• A Critical Appreciation to Thomas Groome's Shared Praxis Approach

      Harjanto, Sutrisna (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2017-06-29)
      Thomas Groome’s shared Christian praxis approach is the fruit of a genius effort to draw theological, philosophical, and pedagogical insights from various, sometimes opposite, resources, and blend them together to provide a rich approach in Christian religious education. His approach can be understood better by exploring the theological and the philosophical frameworks behind it, and also the historical background that influences Groome, which shaped his thoughts and to which he reacted. Among the significant contributions of this approach are an enriched epistemology for Christian religious education and a balance/holistic approach between theory and praxis, and between Christian Story/Vision and participant’s stories/vision. There are, however, some points that need to be critically challenged in order to make this approach more fruitful, such as his overemphasis of freedom as the purpose of Christian religious education and the absence of clearer boundary markers between the constitutive and nonconstitutive elements of the Christian Story/Vision in this approach.
    • A Muslim Reading of the Haustafeln of Ephesians 5:21-33 in Dialogue with Quran 4:34: Does the Text Support a Hierarchical Relation between Husbands and Wives?

      Fina, Lien Iffah Naf’atu (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2019-04-18)
      The essay questions whether Ephesians 5:21-33 supports a hierarchical relation between husbands and wives as an ideal and universal principle. To answer the question, as a Muslim, I share my reading of this passage in dialogue with a similar Qur’anic passage, Q. 4:34. I learn that the two texts have undergone similar history since its emergence until today. Through a contextual reading, I view that even though Ephesians 5:21-33, as well as Q. 4:34, adopted the household concept accepted in the area, which was patriarchal, the author instilled a new higher equal relationship between husbands and wives. In short, this text proposes “an intended transformation” or an “imaginative vision.” Offering a new reading of gender-related texts is a shared struggle in both traditions. It is an important endeavor to make the scriptures speak for today’s world as a powerful basis for social transformation.
    • A Pentecostal Lex Legendi For Fostering Polyphonic Perspectivalism in Pentecostal Tradition

      Rice, Monte Lee (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2014-01-05)
      I begin this paper by surveying qualitative distinctives of Pentecostal Bible reading, which together contribute to the missional localizing giftedness of Pentecostalism worldwide. In Part 2 I then suggest that detrimentally incongruent to these distinctives are several Fundamentalist-Evangelical mediated postures to Scripture. In Part 3 I address this incongruence by proposing a Pentecostal lex legendi (“rule of reading”), built on Telford Work’s “Trinitarian-Ontology of Scripture.” I argue that Work’s bibliology provides a compelling theological premise for both the Pentecostal dynamic and polyvalent understanding of biblical revelation, and substantiates theological pluralism as intrinsic to Pentecostal tradition. Further building on Work’s bibliology, I then propose a Pentecostal form of lectio divina (“sacred reading”) that structures the classical/medieval fourfold Scripture sense, to a constructivist understanding of the threefold Pentecostal soteriological experiences (redemption, sanctification, and Spirit baptism). I conclude by delineating how this Pentecostal form of lectio divina may help Pentecostals identify and utilize theological hermeneutics that best foster the Pentecostal missiological giftedness, and hence the pluralizing of Pentecostalism(s) worldwide.
    • A Perichoretic Model for Christian Love : A Theological Response to “A Common Word Between Us and You”

      Tupamahu, Ekaputra (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2013-07-21)
      This article is basically a theological response to the Common Word Between Us and You. It gives a special emphasis on the Trinitarian concept of perichoresis and uses it as a model for Christian love in a pluralistic society. Close attention is given to Jurgen Moltmann’s social trinitarianism, and how it helps formulate a theological framework for a Christian attitude toward others.
    • Analisis Kritis Liturgi Perjamuan Kudus Huria Kristen Batak Protestan

      Pakpahan, Binsar Jonathan (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2014-09-07)
      The liturgy of the Eucharist is a communal rite that becomes a very important foundation of the theological construction of the church. The church must have a good foundation of the Eucharist as a place where they can encounter God as a community. As a result, the theology that comes from this encounter will encourage the church to act out in her theology in the world. In 2014, Huria Kristen Batak Protestan (Protestant Batak Christian Church/HKBP) is trying to reformulate their church order. This research encourages HKBP to look at their theology of the Eucharist more seriously. By using a critical analysis towards the HKBP liturgy of the Eucharist, this paper shows the inconsistency between the HKBP church documents view on the Eucharist. The inconsistency is caused by the different times of the writing of the documents, which were never synchronized.
    • Arah Baru Pendidikan Kristiani di Indonesia? Sebuah Pengantar Editor

