Jurnal Jaffray is a national journal managed by the institution of Jaffray Theological College Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Jaffray Journal is a double blind reviewer and open access peer-reviewed journal that focuses on the novelty of theology, biblical exegesis and Christian service and education practices through quantitative and qualitative research (hermeneutics, argumentative, and case studies). This journal publishes original articles, reviews, and also interesting case reports. JAFFRAY JOURNAL has been accredited by The Republic of Indonesia Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education and academic journal (Decree No. 21 / E / KPT / 2018). Journal Subjects: 1. Development of theology and religion 2. Bible Interpretation 3. Biblical Study 4. Educational Science Research 5. Christian Education Research 6. Christian Ethics 7. Pastoral Practice 8. Old Testament and New Testament Hermeneutics

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The Globethics.net library contains articles of Jurnal Jaffray as of 1(2003) to current.

Recent Submissions

  • Analysis of Theodicy Concepts and Its Relevance during the COVID-19 Pandemic Period

    Elvis, Martin; Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Cipanas; Ronda, Daniel; Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologia Jaffray (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-04-01)
    The COVID-19 pandemic problem raises many questions, whether the pandemic exists because of human sin? Is this suffering from God? Does God allow this to happen? If God is love, why should this pandemic occur? And various other kinds of questions. The purpose of this study is to find relevant values of theodicy concepts during the COVID-19 pandemic. This method uses qualitative research methods on the seven selected theodicy concepts and the latest research journals' results. Comprehensive results are obtained from the seven angles view of theodicy concepts relevant during the COVID-19 pandemic. From the study results, it can be concluded that the values of each theodicy concept studied gave appropriate contributions during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • A Hermeneutical Study On The Symbolic Meaning Of The Number 144.000 In Revelation 7:1-17

    Camerling, Yosua Feliciano; Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologia Jaffray Makassar; Panggarra, Robi; Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologia Jaffray Makassar; Kanna, Armin Sukri; Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologia Jaffray Makassar; Laukapitang, Yunus Daniel Anus; Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologia Jaffray Makassar (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-04-09)
    This study aims to analyze and reveal the symbolic meaning of “the number those who were sealed: 144.000 from all the tribes of Israel” in Revelation 7:1-17 and implications for the mission. The research method used is qualitative research carried out with the principles and hermeneutic methods of the Bible. The Bible's hermeneutic method is divided into two characteristics, namely general hermeneutics and specific ones. For the general hermeneutic interpretation method, the author uses three existing analyzes, namely structural analysis, grammatical analysis and theological analysis. Then for the special hermeneutic interpretation method, the author uses the interpretation of number symbols. The results of this study reveal that the symbolic meaning of “the number those who were sealed: 144.000 from all the tribes of Israel” in Revelation 7:1-17 are symbolic numbers of the number redeemed by the Lamb who made it through the tribulation period by remaining faithful to the end of being followers of Christ. As for the theological implications of the text of Revelation 7: 1-17 for the mission, namely God Protects His People (Verses 1-3), God is Consistent with His Promise of Salvation (Verses 4-8) and God Grants Universal Salvation (Verses 9-17). As for the practical implications of the text of Revelation 7: 1-17 for the mission, namely Believers are sealed as servants of God (Verses 1-8), Believers glorify God (Verses 9-12) and Believers receive sanctification and God's providence (Verses 13- 17). Keywords: 144,000, Church, Mission, Revelation 7: 1-17, Seal.
  • The Pietist Revival’s Implications for Church Ministry in the Post-Pandemic Church

    Pace IV, Julian Edwin; Assistant Pastor, Bloomingdale Alliance Church President, Risen Savior Ministries Th.D. Student, Evangelical Seminary (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-04-04)
    This article contends that the Pietist revival of the seventeenth century provides a “usable past” that the contemporary church, currently reeling from the global Covid-19 pandemic, can learn from. It chronicles how the Pietist movement was born out of major disruption, rediscovered vital Biblical emphases and methods such as the common priesthood doctrine, the spiritual giftedness of all God’s people, and small-group spiritual formation. Such emphases inspired many Pietists to improve the church’s moral and spiritual life, ameliorate society’s most pressing social problems, and evangelize their neighbors and new people groups. This article closes by exploring how Pietism’s most vital emphases and methods might be appropriately applied in the post-pandemic church. All with the goal that the post-pandemic church will emerge healthier and more vibrant than the contemporary church.
  • Acts 8: 4-25: The Amazing Magic versus The Joyful Gospel

