Jurnal Jaffray is a national journal managed by the institution of Jaffray Theological College Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Jaffray Journal is a double blind reviewer and open access peer-reviewed journal that focuses on the novelty of theology, biblical exegesis and Christian service and education practices through quantitative and qualitative research (hermeneutics, argumentative, and case studies). This journal publishes original articles, reviews, and also interesting case reports. JAFFRAY JOURNAL has been accredited by The Republic of Indonesia Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education and academic journal (Decree No. 21 / E / KPT / 2018). Journal Subjects: 1. Development of theology and religion 2. Bible Interpretation 3. Biblical Study 4. Educational Science Research 5. Christian Education Research 6. Christian Ethics 7. Pastoral Practice 8. Old Testament and New Testament Hermeneutics

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The Globethics.net library contains articles of Jurnal Jaffray as of 1(2003) to current.

Recent Submissions

  • The Significant of God-Fearers for the Formation of Early Christians Identity in Acts 8-10

    Aryanto, Antonius Galih Arga Wiwin; Faculty of theology Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta; Racine, Jean-Francois; Jesuit School of Theology Santa Clara University, CA-USA (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2022-03-26)
    This study attempts to analyze the critical role of God-fearers in developing the early Christian identity. Luke-Acts uses ethnic reasoning to define the Christian community. They use words such as gentiles, unbelievers and other ethnic group such as Romans, Greeks as outsiders. The race and ethnicity study provides the theory to understand how people from different groups attempt to accept each other and negotiate their differences, such as their cultures, belief, and social relationship. God-fearers have an important role in the early Christian mission because through them. The mission goes out from Jerusalem to the entire Roman Empire. The mission in the diaspora has mixed members, including Jewish Christians and Gentiles. Both groups enter into table fellowship, which develop a distinct Christian identity. 
  • The Functional Characterization of Pilate and the Kingship of Jesus in John 18-19

    CHRISTOPHER, DANY; Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Amanat Agung (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2022-03-26)
    Scholars generally interpret the character of Pilate (John 18-19) in terms of his personality traits. He is seen either as having a strong character or a weak one. This article seeks to understand his character differently, by seeing his function within the narrative of John 18-19. This article argues that John employs Pilate as his narrative medium to ironically and gradually depicts Jesus’s kingship over the Jews as well as showing his kingship as superior to the Roman emperor.
  • Pastoral Strategies for the Loneliness Epidemic of the Digital Generation

    Gultom, Joni Manumpak Parulian; Sekolah Tinggi Teologi REAL; Simanjuntak, Fredy; (ID SCOPUS: 57224004555) Sekolah Tinggi Teologi REAL (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2022-03-20)
    The negative impact of artificial intelligence is the ability of generations without a sense of care for themselves. In the frenzy of technological advances and the massive capabilities of social media, it turns out that there is a dangerous space that this generation often doesn't realize, namely loneliness. Since the discovery of internet technology, lonely sufferers have experienced a spike among digital people. They often feel lonely and seemingly asymptomatic. If pastoral stewardship does not address this problem, the digital generation is bound to feel lonely, depressed, which can lead to suicide. They experience a decreased quality of life despite being in the church and parental care. The question is, what are the causes and effects of this problem of loneliness? What practical steps can shepherds take? And what kind of pastoral strategy is there to tackle the loneliness epidemic ravaging the digital generation? The purpose of this study is [1] to describe the causes and adverse effects of loneliness problems. [2] Describe simply practical steps a shepherd can take in dealing with loneliness. [3] Describe her pastoral and stewardship strategies as a solution to the problem of loneliness among this digital generation. The method used in this research is Systematic Literature Review (SLR) for journal papers published in 2016-2021. Contribution of this research ; [1] For spiritual practitioners and educators who are directly related to recovery from the loneliness of the digital generation, [2] as a reference for pastoral teams and pastoral candidates in local church stewardship, [3] practical steps for parents in overcoming loneliness problems digital child they experienced.
  • Unnalli Melo's Theology and Peace Study on the Concept and Reality of Peace in Toraja Culture

