• LC/MARC on MOLDS; An Experiment in Computer-Based Interactive Bibliographic Storage, Search, Retrieval, and Processing

      Atherton, Pauline; Miller, Karen B. (Library Information Technology Association, 1970-06-01)
      A project at Syracuse University utilizing MOLDS, a generalized computer-based interactive retrieval program, with a portion of the Library of Congress MARC Pilot Project tapes as a data base. The system, written in FORTRAN, was used in both a batch and an on-line mode. It formed part of a computer laboratory for library science students during 1968-1969. This report describes the system and its components and points out its advantages and disadvantages.
    • Automatic Processing of Personal Names for Filing

      Palmer, Foster M. (Library Information Technology Association, 1971-12-01)
      Describes a method for preparing personal names already in machine readable form for processing by any standard computer sort program, determining filing order insofar as possible from normally available information rather than from special formating. Prefix recognition is emphasized; multiword forename entries are a problem area. Provision is made for an edit list of problems requiring human decision. Possible extension of the method to titles is discussed.
    • Design Considerations for Multilingual Web Sites

      Starr, Joan (Library Information Technology Association, 2005-09-01)
      The most powerful marketing, service, and information-distribution tool a library has today is its Web site, but providing Web content in many languages is complex. Before allocating scarce technical and financial resources, it is valuable to learn about writing systems, types of writing, how computers render and represent writing systems, and to study potential problem areas and their possible solutions. The accepted Web standard for presenting languages is Unicode and a full understanding of its history and the coding tools it provides is essential to making appropriate decisions for specific multilingual and internationalization projects. Actual coding examples, as well as a sampling of existing multilingual library services, also serve to illuminate the path of implementation.
    • Web Services and Widgets for Library Information Systems

      Back, Godmar; Bailey, Annette (Library Information Technology Association, 2010-06-01)
      As more libraries integrate information from web services to enhance their online public displays, techniques that facilitate this integration are needed. This paper presents a technique for such integration that is based on HTML widgets. We discuss three example systems (Google Book Classes, Tictoclookup, and MAJAX) that implement this technique. These systems can be easily adapted without requiring programming experience or expensive hosting.
    • Usability of the VuFind Next-Generation Online Catalog

      Emanuel, Jennifer (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-03-01)
      The VuFind open–source, next-generation catalog system was implemented by the Consortium of Academic and Research Libraries in Illinois as an alternative to the WebVoyage OPAC system. The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign began offering VuFind alongside WebVoyage in 2009 as an experiment in next generation catalogs. Using a faceted search discovery interface, it offered numerous improvements to the UIUC catalog and focused on limiting results after searching rather than limiting searches up front. Library users have praised VuFind for its Web 2.0 feel and features. However, there are issues, particularly with catalog data.
    • President's Message: Membership, Leadership, Emerging Leaders, and LITA

      Starr, Karen J. (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-03-01)
      President’s Message: Membership, Leadership, Emerging Leaders, and LITA
    • Semantic Web for Reliable Citation Analysis in Scholarly Publishing

      Tous, Ruben; Guerrero, Manel; Delgado, Jaime (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-03-01)
      Analysis of the impact of scholarly artifacts is constrained by current unreliable practices in cross-referencing, citation discovering, and citation indexing and analysis, which have not kept pace with the technological advances that are occurring in several areas like knowledge management and security. Because citation analysis has become the primary component in scholarly impact factor calculation, and considering the relevance of this metric within both the scholarly publishing value chain and (especially important) the professional curriculum evaluation of scholarly professionals, we defend that current practices need to be revised. This paper describes a reference architecture that aims to provide openness and reliability to the citation-tracking lifecycle. The solution relies on the use of digitally signed semantic metadata in the different stages of the scholarly publishing workflow in such a manner that authors, publishers, repositories, and citation-analysis systems will have access to independent reliable evidences that are resistant to forgery, impersonation, and repudiation. As far as we know, this is the first paper to combine Semantic Web technologies and public-key cryptography to achieve reliable citation analysis in scholarly publishing
    • Editorial: "The Air is Full of People"

      Truitt, Marc (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-03-01)
      Editorial: "The Air is Full of People"
    • Web Accessibility, Libraries, and the Law

      Fulton, Camilla (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-03-01)
      With an abundance of library resources being served on the web, researchers are finding that disabled people oftentimes do not have the same level of access to materials as their nondisabled peers. This paper discusses web accessibility in the context of United States’ federal laws most referenced in web accessibility lawsuits. Additionally, it reveals which states have statutes that mirror federal web accessibility guidelines and to what extent. Interestingly, fewer than half of the states have adopted statutes addressing web accessibility, and fewer than half of these reference Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act or Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 1.0. Regardless of sparse legislation surrounding web accessibility, librarians should consult the appropriate web accessibility resources to ensure that their specialized content reaches all.
    • A Simple Scheme for Book Classification Using Wikipedia

