• A 21st Century Technical Infrastructure for Digital Preservation

      Tallman, Nathan (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2021-12-20)
      Digital preservation systems and practices are rooted in research and development efforts from the late 1990s and early 2000s when the cultural heritage sector started to tackle these challenges in isolation. Since then, the commercial sector has sought to solve similar challenges, using different technical strategies such as software defined storage and function-as-a-service. While commercial sector solutions are not necessarily created with long-term preservation in mind, they are well aligned with the digital preservation use case. The cultural heritage sector can benefit from adapting these modern approaches to increase sustainability and leverage technological advancements widely in use across Fortune 500 companies.
    • A Book Catalog at Stanford

      Johnson, Richard D. (Library Information Technology Association, 2012-12-02)
      Description of a system for the production of a book catalog for an undergraduate library, using an IBM 1401 Computer (12K storage, 4 tape drives), an expanded print chain on the 1403 Printer, and an 029 Card Punch for input. Described are the conversion of cataloging information into machine readable form, the machine record produced, the computer programs employed, and printing of the catalog. The catalog, issued annually, is in three parts: an author & title catalog, a subject catalog, and a shelf list. Cumulative supplements are issued quarterly. A central idea in the depiction of entries in the catalog is the abandonment of the main entry concept. The alphabetical arrangement of entries is discuessed: sort keys employed, filing order observed, symbols employed to alter this order, and problems encountered. Cost factors involved in the preparation of the catalog are summarized.
    • A Candid Look at Collected Works: Challenges of Clustering Aggregates in GLIMIR and FRBR

      Thornburg, Gail (Library Information Technology Association, 2014-08-25)
      Creating descriptions of collected works in ways consistent with clear and precise retrieval has long challenged information professionals.  This paper describes problems of creating record clusters for collected works, and distinguishing them from single works:  design pitfalls, successes, failures, and future research.
    • A Case Study on the Path to Resource Discovery

      ANONYMOUS (I must ask her first); Guay, Beth (Library Information Technology Association, 2017-09-17)
      A meeting in April 2015 explored the potential withdrawal of valuable collections of microfilm held by the University of Maryland, College Park Libraries. This resulted in a project to identify OCLC record numbers (OCN) for addition to OCLC’s Chadwyck-Healey Early English Books Online (EEBO) KBART file.[i] Initially, the project was an attempt to adapt cataloging workflows to a new environment in which the copy cataloging of e-resources takes place within discovery system tools rather than traditional cataloging utilities and MARC record set or individual record downloads into online catalogs. In the course of the project, it was discovered that the microfilm and e-version bibliographic records contained metadata which had not been utilized by OCLC to improve its link resolution and discovery services for digitized versions of the microfilm resources. This metadata may be advantageous to OCLC and to others in their work to transition from MARC to linked data on the Semantic Web. With MARC record field indexing and linked data implementations, this collection and others could better support scholarly research.[i] A KBART file is a file compliant with the NISO recommended practice, Knowledge Bases and Related Tools (KBART). See KBART Phase II Working Group, Knowledge Bases and Related Tools (KBART): Recommended Practice: NISO RP-9-2014 (Baltimore, MD: National Information Standards Organization (NISO), 2014), accessed March 14, 2017, http://www.niso.org/publications/rp/rp-9-2014/.
    • A Closer Look at User Centered Design

      Kucera, Ann (Library Information Technology Association, 2018-06-18)
    • A Collaborative Approach to Newspaper Preservation

      Krahmer, Ana; Douglas, Laura (Library Information Technology Association, 2020-09-21)
      This column explores a collaborative undertaking between the Denton Public Library in Denton, Texas, and the University of North Texas Libraries (UNT) to build digital access to the city of Denton’s newspaper of record, the Denton Record-Chronicle (DRC). The process included coordination with the newspaper publisher, solidifying agreements between the libraries, obtaining grant funding for the project, and ensuring scheduled uploads to build digital access to the DRC via The Portal to Texas History’s Texas Digital Newspaper Program (TDNP). TDNP builds open access to Texas newspapers, and the partnership between the Denton Public Library and UNT exemplifies the value of collaboration to preserving history and building digital access to research materials
    • A Comparative Analysis on the Effect of the Chosen ILSes on Systems and Technical Services Staffing Models