    Sanderan, Rannu; Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Toraja; Ronda, Daniel; Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Jaffray Makassar; Panggarra, Robi; Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray; Buchanan, Andrew; Church Missionary Society of Australia (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2022-03-26)
    This research aims to examine the reality of peace in Toraja. Conflicts in neighbouring areas have surrounded the last ten years. This type of research is a qualitative approach with ethnography methods. This research aims to look at virtue in Toraja human nature, the environment, oneself, and God or all at once. This research seeks to explain, evaluate, and study the portrait of the encounter of the peaceful reality of Toraja culture with the most significant importance of peace in the Bible. It can be concluded that the unique moral qualities in the minds of the Torajan people can be interpreted as the interconnectivity of values in the cosmic integrity of the Toraja people. The monumental work of translating the Bible into Sura' Madatu became the shaper of a new character. The expression to love the enemy is one of the ultimate values in the teachings of Jesus and shocking many people. The value of peace that is embryonic in the human mind of Toraja is very effective when it is renewed (value) and reconstructed (form) into the concept of shalom. 
  • Unnale Melo's Theology and Peace Study on the Concept and Reality of Peace in Toraja Culture

    Sanderan, Rannu; Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Toraja; Ronda, Daniel; Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Jaffray Makassar; Panggarra, Robi; Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray; Buchanan, Andrew; Church Missionary Society of Australia (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2022-03-26)
    This research aims to examine the reality of peace in Toraja. Conflicts in neighbouring areas have surrounded the last ten years. This type of research is a qualitative approach with ethnography methods. This research aims to look at virtue in Toraja human nature, the environment, oneself, and God or all at once. This research seeks to explain, evaluate, and study the portrait of the encounter of the peaceful reality of Toraja culture with the most significant importance of peace in the Bible. It can be concluded that the unique moral qualities in the minds of the Torajan people can be interpreted as the interconnectivity of values in the cosmic integrity of the Toraja people. The monumental work of translating the Bible into Sura' Madatu became the shaper of a new character. The expression to love the enemy is one of the ultimate values in the teachings of Jesus and shocking many people. The value of peace that is embryonic in the human mind of Toraja is very effective when it is renewed (value) and reconstructed (form) into the concept of shalom. 
  • Politics based on a Biblical Perspective and its Implications for the Involvement of Believers in Politics

    STT Trinity; Sihombing, Salomo; Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologi Jakarta (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2022-03-26)
    This article aims to analyze a topic that is often the subject of discussion among Christians and theologians in particular. The issue to be explored is politics in the Old Testament as a biblical study. Through this article, we will seriously describe the views of Old Testament experts on politics and then see its relationship with Theopolitics as a critical part offered in the Old Testament. This article will analyze and conclude comprehensively “what it really looks like” the Old Testament looked at politics and tried to relate it in the Indonesian context.
  • Rereading of The Sabbath Law (Exodus 20: 8-11) as A Response to Modern Slavery Issue

    Suprandono, Yohanes Rahdianto; Kharisma Theological Seminary; Setio, Robert; Duta Wacana Christian University, Yogyakarta (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-10-20)
    This research was motivated by concerns about the problem of modern slavery. The author will interpret Exodus 20:8-11 on the Sabbath to respond to the issue of slavery. The method of interpretation that will be used is deconstruction and social criticism. The use of the social criticism method sees the text as a practice of discourse that is ideologically charged and has specific interests. The text is not neutral but rather is advocating. In the text itself, two social groups conflict with each other. The interpretation of the existing Sabbath is interpreted normatively, legalistically, ritualistically, sociologically, theologically and eschatologically. The results of reinterpreting the Sabbath using a deconstructive method show that the Sabbath has been abolished because every day is interpreted as a forced workday. Forced labour is driven by fear and worry. The Sabbath was forgotten for political and economic motives. The Sabbath was abolished because time was money, so people were traded and enslaved for the sake of making money. The reinterpretation of the Sabbath text with the method of social criticism finds the theological meaning of the Sabbath. The God of the Sabbath is described as the forerunner of the liberation of slavery throughout the ages. God’s Sabbath-keeping people today have a liberation mission to help people who are victims of modern slavery.
  • The Effects Of Parenting Style And Adolescent Character On Adolescent Spirituality During The Pandemic

    Susanti, Lidia; Sekolah Tinggi Pendidikan Agama Kristen (STIPAK) Malang; Tarigan, Candra; GBKP Depok Lenteng Agung (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-10-15)
    Parenting adolescents during the pandemic is a considerably challenging endeavour. The parenting style of families constitutes a crucial factor in the shaping of adolescent characters and spirituality. Family is primary socialization through which adolescents develop their character and spirituality. Parenting patterns in adolescents have a significant impact on their personality and spirituality. This is evidenced in the love of God. This research employed an ex post facto design. The results revealed that parenting styles families adopted during the pandemic impacted adolescent characters and spirituality. The data analysis showed an interaction between parenting style variables and adolescent characters and the spirituality of Batak adolescents indicated by the R square value of 97.1%.
  • The Faith of the Righteous According to Habakkuk 2:4b and Romans 1:17

