Journal of Dharma, is an International Quarterly published by the Centre for the Study of World Religions (CSWR), established at Dharmaram Vidya Kshetram (DVK), Pontifical Athenaeum of Philosophy, Theology, and Canon Law, Bengaluru, India. It was launched in 1975, ‘to fill the gap of a felt need in the contemporary society’ ‘to foster intercultural understanding from an inner realization of religions.’

Understanding religion as ‘one of the deepest dimensions of culture’ Journal of Dharma was committed to ‘disseminate the seeds of the Sacred in every bit of our secular existence and to re-integrate the entire material Universe in the Spirit of Truth and Holiness’ (Inaugural Editorial).

Together with the promotion of inter-religious dialogue, Journal of Dharma promotes dialogue between the sacred and secular with the conviction that the ‘sacred’ and ‘secular’ are basic dimensions of reality. In a world of mass human migration and ever faster dissemination of ideas and images, no fact of human life is independent of religious influence and religious life and practices are also influenced by these branches of human knowledge and life.


The library contains articles of Journal of Dharma as of vol. 1(1975) to current.

Recent Submissions


    Xiang, Xiaojun; Li, Qiong (Dharmaram College, 2022-03-31)
    This insightful volume, The Virtues of Sustainability, divided into three sections, binds together recently commissioned essays by renowned scholars belonging to a wide array of disciplines spanning philosophy and political science to psychology and religious studies. The first section explores mainly significant factors and structures crucial for fostering the virtues of sustainability. The essays in the second section zoom in on virtues adopted by the non-Western cultures and communities. The third section focuses more on sustainability virtues comprising cooperativeness, conscientiousness, patience, open-mindedness and creativity. Overall, these essays enrich the readers with an understanding of the significance of the virtues of substantiality and real-life guidance to achieving a goal of being a full-rounded, sane-minded, cooperative global citizen.

    Qi, Luhui (Dharmaram College, 2022-03-31)
    Taoism and the sustainable development of human settlements have many things in common. This article first explains the thinking characteristics under the Taoist holistic view from two perspectives: i. individuals and countries, and ii. nature and society. And then, it expounds on the unique values formed under the Taoist holistic view through the ontology, methodology, and values of Taoism. Next, it elaborates on the relation of Taoism and the sustainable development of contemporary human settlements to show the transcendence and forward-looking nature of Chinese Taoist thinking. Finally, it analyses the intrinsic holistic value and China’s ‘community of life’ theory to show the inheritance and development of Taoism in contemporary times.

    Smith, John Clark (Dharmaram College, 2022-03-31)
    Reality has no borders. Humans thought borders and made territories. In reality, no lines separate. All of it belongs to all. Reality is not one or two or any number. In reality all are not one or two or any number. In reality, there is no sameness, or difference, neither peace nor conflict. One is not the beginning or the end. Reality transcends the many and the one.

    Thasneem, Raheema; Balakrishnan, Vinod (Dharmaram College, 2022-03-31)
    This paper revisits the phenomenology of illness by analyzing competing philosophies of health that are deeply rooted in human experience. The non-clinical approach of the paper de-essentializes the experience of illness to construct a positive philosophy of life. It juxtaposes two opposing perspectives on illness: one, Edmund Pellegrino’s, in which the body is the centre of all experiences, and the other is the alternative philosophical position of Philipose Mar Chrysostom, which moves beyond mere wellness of the human body to propose an alternative bioethical position which emphasizes the role of the mind in the act of healing.

    Kim, Do-hyung (Dharmaram College, 2022-03-31)
    When considering the issue of equal and high-quality education for people, it is important to consider the quality of the knowledge propagated. 19th century Japan can be said to be a representative example of the diffusion of education and enlightened knowledge, improving people’s quality of life. At that time, Japanese Enlightenment intellectuals argued about what knowledge would help individual happiness and the country’s development. In particular, the debate over the relationship between religion and enlightenment knowledge was fierce. Some tried to use religion as a tool for accepting civilisation, while others argued that it was necessary to understand religion correctly for the development of civilisation. Representatively, Nishi Amane argued that correct knowledge could be established by separating and coexisting the area of knowledge and religion. He argued using traditional East Asian terms, and this case illustrates the activities of enlightenment intellectuals who pursued the policy of religion for civilisation development.