      Fu, Ping; Fitzgerald, Moira (Library Information Technology Association, 2013-09-15)
      This analysis compares how the traditional ILS and the next-generation ILS impact systems and technical services staffing models at academic libraries. The method used in this analysis is to select two categories of ILSes—two well-established traditional ILSes and three leading next-generation ILSes—and compare them by focusing on two aspects: (1) software architecture, and (2) workflows and functionality. The results of the analysis show that the next-generation ILS will have substantial implications for library systems and technical staffing models in particular, suggesting that library staffing models should be redesigned and key librarian and staff positions be redefined to meet the opportunities and challenges brought on by the next-generation ILS. Keywords: next-generation ILS, client-server computing, cloud computing, library staffing modes
    • A Comparison of OCLC, RLG/RLIN, and WLN

      University of, Oregon (Library Information Technology Association, 2013-10-26)
      A Comparison of OCLC, RLG/RLIN, and WLN
    • A Comprehensive Approach to Algorithmic Machine Sorting of Library of Congress Call Numbers

      Wetherington, Corey; Wagner, Scott (Library Information Technology Association, 2019-12-16)
      This paper details an approach for accurately machine sorting Library of Congress (LC) call numbers which improves considerably upon other methods reviewed. The authors have employed this sorting method in creating an open-source software tool for library stacks maintenance, possibly the first such application capable of sorting the full range of LC call numbers. The method has potential application to any software environment that stores and retrieves LC call number information.
    • A Computer Output Microfilm Serials List for Patron Use

      Saffady, William (Library Information Technology Association, 2015-12-22)
      Library literature generally assumes that COM is better suited to staff rather than patron use applications. This paper describes a COM serials holdings list intended for patron use. The application and conversion from paper to COM are described. Emphasis is placed on the selection of an appropriate microformat and easily operable viewing equipment as conditions of success for patron use.
    • A Computer System for Effective Management of a Medical Library Network

      Nance, Richard E.; Wickham, W. Kenneth; Duggan, Maryann (Library Information Technology Association, 2014-05-31)
      TRIPS (TALON Reporting and Information Processing System) is an interactive software system for generating reports to NLM on regional medical library network activity and constitutes a vital part of a network management information system (NEMIS) for the South Central Regional Medical Library Program. Implemented on a PDP-lOfSRU 1108 interfaced system, TRIPS accepts paper tape input describing network transactions and generates output statistics on disposition of requests, elapsed time for completing filled requests, time to clear unfilled requests, arrival time distribution of requests by day of month, and various other measures of activity andjor performance. Emphasized in the TRIPS design are flexibility, extensibility, and system integrity. Processing costs, neglecting preparation of input which may be accomplished in several ways, are estimated at $.05 per transaction, a transaction being the transmittal of a message from one library to another.
    • A Computer-Accessed Microfiche Library

      Zimmerman, R. G. J. (Library Information Technology Association, 2015-12-22)
      This paper describes a user-interactive system for the selection and display of pictorial information stored on microfiche cards in a computer-controlled viewer. The system is designed to provide rapid access to photographic and graphical data. It is intended to provide a library of photographs of planetary bodies and is currently being used to store selected Martian and lunar photography.
    • A Cost Effectiveness Model for Comparing Various Circulation Systems

      Burgess, Thomas K. (Library Information Technology Association, 2014-10-18)
      Two models for circulation systems costing are presented. Both the automated and the manual models are based on experience gained in the analysis of circulation services at Washington State University library. Validation tests for the model assumptions are devised and explained. Use of the models for cost effectiveness comparison and for cost prediction are discussed and examples are given showing their application.
    • A Dynamic Methodology for Improving the Search Experience