      Sasongko, Nindyo (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2020-04-14)
      This is an editor introduction to the special issue on Christian Education in Indonesia
    • Bait Suci: Kemegahan Versus Penderitaan: Sebuah Tafsir Ulang atas Pembangunan Bait Suci Salomo Menurut 1 Raja-raja 5:1-18

      Samosir, Agustina Raplina (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2019-10-12)
      Construction for Solomon's Temple entailed forced labor. This is evinced, first, by several terms connoting forced labor, such as mas, sēbel, and ‘ebed, which are used in the text to describe the Temple project. Widely attested during the reigns of David and Solomon, terms such as these denote just how royal projects were carried out. A second piece of evidence concerns the outbreak of civil unrest during Solomon's day over the issue of forced labor in Israel. As such, the Temple's very construction bears enormous human cost, just as the splendor of that Temple is directly proportionate to the suffering of both denizens and working class. Here the author analyzes the Temple-construction process of Solomon's era, showcasing one example of the “human pyramid” that demands consideration amid a proliferation of interpretative work to be done in the present time.
    • Beriman dalam Dialog: Esai-esai tentang Tuhan dan Agama: by Martin L. Sinaga

      Harmakaputra, Hans A. (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2019-12-19)
      A book review of Beriman Dalam Dialog
    • Bersukacita Karena Penghakiman Allah: Sebuah Penelitian Puitis Mazmur 58

      Huang, Yasuo Thunderstorm (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2019-10-12)
      Unjust judgment ever haunts human life. One instance of such injustice is recorded in Psalm 58. Injustice begets deep human suffering. This article puts forth a reading of Psalm 58 using poetic criticism in an attempt to disclose the psalmist’s feelings amid his suffering. Taking on this aspect of the psalmist’s feelings differs subtly from other scholarly approaches to reading Psalm 58, such as the contribution of Marvin E. Tate. Instead, here the psalmist’s feelings are disclosed in the very fact of the suffering he experiences, although suffering is not the inception of the psalmist’s feelings. The suffering he experiences creates nothing of his feelings. Rather, divine intervention amid suffering is what stirs the very feelings being wrought within the psalmist. That intervention is registered in the psalmist’s recognition toward God. In the end, the event of God’s just judgment might inspire the church’s own disposition against unjust judgment.
    • Christ-Centered Worship: Letting the Gospel Shape Our Practice: by Bryan Chapell

      Augustan, Hansel (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2020-06-18)
      Sebuah resensi untuk buku Christ-Centered Worship.
    • Communal Religious Education in a Multicultural Indonesian Church

      Wowor, Jeniffer (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2020-12-31)
      The reality of diversity is an integral part of Gereja Protestan di Indonesia bagian Barat (The Protestant Church in Western Indonesia, abbreviated as GPIB). This contextual plurality is the church’s wealth, which should make an essential contribution to its ministry. However, a singular challenge that arises in light of that diversity relates to the strong emphasis on “church unity”—which should be a supportive element—thus contributing to problems with the church’s ministry and pedagogy. How is this so? Given that centralized efforts to promote unity correlate closely with the imposition of rules that dominate and determine Christian religious education in the church, this article asserts the necessity of communal identity for an ongoingly diverse reality; communal identity, in other words, must not be destroyed in the name of promoting unity. The argument unfolds in three stages, entailing (1) a summary of the current context of the GPIB and problems it faces, (2) an academic study of the objectives of Christian religious education, to be considered in the context of the GPIB, and (3) a rationale for setting these objectives. Through these three stages, the communal vision is expected to contribute to the church’s ministry and education in the midst of the congregation and the whole Indonesian society with its multicultural context.
    • Dari Kabar Baik menjadi Kitab-kitab Injil: Apa yang Diberitakan Orang Kristen Mula-mula tentang Yesus? oleh David Wenham

      Prasetyo, Nurcahyo (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2020-12-31)
      This is a book review of Dari Kabar Baik menjadi Kitab-kitab Injil.
    • Dari Terra Sancta ke Terra Incognita: Dua Contoh Negosiasi Identitas Umat Kristen Purba

      Tjen, Anwar (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2014-09-07)
      This article is an attempt to learn from the struggle for identity in early Christianity. Since its birth from the womb of Judaism, Christianity was challenged to redefine its identity, rooted as it was in Judaism vis-à-vis the influence of Hellenization. Such a journey into unknown territory (terra incognita) unavoidably led to the birth of new identity which, on the one hand, remained an integral part of its original matrix, but at once challenged its exclusive character. In this overview, two main examples of reinterpretation are presented to illustrate the case, first, by Paul who radically reinterprets Torah and the identity of God's people in Christ, and second, by the author of 1 Peter who reinterprets the identity of "Christianos" as "aliens" and "exiles" in their Graeco-Roman milieu. As can be learned from these examples, negotiation, and renegotiation are an inevitable necessity when Christianity penetrates new territories in its encounter with the "other", in order to root itself in new terra incognita.
    • Dekolonialisasi Pendidikan Agama Kristen di Indonesia

