Information Technology and Libraries is a refereed journal published quarterly by the Library and Information Technology Association (LITA), a division of the American Library Association. It publishes material related to all aspects of information technology in all types of libraries. Topic areas include, but are not limited to, library automation, digital libraries, metadata, identity management, distributed systems and networks, computer security, intellectual property rights, technical standards, geographic information systems, desktop applications, information discovery tools, web-scale library services, cloud computing, digital preservation, data curation, virtualization, search-engine optimization, emerging technologies, social networking, open data, the semantic web, mobile services and applications, usability, universal access to technology, library consortia, vendor relations, and digital humanities.

News

The Globethics.net library contains articles of Information Technology and Libraries as of vol. 3(1970) no. 2 to current.

Recent Submissions

  • Letter from the Editors (June 2022)

    Varnum, Kenneth J.; Kelly, Marisha C. (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2022-06-16)
  • Applying Topic Modeling for Automated Creation of Descriptive Metadata for Digital Collections

    Glowacka-Musial, Monika (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2022-06-15)
    Creation of descriptive metadata for digital objects tends to be a laborious process. Specifically, subject analysis that seeks to classify the intellectual content of digitized documents typically requires considerable time and effort to determine subject headings that best represent the substance of these documents. This project examines the use of topic modeling to streamline the workflow for assigning subject headings to the digital collection of New Mexico State University news releases issued between 1958 and 2020. The optimization of the workflow enables timely scholarly access to unique primary source documentation.
  • Research on Knowledge Organization of Intangible Cultural Heritage Based on Metadata

    Qing, Fan; Tan, Guoxin; Sun, Chuanming; Chen, Panfeng (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2022-06-15)
    Metadata has been analyzed and summarized. Based on Dublin Core metadata, combined with the characteristics and forms of intangible cultural heritage, this article explores the metadata for intangible cultural heritage in knowledge organizations based on relevant resource description standards. The Wuhan woodcarving ship model is presented as an example of national intangible cultural heritage to control the application of metadata in intangible cultural heritage knowledge organizations. New ideas are provided for the digital development of intangible cultural heritage.
  • Ontology for the User-Learner Profile Personalizes the Search Analysis of Online Learning Resources

    Kordahi, Marilou (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2022-06-15)
    We hope to contribute to the field of research in information technology and digital libraries by analyzing the connections between Thematic Digital Universities and digital user-learner profiles. Thematic Digital Universities are similar to digital libraries, and focus on creating and indexing open educational resources, as well as improving learning in the information age. The digital user profile relates to the digital representation of a person’s identity and characteristics. In this paper we present the design of an ontology for the digital User-Learner Profile (OntoULP) and its application program. OntoULP is used to structure a user-learner’s digital profile. The application provides each user-learner with tailor-made analyses based on informational behaviors, needs, and preferences. We rely on an exploratory research approach and on methods of ontologies, user modeling, and semantic matching to design the OntoULP and its application program. Any user-learner could use the OntoULP and its application program.
  • Classical Musicians v. Copyright Bots

    Berkowitz, Adam (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2022-06-15)
    The COVID-19 pandemic forced classical musicians to cancel in-person recitals and concerts and led to the exploration of virtual alternatives for engaging audiences. The apparent solution was to livestream and upload performances to social media websites for audiences to view, leading to income and a sustained social media presence; however, automated copyright enforcement systems add new layers of complexity because of an inability to differentiate between copyrighted content and original renditions of works from the public domain. This article summarizes the conflict automated copyright enforcement systems pose to classical musicians and suggests how libraries may employ mitigation tactics to reduce the negative impacts when uploaders are accused of copyright infringement.
  • Rarely Analyzed

    McCormack, Allison; Wittmann, Rachel (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2022-06-15)
    The relationship between physical and digitized rare books can be complex and, at times, nebulous. When building a digital library, should showcasing a representative slice of the physical collection be the goal? Should stakeholders focus on preservation concerns, high-use items, or other concerns? To explore these conundrums, a special collections librarian and digital services librarian performed a comparative analysis of their library’s physical and digital rare books collections. After exporting MARC metadata for the rare books from their ILS, the librarians examined the place of publication, publication date, and broad subject range of the collection. They used this data to create a variety of visualizations with the open-source digital humanities tool Tableau Public. Next, the authors downloaded the rare books metadata from the digital library and created illuminating data visualizations. Were the geographic, temporal, and subject scope of the digital library similar to that of the physical rare books collection? If not, what accounts for the differences? The implications of these and other findings will be explored.
  • Contactless Services

    Guo, Yajun; Yang, Zinan; Yuan, Yiming; Ma, Huifang; Liu, Yan Quan (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2022-06-15)
    Contactless services have become a common way for public libraries to provide services. As a result, the strategy used by public libraries in China will effectively stop the spread of epidemics caused by human touch and will serve as a model for other libraries throughout the world. The primary goal of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of the contactless service measures provided by large Chinese public libraries for users in the pandemic era, as well as the challenges and countermeasures for providing such services. The data for this study was obtained using a combination of website investigation, content analysis, and telephone interviews for an analytical survey study of 128 large public libraries in China. The study finds that touch-free information dissemination, remote resources use, no-touch interaction self-services, network services, online reference, and smart services without personal interactions are among the contactless services available in Chinese public libraries. Exploring the current state of contactless services in large public libraries in China will help to fill a need for empirical attention to contactless services in libraries and the public sector. Up-to-date information to assist libraries all over the world in improving their contactless services implementation and practices is provided.
  • Gathering Strength to Combat Access Inequality