    Han, Chandra; Universitas Pelita Harapan (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-04-01)
    Magic as one significant theme in the Acts of the Apostles is not yet significantly exposed. In the Greco-Roman era magic had attracted all level in the society form the lowest to the highest such as Roman caesers. The confrontation between magic which is amazing with the joyful gospel is important for Christians in order to recognize the dictinct feature of the gospel that overcome the amazing magic. This article will examine the longest episode of the magical passage, Acts 8:4-25, in order to figure out the distinctive feature between magic and the gospel and how the magic is overcome that the gospel is then widely spread throughout the region of Samaria dan even to the end of the world. The literal transalation and the text variant will be the first part of the examination. The following examination is to demonstrate the structure. The third part is the exegesis, the figure out the meaning of the text within the relevant context, including the distinction between magic and Christianity. The last part is the conclusion and application within contemporary era.
  • Analysis of Theodicy Concepts and his Relevance during the COVID-19 Pandemic Period

    Elvis, Martin; STT Cipanas; Ronda, Daniel; Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-04-01)
    The COVID-19 pandemic problem raises many questions, whether the pandemic exists because of human sin? Is this suffering from God? Does God allow this to happen? If God is love, why should this pandemic occur? And various other kinds of questions. The purpose of this study is to find relevant values of theodicy concepts during the COVID-19 pandemic. This method uses qualitative research methods on the seven selected theodicy concepts and the latest research journals' results. Comprehensive results are obtained from the seven angles view of theodicy concepts relevant during the COVID-19 pandemic. From the study results, it can be concluded that the values of each theodicy concept studied gave appropriate contributions during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • The Powers of Death: Recognition, Resistance, Resurrection

    Goroncy, Jason; Whitley College, University of Divinity, Australia (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-03-10)
    This essay is an invitation to examine the powers of death, and particularly the modes by which such powers are manifested in the world, modes that relate to but are irreducible to an individual’s life. It considers contributions to the subject from Jacques Ellul, Karl Barth, Walter Wink, and William Stringfellow, to argue that while death and its associated powers are pervasive, they are also penultimate realities. The powers of death meet their end in Jesus Christ. The gospel concerning Jesus Christ is the invitation to live as if such a claim were true, to recognise one for whom death is not foreign territory and in whom death is confronted and its powers brought to nought. It is the invitation to live a life in which resistance to the powers of death is possible. It is the invitation to live a life characterised by resurrection.
  • Ulasan Buku: Sistem Berteologi Seluk Beluk Pengajaran Kristen

