Ushuluddin Journal published by the Faculty of Ushuluddin Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau in collaboration with Himpunan Peminat Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin (HIPIUS). Jurnal Ushuluddin contains the results of research on keushuluddinan (Islamic basic science). The main focus of the Ushuluddin Journal includes: Study of the Qur'an and Tafsir, Hadith, Akidah, Islamic Thought and Sufism.

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The Globethics library contains articles of Jurnal Ushuluddin as of vol. 16(2010) no.2 to current.

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  • Apolitical Salafi: Between Religious And Citizenship Identity In Indonesia

    Irwansyah, Irwansyah; Muary, Rholand (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2024-05-18)
    The phase of Islamic resurgence in Indonesia since the 1980s and 1990s is characterized by the emergence of new dynamics within the Islamic movement, which have reshaped the religious landscape. One of these is Salafism, which was introduced through the Islamic movement originating from the Middle East. This group promotes the purification of Islamic teachings amid the various challenges faced in advancing the development of the movement. Therefore, this study focused on Apolitical Salafi group (political quietism), which has grown significantly in Indonesia. This qualitative study involved data collection through observation and in-depth interviews with key Salafi figures, followed by thorough data analysis. The results showed that Apolitical Salafi movement provided a new space for religious da’wah (preaching), specifically among the upper-middle-class and millennial generation in society. Conversely, this movement also avoided association with general elections, political parties, democratic practices, and resisted rulers because these activities are considered secular. In conclusion, Apolitical Salafi movement created a paradoxical ideological space for religion. This means that religious identity of Salafi Muslims should conform to its teachings, and as Indonesian citizens, they need to avoid interference in political affairs (political isolationism).
  • Tahsin al-Qur’an based on Hijrah Trend Among Muslim Housewives

    Khotimah, Khotimah; Ghofur, Abd; Khairiah, Khairiah (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2024-05-18)
    The hijrah movement in this decade has often become an alternative choice for Muslims in various circles, but the most written about by many people was millennials. One of the interesting things about this paper is a collective hijrah movement carried out by housewives in the form of tahsin al-Qur'an activities, the tahsin al-Qur'an community has a significant influence on the family. This research was conducted on Muslim housewives in urban areas. The data collection technique was carried out by using snowball sampling technique. The reason for taking this technique is because the author wants to find data from the right informant and see where the informant and the others are located at a considerable distance. The implications of Tahsin al-Qur’an by housewives could build piety that has an impact on the family, there were two implications First: Hijrah as a behavior of piety towards the husband. Where communication between wife and husband getting closer after Hijrah. Obedience to husbands was prioritized as taught in Islamic’ law and education. Second: Hijrah as a change in thinking about education for children. The interest of Hijrah actors in Tahsin al-Qur'an has influenced their paradigm of thinking to learn and read the Qur'an properly not only for them, but also for their families, especially for their children. Third, the development of a mindset of inclusivism towards people or individuals in the community who have not yet made Hijrah
  • Epistemology of Thought Study of Muhammad Imarah View On Th Presence Of Hermeneutics As A Methiode Of Interpretation

    Mutmainnah, Mutmainnah (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2024-05-13)
    The study of hermeneutics has recently become an academic focus, especially in Islamic thought and tafsir (Interpretation) circles. Because hermeneutics offers a methodology in interpreting the text of the Koran. However, not all figures use hermeneutics as a method of interpretation, more there are those who do not accept the presence of hermeneutics as a method of interpretation, this means that hermeneutics has a very negative impression in Muhammad Imarah perspective, so they criticize epistemological reasoning for the presence of hermeneutics as a theory of interpretation. Specifically, there are several fundamental aspects which are the focus point of this research, namely, First, what is the concept of hermeneutics? Second, what is the epistemology of Muhammad Imarah thinking regarding hermeneutics? This type of research is literature review-based research (Library Research) by analyzing research sources, books, journals and relevant references to answer the problems in the research. The result of this research is that Muhammad Imarah view of hermeneutics is underestimated and considers hermeneutics to be a western theory that cannot be applied in understanding the Koran, let alone in the realm of interpreting. Imarah discredits the view and understanding that in hermeneutics the position of every reader is very special and plays an important role, Imarah calls it a deified position, while the author himself is considered to be gone (dead) and the meaning and purpose that the author wants to convey are considered non-existent. Imarah's view of hermeneutics is the same as Imarah pattern of viewing other traditions and civilizations originating from the west which is not accepted by Islam and therein lies the deficiency of an Islamic thinker who is in fact a professor in the field of Islamic philosophy
  • Examining the Intersection of Prophetic Hadith and Intellect: Authenticity, Contradiction, and Scholarly Perspectives

