Ushuluddin Journal published by the Faculty of Ushuluddin Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau in collaboration with Himpunan Peminat Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin (HIPIUS). Jurnal Ushuluddin contains the results of research on keushuluddinan (Islamic basic science). The main focus of the Ushuluddin Journal includes: Study of the Qur'an and Tafsir, Hadith, Akidah, Islamic Thought and Sufism.

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The Globethics.net library contains articles of Jurnal Ushuluddin as of vol. 16(2010) no.2 to current.

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  • The Fiqh Al-Hadith Of Digital Media: The Method Of Hadith Understanding Of The Website Bincangsyariah.com And Its Contribution To The Moderate Islam Discourse

    Widayaningsih, Ria Candra; Helmy, Muhammad Irfan (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2021-12-31)
    In this modern era, website has been considered as an effective and efficient vehicle to disseminate information, including those related to religious and other issues. Thus, a comprehensive understanding on wisdom is greatly necessary to avoid any interfaith conflict. Bincangsyariah.com is a website providing information related to religious issues in the society. The authors have answered those related to fiqh al-hadith found in bincangsyariah.com and its contributions to Islamic Moderate discourse. This study used a discourse analysis method to show and interpret the relationship between patterns and goals expressed through linguistic elements. The results proved that bincangsyariah.com website has provided discussion relevant to the people’s needs for solutions related to various legal problems occurring in the society. This website did not provide any provocative content to hate and abuse certain ethnicity, religion, race, and inter-group relation (known as SARA/Suku, Agama, Ras, Antar-golongan). Thus, Bincangsyariah.com was included to a website intended to widely spread various Islamic Moderate contents
  • The Issue of Unveiling the Aurah for Women in Quran. A Critical and Contextual Analysis of Surah al-Nūr [24]: 58-61)

    Muna, Moh. Nailul (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2021-12-30)
    This paper aims to contruct the permissible rules that allow woman to unveil her Aurah based on (QS. Al-Nūr [24]: 60). The study of aurah has reaped many polemics from time to time, this is based on the fact that the Qur'an does not provide explicit information about the extent to which the aurah must be covered. In response to this, the scholars can be divided into two groups, the first is those who are strict in setting the limits of aurah on the historical manner. Meanwhile, in the other group, figures such as Syahrur gives freedom within deciding the limits of woman’s aurah according to the minimum and maximum limits. One of the reasons held by the second group in covering aurah term is that it could cause the difficulty or masyaqqah. In response to that, this paper contributes to bridge the gap based on (24: 60) which contains the permissibility for qawāid minan nisā’ to reveal his outer clothing. Through the linguistic approach which is relation of text belongs to Salwa MS El-Awa. The application of this method considers the aspects of coherence and relevance in the text. Coherence is intertwined with the component of the text whereas the relevance covers the wider aspect that could not be clearly seen by the text in which related to munasabah analysis. Then, this task approaches the problem through phenomenology view.  The result appeared that religion actually allows an old or young woman who has not charm or attraction to open her khimār, niqāb and ridā’ on condition that has experienced menopause, has lost his lust, and does not intend to show jewelry, and she is in a private sphere; home
  • Structural Analysis And Stilistic Meaning Of Khabariyah Verses In The Qur'an

    Agustiar, Agustiar; Jamal, Khairunnas (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2021-12-30)
    Al-Qur'an always displays the style of language in various forms. The diversity of the structure and language style of the Qur'an shows that there is a certain meaning that is displayed behind the text of the verse. This article aims to reveal the forms of linguistic structures and meanings contained in the khabariyyah verses in the Qur'an so that they can provide an alternative understanding of the Qur'an that does not favor one group. And can provide a clear understanding of meaning, open as it is in accordance with the form of a typical sentence structure in the form of speech and the meaning contained in it.The method used is Linguistic Theory by collecting the configuration of kalam khabariyyah then analyzing its structure and meaning through the Syntact and semantic analysis approach in the Qur'an interpretation. This article concludes that the configuration of the stylistic structure of the verses with khabariyyah style in the Qur'an is expressed in two constructions, namely in the construction of the Jumlah ismiyyah and Jumlah fi'liyyah with various kind of its language style (uslub) there are : in the style of uslub al-Qashru, al-Taqdim wa al -Takhir, and al-Qasam. In terms of meaning, it shows that the Jumlah ismiyyah provides the permanent (Itsbat),eternal (Dawam) and continuous meaning (istimrar), while the Jumlah  fi'liyyah provides the occurrencemeaning (Huduts) that means the occurrence of an event at a certain time as well as the meaning of repetition (istimrar tajaddud)
  • Reinterpreting Religious Pluralism in QS. al-Baqarah: 62 (A Method of al-Qaraḍâwî’s Interpretation)