    Kanna, Armin Sukri (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2015-09-29)
    Dari sistem-sistem berteologi ini, penulis merumuskan tiga tujuan pembelajaran yaitu: Pertama, untuk melihat logika yang dibangun atas pengajaran keselamatan yang diajarkan dari firman Tuhan. Kedua, mampu melihat keragaman dan memberikan evaluasi atas perbedaan-perbedaan teologi itu. Ketiga, menerima perbedaan itu sebagai anugerah sepanjang tidak menyangkali prinsip dasar kekristenan, yaitu Kristus adalah Tuhan.Dari segi isi buku Sistem Berteologi memuat beragam pemikiran teologi mainstream yang berkembang dan dianut oleh berbagai aliran dan tradisi gereja yang ada dewasa ini termasuk di Indonesia. Pemikiran teologi yang dikemukakan dapat dilihat dalam sistematika berikut: Calvinisme (Teologi Reformed). Teologi Reformed muncul sebagai reaksi terhadap penyimpangan-penyimpangan yang terjadi di dalam Gereja Katolik Roma pada abad ke-16. Penekanan Teologi Reformed dapat dilihat dari arti kata Reformed sendiri, yaitu “teologi Alkitab yang ditemukan kembali.” Dengan demikian, teologi Reformed mengembalikan pemahaman pada otoritas Alkitab sebagai firman Tuhan, kedaulatan Allah, dan keselamatan sebagai anugerah melalui Yesus Kristus. Gerakan reformasi oleh Martin Luther dan para reformator lainnya seperti Zwingli dan Calvin berpegang pada prinsip untuk mengembalikan gereja pada ajaran semula berdasarkan Alkitab dan menolak berbagai tradisi yang berakar dalam Gereja Roma Katolik yang dianggap menyimpang, yaitu menempatkan Paus sebagai kekuasaan tertinggi dalam gereja, penjualan karcis (surat) penebusan dosa, ajaran tentang Maria sebagai ratu surga dan ibu Tuhan, serta lain-lain. Martin Luther (1483-1546) merespon ajaran dan tradisi Gereja Katolik Roma dengan 95 dalil atau pernyataan iman, khususnya menyangkut keselamatan berdasarkan asas Sola Fide (hanya karena iman), manusia diselamatkan hanya karena iman yang diberikan berdasarkan anugerah-Nya (Sola Gratia). Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531) melalui tulisan-tulisan dan khotbah-khotbah yang menekankan pengajaran Alkitab. Namun reaksi yang keras dilancarkan oleh petinggi Gereja Katolik Roma terhadap Zwingli dan pengikutnya yang menyebabkan pertempuran Kappel, di mana ia terbunuh bersama 500 orang Zurich lainnya.
  • The Relationship Between Old And New Testament: A Study On Contemporary Debate Of Methodology Of The Old Testament Theology

    Astika, Made (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2013-04-02)
    From the beginning of the discipline, biblical theologians have differed in theirunderstandings of an accredited basis, task, and method for doing biblical theology.In accordance with the existing problems, the purpose of writing this paper are:In accordance with the existingproblems, the main motive and purposes of writing thisresearch are: First of all, to show the continuity of the relation between the OldTestament and New Testament. Secondly, to explain methodology in doing OldTestament Theology through the investigation of historical and biblicalunderstanding. Finally, to call and challenge every leader and church congregationtogether to analyze methodology of biblical theology in order to develop the propermethodology in doing Old Testament Theology.The conclutions are: The relationship between the Old Covenant and the Newcan be presented as follows: God has only one covenant of grace, and only one eternalpeople - in which a person obtains a share through faith in Christ alone, the CovenantHead and the Adam of the new humanity. Herein lies the unity of God's eternal plan ofsalvation, and of the Word as His special revelation to man. It must be put in mind thatthe God of the Old Testament is also the God of the New Testament. It should be clearthat the God and Father of the Lord Jesus Christ is the same God who created man andwoman, who established marriage, and who redeemed Israel through the Exodus,foreshadowing the redemption of believers through Christ. The Lord Jesus’ concept ofGod as Father contained a truth not characteristic of the Old Testament, but yet notnegating any Old Testament teaching about God.
  • Practical Considerations for Paul Ricoeur’s “Transformation of Subjectivity” In The Indonesian Context

    Simon, John Christianto; Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Intim Makassar; Yosia, Adrianus; Wesley Theological Seminary (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2020-10-22)
    Hermeneutics is the task of interpreting in the area of action. The purpose of interpreting is the emancipation of a better and fairer life. One of the hermeneutic thinkers is Paul Ricoeur. Ricoeur’s hermeneutic project is built on criticism of the subject. Its purpose of producing a “transformation of subjectivity.” By undermining the illusion of the absolute, exploitative, and dominant matter manifested in the homo oeconomicus. This transformation of subjectivity can be used to analyze the area of action in public space. There are three hermeneutical tasks. The first is a hermeneutical task in poverty; the second is its task in the context of environmental damage (ecology). And the third is its task in the context of fighting economic and political injustice. All hermeneutical tasks are supported by the basic ethics of emancipation, namely “love and justice.”
  • The Spirit Speaks and the Wind Blows: The Primary Meaning of Πνεῦμα in John 3:8