    Lane, Julie (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2022-06-15)
    Nestled on the northern edge of Lake Ontario, Prince Edward County is home to a six branch public library system that is proud to have created a robust and vibrant relationship with the local school board. Through the lense of access, this article explores the steps taken by the public library to create meaningful connections with administrative staff on the school board level in order to bring practical training and resources to teachers and students in order to enhance and support their learning. 
  • Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI)

    Ridley, Michael (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2022-06-15)
    The field of explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) advances techniques, processes, and strategies that provide explanations for the predictions, recommendations, and decisions of opaque and complex machine learning systems. Increasingly academic libraries are providing library users with systems, services, and collections created and delivered by machine learning. Academic libraries should adopt XAI as a tool set to verify and validate these resources, and advocate for public policy regarding XAI that serves libraries, the academy, and the public interest.
  • ResearchGate Metrics’ Behavior and Its Correlation with RG Score and Scopus Indicators

    Valizadeh-Haghi, Saeideh; Nasibi-Sis, Hamed; Shekofteh, Maryam; Rahmatizadeh, Shahabedin (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2022-03-21)
    Objective: Social networking sites are appropriate tools for sharing and exposing scientific works to increase citations. The objectives of the present study are to investigate the activity of Iranian scholars in the medical sciences in ResearchGate and to explore the effect of each of the four ResearchGate metrics on the RG score. Moreover, the citation metrics of the faculty members in Scopus and the relationship between these metrics and the RG score were explored. Methods: The study population included all SBMU faculty members who have profiles in ResearchGate (N=950). The data were collected through ResearchGate and Scopus in January 2021. The Spearman correlation coefficient was applied to examine the relationship between ResearchGate metrics and Scopus indicators as well as to determine the effect of each ResearchGate metric on the RG score. Results: The findings revealed that the publication sharing metric had the highest correlation (0.918) with the RG score and had the greatest impact on it (p-value <0.001), while the question asking metric showed the lowest correlation (0.11). Moreover, there was a significant relationship between the RG score and Scopus citation metrics (p-value <0.05). Furthermore, all four RG metrics had a positive and significant relationship with Scopus indicators (p-value <0.05), in which the number of shared publications had the highest correlation compared to other RG metrics. Conclusion: Researchers’ participation in the ResearchGate social network is effective in increasing citation indicators. Therefore, more activity in the ResearchGate social network may have favorable results in improving universities’ ranking.
  • Local Hosting of Faculty-Created Open Education Resources

    Letriz, Joseph (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2022-03-21)
    Rising costs of secondary education institutions, coupled with the inflated cost of textbooks, have forced students to make decisions on whether they can afford the primary materials for their classes. Publishers working to supply digital access codes, which limit the ability of students to copy, print, or share the materials, or resell the textbook after the course is over, have further pushed students into forgoing purchasing materials. In recent years, institutions have moved to support OER (Open Education Resources) initiatives to provide students a cost-free primary text or supplement to their materials. This allows students unfettered access to quality resources that help drive engagement in courses, from homework to discussions. While larger institutions or in-state partnerships with resource sharing consortiums, such as the MnPALS cooperation with the state of Minnesota, provide access to platforms like Pressbooks, smaller institutions and private colleges don’t always have the ability to negotiate these types of relationships. In this case study, I will cover the foundations necessary to start a low-cost, self-hosted solution to support faculty creation of OER material and the available resources that the University of Dubuque utilized in their development process. This overview will briefly cover the skills and knowledge needed to support the growth of this initiative with minimal complexity and as little jargon as possible.
  • Using DPLA and the Wikimedia Foundation to Increase Usage of Digitized Resources

    Byrd-McDevitt, Dominic; Dewees, John (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2022-03-21)
    The Digital Public Library of America has created a process by which rights-free or openly licensed resources that have already been harvested can be copied over into Wikimedia Commons, thus creating a simple path for including those digital collections materials into Wikipedia articles. By meeting internet users where they already are, rather than relying on them to navigate to individual digital libraries, the access and usage of digital assets is dramatically increased, in particular to user groups that might otherwise not have a reason to interact with such digitized resources.
  • Using Open Access Institutional Repositories to Save the Student Symposium during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Symulevich, Allison; Hamilton, Mark (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2022-03-21)
    In 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, colleges and universities around the world were forced to close or move to online instruction. Many institutions host yearly student research symposiums. This article describes how two universities used their institutional repositories to adapt their student research symposiums to virtual events in a matter of weeks. Both universities use the bepress Digital Commons platform for their institutional repositories. Even though the two universities’ symposium strategies differed, some commonalities emerged, particularly with regard to learning the best practices to highlight student work and support their universities’ efforts to host research symposiums virtually.
  • Migration of a Research Library's ICT-Based Services to a Cloud Platform