    Kudhori, Muhammad; Faiq, Muhammad; Farhan, Ibnu (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2021-12-30)
    QS. al-Baqarah: 62 by some Muslim scholars is used to justify that adherents of all religions in this world will get salvation and go to paradise. Salvation in the hereafter, according to them, is not required to believe in the Prophet Muhammad. This article aimed to re-examine that interpretation that is contrary to the belief of the majority of Muslims, in which one aspect of faith that will save people is a belief in the messengers, including a belief in the Prophet Muhammad. The reinterpretation of QS. al-Baqarah: 62 in this study employed the interpretation method of Yûsuf al-Qaraḍâwî in his book entitled Kayfa Nata‘âmal Ma‘ al-Qur’ân al-‘Az}îm. This article is a library based-study by using content analysis and descriptive-analytic. The result revealed that QS. al-Baqarah: 62 actually deals with the earlier peoples before the Prophet Muhammad. Those who believe in Allah and the Last Day and do good deeds are promised a reward from Allah SWT
  • A Critical Study On Ghaybah Of Imam Mahdi Concept In Shi’ah Imamiyah Ithna ‘Ashariyyah

    Muslih, M Kholid; Mafaza, Ahmad Tauhid; Sahidin, Amir (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2021-12-30)
    The debate over whether the teachings of the Imāmah Shī'ah Imāmiyah Ithnā 'Ashariyah, including the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, cannot be avoided. Both SAW the need for Imamat as a substitute for the position of the prophet in managing religion and the world. However, there are fundamental differences that cannot be tolerated, according to ahl sunnah (Sunni), Imāmah is fardhu kifayah, while according to Shī'ah Imāmiyah, it is one of the principles of faith that must be believed. This Shī'ah belief also experienced a deadlock due to the polemic whether Imam al-Ḥasan al-'Ashkari had descendants or not. This deadlock was answered by them by bringing up a new concept in aqidah, called Ghaybah. Therefore, the author sees the need to critically examine this concept of ghaybah, because it is the foundation of the building of the Imamate that is believed to be. In addition to strengthening the faith of Muslims (Sunni), this study will also examine how strong the argument for the concept of ghaybah is. Through a study of the type of library research with a descriptive-critical analysis approach, it can be concluded, first, that the concept of ghaybah does not have a strong argumentative basis. Second, the figure of Imam Mahdi who they believed was only a fictitious figure. Third, the essence of Imam Mahdi's ghaybah contradicts the hadiths of the Prophet SAW and statements of the Shi'ah scholars themselves
  • Unity Of Ummah Mahmud Yunus's Perspective In Tafsir Al-Qur'an Al-Karim

    Ismail, Hidayatullah; Fatah, Nasrul; Arni, Jani (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2021-12-30)
    Tafsir Al-Qur'an Al-Karim which is the great work of Mahmud Yunus who is known as one of the productive Indonesian scholars has produced written works in various Islamic disciplines. This interpretation is always interesting to study because its style is thick with the nuances of ijtima'i as a form of response to the realities of life that exist in society. Among the descriptions found in many places in this commentary is the importance of maintaining unity and integrity and avoiding disintegrity. So this paper aims to analyze Mahmud Yunus's thoughts on the unity of the people with a descriptive approach to analysis based on library data. The findings of this study found that efforts to realize unity among Muslims must continue to be carried out even though big challenges always exist. Challenges to the union came from external and internal. External, namely from parties outside Islam who do not want the realization of Muslim unity. While internal comes from within the body of Muslims caused by not adhering to the Qur'an and sunnah and the nature of ta'ashub. As a solution offered is to strengthen moral education or tarbawi akhlaqi in social life
  • Reinterpretation of Disaster Verses in Preventing Covid-19 : (Analysis Maqashidi’s Interpretation Perspective)

