremacy, and The Cross in Contexts.
    • God as Sound-Conciousness

      Ludji, Irene (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2014-09-07)
      This paper describes the concept of sacred sound in Hinduism as a way for the Hindu to approach and to know the Christian God. Different from Christians who are known as the people of the book, Hindu people are known as the people of the sound. The vocalic syllable Om or Aum and the repeating/chanting of the sacred sound in Hindu worship give a unique room to a new and different way of knowing God. God is no longer perceivable as the powerful figure in the book but as consciousness. The word “consciousness” in this paper refers to the ability of believers to be mindful and responsive to God. This paper will also describe the concept of sonic theology as a different way to perceive God in Hinduism and relate it to the practice of Yoga that is widely practiced in the modern world today.
    • Hagar dan Putri-putrinya: Perempuan Tertindas dalam Alkitab: by Eben Nuban Timo

      Ekklesi, Benni Amor Salutavi (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2015-02-13)
      A book review of Hagar dan Putri-putrinya.