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dc.contributor.authorKatz, Sophia
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-25T08:49:50Z
dc.date.available2019-09-25T08:49:50Z
dc.date.created2019-08-20 13:10
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12424/170692
dc.description.abstractAn analysis of the approaches to fate found in the writings of a Ming dynasty Confucian scholar, Gao Panlong (1562–1626), and a Lutheran pastor, Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906–1945), reveals surprising similarities between Confucian and Christian attitudes to fate. Despite many philosophical and theological differences, both traditions accepted the understanding according to which fate, designated by the Chinese term ming 􀕶 and the German term Schicksal, is not a mere power of circumstance, but involves the guidance of a higher metaphysical reality, heaven (tian 􀋂) or God. The discernment of heaven’s or God’s “guiding hand” in fate is part of the process of self-cultivation, which also implies one’s conscious efforts to restrain selfish desires. Different philosophical and theological premises affect the understanding of self in Confucianism and Christianity as represented by Gao and Bonhoeffer. Nonetheless, both traditions consider the achievement of selflessness and the dedication of oneself to the service of others as a desired goal of one’s personal development. In Bonhoeffer’s Christian framework, the presence of God’s guidance in fate allows the person, under certain circumstances, to submit to fate believing that one is submitting to God’s will. Such submission, which can be achieved only by a selfless person, is further seen as a culmination of human freedom. The term “freedom” is absent from Gao’s Confucian philosophical vocabulary. However, the parallels in his writing to the ideas presented by Bonhoeffer suggest that Confucian submission to fate, when fate is perceived as “the order of heaven” (tianming 􀋂􀕶), can also be understood as freedom.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherChristian Study Centre on Chinese Religion and Culture, Chung Chi College
dc.rightsChristian Study Centre on Chinese Religion and Culture, Chung Chi College, Shatin, Hong Kong
dc.subjectconfucianism
dc.subjectChristianity
dc.subjecttheology
dc.subjectPhilosophy
dc.subjectculture
dc.subjectreligion
dc.subjectGao Panlong
dc.subjectfate
dc.subjectfreedom
dc.subject.otherIntercultural and contextual theologies
dc.subject.otherAsian theologies
dc.titleFree to Obey: Gao Panlong and Dietrich Bonhoeffer on Selflessness, Fate, and Freedom
dc.typeArticle
dc.source.journaltitleChing Feng : A Journal on Christianity and Chinese Religion and Culture (new series)
dc.source.volume16
dc.source.issue1-2
dc.source.beginpage173
dc.source.endpage197
dcterms.accessRightsopen access
refterms.dateFOA2019-09-25T08:49:50Z
ge.collectioncodeFA4
ge.collectioncodeFA43
ge.collectioncodeFA46
ge.collectioncodeFA4601
ge.collectioncodeFO
ge.collectioncode0009-4668
ge.collectioncodeAA
ge.collectioncodeCF
ge.collectioncodeGA
ge.dataimportlabelGlobethics object
ge.identifier.legacyglobethics:16385291
ge.identifier.permalinkhttps://www.globethics.net/gtl/16385291
ge.journalyear2017
ge.lastmodificationdate2019-08-27 08:20
ge.lastmodificationuserlibraryweb@globethics.net
ge.submissions1
ge.peerreviewedyes
ge.placeofpublicationShatin, Hong Kong
ge.setnameGlobeTheoLib
ge.setspecglobetheolib
ge.submitter.emaillibraryweb@globethics.net
ge.submitter.nameAdmin, Library
ge.submitter.userid10887


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