    Muh Rizki, Mahasiswa Program Doktor Hukum Islam UII Yogyakarta; muhammadrizki4714@gmail.com; Hayati, Safira Malia (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2021-12-31)
    This article answers how the reinterpretation of disaster verses for the prevention of Covid-19 and how to apply maqashidi interpretation and maqashid values conveyed by the Qur'an in verses and hadiths related to the prevention of Covid-19. The method that the author uses is the interpretation method, this method aims to explore the messages of the Qur'an in revealing verses about the disaster prevention against Covid-19. This study also uses the thematic method, namely discussing verses based on a set theme, aiming to gain an understanding of the interpretation of disaster verses regarding the contextuality of Covid-19 prevention. Thus, the author comes to the conclusion; first, everything that happens is the will of Allah SWT in accordance with the level of ability of His servants. So as a servant should not give up in the face of it. Second, as a form of endeavor to prevent this epidemic by complying with policies and obeying the orders of Ulil Amri (Government) and the fatwas of Ulama in terms of the protocol for preventing the transmission of Covid-19, this is proof of our faith in the provisions and laws of Allah as a people. obedient. Then, there are at least five maqashid values conveyed by the Qur'an in reinterpretation using the maqashidi interpretation perspective, namely; hifdz ad-Din, al-Nafs, al-'Aql, al-Nasb, and al-mâl. This article is expected to contribute to the Indonesian Muslim community in dealing with and preventing the spread of the Covid-19
  • Soul Restoration in Islamic Tradition (Ibn Tufail's Perspective of Tazkiyya an-Nafs Model)

    Arroisi, Jarman; Puspita, Erva Dewi Arqomi (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2020-12-31)
    The modern era has had both positive and negative impacts on the progress of human civilization. The positive impact can be seen from the increasing advances in technology and science that help human life. Meanwhile, one of the negative impacts that emerged from the modern era is the spread of mental health problems in society. Not a few in modern society there are several symptoms and mental health problems that make it difficult for someone to find happiness. This article aims to explain efforts to cleanse the soul in Islamic tradition such as the pattern of cleansing the soul by Ibn Tufail. By using a descriptive critical analysis method with this type of literature research, this research found several important points. First, tazkiyya al-nafs is an important effort that must be made by someone to get a sense of happiness. Second, one of the important strategies and ways to get happiness according to Ibn Tufail is to attain knowledge of God. Third, if someone has come to the knowledge of God, then he will come to Ma'rifatullah. The attainment of this ma'rifatullah stage can only be achieved by someone if that person has cleansed his soul. With tazkiyya al-nafs that is done consistently one will come to what is called musyahadatullah or ma'rifah billah.
  • Interpretation QS. an-Nisa’: 34 Perspectives of Amina Wadud Muhsin and The Implication of Her Thinking In Indonesia

    Rusydiana, Naili Rosa Urbah; Azami, Hadiana Trendi (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2021-07-30)
    This paper describes the gender verse that has become a hot discourse during groups that interpret religious texts as misogynistic. One of them is in QS. an-Nisa’: 34 concerning the position of men against women. The majority of classical commentators interpret this verse textually that men are more powerful than women. However, in this contemporary era, many figures reconstruct this interpretation. One of them is Amina Wadud. Through this paper, the writer tries to reconstruct the interpretation of QS. an-Nisa’: 34 with the method of Hermeneutics Tauhid Amina Wadud. As a result, first, the word “ar-rijalu qawwamuna ‘ala nisa” cannot only be interpreted as a husband and wife. This word applies to two situations that occur. The first situation is the right to take precedence over others and provide a living for women. However, if one of these conditions is nowhere, then the man is considered a failure and is not included in the qawwam meant for women. Second, the word nusyuz does not only apply to women but also men. Third, the implications of Amina Wadud’s thought in Indonesia can be measured through: the intensity of being a resource at Indonesian conferences, the spread of her work and many studies on her thoughts, either critical studies or using them as a methodological basis, and many researchers who are inspired or have the same mindset as.
  • The Meaning of al-Hurriyyah in QS. al-Baqarah [2]: 256 and QS. al-Kahfi [18]: 29: A Maqâṣid Approach of Ibn ‘Asyur