    Viktorahadi, R. F. Bhanu; Fakultas Filsafat Universitas Katolik Parahyangan Bandung (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-10-10)
    Habakkuk’s prophecy that the righteous will live by his belief (Hab. 2:4a) resonates in Paul’s letters, especially the text of Roma ns 1:17. This paper describes the authentic meaning of the term ‘believe’ in Habakkuk’s prophecy. Furthermore, this accurate meaning gets a more specific articulation in Paul’s idea of faith. This paper uses the Historical-Critical method and analyzes the text of Habakkuk 2:4b and the text of Rome 1:17. The correlation between these two texts comes to formulate the faith of the righteous in Christianity, namely credibility, justice, firmness, and faithfulness in carrying out the truth based on love, credibility, justice, firmness, and loyalty to fulfil God’s will.
  • Learning from The Effective Leadership of Boaz in The Book of Ruth

    Sia, Kok Sin; Sekolah Tinggi Theologi Aletheia, Lawang (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-09-27)
    This article addresses the study of Boaz's leadership in the book of Ruth by using the leadership concept of Peter G. Northouse. Based on Northouse's concept, I argue that Boaz is an example of an ideal and effective leader who can perform both as an assigned and emergent leader. I also believe the keys to Boaz's leadership's success are based on his character and skills. First, I will define the leadership concept of Peter G. Northouse. Northouse identifies the nature of leadership as an assigned leadership and emergent leadership. He also explains the powers that associate with the types of leadership. An assigned leader has position power, consisting of legitimate, reward, information, and coercive power. On the other hand, personal power is associated with emergent leadership that includes referent and expert power. Second, I will examine Boaz's character in the book of Ruth through the lens of the nature of leadership as an assigned leadership and emergent leadership. I also observe how Boaz performs the many types of power as an assigned leader and an emergent leader. Finally, I will conclude how the leadership of Boaz is. I argue that Boaz is an ideal and effective leader who can perform both as an assigned and emergent leader. I also believe the keys to Boaz's leadership's success are based on his character and skills.
  • Postcolonial Reading of the Bible: (Evangelical) Friend or Foe?

    Mamahit, Ferry Y.; Southeast Asian Bible Seminary University of Pretoriadisabled, Pretoria, South Africa (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-10-02)
    Reading the Bible through a postcolonial lens has become today’s trend in biblical hermeneutics. It triggers pros and cons within the evangelical circle. Is it friend or foe? Rather than uncritically accepting or refusing it, the article chooses a middle way, being “open but cautious” toward it. The article assumes that every reading method has its strengths and weaknesses and, thus, it can offer valuable things. Applying the content analysis theory, the author finds that a postcolonial biblical reading is somehow relevant to a contextual and transformative biblical reading, regardless of its multiple problems. It enables the readers to be self-critical, context-sensitive, and practical in faith-life integration. The article concludes that postcolonial reading of the Bible can be both (evangelical) friend and foe.
  • The Great Polarization: Understanding to the Historical Shift Away from Social Action within Evangelicalism

    Elliott, Benjamin; Deer Park Alliance Church Red Deer, Alberta, Canada (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-09-27)
    This paper aims to discuss the enduring shift of the evangelical church and the Christian and Missionary Alliance Church as a case study, away from active social action in the late nineteenth century and towards more hesitant involvement through the twentieth century and up to the present.  Following Timothy Moberg, this paper recognizes a significant reversal of emphasis in evangelicalism during this season but argues that the root of this shift was not simply a change in focus but actually a great polarization of the ground of thought within the church.  The paper involves a brief survey of some of the involved historical dynamics at play from Schleiermacher to Rauschenbusch but then concludes through a constructive comparison with the polarization of thought during the era of the Arian controversy to explore the possibility of hopeful pathways forward for the evangelical church in its dual mission to both preach God’s good news in Christ and to serve and care for the poor and vulnerable.
  • Learning from The Leadership of Boaz in The Book of Ruth

    Sia, Kok Sin; Sekolah Tinggi Theologi Aletheia, Lawang (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-09-27)
    This article addresses the study of the leadership of Boaz in the book of Ruth by using the leadership concept of Peter G. Northouse. Based on Northouse's concept, Boaz is an ideal and effective leader who can perform both as assigned and emergent leaders. The keys to the success of Boaz's leadership are his character and skills. First, this article will define the leadership concept of Peter G. Northouse. Northouse identifies the nature of leadership as an assigned leadership and emergent leadership. He also explains the powers that associate with the types of leadership. The appointed leadership has position power which consists of legitimate, reward, information, and coercive power. Emergent leadership has personal power that includes referent and expert power. Second, this article will examine the character of Boaz in the book of Ruth through the lens of the nature of leadership as an assigned leadership and emergent leadership. An observation of how Boaz performs the many types of power as an appointed leader and an emergent leader. Finally, this article will conclude how the leadership of Boaz is. Boaz is an ideal and effective leader who can perform both as an assigned and emergent leader. The keys to the success of Boaz's leadership are his character and skills.
  • Analysis of Theodicy Concepts and Its Relevance during the COVID-19 Pandemic Period

