• 1960´s seaquake, human sacrifice and reestablishment of balance in Wallmapu

      Leiva Salamanca, Ronny Alejandro; Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima - Peru (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2014-06-11)
      The sacrifice of the mapuche boy José Painecur in the event of the 1960´s seaquake is analyzed related to the mapuche culture vision about the death and the own law exercise, in a context of interculturality and of colonization from the chilean occidental society. The perceptions of the press, the judicial system, social sciences, and the mapuche agents about the case of sacrifice, are presented in an multiple overview in order to show a distinction between the mapuche culture and the chilean occidental culture, especially in the principles of balance and reciprocity with nature, the origin of mapuche own law in it and the function of their own cultural agents in the political and spiritual fields. From this last version, the case is presented by the authors as a transcendental action of reestablishment of balance of the mapuche world.
    • 40th issue of Investigaciones Sociales

      Espinoza Claudio, César (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2019-04-01)
    • 5 de febrero: huelga policial, saqueos e incendios en Lima

      Quijano, Manuel Valladares; Departamento Académico de Sociología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima – Perú. (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2014-06-11)
      Los acontecimientos ocurridos en Lima el 5 de febrero de 1975, estremecieron el poder político del gobierno militar presidido por el general Juan Velasco Alvarado. Por una parte, revelaron por lo menos dos graves problemas: el agotamiento del proceso de reformas en el contexto de la crisis internacional de la economía capitalista y la agudizacion de tensiones y conflictos al interior de las Fuerzas Armadas. Por otra parte anunciaron el pronto advenimiento de un nuevo gobierno que concluiría formalmente con el proceso de reformas.
    • 80 Aniversario jornada de 8 horas y reconocimiento de la FEP - Cartas de obreros a Haya de La Torre

      Maticorena Estrada, Miguel; Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima - Perú. (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2014-06-10)
    • A battle without weapons. Charity and beneficense in the fight against medical knowledge. Lima: second half of the nineteenth century

      Coello Rodríguez, Antonio (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2019-09-06)
      The following research work uses unpublished and edit sources to show the ideological struggle in Lima during the second half of the nineteenth century between the recently created Faculty of Medicine of Lima (San Fernando) for leading and organizing a struggle to sanitize up the hospitals and the city against the charitable entity of the Society of Public Charity of Lima, an institution that watched over the food, education and health of the sick and dispossessed, but that was protected in Christian charity and did not present any scientific contribution, only welfare represented by a community of affluent and wealthy people who give their goods for the maintenance of the needy classes. This ideological struggle will be supported, also, by the arrival of the Sisters of Charity, in Peru, who will be invited by the Charity Society to be in charge of hospitals and provide moral and spiritual help to the sick, having a direct confrontation with the doctors, which was reflected in newspapers and magazines of the time.
    • A case of metastatic cancer Zapallal late Middle Horizon (1100-1200 AD), Chillon Valley, Peru

      Altamirano Enciso, Alfredo Jose; Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima - Peru; Bueno Mendoza, Alberto; Departamento Académico de Arqueologia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima - Peru (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2014-06-11)
      The found of a male human burial 35-40 years old of archaeological site of Zapallal, Puente Piedra, North of Lima, showing malignant tumor, has permitted study the old theme of neoplasmas or cancers in Andean world. This article shows the differential diagnosis and its discussions about their possibly causes to the light of paleopathology focus. It describes the severe destructive lesions in bones of pelvis and sacro, concluding in prostate cancer cause
    • A historical approach to Child Health in Peru: Women and the caring of Childhood (1900-1930)

      Emma Mannarelli, Maria; Rivera Caro, Betty Alicia (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2011-12-30)
      The policies on children´s health in Peru began as the Peruvian State assumed it function as the main actor of the health system. This implied not only public but also private actions, in which women contributions where of significant meaning. They dialogued and interacted with the medical and pedagogic scientific discourses regarding the importance of childcare, considered as a cornerstone of the progress of the nation
    • A modern colonial vision of the Andean world. Criollo and Indians in «Amor indígena» by Ventura García Calderón

      López Maguiña, Santiago (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2019-03-29)
      This text is part of a series of analyzes inspired by French semiotics. This is a discipline that demands rigor, although at the same time it does not disdain intuition and exploration beyond its borders. It attempts to systematize the representation of the most pregnant stereotypes of Peruvian culture and literature. It seeks to build schemes and as far as possible explanatory models. To begin the project, a story by Ventura García Calderón has been chosen that offers a colonial Creole look of the indigenous. It is a pejorative look, as well as an affirmation of the values of the dominant Peruvian nobleman class, during the first decades of the last century.
    • A modern colonial vision of the Andean world. Criollo and Indians in «Amor indígena» by Ventura García Calderón