    Jayakanth, Francis; Byrappa, Ananda T; Minj, Filbert (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2022-03-21)
    Libraries have been at the forefront in adopting emerging technologies to manage the library’s operations and provide information services to the user community they serve. With the emergence of cloud computing (CC) technology, libraries are exploring and adopting CC service models to make their own services more efficient, reliable, secure, scalable, and cost-effective. In this article, the authors share their experience migrating some of the library’s locally hosted ICT-based services onto the Microsoft Azure cloud platform. The migration of services to a cloud platform has helped the library significantly reduce the downtime of its services due to power or network or system outages.
  • Policy Before Technology

    Lund, Brady (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2022-03-21)
    In the race to adopt the newest and best, practical considerations for emerging technologies are frequently overlooked. Technology can set an organization apart and, in the case of libraries, be instrumental in helping demonstrate value. Yet, all new technologies carry additional, potentially unpleasant consequences, whether it be threats to privacy and security, barriers to accessibility or risks to health, learning barriers, or exposure to misinformation. Organizations must consider these threats before introducing new technologies, rather than the other way around. To illustrate these threats and their policy implications, I will briefly discuss two popular technologies/innovations—virtual reality and data analytics—and the threats that are often overlooked by organizations and how they may be appropriately addressed by policy.
  • Letter from the Editors (March 2022)

    Varnum, Kenneth J.; Kelly, Marisha C. (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2022-03-21)
    Welcome to ITAL's Assistant Editor, call for volunteers to serve on the Editorial Board, and summary of the issue's contents.
  • Balancing Community and Local Needs

    Coughlin, Daniel (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2022-03-21)
    This paper examines the decision points over the course of ten years for developing an Institutional Repository. Specifically, the focus is on the impact and influence from the open-source community, the needs of the local institution, the role that team dynamics plays, and the chosen platform. Frequently, the discussion revolves around the technology stack and its limitations and capabilities. Inherently, any technology will have several features and limitations, and these are important in determining a solution that will work for your institution. However, the people running the system and developing the software, and their enthusiasm to continue work within the existing software environment in order to provide features for your campus and the larger open-source community will play a bigger role than the technical platform. These lenses are analyzed through three points in time: the initial roll out of our Institutional Repository, our long-term running and maintenance, and eventual new development and why we made the decisions we made at each of those points in time.
  • Developing a Minimalist Multilingual Full-text Digital Library Solution for Disconnected Remote Library Partners

    Digby, Todd (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2021-12-20)
    The University of Florida (UF) George A. Smathers Libraries have been involved in a wide range of partnered digital collection projects throughout the years with a focus on collaborating with institutions across the Caribbean region. One of the countries that we have a number of digitization projects within is Cuba. One of these partnerships is with the library of the Temple Beth Shalom (Gran Sinagoga Bet Shalom) in Havana, Cuba. As part of this partnership, we have sent personnel over to Cuba to do onsite scanning and digitization of selected materials found within the institution. The digitized content from this project was brought back to UF and loaded into our University of Florida Digital Collections (UFDC) system. Because internet availability and low bandwidth are issues in Cuba, the Synagogue’s ability to access the full-text digitized content residing on UFDC was an issue. The Synagogue also did not have a local digital library system to load the newly digitized content. To respond to this need we focused on providing a minimalist technology solution that was highly portable to meet their desire to conduct full-text searches within their library on their digitized content. This article will explore the solution that was developed using a USB flash drive loaded with a PortableApps version of Zotero loaded with multilingual OCR’s documents.
  • Bridging the Gap

    Boczar, Jason; Pollock, Bonita; Mi, Xiying; Yeslibas, Amanda (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2021-12-20)
    The year of COVID-19, 2020, brought unique experiences to everyone in their daily as well as their professional life. Facing many challenges of division in all aspects (social distancing, political and social divisions, remote work environments), University of South Florida Libraries took the lead in exploring how to overcome these various separations by providing access to its high-quality information sources to its local community and beyond. This paper shares the insights of using Linked Data technology to provide easy access to digital cultural heritage collections not only for the scholarly communities but also for those underrepresented user groups. The authors present the challenges at this special time of the history, discuss the possible solutions, and propose future work to further the effort.
  • A 21st Century Technical Infrastructure for Digital Preservation

    Tallman, Nathan (Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures, a division of the American Library Association, 2021-12-20)
    Digital preservation systems and practices are rooted in research and development efforts from the late 1990s and early 2000s when the cultural heritage sector started to tackle these challenges in isolation. Since then, the commercial sector has sought to solve similar challenges, using different technical strategies such as software defined storage and function-as-a-service. While commercial sector solutions are not necessarily created with long-term preservation in mind, they are well aligned with the digital preservation use case. The cultural heritage sector can benefit from adapting these modern approaches to increase sustainability and leverage technological advancements widely in use across Fortune 500 companies.

View more