Psychopathology and socioeconomic position: what can be done to break the vicious circle?
Contributor(s)Institut Pierre Louis d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique (iPLESP) ; Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris 6 (UPMC) - Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM)
Bordeaux population health (BPH) ; Université de Bordeaux (UB) - Institut de Santé Publique, d'Épidémiologie et de Développement (ISPED) - Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM)
Keywords[SDV.MHEP.PSM] Life Sciences [q-bio]/Human health and pathology/Psychiatrics and mental health
[SDV.SPEE] Life Sciences [q-bio]/Santé publique et épidémiologie
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Socioeconomic circumstances are known to be associated with mental health since the seminal work conducted by Edward Jarvis in the State of Massachusetts in the United States in 1855, showing that persons belonging to socioeconomically deprived groups were disproportionately represented among those hospitalized in then-called ‘asylums’ . Like many physicians and pioneer epidemiologists of his time, Jarvis primarily attributed the relationship between mental ill health and poverty to individuals’ innate flaws, which were thought to be amenable to change via “moral treatment”, but which were largely unavoidable. It followed that social inequalities in mental health were thought to be equally unavoidable. [...]
DOI : 10.1007/s00787-017-1017-8