    Behura, Ajit Kumar; Sahoo, Pradeep Kumar (Dharmaram College, 2022-03-31)
    The present paper explores and elucidates the possibility of Patanjali’s Ashtanga Yoga in providing solutions to the challenges posed by modern-day rifts and tensions of myriad kinds, including terrorism and geopolitical ones involving many belligerent countries. The paper investigates the aspects of interlinking actions of individuals with the global concerns like increasing violence and environmental threats and how individuals can help in achieving important goals like Universal Peace and making the planet earth environmentally healthy by 2030, which is part of the United Nations’ ambitious Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), by adopting the yogic principles in their day-to-day life. The above postulation, in which the role of an individual finds a certain accentuation as an agent bringing positive changes in the world, enjoys a definite and firm plinth of the idea that an individual soul has an inherent role in the makeup of cosmic order the philosophers have pondered over since ages. 

    Mohammad Ismath Ramzy; Md Saad , Rahimi; Sulaiman, Abdul Muhsien (Dharmaram College, 2022-03-31)
    Appreciating cultural diversity is the seventh target of Quality Education (SDG 4). Although connections worldwide are increasing, cultural diversity among people has become challenging. Islam sees cultural disparity as natural; al-’adl (non-bias), the central concept of Islamic ethics not only promotes cultural appreciation but makes it compulsory for just leadership. This research explores the association between al-’adl and cultural appreciation in Islamic religious texts and its implication in history. The objective of this research is to highlight the obligatory stance of Islam on cultural diversity appreciation in a multicultural context. The researchers recommend that Islamic religious leaders and religious institutions promote cultural appreciation as a fundamental obligation to ensure justice (al-’adl) in a society.

    Wang, Xing (Dharmaram College, 2022-03-31)
    As the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals has proposed, eliminating all possible gender inequalities is of priority for a more sustainable and progressive human society. Buddhist religion cannot avert such a modern agenda. But how such a goal can be achieved varies hugely, especially in the Chinese context. Rather than seeing the rise of ‘Feminist’ critique of Buddhism in both mainland China and Taiwan as homogeneous to Western feminist movements in religion, this article tries to reveal the diverse approaches of Chinese Buddhist elites to reconcile gender equality issues with Chinese Buddhist doctrines and other traditions in China. In particular, this article shows that certain Buddhists in mainland China deny the possibility of launching a Western-like ‘Feminist’ purge of Buddhism and argue that for sustainable development of both Buddhism and Chinese society, Buddhist traditions should not be put in the opposite to gender equality. It means that not only a separation between normative Chinese Buddhism and Buddhism as a social reality is needed, but that within the sphere of normative Buddhism, the ‘worldly dharma’ and the ‘transcendental dharma’ should be treated with more nuanced perspectives.

    Nandhikkara, Jose (Dharmaram College, 2021-12-30)
    Sustainable Development Goal 16 is dedicated to the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, the provision of access to justice for all, and building accountable institutions at all levels. In the Preamble to the Global Agenda 2030, we read: “There can be no sustainable development without peace and no peace without sustainable development” (“Transforming Our World”). Justice, peace, and ethics are embedded in concurrence to the progress and sustainability of nations across the world under the leadership of the United Nations. Equal access to the justice system is not merely the delivery of justice through institutionalised means or providing legal counsel to the needy, but it is the foundation for protecting fundamental human rights, guaranteeing to meet everyone’s basic biological, psychological, and social needs. Legal empowerment and partnerships are necessary to bring development to the marginalised and vulnerable and to build sustainable peace.

    Anita Jose (Dharmaram College, 2021-12-30)
    In the wake of renewed attention and discussions regarding sustainable development, paying due regard to the nature of a society that existed in ancient India, specifically during the Sangam [Cankam] period, could provide insightful observations. It may have resonances with the ancient cultures of various nations across the globe and could complement the sustainable development goals of the contemporary era. The paper attempts to connect the concept of Tinai, traditionally associated with Tamil poetics, to critical posthumanism. Identifying the posthumanistic implications embedded in this concept, specifically with respect to the notion of posthumanist subjectivity, could provide crucial insights regarding the ethos of sustainability. This particularly calls attention to the partnership between the human, the ecological, and the material world and the factors that could prove conducive for a harmonious co-existence.