    Mustofa, Ahmad Zainal; Syarifah, Nurus (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2021-06-28)
    Ibn ‘Asyur is a modern Muslim scholar, he is also a commentator and expert on jurisprudence. His well-known works of interpretation and fiqh suggestions are Tafsir al-Tahrir wa al-Tanwir and Maqâṣid al-Syari’ah al-Islamiyyah. Furthermore, this article explores the meaning of “alhurriyyah” in the context of the maqâṣid al-syari’ah from the perspective of Ibn ‘Asyur. The object in this discussion is his interpretation work entitled Tafsir al-Tahrir wa al-Tanwir, which focuses on analysis in QS. 2: 256 and QS. 18: 29. This research is motivated by the new maqâṣid al-syari’ah concept which was initiated by Ibn ‘Asyur since the vacuum of the maqâṣid concept which was previously brought by al-Syathibi. This concept of Ibn ‘Asyur is universally oriented. One of the terms in the maqâṣid al-syari’ah is “al-hurriyyah.” This research was conducted to answer questions about how the concept of maqâṣid al-syari’ah Ibn ‘Asyur is implemented in the QS. 2: 256 and QS. 18: 26. The method used in this research is descriptive analytical. After conducting theresearchit can be concluded that in the two letters that have been analyzed, the meaning of “al-hurriyyah” which is meant by Ibn ‘Asyur is a freedom to choose the religion that is believed and there is no compulsion in choosing it. Ibn ‘Asyur explained that a Muslim is allowed to help fellow humans in the social aspect and not in the aspect of religion, belief or creed
  • A Critical Analysis of The Existence of Da’if Hadith (Weak Hadith) in Ṣaḥiḥ al-Bukhari

    Rizapoor, Habiburrahman; Zafari, Mohammad Anwar (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2021-06-28)
    This research aims to find out whether all the hadiths narrated in Ṣaḥiḥ al-Bukhari are valid and correct or there are also ḍa’if and weak hadiths. In this article, the researcher has used the descriptive and content analysis method by referring to scientific articles, books of principles of hadith. Hadith annotation books and other books in which the subject has been discussed. In this article, the writer discusses the views and arguments of the scholars who claim that there are consensuses that the book of Ṣaḥiḥ al-Bukhari is the most correct book after the Qur’an and there is no ḍa’if hadith in it. Similarly, the writer discusses the views of the scholars who argue that all the hadiths of Ṣaḥiḥ al-Bukhari are not authentic and there are hadiths in Ṣaḥiḥ al-Bukhari which are not authentic and are ḍa’if. By considering the arguments of both sides, the writer concludes that Ṣaḥiḥ al-Bukhari is the most correct book after the Holy Qur’an, nevertheless, this does not mean that there are no ḍa’if hadiths in Ṣaḥiḥ al-Bukhari and there are many hadiths that are called ḍa’if by the scholars of hadith. Also, the existence of ḍa’if hadiths in the book of Ṣaḥiḥ al-Bukhari does not decrease the scientific ranking and status and level of acceptance of the book and prophetic hadith among the ummah and scholars of Hadith
  • Siradjuddin Abbas’ Contribution in the Study of Hadith in Indonesia