    Elvis, Martin; Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Cipanas; Ronda, Daniel; Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologia Jaffray (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-04-01)
    The COVID-19 pandemic problem raises many questions, whether the pandemic exists because of human sin? Is this suffering from God? Does God allow this to happen? If God is love, why should this pandemic occur? And various other kinds of questions. The purpose of this study is to find relevant values of theodicy concepts during the COVID-19 pandemic. This method uses qualitative research methods on the seven selected theodicy concepts and the latest research journals' results. Comprehensive results are obtained from the seven angles view of theodicy concepts relevant during the COVID-19 pandemic. From the study results, it can be concluded that the values of each theodicy concept studied gave appropriate contributions during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • A Hermeneutical Study On The Symbolic Meaning Of The Number 144.000 In Revelation 7:1-17

    Camerling, Yosua Feliciano; Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologia Jaffray Makassar; Panggarra, Robi; Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologia Jaffray Makassar; Kanna, Armin Sukri; Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologia Jaffray Makassar; Laukapitang, Yunus Daniel Anus; Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologia Jaffray Makassar (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-04-09)
    This study aims to analyze and reveal the symbolic meaning of “the number those who were sealed: 144.000 from all the tribes of Israel” in Revelation 7:1-17 and implications for the mission. The research method used is qualitative research carried out with the principles and hermeneutic methods of the Bible. The Bible's hermeneutic method is divided into two characteristics, namely general hermeneutics and specific ones. For the general hermeneutic interpretation method, the author uses three existing analyzes, namely structural analysis, grammatical analysis and theological analysis. Then for the special hermeneutic interpretation method, the author uses the interpretation of number symbols. The results of this study reveal that the symbolic meaning of “the number those who were sealed: 144.000 from all the tribes of Israel” in Revelation 7:1-17 are symbolic numbers of the number redeemed by the Lamb who made it through the tribulation period by remaining faithful to the end of being followers of Christ. As for the theological implications of the text of Revelation 7: 1-17 for the mission, namely God Protects His People (Verses 1-3), God is Consistent with His Promise of Salvation (Verses 4-8) and God Grants Universal Salvation (Verses 9-17). As for the practical implications of the text of Revelation 7: 1-17 for the mission, namely Believers are sealed as servants of God (Verses 1-8), Believers glorify God (Verses 9-12) and Believers receive sanctification and God's providence (Verses 13- 17). Keywords: 144,000, Church, Mission, Revelation 7: 1-17, Seal.
  • The Pietist Revival’s Implications for Church Ministry in the Post-Pandemic Church

    Pace IV, Julian Edwin; Assistant Pastor, Bloomingdale Alliance Church President, Risen Savior Ministries Th.D. Student, Evangelical Seminary (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-04-04)
    This article contends that the Pietist revival of the seventeenth century provides a “usable past” that the contemporary church, currently reeling from the global Covid-19 pandemic, can learn from. It chronicles how the Pietist movement was born out of major disruption, rediscovered vital Biblical emphases and methods such as the common priesthood doctrine, the spiritual giftedness of all God’s people, and small-group spiritual formation. Such emphases inspired many Pietists to improve the church’s moral and spiritual life, ameliorate society’s most pressing social problems, and evangelize their neighbors and new people groups. This article closes by exploring how Pietism’s most vital emphases and methods might be appropriately applied in the post-pandemic church. All with the goal that the post-pandemic church will emerge healthier and more vibrant than the contemporary church.
  • Acts 8: 4-25: The Amazing Magic versus The Joyful Gospel

    Han, Chandra; Universitas Pelita Harapan (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-04-01)
    Magic as one significant theme in the Acts of the Apostles is not yet significantly exposed. In the Greco-Roman era magic had attracted all level in the society form the lowest to the highest such as Roman caesers. The confrontation between magic which is amazing with the joyful gospel is important for Christians in order to recognize the dictinct feature of the gospel that overcome the amazing magic. This article will examine the longest episode of the magical passage, Acts 8:4-25, in order to figure out the distinctive feature between magic and the gospel and how the magic is overcome that the gospel is then widely spread throughout the region of Samaria dan even to the end of the world. The literal transalation and the text variant will be the first part of the examination. The following examination is to demonstrate the structure. The third part is the exegesis, the figure out the meaning of the text within the relevant context, including the distinction between magic and Christianity. The last part is the conclusion and application within contemporary era.
  • Analysis of Theodicy Concepts and his Relevance during the COVID-19 Pandemic Period

