A agenda constituinte e a difícil governabilidade Agenda constitutionalization and governabujty
Author(s)Cláudio Gonçalves Couto
Political science (General)
DOAJ:Law and Political Science
AbstractA política brasileira tem se caracterizado, nos anos que se seguiram ao fim do regime militar, pela constitucionalização da agenda governamental. Obrigados a formar amplas coalizões que ultrapassam a necessidade corriqueira de maioria absoluta no Congresso, os chefes do Executivo enfrentam dificuldades maiores do que aquelas que normalmente caracterizam os sistemas presidencialistas. Além de um sistema político consociativo, o Brasil tem se defrontado com uma agenda ultraconsociativa.<br>One of the main features of Brazilian politics in the years following the end of the military regime has been the constitutionalization of the governmental agenda. Forced to form wide coalizations which overstep the routine demand of absolute majority, the chiefs of the Executive branch face greater difficulties than those which normally characterize presidentialist systems. Besides a consociative political system Brazil has been facing an ultraconsociative agenda.
PALS - Performance Assessment Links in Science1999-01PALS is an on-line, standards-based, continually updated resource bank of science performance assessment tasks indexed via the National Science Education Standards (NSES) and various other standards frameworks. The tasks, collected from numerous sources, include student directions and response forms, administration procedures, scoring rubrics, examples of student work, and technical quality data calculated from field testing. On-line rater training packets have also been created for some tasks. PALS is supported by a grant from the Elementary, Secondary, and Informal Education (ESIE) Division (Grant #: ESI-9730651) of the National Science Foundation. Educational levels: High school, Intermediate elementary, Middle school, Primary elementary
NASA Earth Observatory: Biomes (title provided or enhanced by cataloger)This National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) website allows students to investigate biomes and then test their knowledge by completing missions. The site provides basic data about each biome such as temperature, precipitation, vegetation, location, description and links. Biomes discussed include coniferous forest, temperate deciduous forest, desert, grassland, rainforest, shrubland and tundra. The two missions (available at beginner and advanced levels) are designed to teach students about the relationship between temperature and precipitation and plants in biomes. A teacher resource guide provides details about goals, expected outcomes, extension ideas, and hands-on activities. Educational levels: High school, Intermediate elementary, Middle school, Primary elementary
Earth Update ActivitiesCarolyn Sumners; Patricia Reiff (2000-01-01)This site provides earth science student activities in PDF format, organized by grade level and national science and math objectives. Most of the activities use the data or images from Earth Update (available on the web or using the "Earth Update" CD-Rom). Activities include both inquiry-based and guided data exploration. Educational levels: High school, Intermediate elementary, Middle school, Undergraduate lower division