      Yelton, Andromeda (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-03-01)
      Because the rate at which documents are being generated outstrips librarians’ ability to catalog them, an accurate, automated scheme of subject classification is desirable. However, simplistic word-counting schemes miss many important concepts; librarians must enrich algorithms with background knowledge to escape basic problems such as polysemy and synonymy. I have developed a script that uses Wikipedia as context for analyzing the subjects of nonfiction books. Though a simple method built quickly from freely available parts, it is partially successful, suggesting the promise of such an approach for future research.
    • The Internet Public Library (IPL): An Exploratory Case Study on User Perceptions

      Maceli, Monica; Wiedenbeck, Susan; Abels, Eileen (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-03-01)
      The Internet Public Library (IPL), now known as ipl2, was created in 1995 with the mission of serving the public by providing librarian-recommended Internet resources and reference help. We present an exploratory case study on public perceptions of an “Internet public library,” based on qualitative analysis of interviews with ten college student participants: some current users and others unfamiliar with the IPL. The exploratory interviews revealed some confusion around the IPL’s name and the types of resources and services that would be offered. Participants made many positive comments about the IPL’s resource quality, credibility, and personal help.
    • Building an Open Source Institutional Repository at a Small Law School Library: Is it Realistic or Unattainable?

      Wang, Fang (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-06-01)
      Digital preservation activities among law libraries have largely been limited by a lack of funding, staffing and expertise. Most law school libraries that have already implemented an Institutional Repository (IR) chose proprietary platforms because they are easy to set up, customize, and maintain with the technical and development support they provide. The Texas Tech University School of Law Digital Repository is one of the few law school repositories in the nation that is built on the DSpace open source platform.1 The repository is the law school’s first institutional repository in history. It was designed to collect, preserve, share and promote the law school’s digital materials, including research and scholarship of the law faculty and students, institutional history, and law-related resources. In addition, the repository also serves as a dark archive to house internal records.
    • Editorial Board Thoughts: Just Like Being There, or How I Learned To Stop Coveting Bare Metal and Learned to Love My VM

      Cyzyk, Mark (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-06-01)
      Editorial Board Thoughts: Just Like Being There, or How I Learned To Stop Coveting Bare Metal and Learned to Love My VM
    • Benign Neglect: Developing Life Rafts for Digital Content

      DeRidder, Jody L. (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-06-01)
      Benign Neglect: Developing Life Rafts for Digital Content
    • Management and Support of Shared Integrated Library Systems

      Vaughan, Jason; Costello, Kristen (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-06-01)
      The University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) University Libraries has hosted and managed a shared integrated library system (ILS) since 1989. The system and the number of partner libraries sharing the system has grown significantly over the past two decades. Spurred by the level of involvement and support contributed by the host institution, the authors administered a comprehensive survey to current Innovative Interfaces libraries. Research findings are combined with a description of UNLV’s local practices to provide substantial insights into shared funding, support, and management activities associated with shared systems.
    • Editorial: Singularity--Are We There Yet?

      Truitt, Marc (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-06-01)
      Editorial: Singularity--Are We There Yet?
    • President's Message: 21st Century Skills, 21st Century Infrastructure

      Starr, Karen J. (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-06-01)
      President's Message: 21st Century Skills, 21st Century Infrastructure
    • Seeing the Wood for the Trees: Enhancing Metadata Subject Elements with Weights

      Zhang, Hong; Smith, Linda C.; Twidale, Michael; Gao, Fang Huang (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-06-01)
      Subject indexing has been conducted in a dichotomous way in terms of what the information object is primarily about/of or not, corresponding to the presence or absence of a particular subject term, respectively. With more subject terms brought into information systems via social tagging, manual cataloging, or automated indexing, many more partially relevant results can be retrieved. Using examples from digital image collections and online library catalog systems, we explore the problem and advocate for adding a weighting mechanism to subject indexing and tagging to make web search and navigation more effective and efficient. We argue that the weighting of subject terms is more important than ever in today’s world of growing collections, more federated searching, and expansion of social tagging. Such a weighting mechanism needs to be considered and applied not only by indexers, catalogers, and taggers, but also needs to be incorporated into system functionality and metadata schemas.
    • Adoption of E-Book Readers Among College Students: A Survey

      Foasberg, Nancy M. (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-09-02)
      To learn whether e-book readers have become widely popular among college students, this study surveys students at one large, urban, four-year public college. The survey asked whether the students owned e-book readers and if so, how often they used them and for what purposes. Thus far, uptake is slow; a very small proportion of students use e-readers. These students use them primarily for leisure reading and continue to rely on print for much of their reading. Students reported that price is the greatest barrier to e-reader adoption and had little interest in borrowing e-reader compatible e-books from the library.
    • Click Analytics: Visualizing Website Use Data

      Farney, Tabatha A. (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-09-02)
      Click analytics is a powerful technique that displays what and where users are clicking on a webpage helping libraries to easily identify areas of high and low usage on a page without having to decipher website use data sets. Click analytics is a subset of web analytics, but there is little research that discusses its potential uses for libraries. This paper introduces three click analytics tools, Google Analytics’ In-Page Analytics, ClickHeat, and Crazy Egg, and evaluates their usefulness in the context of redesigning a library’s homepage.