      López Maguiña, Santiago (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2019-04-01)
      This text is part of a series of analyzes inspired by French semiotics. This is a discipline that demands rigor, although at the same time it does not disdain intuition and exploration beyond its borders. It attempts to systematize the representation of the most pregnant stereotypes of Peruvian culture and literature. It seeks to build schemes and as far as possible explanatory models. To begin the project, a story by Ventura García Calderón has been chosen that offers a colonial Creole look of the indigenous. It is a pejorative look, as well as an affirmation of the values of the dominant Peruvian nobleman class, during the first decades of the last century.
    • A Paracas offering in Cerro del Gentil, middle valley of Chincha

      Tantaleán, Henry; Rodríguez, Alexis; Stanish, Charles (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2020-02-19)
      This paper describes the finding of an extraordinary offering deposited in the final layers of ritual entombment of the sunken patio of the main Paracas building in Cerro del Gentil, located in the mid-valley of Chincha, peruvian southern coast. Because to its excellent state of preservation and the high quality of the elements that constituting this offering, it allows us to delve into the ritual practices developed in the context of an activity of utmost importance to the users of the Cerro del Gentil building just prior to its abandonment during the III century before Christ.
    • a process of idolatries extirpation in the Parish of aija’s santiago, Huaylas’s doctrine, 1672

      León Fernandez, Dino (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2013-12-30)
      This article comprises the proceedings in the town of Santiago province Aija in the path of Huaylas. It is a denunciation of idolatrand other excesses that the cacique Don Diego de Yaruparia committed in his village in 1672, and documentation consists of 38 folios votes. The person in charge of the investigation was the visitor Ignacio Castelbi, by special request of Archbishop Pedro de Villagomez. The mission was entrusted to the removal and punishment of idolatry and superstition existing among the Indians of the province of Huaylas.
    • A story about villains, alkenes and mining. Management of socio-environmental conflicts in the basin of Jequetepeque

      Montoya Canchis, Luis; Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos; Facultad de Ciencias Sociales; Departamento Académico de Sociología (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2017-02-18)
      The work systematizes the experience of management socio-environmental conflicts in the upper basin of Jequetepeque particularly in the Province of St. Paul of the Cajamarca Region, by the Group of Formation and Intervention for Sustainable Development (GRUFIDES) in partnership with Enginyeria Sense Fronteres (ESF). The main purpose of this initiative was to design and validate tools for environmental governance at the municipal level to enable the promotion the active participation of the population. The prospect of intervention was a watershed approach. One of the most obvious tensions emerging from the experience, and may be-come a crucial point for new investigations and experiences of intervention in the future, is that the formation of consensus building spaces and inclusive spaces of co-management at the local level, not necessarily are conciled with the processes of mobilization and citizen participation autonomous, especially of indig enous peasant roots and located in contexts of activity extractive industries.
    • Abolición de la esclavitud en el Perú y su continuidad.

      Rodríguez Pastor, Humberto; CONCYTEC-UNMSM (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2014-06-11)
      Este ensayo examina la política gubernamental de Ramón Castilla frente al problema de la esclavitud negra y china a mediados del siglo XIX. Manumisión, Indemnización, hacendados y contratos, en tiempos de pleno auge del negocio del guano, son analizados para precisar el verdadero significado de la ley de libertad de los esclavos en 1854.
    • About a graphic representation in Nueva Corónica

      VICERRECTORADO DE INVESTIGACIÓN DE LA UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL MAYOR DE SAN MARCOS; VICERRECTORADO DE INVESTIGACION DE LA UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE SAN MARCOS - LIMA - PERU; Arana Bustamante, Luis Manuel; FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS SOCIALES - UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL MAYOR DE SAN MARCOS (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2016-05-25)
      This is an analysis of an ilustration of a little kuraka in Guaman Poma de Ayala’s manuscript, the Nueva Corónica y Buen Gobierno. It is made with the end of disentangle the diverse levels of symbolic communication of the picture. The author knew effectively the portraited man and I employed the textual treatment of his figure as an effective comparative help in my study of another Andean kuraka from middle seventeenth century.
    • About the permanence of Darwin in Perú (1835). An advance of a research