    Joo, Kee Wha (Dharmaram College, 2021-12-30)
    Due to rising interest in Anthropocene and the COVID-19 pandemic, this essay aims to explore the fictional viral pandemics and the posthuman society in Greg Bear’s Darwin’s Children through the lens of new materialism and puts forth Homo monstercus as a new image of humanity fit for new lifeform in the era of the pandemic. As a descendent of Homo sapiens, Homo monstercus is the new protagonist of the future Earth, monster-like humanity, constantly transforming and evolving to survive the Anthropocene in harmony and peace with nonhumans. By applying theories such as Gilbert Simondon’s individuation theory and Bruno Latour’s actor-network theory and using concepts such as Karen Barad’s intra-action, Stacy Alaimo’s trans-corporeality, Donna Haraway’s companion species, this paper analyzes the anthropocentric relationship with nonhumans, divulges ecological and democratic ethic which enables their harmonious coexistence and symbiosis.

    Kim, Eunji; Kim, Youngrok (Dharmaram College, 2021-12-30)
    Korea’s Knowledge Sharing Programme (KSP) plays a crucial role in moving beyond rudimentary development aid toward the era of sustainability by establishing global partnerships. Within this framework, at the request of the Bolivian government to the Korean government, KSP Bolivia was conducted, focusing on the development of the fiscal rules for the Bolivian budget management. Korea analysed Bolivia’s various economic indicators to identify the current issues in the Bolivian national economy and to suggest appropriate fiscal rules to address such issues. In conclusion, this study emphasises the importance of the KSP’s role in promoting global sustainability through partnerships. In particular, through this study, it was confirmed that the KSP is deeply related to the resolutions and agenda of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).

    Tewari, Anil (Dharmaram College, 2021-12-30)
    Environmental problems are due to myopic human engagement with the course of nature. Our ill-treatment of the biomes has resulted in ecological hazards of deteriorating human health, extinction of various species, global warming, and natural calamities. These problems have put a question mark on human understanding of the interconnectedness of ecological factors. The present article, in the first section, clarifies the confusions between wealth and prosperity and suggests that they are not identical. Whereas the former is understood as a substantial accumulation of physical facilities/properties, the latter relates to the feeling of having more than the required physical facilities/properties. The second section focuses on different levels of existence and their interconnectedness, following the Madhyastha Darśana propounded by Agrahar Nagraj (1920-2016). The third section surveys the relevant literature to explore and compare his perspectives with Western thinkers. The concluding section reflects on the solution offered by Nagraj to emphasise the relevancy of his viewpoints on the ecological matters discussed in the contemporary scenario.

    Puthalath, Shibu; D Bharadwaj, Shashank (Dharmaram College, 2021-12-30)
    Poor people are often denied access to the courts due to expensive legal fees. Preventing free access to justice violates a fundamental constitutional principle and universal international norms. The recognition of access to justice and the rule of law as outcomes and facilitators of sustainable development is a unique feature of the 2030 Agenda. This study shows that providing affordable and timely access to justice institutions and legal aid services will help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 16 targets of peace, justice, and strong institutions. Indian law school clinics have a unique opportunity to achieve the goal through institutionalized clinical legal education. The Advocates Act of 1961 requires an amendment to allow law students and faculty to represent pro bono clients. The study infers that completely institutionalizing the law school legal aid clinics as part of clinical legal education is a powerful platform to promote equal access to justice to all.