    Rizapoor, Habiburrahman; Qazizada, Naqibuddin; Maulidizen, Ahmad (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2024-05-17)
    This article critically examines the question of whether a prophetic Hadith can be considered weak if it conflicts with intellect. The research employs analytical and library research methods, drawing on a range of scholarly works including books, academic articles, and writings by Muslim scholars spanning both the classical and contemporary eras.This study reveals that when the authenticity of a Hadith is uncertain and it contradicts intellect, it can be deemed weak. However, if a Hadith is deemed authentic by Hadith scholars despite its contradiction with intellect, two distinct theories emerge among Muslim scholars. The first theory, supported by many classical scholars and their contemporary followers, argues that a correct Hadith never opposes the intellect. According to this perspective, a sound and clear intellect will never contradict an authentic Hadith. In contrast, the second theory, advocated by modern Muslim scholars and some classical scholars, posits that a prophetic Hadith should be considered weak if it conflicts with intellect.The findings of this paper indicate that a prophetic Hadith, when narrated through a strong chain of narrators tracing back to the Prophet Muhammad, cannot inherently contradict the intellect. However, if a Hadith contradicts sound intellect, it can serve as a valid reason to question its authenticity and consider it weak. Through a comprehensive analysis of the scholarly discourse surrounding this topic, this study provides a deeper understanding of the complex relationship between prophetic Hadith and intellect. It underscores the importance of rigorous authentication processes, emphasizing the need to consider the reliability of the Hadith chain and the principles of intellectual reasoning when assessing the strength or weakness of a prophetic Hadith
  • Tazkiyat Al-Nafs of Syekh Nawawi Al-Bantani (1814-1897 Ad) As an Antidote to Consumerism Culture

    Ihsan, Nur Hadi; Arqomi Puspita, Erva Dewi; Rohman, Muqit Nur (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2024-03-27)
    Syekh Nawawi Al-Bantani is a great scholar and local Sufi of the archipelago. His Sufism teachings are widely studied by Muslims around the world, especially Indonesia. During the advancement of industry in the postmodern era, a new phenomenon called consumerism emerged. The emergence of consumerism culture has a negative impact on society and the environment. This article explains the concept of tazkiyatun nafs Al-Bantani model and processes it into an antidote to the problem of consumerism. This study is library research using a qualitative approach. The data were collected using documentary techniques referring to books, articles, and other published materials. The acquired data is then analysed employing the descriptive-analytical method. This study finds that the concept of tazkiyat al-nafs of al-Bantani departs from his maqâmât, which contains nine stages in the spiritual journey. This research also proves that tazkiyat al-nafs of al-Bantani can solve consumerism culture and transform society into a noble and Islamic character. More interestingly, the concept of tazkiyatun nafs Al-Bantani model can be used as a research theoretical framework to overcome various moral problems in the contemporary era.
  • Reading Rasyid Ailal’s Perspective On Sahih Al-Bukhari: Methodology, Criticism, And Implication For Contemporary Muslims

