Ushuluddin Journal published by the Faculty of Ushuluddin Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau in collaboration with Himpunan Peminat Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin (HIPIUS). Jurnal Ushuluddin contains the results of research on keushuluddinan (Islamic basic science). The main focus of the Ushuluddin Journal includes: Study of the Qur'an and Tafsir, Hadith, Akidah, Islamic Thought and Sufism.

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The Globethics.net library contains articles of Jurnal Ushuluddin as of vol. 16(2010) no.2 to current.

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  • THE DEFENSE OF HADITH SCHOLARS AGAINST AHL AL-RA’Y MADHHAB (Study of Thought Shaikh ‘Abd al-Fattâh Abû Ghuddah)

    Muslim, Adi Abdullah (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2019-07-30)
    Debate between hadith scholar and Islamic jurisprudence has occurred since the time of the founding of fiqh madhhab that was dominated by Imam Abû Hanîfah in Kufah (as a representation of ra’y), and Imam Malik in Medina (as a representation of hadith scholar). Then the figure of Imam al-Shafi’i emerged as the mediator for them, he was given the title Nasir al-Sunnah. This study explains the existence of scholars of hadith - Shaikh Abd al-Fattâh Abû Ghuddah - who adhered to Ahl al-Ra’y madhhab of Imam Abû Hanîfah, defended the accusations against his madhhab, and also wanted to prove that Imam Abû Hanîfah was a textualist. This is a library research using content analysis. This study indicated that Imam Abû Hanîfah who was held by Abû Ghuddah as Ahl-al-ra’y madhhab did not make his madhhab understanding be rationalist in the field of hadith. He often in issuing fatwas based on ra’y. As a textualist cleric, he put nash in perseverance not prioritize qiyas and reason
  • THEOLOGICAL AND POLEMICAL RECEPTION ON WESTERN SCHOLARSHIP IN AL-QUR’ĀN AND TAFSĪR STUDIES IN INDONESIA

    Rahman, Yusuf (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2019-07-30)
    This study aims to examine responses and receptions of Indonesian Muslim scholars on Western non-Muslims scholarship in the study of al-Qur’ān and tafsīr. Generally, the reception of their works can be divided into two responses: positive and negative. Yet, this study focuses on negative responses. The findings indicate that the responses are theological and polemical. The main sources of this study are works - printed and online - written by the opponents of Western scholarship in Indonesia. These works are analyzed chronologically to see the reasons behind their rejection. This study shows that Indonesian Muslim scholars responded negatively to Western scholarship on Qur’ānic studies because Western scholars have a hidden agenda in their works. This attitude, the article argues, is very polemical because it essentially generalizes the whole Western scholars have an ulterior motive for destroying Islam and al-Qur’ān. Basically, the research findings state that Western non-Muslim scholars are very diverse, and sometimes even contradictory. Thus, Muslim scholars are expected to participate in enriching Qur’ānic studies by supporting or refuting their findings, or providing new findings
  • BACKMATTER

    Hasbullah, Hasbullah (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2019-07-30)
  • TUG OF WAR BETWEEN SUNNAH TASYRÎ’IYYAH AND GHAYR TASYRÎ’IYYAH: A CASE STUDY OF A HADÎTH REGARDING USE OF CAMEL URINE AS MEDICATION

    State University of Malang; Hanafi, Yusuf (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2019-07-30)
    Qur’anic texts and Prophetic sunnah are essentially zamâniy and makâniy in nature. According to historical records, Muhammad Shallallâhu ‘alaihi wa sallam was playing numerous roles. Therefore, every Moslem really needs to associate sunnah with the status of the Prophet at the time a sunnah was delivered when attempting to understand and practice it. This study aims to discuss the instruction by the Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, for a group of companions to drink camel urine when they complained of sickness from the perspectives of sunnah tasrî’iyyah and sunnah ghayr tasyrî’iyyah. This study is a literature study using content analysis techniques. The results identified that the hadîth above is categorized as sunnah ghayr tasyrî’iyyah. The advice of the Prophet in the hadîth above to drink camel urine as a medicine must be understood in the emergency context with no medicine other than camel urine available. This is the opinion of the majority of Moslem scholars that taking medication with something that is najis is not permissible, except in a compelling emergency. Under a normal condition and in the presence of halal medicines, taking medication with something that is najis – like camel urine – is harâm
  • MYSTICAL-METAPHYSICS: THE TYPE OF ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY IN NUSANTARA IN THE 17th-18th CENTURY

