"Sending short text messages from cellphones in Europe to the Philippines
and receiving replies immediately, enjoying eating mangos from Cameroon,
outsourcing the textile production to Asia, collecting billions of dollars
for tsunami aid in a few days only, watching Hollywood movies in the
slums of São Paulo, taking note of a merger between two multinational
companies – these are only some examples for how globalisation impacts
our daily lives.
The debate on globalisation raises emotions and divides opinions. Some
people hold that globalisation processes lead to economic, political and
cultural openness, to economic growth and to more freedom, peace and
international cooperation. Others argue that globalisation widens the gap
between poor and rich, deepens injustice and promotes exploitation of
people and the environment. It is argued that globalisation leads in many
countries to higher unemployment and a weakening of the welfare state.
Many people share concerns about the fact that power and the means of
production are increasingly concentrated in the hands of a few.
As a consequence, political and ethical recommendations may differ.
Whereas some voices are calling for an acceleration of globalisation processes
by promoting liberalisation and privatisation in all areas of life, others
are requesting for an alternative globalisation to promote core common values
such as justice and the respect and implementation of human rights.", p. 1