    Rasidin, Mhd.; Sidqi, Imaro; Busni, Darti; Witro, Doli; Hidayat, M. Riyan (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2024-03-27)
    This study aims to review Rasyid Ailal’s thoughts about the book Sahih Al-Bukhari and provide some criticisms of the results of the character’s thoughts reviewed by Rasyid Ailal in his book Sahih al-Bukhari Nihayah Usturah. Rasyid Ailal’s efforts to criticize S|ahih{ al-Bukhari created the potential for a great level of anxiety for the Muslim community. This is because this book is often referred to in every breath of Muslim activity. This paper uses the library research method. The data analysis technique is data condensation, data presentation, and conclusion. The results of the study show that Rasyid Ailal’s thoughts are indeed very critical, it can be seen from his view that the scholars did not think of it, both from the subjectivity of Imam Bukhari to the quality of his Al-Bukhari, all of which were criticized. However, many of Rasyid Ailal’s criticisms do not have good arguments, and one might even say that his thoughts are just assumptions with no scientific basis. Therefore, this thought cannot be evident and is not permissible to follow because it can be misguided or misguided
  • The Concept Of Takhalluq And Character Development Aspect In The Thoughts Of Banjar Scholars On Al-Asma' Al-Husna

    Rahmadi, Rahmadi; Jamalie, Zulfa (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2024-03-27)
    This article aims to describe and compare the concepts of takhalluq (emulating the character of Allah) and the aspects of character formation in the thoughts of the Banjarese scholars regarding al-Asma al-Husna, as found in their respective works. To examine the Banjarese ulama’s thoughts, the author utilizes a literature study or library research approach in the form of a descriptive-comparative analysis of the ideas of these prominent figures. This study reveals that the concept of takhalluq holds a significant role within the framework of al-Asma al-Husna, following ma’rifah (true knowledge of Allah). The concept of takhalluq is integral to interpreting the word "ihsha," as found in the popular hadith concerning al-Asma al-Husna. According to the Banjarese ulama, the meaning of ihsha cannot be grasped through memorization alone, as the meaning of ihsha itself has layered depths. These layers of meaning encompass (1) memorization, (2) using it in worship (prayer, part of dhikr, and the practice of wirid), (3) comprehending its meaning to the extent that it engenders a sense of awe towards Allah, and (4) adhering to it and internalizing it, resulting in the development of ma’rifah and the cultivation of noble character (takhalluq) rooted in the best names of Allah. Thus, within the perspective of Banjarese ulama, takhalluq represents the highest level of meaning within ihsha`. In the realm of takhalluq, Banjarese ulama emphasize the need to exhibit behavior and ethics akin to the attributes of Allah, following human capacity and appropriateness. This serves as the central point of agreement among the Banjarese scholars under examination, with variations primarily arising in the technical presentation of the names of Allah and their respective perspectives in expounding al-Asma` al-Husna. These variations encompass theological, Sufi, and ethical dimensions
  • WHEN RELIGION APPROACHES SCIENCE; An Interpretation of Ziauddin Sardar's Integrative Islamic Education Thought

    Arbi, Arbi; Herlina, Herlina; Syarifuddin, Syarifuddin; Hanafi, Imam; Dewi, Eva; Anwar, Abu (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2023-12-28)
    The aspiration of most Muslim intellectuals is how to break the scientific dichotomous dilemma that has been rooted so strongly in the history of Islamic Education. Among those Muslim intellectuals is Ziauddin Sardar. The epistemological construction built by Sardar, to integrate science and religion is to make the Qur'an and Hadith as the basic foundation for the development of Islamic science. Islamic science must fulfil the following requirements, namely tawhid (God's divinity), khalifa (God's guardian), 'worship, 'ilm (knowledge), halal (permissible things), haram (prohibited things), 'adl (social justice), zulm (tyranny), istishlah (public interest), and diya' (waste). Educationally, the process of developing Islamic education for Sardar is to internalise values with the spirit of Islam, namely fulfilling the ideals of the Islamic worldview, such as brotherhood, social justice, proportional use of natural resources
  • The Early Qur’anic Translation in Madura: Bhuju’ Bukkol and the Accuracy of His Translation