    Luthy, Christopher James; University of Divinity, Australia (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2020-10-27)
    This paper addresses the double-meaning of Spirit and wind in John 3:8 and argues that the verse should be translated in terms of the Spirit. The study begins with an analysis of the Greek text of John 3:8. It is demonstrated that even though a double-meaning is present, the more appropriate interpretation is the Spirit reading. Arguments in favor of the wind interpretation of John 3:8 are also addressed. Following this, the study surveys all usages of John 3:8 in the early church writings. It is concluded that in the writings of the Ante-Nicene Fathers, the text was interpreted with the Spirit. It is also concluded that the vast majority of Nicene and Ante-Nicene church fathers understood John 3:8 with the Spirit. Therefore, it is suggested that the recent preference of the wind meaning, which is evident in many current English translations, should be revised such that the Spirit reading becomes primary.
  • PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR PAUL RICOEUR’S “TRANSFORMATION OF SUBJECTIVITY” IN THE INDONESIAN CONTEXT

    Simon, John Christianto; Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Intim Makassar; Yosia, Adrianus; Wesley Theological Seminary (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2020-10-22)
    Hermeneutics is the task of interpreting in the area of action. The purpose of interpreting is the emancipation of a better and fairer life. One of the hermeneutic thinkers is Paul Ricoeur. Ricoeur’s hermeneutic project is built on criticism of the subject. Its purpose of producing a “transformation of subjectivity.” By undermining the illusion of the absolute, exploitative, and dominant matter manifested in the homo oeconomicus. This transformation of subjectivity can be used to analyze the area of action in public space. There are three hermeneutical tasks. The first is a hermeneutical task in poverty; the second is its task in the context of environmental damage (ecology). And the third is its task in the context of fighting economic and political injustice. All hermeneutical tasks are supported by the basic ethics of emancipation, namely “love and justice.”
  • Entrepreneurship and the Relation with Mission in the Church of Indonesia

    Dekker, Peter; Hogeschool Windesheim, Netherlands (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2020-10-27)
    How important is Entrepreneurship in the context of the church of Indonesia? A sketch of the common situation and a desirable situation. How can the church grow when there is still a paradox about the relation between: “Entrepreneurship and the church”? What could be the future for the church in a rapidly changing Indonesia? In this article, the author wants to describe the current status of the church in Indonesia. The author also wants to discuss the rise of Islam in Indonesia. Finally, the author wants to develop a model that will help Christians gain recognition in areas that not have been reached with the gospel in Indonesia today. The author will do this on the basis of his experiences in recent years when working in Indonesia to establish bridges between Christians and Muslims in an area that has not yet been reached. The author did this by setting up and starting up activities that give Christians a legitimate status in that area. From this legitimate status arise relationships and contacts with the local population. The focus of this article is on his experiences. The church is experiencing major difficulties in Indonesia in and after 2020. How can the church in Indonesia go out and reach people who do not yet know Jesus as their Savior and Lord?
  • Discourse on Alternative Contextual Evangelism Models to The Bolaang Mongondow Tribe as An Unreached People Group in North Sulawesi

    Mawikere, Marde Christian Stenly; Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Manado; Mewengkang, Christie Garry; Philippine Normal University (PNU) Manila, Philippines (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2020-10-27)
    This article is a historical study of alternative contextual evangelism models to Intau(means“person”)Bolaang Mongondow, which is communally called tribe or society (ethnic group/people group) Bolaang Mongondow.This study uses a literature review approach. It begins with researching the religion and beliefs of Intau Bolaang Mongondow. Then proceed with the socio-cultural phenomena of Intau Bolaang Mongondow, namely the dynamics of acculturation, openness to external influences, public attitudes towards change, and its essential element to determine alternative contextual evangelistic approaches.This study's final results show that attention to culture in developing a contextual evangelistic approach does not mean that the church must conform fully or assume harmony between the Gospel and culture. It is precisely by understanding and utilizing culture in the preaching of the contextual Gospel that it will be seen that Christian values have an advantage regarding the guarantee of eternal salvation in the Lord Jesus Christ. Therefore, efforts to prepare a contextual evangelist who has integrity, character, and competence regarding the Bible and culture are significant. Likewise, efforts to pioneer and develop contextual churches in the Intau Bolaang Mongondow environment must touch and empower those cultural values.
  • Responsibilities of Students in Higher Education during the COVID-19 Pandemic and New Normal period