    Humaidi, Humaidi (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2019-07-30)
    This article is aimed to analyze the geneology of the origin of philosophical thinking of scientists in Nusantara, especially the one which developed in the seventeenth and the eighteenth century, also included the themes which developed in those periods as disscussion material, the object of analyzes and debate. The history of Islamic entered in Nusantara more decribed with Islamic type which demansioned mysticism. This theses is based on the Islamic capacity which united the tradition and Nusantara culture which have the same background as Islamic mysticism, especially in Hindu and Budha. Only a few mentioned that Islam in Indonesia has the type of philosophical rational. The implication of this view is only a bit of the researches connected with Islam with rationally philosophical elemension. Based on the result of the writer’s investigation about the works of Islamic scientists in Nusantara like Hamzah Fansurî, Syams al-Dîn al-Sumatranî, Nûr al-Dîn al-Ranirî, Muhammad Yûsuf al-Maqassarî, ‘Abd al-Ra’ûf al-Sinkilî, ‘Abd al-Samad al-Palimbanî, and Muhammad Nafis al-Banjari indicates that their thinking and arguments are very rational. Their work have colorize the type of thinking of Islamic Philosophy in Nusantara which have developed since the seventeenth century even they have been started since the sixteenth century
  • THE NARRATION ANALYSIS OF ‘ABBÂD B. YA‘QÛB AS A SYIAH RÂFIḌAH NARRATOR IN THE MAIN HADITH BOOK OF SUNNI

    Amrulloh, Amrulloh (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2019-07-30)
    Many scholars, both Muslim and Western, modern and contemporary, draw erroneous conclusions about the differences in theological flow in the context of the narration of hadith. One of the most crucial wrong conclusions is that the validity of the hadith is questioned because of ideological bias and political interest bias in the narration of the hadith. Whereas, a narrator widely labeled “Shafi’ah Rafi’ah”, an ideology that is claimed to be “extreme bid’ah” (al-ghuluw fi al-bid‘ah) by the Sunnis, namely ʻAbbâd b. Ya’qûb (w. 250 H), adorns many books of Sunni’s main hadith book. By applying the descriptive-analytical method and jarḥ wa ta‘dîl approach, the author is interested in exposing evidence that ‘Abbâd b. Ya‘qûb is a Shî’ah-Râfiḍah. The author is also interested in exploring the existence of ʻAbbâd in the Sunni main hadith books and analyzing the value of the hadith narrated by ‘Abbâd and the substance of the hadith narrated by ʻAbbâd in the books of the Sunni main hadith. This study proves that ‘Abbâd b. Ya‘qûb was a Hadith narrator of Syiah-Râfiḍah ideological. However, the existence of the ‘Abbâd as narrators calculated in the compilation Sunni’s Hadith main books (ummahât kutub al-ḥadîth) cannot be negated
  • REVEALING THE METHODS AND COMMENTARY FEATURES OF AL-QAULUL BAYAN FI TAFSIR AL-QUR’ĀN BY SYEKH SULAIMAN AR-RASULI

