• Editorial: Koyaanisqatsi

      Truitt, Marc (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-09-02)
    • Editorial Board Thoughts: Eating Our Own Dogfood

      Witt, Michael (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-09-02)
    • Librarians and Technology Skill Acquisition: Issues and Perspectives

      Riley-Huff, Debra A.; Rholes, Julia M. (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-09-02)
      Libraries are increasingly searching for and employing librarians with significant technology skill sets. This article reports on a study conducted to determine how well prepared librarians are for their positions in academic libraries, how they acquired their skillss and how difficult they are to hire and retain. The examination entails a close look at ALA-accredited LIS program technology course offerings and dovetails a dual survey designed to capture experiences and perspectives from practitioners, both library administrators and librarianss who have significant technology roles.
    • Factors Affecting University Library Website Design

      Kim, Yongi-Mi (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-09-02)
      Existing studies have extensively explored factors that affect users’ intentions to use university library website resources (ULWR); yet little attention has been given to factors affecting university library website design. This paper investigates factors that affect university library website design and assesses the success of the university library website from both designers’ and users’ perspectives. The findings show that when planning a website, university web designers consider university guidelines, review other websites, and consult with experts and other divisions within the library; however, resources and training for the design process are lacking. While website designers assess their websites as highly successful, user evaluations are somewhat lower. Accordingly, use is low, and users rely heavily on commercial websites. Suggestions for enhancing the usage of ULWR are provided.
    • Editorial and Technological Workflow Tools to Promote Website Quality

      Morton-Owens, Emily G. (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-09-02)
      Library websites are an increasingly visible representation of the library as an institution, which makes website quality an important way to communicate competence and trustworthiness to users. A website editorial workflow is one way to enforce a process and ensure quality. In a workflow, users receive roles, like author or editor, and content travels through various stages in which grammar, spelling, tone, and format are checked. One library used a workflow system to involve librarians in the creation of content. This system, implemented in Drupal, an opensource content management system, solved problems of coordination, quality, and comprehensiveness that existed on the library’s earlier, static website.
    • President's Message: Reflections on Membership

      Cuddy, Colleen (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-09-02)
    • Editorial Board Thoughts: Is Open Access the Answer?

      Porter, Cynthia (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-11-01)
      Editorial Board Thoughts: Is Open Access the Answer?
    • Cloud Computing: Case Studies and Total Cost of Ownership

      Han, Yan (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-11-01)
      This paper consists of four major sections: The first section is a literature review of cloud computing and a cost model. The next section focuses on detailed overviews of cloud computing and its levels of services: SaaS, PaaS, and IaaS. Major cloud computing providers are introduced, including Amazon Web Services (AWS),Microsoft Azure, and Google App Engine. Finally, case studies of implementing web applications on IaaS and PaaS using AWS, Linode and Google AppEngine are demonstrated. Justifications of running on an IaaS provider (AWS) and running on a PaaS provider (Google AppEngine) are described. The last section discusses costs and technology analysis comparing cloud computing with local managed storage and servers. The total costs of ownership (TCO) of an AWS small instance are significantlylower, but the TCO of a typical 10TB space in Amazon S3 aresignificantly higher. Since Amazon offers lower storage pricing for huge amounts of data, the TCO might be lower. Readers should do their own analysis on the TCOs.
    • From Static and Stale to Dynamic and Collaborative: The Drupal Difference

      Hubble, Ann; Murphy, Deborah A.; Perry, Susan Chesley (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-12-01)
      Editor’s Note: This paper is adapted from a presentation given at the 2010 LITA Forum.
    • Outgoing Editor's Column: Parting Thoughts

      Truitt, Marc (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-12-01)
      Outgoing Editor's Column: Parting Thoughts
    • Editorial Board Thoughts: Sharing Responsibility in the Digital Age

      Dehmlow, Mark (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-12-01)
      Editorial Board Thoughts: Sharing Responsibility in the Digital Age
    • Incoming Editor's Column: Ch-ch-ch-ch-changes (turn and face the strain)

      Gerrity, Robert (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-12-01)
      Incoming Editor's Column: Ch-ch-ch-ch-changes (turn and face the strain)
    • Graphs in Libraries: A Primer