    Tari, Ezra; Scopus ID: (57216259566) Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Kupang; Selfina, Elisabet; SINTA ID: (6047772) Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Thelogia Jaffray Makassar; Wauran, Queency Christie; SINTA ID: (6673957) Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Thelogia Jaffray Makassar (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2020-10-27)
    The COVID-19 pandemic is occurring worldwide, including in Indonesia. This issue is the responsibility of all parties. In this university, ethics is the responsibility of the academic community. This paper describes the actions of students towards themselves, and the surrounding community is facing humanitarian disasters. Literature studies are used to lay down problems and find solutions. Study critical of student responsibility in higher education. They share with others with love. Its activities are sharing masks and food and conducting blood donations. Small actions that have a significant impact on society during the COVID-19 and New Normal pandemic.
  • Peer Tutor Learning Model in CRE-Based Discipleship Teaching According to Matthew 28: 19-20 at High Schools in Makassar City

    Hana, Sarce Rien; Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologia Jaffray Makassar; Weismann, Ivan Th. J.; Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologia Jaffray Makassar (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2020-03-20)
    This scientific work digs deeper into the peer tutoring learning model to be applied to CRE teaching in high schools/vocational high schools. In addition, the problem of achieving CRE goals for students, as well as the material presented in curriculum learning touches on Matthew 28:19-20's mandate. The formulation of the problem studied is "How is the concept of discipleship according to Matthew 28:19-20 applied to the teaching of CRE in high schools/vocational high schools using the peer tutoring learning model."  The method used in this study is a research and development method or in English called research and development abbreviated as the R&D method. The hypotheses in this study are as follows: Students who are given CRE teaching material are the same as Jesus' teaching material based on Matthew 28:19-20 using the Peer Tutor learning model experiencing an encounter with the Lord Jesus. The student then uses the material taught to him to make disciples of other students, and so on until all nations become His students. The main conclusion reached is CRE-based discipleship teaching according to the Gospel of Matthew 28:19-20 in line with the Great Commission, thereby increasing the chances of the commission being carried out.
  • Transdisciplinary Research Bridges the Gap between Science and Pastoral Services

    Rampisela, Dorothea Agnes; Profesor Hasanuddin University (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2020-03-20)
    The flow of globalization has been unstoppable into most of the countries including Indonesia with this rapid transformation, the response must be integrated and comprehensive, involving all stakeholders from global governments, the public and private sectors to academics and the wider community. In this era, churches should unite in response to a changing context. Facing these challenges, teaching in universities and colleges is also demanded to change, including in producing quality scholars for future generations. What about Christian teaching and education? To what extent is it necessary or able to keep up with this global change? Is the role of theology or church school graduates still or will be increasingly needed? Transdisciplinary Action as new research policy is considered to be one of solution. The argumentative theory is used to verify whether transdisciplinary research is applicable and in line with Christian/ pastoral education and whether the transdisciplinary approachable to bridge the gap of science and the church service.  This argument concluded several reasons and evidence that transdisciplinary research will improve the quality of pastoral service so that it bridges science to transform into quality service.Arus globalisasi tidak dapat dicegah masuk ke hampir semua negara termasuk Indonesia. Dengan perubahan yang sangat cepat ini respons haruslah terpadu dan komprehensif, meliputi semua stakeholder mulai dari pemerintahan global, sektor publik dan swasta, akademisi dan komunitas masyarakat luas. Dalam era seperti ini, gereja harus bersatu dalam merespons konteks perubahan. Dalam mengahdapi tantangan ini, pembelajaran di perguruan tinggi juga diharapkan ikut berubah termasuk dalam menghasilkan sarjana berkualitas untuk generasi masa depan.  Bagaimana dengan Pendidikan dan Pengajaran Kristen? Sampai dimana hal ini masih dibutuhkan, dan apakah mampu bertahan dalam perubahan global ini? Apakah peran lulusan sekolah teologi atau gereja masih akan tetap semakin dibutuhkan? Aksi transdisiplinari sebagai arah penelititan terbaru dipertimbangkan sebagai salah satu solusi yang dapat dimanfaatkan. Teori argumentasi digunakan sebagai metode penelitian untuk membuktikan apakah penelitian transdisiplinari dapat diaplikasikan, dan sejalan dengan Pendidikan Kristen dan apakah pendekatan transdisiplin dapat menjembatani kesenjanganantara teori pengetahuan dan pelayanan gereja. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa ada beberapa alasan kuat serta bukti bahwa penelitian transdisiplin dapat meningkatkan mutu layanan gereja sehingga dianggap mampu menjembatani ilmu pengetahuan dan mentransformasikan menjadi layanan bermutu. 
  • Norming the Norm of Relationality: A Theological and Interreligious Exploration of the Trinitarian Doctrine