    Aziz, Hayatullah Hilmi; Iwanebel, Fejrian Yazdajird (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2023-12-22)
    This article explores the manuscript of Qur’anic translation written by Bhuju’ Bukkol, a Madurese scholar who lived in the 18th/19th century and whose existence was sacred to the local community. Specifically, this paper seeks to examine the accuracy of his translation from linguistical aspect, as well as the implications of the translation in socio-religious perspective. The focus of the analysis of the translation is directed at the word ‘tukadhdhibān’, whose translation is different from the majority of the Qur’anic translations. By using analytical descriptive method and several translation theories, this paper argues that the translation of the word ‘angeliyoaken’ is categorized into the meaning translation. The translation has linguistically fulfilled the brief and concise elements, but from the aspect of lexical accuracy, the meaning is not correct. On the other hand, the translation of the word is considered communicative, as the accuracy of understanding is quite precise. From the social aspect, the selection of the diction ‘angeliyoaken’ is considered as an effort to find a safe point based on two considerations, namely: not to damage the original understanding of ‘tukadhdhibān’ and not to cause offense to ordinary people who are socially considered quite sensitive
  • PROBLEM OF UGLINESS SEVERAL ARGUMENTS FOR GOD'S UNBEAUTY CREATION

    Widiarto, Widiarto; Bakhtiar, Amsal; Abduh, M Arrafie (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2023-12-28)
    The problem in ugliness, especially ugliness in God's creation, raises questions about God's ability to create beautiful things. This study aims to deepen the understanding of imperfections in God's creation, which emerge the idea of bridging the gaps that are not yet well connected between God's most beautiful statement and His creation which is not all beautiful. Using a theological approach, this paper describes three problems not to deny that God is beautiful and loves beauty. First, God is Most Beautiful, and His manifestations in His creation are limited. Second, the formal imperfections in His creation were not created not to confront one another but instead are in a straight gradient line. Third, the physical imperfection is not interpreted as a limitation of God (finitism) but a message to His creatures
  • Islamization of Western Social Contract Theory from the Perspective of Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas

    Wanto, Sugeng; Hidayat, Muhammad Sofian (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2023-12-22)
    The secular social contract as the basis of democracy gives birth to policies and laws that are far from religious principles and norms. For example, the legalisation of same-sex marriage and the legalisation of prostitution in most Western countries. This is certainly not in line with Islamic values and needs Islamisation. For this reason, this article aims to explain al-Attas' idea of Islamisation and social contract theory as an example, in order to become an alternative way of Islamic politics. Through literature research with a content analysis approach, it can be concluded that first, the Western social contract is based on an anthropocentric and secular paradigm. Second, the agreement between people with the general will becomes the determinant of policy, third, there is a need for Islamisation of social contract theory with the concept of bai'ah which has a theocentric or tawhidi paradigm, as an alternative way of Islamic politics
  • Qur'anic and Hadith Values in the Dile Jojor Tradition to Commemorate the Coming of Lailah al-Qadr in Lombok

    The author received no direct funding for this research; Nikmatullah, Nikmatullah (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2023-12-22)
    The culture of Muslim communities is influenced by the dialectic between religious teachings and local traditions where Muslims live. This article aims to explore the Dile Jojor tradition, also called Maleman in Lombok, which is influenced by the religious understanding of Lailah al-Qadr. Data of this qualitative study using an anthropological approach were obtained from observation, interviews and documentation. This article shows that the Dile Jojor tradition is not only related to the history of the arrival of Islam in Lombok which was introduced by the ulemas as a reminder of Lailah al-Qadr, but also related to the history of the Sasak people towards lights. At a time when people were not familiar with electricity, Dile Jojor was used as a street light to lead to the mosque to carry out Tarawih prayers and deliver zakat fitrah. This tradition has various meanings for the Sasak people: the sign of Lailah al-Qadr, the descent of angels to earth, the arrival of the spirits of the dead, and symbols of light for life, gratitude, and hope. The Maleman ritual begins with breaking the fast together, blaming Dile Jojor, praying, and remembrance. This tradition is a form of acculturation between Islam and local Sasak traditions, where the implementation of the tradition is based on the spirit and values of Islam but at the ritual level it adopts local wisdom. The Islamic values embodied in the Dile Jojor tradition are based on the spirit of the Quran. This article argues that harmonization between Islam and local tradition has made this tradition easily accepted by the Sasak people and continues to this day as a socio-cultural identity for Sasak Muslims
  • Dialectics of Musdah Mulia's Thought on Polygamy in the Qur'an: Text and Context