    Akbar, Ali; Arni, Jani; Muslim, Muslim; Aslati, Aslati; Nurwahdi, Nurwahdi (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2019-07-30)
    This article discusses the book of Tafsir al-Qaulul Bayan fi Tafsir al-Qur’ān by Syekh Sulaiman ar-Rasuli. This book is interesting to study because it is very rare to find interpreters using Minangkabau Malay Arabic. Syekh Sulaiman ar-Rasuli have specificity in writing his commentary because in his muqaddimah, it is stated that this book does not aim to explain and issue law. This expression is somewhat different from the purpose of the interpretation expressed by the commentators. This discussion aims to reveal the interpretation methods and patterns used by this book. The method used is content analysis: the purpose is to discuss in depth the written content or information. After reviewing this book, it can be concluded that this book uses the ijmali method. The interpretive style used is linguistic and Sufism feature. The feature of lughawi is to explain the meaning of the verse of al-Qur’ān with a linguistic approach, and the Sufism feature means to explain the meaning of the verse of al-Qur’ān with theories in Sufism or with a spiritual approach of the mufassir
  • HUMAN RIGHTS CHILDREN AND WOMEN PROTECTION IN THE VERSES OF AL-AHKAM

    Fauzi, Fauzi (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2019-07-30)
    This article intends to explain the position of human rights in relation to the protection of children and women in the Qur’ān. Based on the fact that the rights to children and women are exploited across history, the author intend to examine normative legal values extracted from the Holy Qur’ān as a way of life in order to encourage each individual to respect their rights. This research was conducted with a study of documentation as the technical analysis of data collection and analyzed by semi-thematic of ayat al-Ahkam. From a number of verses traced it can be concluded that human rights are a concern for their substance to provide more comprehensive protection to children and women. The protection of children includes: protection of survival, getting adequate nutrition from birth to the appropriate time limit, getting fulfillment of the needs and rights of development of reason through education. Meanwhile protection for women in the form of; protection through marriage and stipulation of ‘iddah when a husband’s divorce and death occur, the right to hear complaints and difficulties is experienced and get equal rights in various joints of life as servants of God
  • EXISTENCE OF SUFISM IN THE MIDST OF MULTICULTURAL AND GLOBAL COMMUNITIES (Prospects and Problems of the Development)

    Suradi, Ahmad; Dewi, Nurfitria (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2019-07-30)
    This article aims to examine the prospects and problems of developing Sufism in the multicultural and globalization era. This research is a library research. In the era of multiculturalism and globalization that civilization, science and technology have influenced all aspects of life, including the touch of spiritual values. In this case, ideally, science and technology in Islam must be able to deliver someone to further increase the faith and piety to Allah. The advancement of science in this multicultural and global era must be useful to recognize the creation, majesty and greatness of God, so that it can encourage people to get closer to Him. But in reality, modernization only satisfies the outer needs, even though humans will remain nervous as long as their inner and divine needs are not fulfilled. It is hoped that the values of Sufism, which is spiritual conditioning, can fill the emptiness of the human soul so that the obedience of the people in carrying out the rules of Shari’a and the appreciation of religion at the level of essence and Sufism does not slip into the abyss of shirk and khurafat
  • UNRAVELING THE OLD-FASHIONED MUSLIMS: Responding to The Challenges of Modernity

    Yazid, Syaifulloh (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2018-12-13)
    Muslims have a lot of potentials in terms of human resources (HR), natural resources (NR) and Islamic ideologies. Sadly, they are far from being established, prosperous, progressive and prosperous as they have two main challenges they must face and resolve. First, internal challenges which includes terrorism movements due to wrong understanding of Islamic teachings. Second, external challenges, such as the fear of the Europeans and the West against Islam and its adherents (Islamophobia), clash civilization stigma, and Muslim backwardness in developing science. Due to these two main challenges, it is necessary to find a solution to face and deal with them, so that the Muslims can rise above their adversity. The internal solution, for example, is to encourage them to understand the true, inclusive and interactive teachings of Islam so that they truly become a guideline and solution for any individuals and Muslims themselves. It is expected to abolish radicalism’s understanding and movement and motivate the Muslims to improve the development of science and technology. In the meantime, the external solution includes bridging communication to demonstrate the true teachings of Islam which are inclusive, merciful and interactive to eliminate Islamophobia. In addition, conducting collaborative scientific and technology-based research at international level to catch up with the modernity is also a good option
  • THE ROLE OF URBAN SUFISM OF SHALAWAT MUHAMMAD ASSEMBLY ON URBAN MIDDLE CLASS SOCIETY

