Resolução de problemas I: diferenças entre novatos e especialistas
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AbstractThis paper presents a review of the literature in the area of problem solving, particularly in physics, focusing only on the expert/novice issue. Thirty-one papers have been analyzed in terms of theoretical basis - method/subjects - findings, which were organized in a table that served as support for a synthesis made by the authors. It is the first of a four-paper series reviewing different aspects of the problem solving subject.
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PALS - Performance Assessment Links in Science1999-01PALS is an on-line, standards-based, continually updated resource bank of science performance assessment tasks indexed via the National Science Education Standards (NSES) and various other standards frameworks. The tasks, collected from numerous sources, include student directions and response forms, administration procedures, scoring rubrics, examples of student work, and technical quality data calculated from field testing. On-line rater training packets have also been created for some tasks. PALS is supported by a grant from the Elementary, Secondary, and Informal Education (ESIE) Division (Grant #: ESI-9730651) of the National Science Foundation. Educational levels: High school, Intermediate elementary, Middle school, Primary elementary
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