    Sivasubramanian, David Muthukumar; Fuller Theological Seminary, CA, USA (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2020-03-11)
    Should all metaphysical reflections on the Trinity begin with the “substance/essence” ontology? This approach has frequently regression into metaphysical speculation, as in the historical theology of the Church. Are there alternative models that we can glean from the history of the Church that can provide a new means of conceptualizing the doctrine of the Trinity? This essay considers this issue at length to suggest a “relational ontology” paradigm in constructing the Trinitarian doctrine. It also makes use of Vishishtadvaita (Qualified Non-Dualism in Hindu philosophy) conception of “body-soul” analogy to render a “qualitative panentheistic” model in construing the doctrine of the Trinity. These theological and interreligious explorations are expected to shed more light on the issue.Haruskah semua refleksi metafisik tentang Trinitas bermula dengan ontologi “substansi/esensi”? Pendekatan ini seringkali menyebabkan kemunduran spekulasi metafisik, sebagaimana disaksikan dalam teologi sejarah gereja. Apakah ada model alternatif yang bisa kita ambil dari sejarah gereja yang dapat menyediakan cara baru untuk mengkonsepkan doktrin Trinitas? Esai ini mempertimbangkan isu ini panjang lebar untuk menunjukkan paradigma “ontologi relasional” dalam membina doktrin Trinitarian. Hal ini juga membuat penggunaan Vishishtadvaita (Kualifikasi Non-Dualisme dalam filsafat Hindu) konsepsi analogi “tubuh-jiwa” untuk membuat model “kualitatif panenteistik” dalam membangun doktrin Trinitas. Eksplorasi teologi dan keberagaman agama ini diharapkan lebih menjelaskan masalah ini.
  • Magic in Greco-Roman Era: A Historical Context to Understand Magic in the Acts of the Apostles

    Han, Chandra; Universitas Pelita Harapan (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2020-01-23)
    Magic is an important topic in the New Testament but compared to other topics of discussion in New Testament Studies, the significance of the theme of magic has been unjustly undermined as indicated by David E. Aune. From the all eight occurrences of magic in the New Testament, four are found in the Acts of the Apostles. Therefore, the Acts of the Apostles is the most significant source to understand magic in the New Testament. The purpose of this thesis is to demonstrate the significant of magic in the Greco-Roman era as the historical context to understand magic in the Acts of the Apostles. Since Christianity flourished in the Greco-Roman era, the understanding of magic in the Greco-Roman era is significant to understand its confrontation with Christianity in the Acts of the Apostles. This article will analyze mainly the first source of magic in the Greek magical papyri, the definition of magic, its principles, and its spell related to the Acts of the Apostles, and the relation between magic and religion in Greco-Roman Era. The judgment on magic will then be provided in the end of this article as the foundation to further study of the Acts of the Apostles.
  • Peran Orang Tua Tunggal Dalam Membimbing Anak Remaja Mencapai Kualitas Hidup Di Gereja Kibaid Klasis Makassar

