"Populações tradicionais" e a proteção dos recursos naturais em unidades de conservação " Traditional populations" and natural resources protection in conservation units
unidades de conservação
units of conservation
Geography. Anthropology. Recreation
DOAJ:Earth and Environmental Sciences
Social sciences (General)
Human ecology. Anthropogeography
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AbstractEste artigo analisa a pretensa oposição entre populações tradicionais e as necessidades de conservação dos recursos naturais, avaliando criticamente as características da política de preservação ambiental vigente no Brasil, centrada na criação de Unidades de Conservação de caráter restritivo à ocupação humana. Como superação dos equívocos deste modelo, o autor propõe outra via: a da inclusão da perspectiva das populações rurais no conceito de conservação e o investimento no reconhecimento de sua identidade, na legitimação de seu saber, na melhoria de suas condições de vida, na garantia de sua participação na construção de uma política de conservação da qual sejam também beneficiados.<br>This paper analyzes the assumed opposition between traditional populations and the natural resources conservation needs, evaluating critically the characteristics of the effective environmental preservation policies in Brazil, centered on the creation of Conservation Units of a restrictive character regarding human occupation. In order to overcome the misunderstandings of this model, the paper proposes another path: that of the inclusion of the rural populations perspective in the conservation concept and of the investment in the recognition of their identity, in the legitimation of their knowledge, in the improvement of their life conditions, and in the guarantee of their participation in the construction of a politics of conservation in which they are also benefitted.
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