    Karnedi, Rozian (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2021-06-28)
    This research was proposed by Siradjuddin Abbas who in some literature is not known as a hadith figure. He is better known as a prominent Indonesian theologian and fiqh expert. In fact, the thoughts and contributions of Siradjuddin Abbas in the study of hadith can be traced in his various works. This study aimed to reveal the contribution of Siradjuddin Abbas in the study of hadith. The descriptive-analytical method and the biographical approach were used to answer the questions: 1) whether Siradjuddin Abbas can be said to be a hadith figure, and 2) what is the contribution of Siradjuddin Abbas in the study of hadith in Indonesia. The results of the study indicated that; 1) Siradjuddin Abbas is not only a theologian and fuqahā’ but also a figure in Indonesian hadith. Although he did not write a specific hadith book, Siradjuddin Abbas’s thoughts on hadith are scattered in his various works. He was a collector, commentator and eristic of hadith in written and oral. 2) The roles and thoughts of Siradjuddin Abbas contributed to the study of hadith in Indonesia. He strengthens the argument for Ahlussunnah wal Jamā’ah’s understanding by providing hadith arguments on the thoughts of kalam and fiqh. Although the role, thought and understanding of the Hadith of Siradjuddin Abbas is more of a defence of the Asy’ariyah theology and the Shafi’i school, the thought of the hadith becomes a reference and guide for the Islamic community, especially from traditionalist Muslims
  • The Meaning Of Al-Hurriyyah In QS. Al-Baqarah [2]: 256 And QS. Al-Kahfi [18]: 29: A Maqashid Approach Of Ibn ‘Asyur

    Mustofa, Ahmad Zainal; Syarifah, Nurus (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2021-06-28)
    Ibn 'Asyur is a modern Muslim scholar, he is also a commentator and expert on jurisprudence. His well-known works of interpretation and fiqh suggestions are Tafsir al-Tahrir wa al-Tanwir and Maqashid al-Syari'ah al-Islamiyyah. Furthermore, this article explores the meaning of “al-hurriyyah” in the context of the maqashid al-syari'ah from the perspective of Ibn 'Asyur. The material object in this discussion is his interpretation work entitled Tafsir al-Tahrir wa al-Tanwir, which focuses on analysis in QS. 2: 256 and QS. 18: 29. This research is motivated by the new maqashid al-syari'ah concept which was initiated by Ibn 'Asyur since the vacuum of the maqashid concept which was previously brought by Al-Syathibi. This concept of Ibn 'Asyur is universally oriented. One of the terms in the maqashid al-syari'ah is "al-hurriyyah." This research was conducted to answer questions about how the concept of maqashid al-syari'ah Ibn 'Asyur is implemented in the QS. 2: 256 and QS. 18: 26. The method used in this research is descriptive analytical. After conducting the research it can be concluded that in the two letters that have been analyzed, the meaning of "al-hurriyyah" which is meant by Ibn 'Asyur is a freedom to choose the religion that is believed and there is no compulsion in choosing it. Ibn 'Asyur explained that a Muslim is allowed to help fellow humans in the social aspect and not in the aspect of religion, belief or creed
  • A Critical Analysis Of The Existence Of Da'if Hadith (Weak Hadith) In Sahih Al-Bukhari

    Rizapoor, Habiburrahman; Zafari, Mohammad Anwar (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2021-06-28)
    This research aims to find out whether all the hadiths narrated in Sahih Al-Bukhari are valid and correct or there are also DaCif and weak hadiths. In this article, the researcher has used the descriptive and content analysis method by referring to scientific articles, books of principles of hadith, Hadith annotation books and other books in which the subject has been discussed. In this article, the writer discusses the views and arguments of the scholars who claim that there are consensuses that the book of Sahih Al-Bukhari is the most correct book after the Qur’an and there is no daCif hadith in it. Similarly, the writer discusses the views of the scholars who argue that all the hadiths of Sahih Al-Bukhari are not authentic and there are hadiths in Sahih Al-Bukhari which are not authentic and are DaCif. By considering the arguments of both sides, the writer concludes that Sahih Al-Bukhari is the most correct book after the Holy Qur’an, nevertheless, this does not mean that there are no daCif hadiths in Sahih Al-Bukhari and there are many hadiths that are called daCif by the scholars of hadith. Also, the existence of DaCif hadiths in the book of Sahih Al-Bukhari does not decrease the scientific ranking and status and level of acceptance of the book and prophetic hadith among the ummah and scholars of Hadith
  • Al-Harakaḧ al-Jawhariyaḧ as Perfecting of Existence and Its Relation with Natural Sciences and Humanities