    Arsal, Arsal; Imran, Maizul (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2023-12-22)
    This article aims to reveal the shari'a of polygamy in the Qur'an. This is motivated by the diversity of interpretations of the polygamy verse, giving rise to diverse opinions and arguments that seem difficult to compromise. Musdah Mulia is a gender figure or Muslim scholar who clearly in her research rejects polygamy and recommends that polygamy be banned and states that polygamy is not Islamic law and its practice has caused harm and is a violation of human rights. This opinion is considered extreme and has drawn criticism and rebuttal from various Muslim scholars. This research method uses a literature study using a socio-historical approach and content analysis. The results of the study concluded that Musdah Mulia's opinion that polygamy is not Islamic law does not have a strong legal basis, because it has gone out of the meaning of the text but in the implementation of the context it can be prohibited if it is outside the predetermined conditions
  • Distorted The Facts An Act Of Sexual Harassment The Perspective Of The Ulamas' Interpretation (A New Approach And Direction In Understanding Facts)

    Damanik, Deniansyah; Romzi, Ahmad (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2023-12-22)
    There are so many cases of sexual harassment that have occurred until now, but not a few people have distorted the facts about sexual harassment. Therefore, because this sexual harassment often occurs to women, then what if it is actually a distortion of the facts? That there is no actual sexual harassment! In this paper, we will see how the facts of sexual harassment are distorted from the perspective of the scholars of interpretation, how to reveal actual cases of sexual harassment, and provide a new approach and direction in understanding a fact. This research uses library research, which is sourced from the Koran and a number of books of interpretation. The approach in this study is an interpretive science approach and there are also a number of correspondent, coherent, pragmatism, and legal certainty theories. So it was found that the twisting of the facts of sexual harassment is in the Koran, and other findings in revealing the twisting of the facts of sexual harassment, the scholars of interpretation explain the ways of disclosure such as denying and straightening the actual story, the witness of sexual harassment can be a child, the number of witnesses which is only 1 person, witness statements that are rational (reasonable), quality of evidence, evidence of clues, inanimate objects can be witnesses, presumptions, punishments for sexual harassment cases, women are better at lying, the passions of experienced women are very difficult to control, Sexual harassment is shameful behavior and tends to be covered up, the ability to access the law is not the same between ordinary people and people in power
  • The Early Qur’anic Translation in Madura: Bhuju’ Bukkol and the Accuracy of Its Translation

    Aziz, Hayatullah Hilmi; Iwanebel, Fejrian Yazdajird (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2023-12-22)
    This article explores the manuscript of Qur’anic translation written by Bhuju’ Bukkol, a Madurese scholar who lived in the 18th/19th century and whose existence was sacred to the local community. Specifically, this paper seeks to examine the accuracy of its translation from linguistical aspect, as well as the implications of its translation in socio-religious perspective. The focus of the analysis of the translation is directed at the word ‘tukadhdhibān’, whose translation is different from the majority of the Qur’anic translations. By using analytical descriptive method and several translation theories, this paper argues that the translation of the word ‘angeliyoaken’ is categorized into the meaning translation. The translation has linguistically fulfilled the brief and concise elements, but from the aspect of lexical accuracy, the meaning is not correct. On the other hand, the translation of the word is considered communicative, as the accuracy of understanding is quite precise. From the social aspect, the selection of the diction ‘angeliyoaken’ is considered as an effort to find a safe point based on two considerations, namely: not to damage the original understanding of ‘tukadhdhibān’ and not to cause offense to ordinary people who are socially considered quite sensitive
  • Understanding Human Trafficking In The Perspective Of Al-Azhar Interpretation (Review Surah Yusuf [12]: 19-20)