    Elvis, Martin; STT Cipanas; Ronda, Daniel; Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-04-01)
    The COVID-19 pandemic problem raises many questions, whether the pandemic exists because of human sin? Is this suffering from God? Does God allow this to happen? If God is love, why should this pandemic occur? And various other kinds of questions. The purpose of this study is to find relevant values of theodicy concepts during the COVID-19 pandemic. This method uses qualitative research methods on the seven selected theodicy concepts and the latest research journals' results. Comprehensive results are obtained from the seven angles view of theodicy concepts relevant during the COVID-19 pandemic. From the study results, it can be concluded that the values of each theodicy concept studied gave appropriate contributions during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • The Powers of Death: Recognition, Resistance, Resurrection

    Goroncy, Jason; Whitley College, University of Divinity, Australia (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2021-03-10)
    This essay is an invitation to examine the powers of death, and particularly the modes by which such powers are manifested in the world, modes that relate to but are irreducible to an individual’s life. It considers contributions to the subject from Jacques Ellul, Karl Barth, Walter Wink, and William Stringfellow, to argue that while death and its associated powers are pervasive, they are also penultimate realities. The powers of death meet their end in Jesus Christ. The gospel concerning Jesus Christ is the invitation to live as if such a claim were true, to recognise one for whom death is not foreign territory and in whom death is confronted and its powers brought to nought. It is the invitation to live a life in which resistance to the powers of death is possible. It is the invitation to live a life characterised by resurrection.
  • Ulasan Buku: Sistem Berteologi Seluk Beluk Pengajaran Kristen

    Kanna, Armin Sukri (Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Jaffray, 2015-09-29)
    Dari sistem-sistem berteologi ini, penulis merumuskan tiga tujuan pembelajaran yaitu: Pertama, untuk melihat logika yang dibangun atas pengajaran keselamatan yang diajarkan dari firman Tuhan. Kedua, mampu melihat keragaman dan memberikan evaluasi atas perbedaan-perbedaan teologi itu. Ketiga, menerima perbedaan itu sebagai anugerah sepanjang tidak menyangkali prinsip dasar kekristenan, yaitu Kristus adalah Tuhan.Dari segi isi buku Sistem Berteologi memuat beragam pemikiran teologi mainstream yang berkembang dan dianut oleh berbagai aliran dan tradisi gereja yang ada dewasa ini termasuk di Indonesia. Pemikiran teologi yang dikemukakan dapat dilihat dalam sistematika berikut: Calvinisme (Teologi Reformed). Teologi Reformed muncul sebagai reaksi terhadap penyimpangan-penyimpangan yang terjadi di dalam Gereja Katolik Roma pada abad ke-16. Penekanan Teologi Reformed dapat dilihat dari arti kata Reformed sendiri, yaitu “teologi Alkitab yang ditemukan kembali.” Dengan demikian, teologi Reformed mengembalikan pemahaman pada otoritas Alkitab sebagai firman Tuhan, kedaulatan Allah, dan keselamatan sebagai anugerah melalui Yesus Kristus. Gerakan reformasi oleh Martin Luther dan para reformator lainnya seperti Zwingli dan Calvin berpegang pada prinsip untuk mengembalikan gereja pada ajaran semula berdasarkan Alkitab dan menolak berbagai tradisi yang berakar dalam Gereja Roma Katolik yang dianggap menyimpang, yaitu menempatkan Paus sebagai kekuasaan tertinggi dalam gereja, penjualan karcis (surat) penebusan dosa, ajaran tentang Maria sebagai ratu surga dan ibu Tuhan, serta lain-lain. Martin Luther (1483-1546) merespon ajaran dan tradisi Gereja Katolik Roma dengan 95 dalil atau pernyataan iman, khususnya menyangkut keselamatan berdasarkan asas Sola Fide (hanya karena iman), manusia diselamatkan hanya karena iman yang diberikan berdasarkan anugerah-Nya (Sola Gratia). Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531) melalui tulisan-tulisan dan khotbah-khotbah yang menekankan pengajaran Alkitab. Namun reaksi yang keras dilancarkan oleh petinggi Gereja Katolik Roma terhadap Zwingli dan pengikutnya yang menyebabkan pertempuran Kappel, di mana ia terbunuh bersama 500 orang Zurich lainnya.

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