      Lauterboom, Mariska (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2020-04-14)
      This article explores the importance of decolonizing Christian religious education in Indonesia, especially in churches that were established during Dutch colonialism, by engaging in an expressly postcolonial and decolonial approach. After briefly tracing and criticizing the long history of Western colonialism concerning educational practice, this paper presents a variegated rationale connecting the content, relations, and methods within education in the present moment with those of the past—such that education today be seen as reflecting traces of the oppressive and colonizing education of yesteryear. The alternative to this is decolonization, by which a decolonial imagination attends that relational space of teaching-learning in order to transform and liberate Christian religious education in the postcolonial context of Indonesia. In this imagination, there is no body/mind dualism nor sacred/profane binary, and God is present to meet all as Liberator.
    • Delighting the Trinity: An Introduction To Christian Faith: by Michael Reeves

      Wijaya, Jonathan Cristian (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2020-12-31)
      This is a book review of Delighting the Trinity.
    • Dialog Kemanusiaan: Mengupayakan Dialog antara Spiritualitas Trinitaris dengan Ateisme Spiritual ala André-Comte Sponville

      Banoet, Fiktor (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2020-12-31)
      Is there room for furthering a humanistic dialogue on the interplay between Christianity and atheism? Whence an opportunity for investigating the discursive, practical, and even subtle relations between the spiritualities of these ir/religious domains? In this article, I explore these imaginative possibilities following my conviction that any efforts to bridge such humanistic dialogue between Christian and atheist spiritualities are to be sustained by taking a position of paradox—namely, within a “spiritual” zone of commensurability and incommensurability that determines the conditions (and limits) for any comparative or correlative work. This thesis emerges from a consideration of André Comte-Sponville’s efforts to develop a discourse à la “spirituality without God.” Utilizing a critical approach, I frame spirituality without God as a shared discourse, that is, a discursivity under construction between a cosmic spirituality on the one hand and a dialogically humanistic perspective on the other. The direction and benefit of this tandem construction is having the room to experience a Trinitarian spirituality, a possibility and opportunity that emerges after taking into dialogical consideration the critical message that an atheistic spirituality puts toward the task of theology in the midst of so many humanitarian (in addition to ecological) crises. Such discursive correspondence is a matter of contemporary historical import, particularly in the Indonesian context marked by violence and socioreligious dysfunction.
    • Doing the Work of Comparative Theology: A Primer for Christians: by Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen

      Praditya, Lefrandy (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2020-09-10)
      A book review of Doing the Work of Comparative Theology.
    • Dua Tangan Allah Merangkul Semesta: Panentheisme dan Theenpanisme

      Adiprasetya, Joas (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2018-06-24)
      This article proposes a Trinitarian imagination that demonstrates the embrace of the whole universe by the Son and the Holy Spirit, the two hands of God, through the creation and perfection of the universe. Both divine acts take place in the incarnation of the Son and the inhabitation of the Holy Spirit. The Trinitarian perichoretic principle also applies to the relationship between God and creation in such a way that, not only is the whole universe in the Son (panentheism), but so too the Holy Spirit permeates the whole universe (theenpanism). As a result, Christian theology offers a comforting pastoral message, namely, that the universe is never entirely separable from the loving communion of the Triune God.
    • Eksklusivisme dan Radikalisme dalam Kitab Ezra: Upaya Menelaah Penyebab Eksklusivisme dan Radikalisme Bangsa Israel dalam Kitab Ezra serta Menemukan Refleksi bagi Pembaca Kristen Indonesia pada Masa Kini

      Awijaya, Agetta Putri (Asosiasi Teolog Indonesia, 2020-06-18)
      The story of Israel’s journey in the Book of Ezra provides a description of how exclusivism and radicalism were able to grow among the group of Israelites returning from exile with Ezra. By paying attention to the social and political dynamics underlying the writing of this book, the reader can suss out how the situation of historical events provoked concerns related to identity within Ezra’s own cohort, eventually changing them to become an exclusivist and radicalized group. This article presents an excavation of the social and political context for the Book of Ezra, including a critique concerning the point of view of its author. The purpose of such an excavation is to investigate how exclusivism and radicalism emerged in the post-exilic period. Through this critical reading, readers, especially Indonesian Christians, can see how the seeds of exclusivism and radicalism grew in this given group of people, as well as how to prevent these seeds from causing conflict in order to preserve the unity in diversity of Indonesia [cf. Bhinneka Tunggal Ika].