    Chang, Chia-Lin; Fan, Kuo-Kuang (Dharmaram College, 2021-12-30)
    Through the process of action research, this study mainly discusses the way to help students think, interact, create, and reflect through the process of social design and comes up with creative ideas to promote social peace and development. In the teaching, teachers guide students to explore the problems connected with socialization and its impacts based on three aspects, i.e. diversified groups, sustainable community, and ethics. Besides, the issues related to peace and development behind such issues are put forward from the perspectives of critical thinking by taking students’ beliefs, attitudes, and values towards these issues into account. Finally, teachers assist students in cooperation and sharing through social design activities and propose ways to solve these problems from design thinking. In the teaching processes of “Social Design Action for Social Peace and Development,” we use eight meaningful methods and steps to help students establish more comprehensive values for social peace and development. It is expected to support students to rethink the current social situation and crisis and develop an attitude of peace promotion and cooperation in the learning process of social design, thereby realizing a sustainable and stable interaction on a social scale.

    Xiang, Xiaojun Xiang; Li, Qiong (Dharmaram College, 2021-12-30)
    In this second edition of A New Environmental Ethics: The Next Millennium for Life on Earth, Holmes Rolston III presents a powerful account of environmental ethics, picking up from where he concluded his monumental work on this very topic in the first edition. The first edition examined humanity’s insignificance in the cosmic scheme of things. The focus of the second edition is on the challenges confronting humanity and all its inhabitants, ‘the Earthlings,’ in the new millennium. The human species, a ‘unique species of a unique planet,’ also belongs to earthlings. Laced with lifelong research and richly gained experiences in the field, Rolston encourages the readers to choose whether or not humanity wishes to live on a green planet or the planet that has been ruined and charred beyond recognition. Without effective environmental ethics, humans will have no option but to live a ‘denatured life’ on a ‘denatured planet,’ having little hope for a bright future in the next millennium.

    Ismail, Wail Muin (Al- Haj Sa’id); Mushaiqri , Mahfouda Rashid Said Al; Haiyan, Li (Dharmaram College, 2021-12-30)
    Building peace and sustaining it has been a priority for many since violence prevents people and nations from achieving their goals. The roadmap to peace starts from the school. It is necessary to instil peace in students’ hearts by including it in the school curricula. That is to prevent extremism and achieve human security. This research looks at the importance of integrating peace from the Islamic perspective into the school curricula at all levels. It also investigates how the concept reflects on the individual and societal levels. The research examines peace in the Qur’an and Sunnah. It reviews some educational models and theories that support peace and suggests ways to include it in school curricula. The study proposes an Islamic model of peace education by analysing the concepts of peace in the Qur’an, Sunnah and Hadith and how can they be applied in school curricula. The model is designed by considering four dimensions: classroom, school environment, the wider community, and environment.

    Zhang , Tingfa (Dharmaram College, 2021-12-30)
    Rethinking Business Responsibility in a Global Context: Challenges to Corporate Social Responsibility, Sustainability and Ethics explores modern-day issues in global corporate social responsibility (CSR), keeping in view both the scholarly and practical viewpoints. In four parts, the book articulates the relationship between sustainable development goals (SDGs) and corporate social responsibility by examining various perspectives and case studies globally and blends them with the latest academic knowledge on corporate social responsibility, sustainability, ethics and governance. The authors present regional viewpoints and insights from all over the world on the challenges and impediments in making CSR policies. The stress has been on rethinking the role of innovative management concepts, i.e., corporate social responsibility, corporate governance and sustainability management. The book presents a comprehensive analysis of the latest theoretical and empirical research and offers feasible concepts for sustainable business strategies.

    Nandhikkara, Jose (Dharmaram College, 2020-09-30)
  • BALANCING NATURE AND CIVILIZATION: Alternative Sustainability Perspectives from Philosophy to Practice

    Xiang , Xiaojun; Li, Qiong (Dharmaram College, 2021-09-30)
    The book is a collection of papers presented at an international symposium on “Sustainability—Can We Design the Future of Human Life and the Environment?” The Graduate School of Environmental Studies of Nagoya University hosted this event to remember the atomic bomb that struck Hiroshima in World War II. Researchers from all over the world, hailing from different backgrounds and disciplines, came together in this symposium to explore, present, and discuss the various issues, causes and possible solutions for the various environmental challenges that are presently plaguing the world and the environmental impacts caused by different civilizations and values on nature and ethics.

View more