    Effendi, Rahmat (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2021-06-28)
    Mullā Ṣadrā's discourse in the discourse of Islamic philosophy is only limited to ontological and epistemological aspects. There has not been much further investigation into Ṣadrā's philosophy. This causes Ṣadrā's philosophy to dwell only in the theoretical-metaphysical realm. If we look further, Ṣadrā's philosophy also has a relationship with the natural sciences and the humanities. Through the concept of al-harakaḧ al-jawhariyaḧ Ṣadrā explains this. Al-Harakaḧ al-jawhariyaḧ as the embodiment of the principle of existence (aṣālaḧ al-wujūd) is not only Ṣadrā's ontology but as Islamic original thought in solving ontological problems since ancient times. Al-Harakaḧ al-jawhariyaḧ or substance motion is an immaterial gradual motion in every existence entity, both material and non-material existence. Each mawjūd entity is an existence that experiences motion to point to one point, namely perfection. This perfection is in an immaterial state in every hierarchical reality of existence. Every existence, both human and natural, will move towards this essential perfection. This article will reveal that al-harakaḧ al-jawhariyaḧ is a motion in the context of improvement in terms of substance and accident. It is also through this concept that Ṣadrā shows his relation to the natural sciences and humanities. This relationship is in the form of proving the existence of God, the creation of nature, and the social relations of society. This research is based on library research with a descriptive analysis method and holistic approach. In the end, al-harakaḧ al-jawhariyaḧ has a broad relationship in existence and all existing entities
  • The Story of Moses and Pharaoh in a Structural Anthropology Approach

    Aufi, Ahmad Umam (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2021-06-28)
    This study examined the story of Moses and Pharaoh as one of the Islamic narrative discourses in the Qur'an. Structural anthropology Claude Lévi-Strauss was used to analyze the story's structure or nature of the mind. The results of the study explicate that the story of Moses and Pharaoh had a structure of "struggle plot to convey the truth". Based on the episodes of the story showed a continuous transformation of structure and forms cylindrical triangle. Behind the story of Moses and Pharaoh was  reflection of the developing culture in Islamic societies. First, there were some societies' components in the struggle process of the faithful in conveying the truth, both theologically or socio-politically. Such as the actor of social change (Moses), masses of people (the people of Moses), authorities who refused the change (Pharaoh and his leaders) and opportunist intellectuals (the magicians before being defeated by Moses), and organic intellectuals (the magicians after believing in the truth of Moses). Second, The community’s culture was controlled by established authorities, the commitment of the truth will gain a refusal and despite resistance. The prerequisite to be able to undergo it was to confirm it rationally and empirically (according to the times)
  • Siradjuddin Abbas' Contribution In The Study Of Hadith In Indonesia

    Karnedi, Rozian (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2021-06-28)
    This research was proposed by Siradjuddin Abbas who in some literature is not known as a hadith figure. He is better known as a prominent Indonesian theologian and fiqh expert. In fact, the thoughts and contributions of Siradjuddin Abbas in the study of hadith can be traced in his various works. This study aimed to reveal the contribution of Siradjuddin Abbas in the study of hadith. The descriptive-analytical method and the biographical approach were used to answer the questions 1) whether Siradjuddin Abbas can be said to be a hadith figure, and 2) what is the contribution of Siradjuddin Abbas in the study of hadith in Indonesia. The results of the study indicated that 1) Siradjuddin Abbas is not only a theologian and fuqahā' but also a figure in Indonesian hadith. Although he did not write a specific hadith book, Siradjuddin Abbas's thoughts on hadith are scattered in his various works. He was a collector, commentator and eristic of hadith in written and oral. 2) The roles and thoughts of Siradjuddin Abbas contributed to the study of hadith in Indonesia. He strengthens the argument for Ahlussunnah Waljamaah's understanding by providing hadith arguments on the thoughts of kalam and fiqh. Although the role, thought and understanding of the Hadith of Siradjuddin Abbas is more of a defence of the Asy'ariyah theology and the Shafi'i school, the thought of the hadith becomes a reference and guide for the Islamic community, especially from traditionalist Muslims
  • Caliphate; is it Theological Inevitability or Sociological Experimentation?