      Arana Bustamante, Luis; Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos; Facultad de Ciencias Sociales; Departamento Académico de Historia (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2017-02-18)
      This is the comunication of the preliminary findings of a research about the permanence of Charles Darwin in Perú. Making use of the now disposables pertinent sources about the naturalist published by Internet proyects, I try to offer an analysis of impressions and activities of Charles Darwin during his limited permanence in our country.
    • Academic speech on the decentralization a theoretical approach: classic and contemporary

      Vargas Morales, Zenón Eduardo (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2014-06-11)
      The present article makes a revision of the studies related to the theory of the decentralization and it is classified according to the theoretical approach that is approached. Also, one picks up the points of view of Peruvian investigators (historians, economists and sociologists) that in the last years comes discussing on the process of decentralization in Peru. Of that way, the originating studies of decentralization of the classic ones of social sciences with their respective approaches are identified: economic, sociological, politológico. In each of them the central preoccupation around the decentralization and the democracy is examined. The objective is the necessity to motivate the interdisciplinary and compared studies, in order to include/ understand the resistances of the decentralization process.
    • Acapulco and Costa Chica, colonial buildings of cultural diversity. Reflections from register of 1777

      Quiroz Malca, Haydée (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2017-08-03)
      Acapulco and the region known as the Costa Chica of Guerrero, are some of the first places that we record on cultural diversity of human groups who settled there from the pre-Hispanic era. This phenomenon is accentuated with the arrival of the conquerors time when they make their appearance and authentic Spanish and mestizos, and the African people or their descendants, who were referred to as mulattoes and blacks lovos. In this article, we propose some analytical comments pointing the diverse composition of this region, taking as initial starting point a census of the population of Acapulco, it made the eighteenth century, in which the groups that lived at that time are recorded, including the dominators (Spaniards and mestizos), to-population and called Indians- origen poblation –and called Chinese, it was the meaning that was given to those who came basically from the Philippines. Emphasize that the majority population (above 60%) was the black African origin and their mixtures called, mulattos and lovos. From the data of this source, I will project some working hypotheses to better understand the current composition and construction of the town of Acapulco and Costa Chica, he had a clear colonial origin.
    • Acapulco y la Costa Chica, construcciones coloniales de la diversidad cultural. Reflexiones a partir del padrón de 1777

      Quiroz Malca, Haydée; Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos. México. (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2017-08-03)
      Acapulco y la región conocida como Costa Chica de Guerrero, son algunos de los primeros lugares de los que tenemos registro sobre la diversidad cultural de los grupos humanos que se asentaron ahí desde la época pre-hispánica. Este fenómeno se acentúo con la llegada de los conquistadores, época en la que hacen su aparición los españoles y castizos, así como los mestizos, y la población africana o sus descendientes, a quienes se los denominaba negros mulatos y lovos. En este texto, proponemos algunos comentarios analíticos orientados hacia la composición diversa de esta región, tomando como punto de partida inicial un censo de la población de Acapulco1, realizado el siglo XVIII, en el que se registran los grupos que la habitaban en ese momento, incluyendo los dominadores (españoles y mestizos), a los indios –población originaria- y a los llamados Chinos, que era la acepción que se le daba a los que venían, básicamente de Filipinas. Resaltando que la población mayoritaria (superaba el 60%) era la de origen africano y sus mezclas denominados negros, mulatos y lovos. A partir de los datos de la esta fuente, proyectaré algunas hipótesis de trabajo para entender mejor la actual composición y construcción de la población de Acapulco y la Costa Chica, tuvo un claro origen colonial.
    • Acceso de la mujer a la tecnología en las economías campesinas

      Loayza Alatrista, Sulema; Departamento Académico de Sociología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima - Perú. (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2014-06-10)
    • Adolescence and youth: theoretical repositionings

      Urteaga Castro-Pozo, Maritza (Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2019-04-01)
      Between the end of the 19th century and a large part of the 20th century, scientific knowledge about young people was based on the theoretical triad «biological-medical-psychological», it is one of the most important scenarios in the construction of youth and is a field of dispute between different epistemic postures. Although youth and adolescence continue to be used indistinctly, they are divergent concepts since they come from two ways of looking at young people and propose different approaches and interpretations from their problems. The objective of the text is to mark the divergent trajectory of both concepts, to trace their genealogy and to enter the regime of truth that sustains the representations, institutional practices and the common sense of the population towards the youth of the 21st century. We discuss the problems that these notions pose to the recording and interpretation of contemporary youth behaviors in the face of the last great change in the social reference regime and two case studies of segments of Mexican youth are presented to illustrate the difficulties and the possible theoretical solutions to the current impasse between theory and reality.