    Rubaidi, Rubaidi (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2018-12-13)
    This article critically examines the role of Sufism in the process of social change in society,especially among urban societies that are symbolized by their middle class society. The subjectin this study is the Shalawat Muhammad Assembly under Mursyid Gus Kahar and his successor,Gus Mustakim. Although the assembly represents the urban sufism, but it has rooted fromclassical Sufism. In analyzing the role of this assembly in the process of social change in society,the theoretical framework of Cultural Brokers and Cultural Trendsetter of Geertz and Hirokosiare used as perspectives. The result simultaneously, consistently, and progressively shows thatSufism has a major contribution in any social change of societies to the value and ideology fromthe outside. The inherent value system in Sufism symbolized by the guru (murshid), is not just arole as a cultural broker as mentioned by the theory of Geertz. In fact, all gurus (mursyid) arewilling to change the value and ideology from the outside into a new system of traditions andcultures. This phenomenon resembles the cultural role of kyai in the Islamization of Indonesiain the past. It is the same like the theory of the cultural trendsetter of Hirokosi
  • BANJARESE ISLAMIC SCHOLARS (‘ULEMA) AND SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION IN TEMBILAHAN (PRELIMINARY RESEARCH)

    Raihani, Raihani (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2018-12-13)
    Banjarese, an ethnic group in South Kalimantan, were estimated to have migrated to Tembilahanand its surroundings in the 19th century following the defeat of the Banjar Sultanate bythe Dutch colonialists. The religious intellectualism rooted in the Banjarese tradition has untilnow resulted in the production of ‘ulema (religious scholars) even in new places to which theyhave migrated. Using in-depth interviews with several figures in Tembilahan, this preliminarystudy sheds light on how Banjarese ‘ulema in the area have contributed to the transformationof society. This study is important as there has not been solid research-based informationabout this important topic publicly available. It found that Banjarese ‘ulema have played animportant role in educating people through formal and informal ways to be religiously committedand socio-economically active. They have demonstrated dynamic relations with society, butsome of them were not immune from political and material temptations. It seems that the fartherthey stay away from such temptations, the more charisma they develop, and the more the opportunities they may have to contribute to the social transformation of Tembilahan society
  • THE PERSONALITY OF ‘IBADURRAHMAN IN QUR’AN (Character Education Construction in Building Civilization)

    Akhyar, Yundri; Wilaela, Wilaela (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2018-12-13)
    Education should lead to creating human beings who believe in the Divine. Here, their personality in the characteristics of ‘Ibadurrahman is to become true believers, as mentioned in the Holy Qur’an. Such characteristics as the faithful servants of God are necessarily taught in Islamic education. The word ‘Ibadurrahman as stated in the Qur’an (Surah al-Furqan, verse 63-77) is indeed the core of character education. This article describes what and how the character of ‘Ibadurrahman works and how it constructs the objectives of Islamic education. Methodically, this article is a library research considering the data examined and analyzed are based on library references. The result shows the Holy Qur’an has set an example of human personality, a true believer who owns the character of ‘Ibadurrahman, the loving servant of God. To this end, the millennial character education must refer to constructing the personality of ‘Ibadurrahman to build civilization
  • CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC THOUGHT PARADIGM IN UNDERSTANDING TURÂTH AND MODERNITY

    Ro’uf, Abdul Mukti (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2018-12-13)
    This article describes the current map of contemporary Islamic thought in term of understanding the relation between legacy (turâth) and modernity within the context of Arab-Islamic renaissance. Some paradigms of thoughts raised by various critical Arab thinkers converge into one general goal: reviving Arab-Islam civilization from its long hibernation. The theme of “self-criticism” (an-naqd al-dhâtiy) has become a core issue that dominates the discourse of contemporary Islamic thoughts and encompasses other paradigms such as Marxism, liberalism, fundamentalism, nasionalism and post-traditionalism. Although they have a common goal, they have distinctive methods in reading and treating the relation between legacy and modern
  • BACK-MATTER