      Kerchner, Marcia D. (Library Information Technology Association, 2013-01-13)
      In the early years of modern information retrieval, the fundamental way in which we understood and evaluated search performance was by measuring precision and recall. In recent decades, however, models of evaluation have expanded to incorporate the information-seeking task and the quality of its outcome, as well as the value of the information to the user. We have developed a systems engineering-based methodology for improving the whole search experience. The approach focuses on understanding users’ information-seeking problems, understanding who has the problems, and applying solutions that address these problems. This information is gathered through ongoing analysis of site-usage reports, satisfaction surveys, Help Desk reports, and a working relationship with the business owners.
    • A Fast Algorithm for Automatic Classification

      Dattola, R. T. (Library Information Technology Association, 2013-03-02)
      An economical classification process of order n of log n (for n elements), which does not employ n-square procedures. Conversion proofs are given and possible information retrieval applications are discussed.
    • A File Storage Service on a Cloud Computing Environment for Digital Libraries

      CONACYT - Tamaulipas State Government; Sosa-Sosa, Victor Jesus; Hernandez-Ramirez, Emigdio M. (Library Information Technology Association, 2012-12-12)
      This paper introduces a file storage service that is implemented on a private/hybrid cloud computing environment. The entire system was implemented using open source software. The characteristic of elasticity is supported by virtualization technologies allowing to increase and to decrease the computing and storage resources based on their demand. An evaluation of performance and resource consumption was made using several levels of data availability and fault tolerance. The set of modules included in this storage environment can be taken as a reference guide for IT staff that wants to have some experience building a modest cloud storage infrastructure.
    • A Framework for Measuring Relevancy in Discovery Environments

      Galbreath, Blake Lee; Merrill, Alex; Johnson, Corey (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2021-06-15)
      Discovery environments are ubiquitous in academic libraries but studying their effectiveness and use in an academic environment has mostly centered around user satisfaction, experience, and task analysis. This study aims to create a quantitative, reproducible framework to test the relevancy of results and the overall success of Washington State University’s discovery environment (Primo by Ex Libris). Within this framework, the authors use bibliographic citations from student research papers submitted as part of a required university class as the proxy for relevancy. In the context of this study, the researchers created a testing model that includes: (1) a process to produce machine-generated keywords from a corpus of research papers to compare against a set of human-created keywords, (2) a machine process to query a discovery environment to produce search result lists to compare against citation lists, and (3) four metrics to measure the comparative success of different search strategies and the relevancy of the results. This framework is used to move beyond a sentiment or task-based analysis to measure if materials cited in student papers appear in the results list of a production discovery environment. While this initial test of the framework produced fewer matches between researcher-generated search results and student bibliography sources than expected, the authors note that faceted searches represent a greater success rate when compared to open-ended searches. Future work will include comparative (A/B) testing of commonly deployed discovery layer configurations and limiters to measure the impact of local decisions on discovery layer efficacy as well as noting where in the results list a citation match occurs.
    • A Framework for Member Success

      Morton-Owens, Emily (Library Information Technology Association, 2020-03-16)
      Our organization and governance (our committees, offices, processes, etc.) play a major role in what it is like to be a member. For those of us who are most involved in ALA and LITA, the organization may be familiar and supportive. But for new members looking for a foothold, or library workers who don’t see themselves in our association, our organization may look like a barrier. Moreover, many of our financial challenges are connected to our organization. The organization must evolve, but we must achieve this without losing what makes us loyal members.  
    • A General Planning Methodology for Automation

      Meyer, Richard W.; Reuland, Beth Ann; Diaz, Francisco M.; Colburn, Frances (Library Information Technology Association, 2013-10-26)
      A General Planning Methodology for Automation
    • A Hybrid Access Method for Bibliographic Records

      Bookstein, Abraham (Library Information Technology Association, 2015-12-22)
      This paper defines an access method for bibliographic records that combines features of the search key approach and the inverted file approach. It is a refinement of the search key technique that permits its extension to large files. A method by which this approach can be efficiently implemented is suggested.