    Abdul Syatar, UIN Alauddin; Muhammad Majdy Amiruddin, IAIN Parepare; Kamil, M Ilham; Syatar, Abdul; Amiruddin, Muhammad Majdy (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2021-06-28)
    The main objective of this study was to investigate the ontological status of the caliphate as a sociological experimentation. The  study was  a library research which adopted a descriptive analytical method through reading various literatures with a philosophical historical approach. The data were obtained from a variety of credible literature and other various supporting information then presented with a strong analytical instrument based on the normative foundation and thoughts of the figures to generate a deeper elaboration of ideas. The result showed that the relationship between religion and the state was a matter of pure contact with public reason. The absence of religious sharih texts in state matters, including models and singular forms of state practice, is an indisputable reason for the profanity of the Khilafah. The state practices exemplified by the Prophet and Companions were nothing more than sociological experiments. The experiment of the Prophet and purely sociological relative is not a theological necessity. The state is in principle an institution designed to realize benefit as the highest moral principle and locus of the view of the universal will. As an alternative to the caliphate model which is outdated and impossible to revive, a democratic state is a realistic choice because it is in accordance with the development of modern life and is an effort to approach universal human values
  • Construction of Epistemological Interpretation on Eschatology Verses In ‘Aisyah ‘Abdurrahman al-Syati’s Perspective

    Rector UIN Imam Bonjol Padang, Dean Ushuluddin and Studi Agama Faculty UIN Imam Bonjol Padang; Taufiqurrahman, Taufiqurrahman; Naffasa, Resya Farasy (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2020-12-31)
    This study aims to examine the perspective of ‘Aisyaḧ ‘Abdurrahman al-Syati’ (1913-1998), as a contemporary female mufassir, regarding eschatological verses in surah al-Zalzalaḧ to prove the epistemological construction of interpretations based on sources, methods and validity of truth. The object of this research is the text and its relationship with past events, that a literature study is carried out to learn content analysis using a historical approach. The primary data in this study is the book of Tafsyr al-Bayany and supported by literature on the epistemology of interpretation in a philosophical approach. The results revealed that ‘Âisyah ‘Abdurrahman has interpreted surah al-Zalzalaḧ referred to Arabic language grammar, the prophet’s hadith, and previous interpretations. In the epistemology of interpretation, the verses about eschatology are not sufficient if they are interpreted in language separately, despite proving the validity of interpretive coherence, she remains consistent in using those  method, even correspondingly the interpretation of zilzal is a picture of the earth’s condition when it shakes in accordance with the reality and scientific facts about earthquake, as well as in line with the argument about a doomsday that is bound to happen as found in terms in the Qur’an.
  • The Method of Da’wah of Jama’ah Mastūrah in Increasing Religious Awareness of Women in Aceh Besar

    Wirman, Wirman; Fauziah, Mira (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2020-12-31)
    Jama’ah Mastūrah refers to a congregation of women division of Jama’ah Tabligh. As is the case of the male counterpart, Jama’ah Mastūrah also takes part in Islamic missionary activities. However, this group does not carry out da’wah in an open space or in front of the congregation. This study aimed to analyze the method of da’wah carried out by Jama’ah Mastūrah in raising women religious awareness in Aceh Besar. The study used qualitative approach and the descriptive analysis method. Data were collected by interview and documentation study. The results showed that the da’wah method carried out by Jama'ah Masṭurah was the method of da’wah bi al-lisān,  bi al-kitābah and bi al-hāl. The bi al-lisān method is carried out by inviting the surrounding community to invite people to pray, wear a headscarf, recite the Qur'an and attend ta'lim activities in their homes. The bi al-kitābah is a method of da’wah by means of written materials, such as books, billboards, banners, bulletin boards,  or pamphlets, containing messages of da’wah to mad’ū. The bi al-hāl method is carried out by showing noble morals, maintaining the limits of the genitals and avoiding meeting with men who are not mahram.

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