    Hasbullah, Hasbullah (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2017-01-13)
  • BACKMATTER

    Hasbullah, Hasbullah (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2018-12-13)
  • FRONTMATTER

    Hasbullah, Hasbullah (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2018-12-14)
  • FRONTMATTER

    Hasbullah, Hasbullah (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2019-07-14)
  • TAFSIR SUFI: ANALISIS EPISTEMOLOGI TA’WÎL AL-GHAZÂLI DALAM KITAB JAWÂHIR AL-QUR’ÂN

    Wahyudi, Wahyudi (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2018-06-04)
    Tradisi sufisme dalam Islam masih diperdebatkan oleh para pakar. Sebagian menyebut sumber rujukan dari sufisme adalah paham emanasi Neo-Platonisme. Ada pula yang menyebutkan bahwa sumber utama ajaran sufi adalah riyâdah dan perilaku spiritual. Pengetahuan perspektif tasawuf adalah limpahan ilahiyah (al-fayd al-Ilahiyyah) yang bersifat transendental. Secara umum kontak sufisme dengan al-Qur’an berlangsung dalam aktivitas exegenis dan eisegesis sekaligus. Persinggungan ini memunculkan dua macam aliran tasawuf, nazari dan amali. Salah satu ulama yang berhasil membangun epistemologi ta’wil esoterik adalah al-Ghazâli. Ia menulis kitab Yaqut al-Ta'wîl fi Tafsir al-Tanzîl, namun kitab tersebut tidak dapat kita warisi. Epistemologi ta’wil al-Ghazâli terformulasikan dalam kitab Jawâhir al-Qur'ân. Ta'wîl al-Ghazâli berangkat dari pemahaman bahwa al-Qur’an memiliki sisi zahir dan batin. Dimensi lahir dalam istilah al-Ghazâli disebut dengan ‘ilm al- al-sadf. Sementara sisi batin al-Qur’an al-Ghazâli menyebutnya dengan ‘ilm al-lubâb. Penyeberangan dari ‘ilm al-sadf ke al-lubâb merupakan sistematika membumbung dari partikular ke universal. Jika ilmu masih mendekati kulit, maka nilainya kecil, sementara nilai ilmu akan bertambah jika menjauh dari kulit awal dan mendekati esensi
  • ANALISIS PEMIKIRAN SASTRA NAJM AL-DÎN AL-THÛFÎ DALAM AL-IKSÎR FÎ `ILMI AL-TAFSÎR

    Mujib, Lalu Supriadi Bin (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2018-06-04)
    Ilmu tafsir sebagai disiplin keilmuan Islam semakin berkembang dan menarik untuk dikaji karena karakter isi dan kandungan al-Qur’an bagaikan lautan yang tak pernih kering airnya dan tak akan habis keajaibannya. Juga didukung oleh eksistensinya sebagai kitab suci umat Islam dan kedudukannya yang menempati urutan pertama dalam memahami ajaran Islam. Kemajuan ilmu agama dan sains dengan berbagai corak dan ragamnya memberi ruang munculnya berbagai model pendekatan dalam menafsirkan al-Qur’an. Model pendekatan sastra adalah salah satu tawaran penting bagi para pengkaji al-Qur’an untuk menyelami keindahan bahasa dan menemukan aspek i`jâz (ke-mu’jizatan) al-Qur’an. I'jâz berfungsi menjadi bukti yang mempertegas posisi al-Qur’an sebagai firman Allah (Kalam allah) untuk membedakannya dengan perkataan manusia. Beragam varian uslûb (gaya bahasa) bisa ditemukan dalam al-Qur’an dan itu dipergunakan sesuai dengan kondisi dan konteks realita sosial budaya yang berkembang saat turunnya al-Qur’an. Hal tersebut tidak muncul begitu saja namun dipastikan mengandung nilai dan muatan sastra untuk mendukung ke-mu’jizat-annya

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