    Banni, Yuliana; Selfina, Elisabet (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2011-10-02)
    Berdasarkan pokok masalah di atas, maka yang menjadi tujuan penulis sebagaisasaran dalam penulisan karya ilmiah ini, yaitu:Pertama, agar setiap orang tua tunggalmemahami peranan mereka dalam membimbing anak remaja.Kedua, agar anak-anakremaja dari orang tua tunggal termotivasi untuk mencapai kualitas hidup.Dalam karya ilmiah ini, penulis menggunakan metode penelitian sebagaiberikut:Pertama, metode kepustakaan yaitu penulis mencari dan mengumpulkaninformasi melalui buku-buku yang berkaitan dengan karya ilmiah ini. Menurut asalkatanya kepustakaan berasal dari kata dasar “pustaka”, yang berarti (1) buku-bukukesusastraan; (2) daftar kitab yang dipakai sebagai sumber acuan untuk mengarang, dansebagainya; atau (3) semua buku atau karangan dan tulisan mengenai suatu bidang ilmu,topik, gejala atau kejadian.1 Kedua, penulis menggunakan wawancara kepada orangorangyang dapat melengkapi data yang diperlukan dalam karya ilmiah ini. Wawancaraialah (1) tanya jawab dengan seseorang (pejabat dsb) yang diperlukan untuk dimintaiketerangan atau pendapatnya mengenai suatu hal, untuk dimuat dalam surat kabar,disiarkan melalui radio, atau ditayangkan pada layar televisi atau untuk kepentinganpenulisan karya ilmiah; (2) tanya jawab direksi (kepala personalia, kepala humas)perusahaan dengan pelamar pekerjaan; (3) tanya jawab peneliti dengan narasumber.2Berdasarkan pembahasan penulis di atas, maka dapat dibuat kesimpulan sebagaiberikut: orang tua tunggal atau single parent Persekutuan Kaum Wanita KIBAID KlasisMakassar adalah mereka yang menyadari sepenuhnya tugas mereka sebagai orang tuayang berperan sebagai ayah dan juga ibu yang mengatur segala sesuatunya di rumah danbertanggung jawab sepenuhnya kepada anak-anak mereka. Orang Tua tunggal atausingle parent Persekutuan Kaum Wanita KIBAID Klasis Makassar sudah sangat baikdalam menjalankan fungsinya sebagai orang tua tunggal bagi anak-anaknya. Sehinggaanak-anak bertumbuh dengan baik dalam mencapai kualitas hidup mereka
  • Tinjauan Teologis Tentang Takut Akan Tuhan Berdasarkan Kitab Amsal Dan Implementasinya Dalam Hidup Kekristenan

    Tampasigi, Ril; Maiaweng, Peniel C.D. (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2012-04-01)
    Sebagai tujuan penelitian adalah Untuk memaparkan konsep Takut akanTUHAN berdasarkan kitab Amsal, Untuk menjelaskan manfaat dari TakutakanTUHAN. Dan Untuk menjelaskan implementasinya dalam kehidupan Kekristenansetiap hari.Adapun metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kualitatifyaitu metode penelitian Kepustakaan (library research), terhadap berbagai sumberdata antara lain: Alkitab, tafsiran-tafsiran kitab Amsal dan buku-buku yangmembahas tentang Takut akan TUHAN serta penulis menggunakan metode eksegesis.Yang disusun secara deskriptif untuk mencapai sasaran dan tujuan penulisan.Dalam penelitian ini, ditemukan hasil bahwa Kekristenan seharusnya hidupberdasarkan takut akan TUHAN dengan menyadari akan kemahakuasaan-Nya,kekudusan-Nya, kemahahadiran-Nya dan kemahatahuanNya dalam setiap aspekkehidupan manusia lewat tindakan dan perilaku manusia. Banyak hal dalam duniaini yang akan membuat manusia merasa takut dan gentar, baik itu ketakutanterhadap sesamanya manusia maupun ketakutan terhadap hal-hal yang lainnya.Takutakan TUHAN merupakan suatu perasaan takut yang positif bukan negatif.Takutakan TUHAN bukan seperti perasaan takut yang dialami oleh manusiaterhadap hal-hal yang biasa, tetapi takutakan TUHAN merupakan penghormatanmanusia terhadap TUHAN.

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