      Powell, James E.; Alcazar, Daniel A.; Hopkins, Matthew; McMahon, Tamara M.; Wu, Amber; Collins, Linn; Olendorf, Robert (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-12-01)
      Whenever librarians use Semantic Web services and standards for representing data, they also generate graphs, whether they intend to or not. Graphs are a new data model for libraries and librarians, and they present new opportunities for library services. In this paper we introduce graph theory and explore its real and potential applications in the context of digital libraries. Part 1 describes basic concepts in graph theory and how graph theory has been applied by information retrieval systems such as Google. Part 2 discusses practical applications of graph theory in digital library environments. Some of the applications have been prototyped at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Research Library, others have been described in peer-reviewed journals, and still others are speculative in nature. The paper is intended to serve as a high-level tutorial to graphs in libraries.
    • Cataloging Theory in Search of Graph Theory and Other Ivory Towers

      Murray, Ronald J.; Tillett, Barbara B. (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-12-01)
      This paper summarizes a research program that focuses on how catalogers, other cultural heritage information workers, web/Semantic Web technologists, and the general public understand, explain, and manage resource description tasks by creating, counting, measuring, classifying, and otherwise arranging descriptions of cultural heritage resources within the bibliographic universe and beyond it. A significant effort is made to update the nineteenth-century mathematical and scientific ideas present in traditional cataloging theory to their twentieth- and twenty-first-century counterparts. There are two key elements in this approach: (1) a technique for diagrammatically depicting and manipulating large quantities of individual and grouped bibliographic entities and the relationships between them, and (2) the creation of resource description exemplars (problem–solution sets) that are intended to play theoretical, pedagogical, and IT system design roles.
    • President's Message: Data Discovery

      Cuddy, Colleen (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-12-01)
      President's Message: Data Discovery
    • Selecting a Web Content Management System for an Academic Library Website

      Black, Elizabeth L. (Library Information Technology Association, 2011-12-01)
      This article describes the selection of a web content management system (CMS) at the Ohio State University Libraries. The author outlines the need for a CMS, describes the system requirements to support a large distributed content model and shares the CMS trial method used, which directly included content provider feedback side-by-side with the technical experts. The selected CMS is briefly described.
    • Usability Test Results for a Discovery Tool in an Academic Library

      Fagan, Jody Condit; Mandernach, Meris A.; Nelson, Carl S.; Paulo, Jonathan R.; Saunders, Grover (Library Information Technology Association, 2012-03-03)
      Discovery tools are emerging in libraries. These tools offer library patrons the ability to concurrently search the library catalog and journal articles. While vendors rush to provide feature-rich interfaces and access to as much content as possible, librarians wonder about the usefulness of these tools to library patrons. In order to learn about both the utility and usability of EBSCO Discovery Service, James Madison University conducted a usability test with eight students and two faculty members. The test consisted of nine tasks focused on common patron requests or related to the utility of specific discovery tool features. Software recorded participants’ actions and time on task, human observers judged the success of each task, and a post-survey questionnaire gathered qualitative feedback and comments from the participants.  Overall, participants were successful at most tasks, but specific usability problems suggested some interface changes for both EBSCO Discovery Service and JMU’s customizations of the tool.  The study also raised several questions for libraries above and beyond any specific discovery tool interface, including the scope and purpose of a discovery tool versus other library systems, working with the large result sets made possible by discovery tools, and navigation between the tool and other library services and resources.  This article will be of interest to those who are investigating discovery tools, selecting products, integrating discovery tools into a library web presence, or performing evaluations of similar systems.
    • Library Use of Web-based Research Guides

      Ghaphery, Jimmy; White, Erin (Library Information Technology Association, 2012-03-03)
      This paper describes the ways in which libraries are currently implementing and managing web-based research guides (a.k.a. Pathfinders, LibGuides, Subject Guides, etc.) by examining two sets of data from the spring of 2011. One set of data was compiled by visiting the websites of ninety-nine American university ARL libraries and recording the characteristics of each site’s research guides. The other set of data is based on an online survey of librarians about the ways in which their libraries implement and maintain research guides. In conclusion, a discussion follows that includes implications for the library technology community.
    • Batch Ingesting into EPrints Digital Repository Software

      Neugebauer, Tomasz; Han, Bin (Library Information Technology Association, 2012-03-03)
      This paper describes the batch importing strategy and workflow used for the import of theses metadata and PDF documents into the EPrints digital repository software. A two-step strategy of importing metadata in MARC format followed by attachment of PDF documents is described in detail, including Perl source code for scripts used.  The processes described were used in the ingestion of 6,000 theses metadata and PDFs into an EPrints institutional repository.
    • Editor's Comments

      Gerrity, Robert (Library Information Technology Association, 2012-03-03)
      Editor's Comments