    Nur, Afrizal; Yuzar, Sri Kurniati; Ananda, Fadhli (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2023-12-22)
    The aim of this study was to the phenomenon of human trafficking that occurred in the Prophet Yusuf and at this time. Human trafficking is a phenomenon that has occurred long before the Prophet Muhammad was born. This phenomenon has even been experienced by the Prophet Yusuf AS. The Prophet Yusuf was abandoned by his siblings, sold by travelers who found him, and made into slaves by those who bought him. There are two academic problems formulated in this study. First, how is the interpretation of QS. Yusuf [12]: 19-20 in Al-Azhar's interpretation of human trafficking. Second, how is the practice of human trafficking that occurred in the prophet Yusuf and the current era. This type of research is a qualitative research using a library research approach. The results of this study contain two main findings, namely; (1) QS. Yusuf [12] asserts about the crime of human trafficking experienced by the prophet Yusuf. In this case, Prophet Yusuf was sold by a traveler who found him in a well and then sold him at a very low price and made him a slave. (2) The practice of human trafficking that occurred in the prophet Yusuf and the present era has almost the same form. If the prophet Yusuf was treated like a slave, traded and so on, then in the present era such crimes still occur. Tuti Tursilawati as a migrant worker from Indonesia who worked in Saudi Arabia also received cruel treatment from her employer. Tuti was forced to work hard and was not paid, and she was often sexually harassed. Actions like this are a form of trafficking crime in the current era. Keyword: Human Trafficking, Prophet Yusuf, Slavery, QS. Yusuf [12]: 19-20, Tafsir Al-Azhar
  • Post-Traditionalism in Indonesia: Tracking of Muhammad Abid al-Jabiri’s Thought

    Mukti, Abdul (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2023-06-28)
    The articulation of Muslims in Indonesia, as well as in other parts of the Islamic world, is a reflection of the dialectic between normative and historical Islamic teachings. In the historicity aspect, the articulation can be influenced by one of them, the dialectic of thought. This study aims to find traces and influences of the thoughts of Muhammad Abdi al-Jabiri, a contemporary Muslim thinker, on the dynamics of Islamic thought in Indonesia in the contemporary era. This study is library research that traces various works of al-Jabiri, which influenced Islamic thought in Indonesia with a hermeneutical approach, especially Gadamer's hermeneutics and Karl Manheim’s model of knowing sociology. From the results of tracking and studying these issues, it was found that al-Jabiri's thoughts influenced the younger generation of Muslims affiliated with the Nahdlatul Ulama tradition of thought. Some of the young generations of educated NU have used al-Jabiri's thoughts as a reference in developing the dynamics of thought by calling itself a school of Islamic post-traditionalism
  • The Dynamics of Hadith Studies in Southeast Asia: Study of Tanqîḥul Qawl by Imam Nawawi and Jawhar al-Mawḥȗb by Syekh Wan Ali

    Rofiah, Vina Manzila; Ubaidillah, Ubaidillah (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2023-06-28)
    The study of Sharh Hadith develops along with the increasingly complex problems of society, especially related to the distortion of the hadith meaning. This research method uses a comparative method by analyzing literature data in the form of hadith sharh works of the two figures with supporting data sourced from primary and secondary books in the form of journals and manuscripts. Through Fazlur Rahman's book study and Hermeneutics-History approach, this study aims to explain how the model of hadith sharh and its contribution to the dynamics of hadith studies on the one hand and the writing of hadith sharh books in Southeast Asia. The results of the study: Kitab Tanqîḥul Qawl is superior in linguistics, narration, and quality of hadith, while Kitab Jawhar al-Mawḥȗb superior in substance aspects with richer courses. Then, the characteristics of the book of Tanqîḥul Qawl are patterned fiqh Imam Shafi'i because it is related to heterogeneous community traditions, so fiqh is not only interpreted as a religious command but also builds the brotherhood relations of the local community, while the book of Jawhar al-Mawḥub is in the style of Sufism of Imam Ghazali because the focus of Syekh Wan Ali's goal is the salvation of the world and the hereafter, it is explained in detail involving other scientific studies. Finally, the Book of Tanqîḥul Qawl and Jawhar al-Mawḥȗb contributed to providing reforms in the study of sharh related to social problems such as moral reconstruction, influencing the legal basis of marriage in Indonesia, and fostering moderate understanding to prevent religious fanaticism
  • Discourse of Faḍâ’il al-Qur’an: Muhammad Shadiq's Presentation of the Quran's Privileges in the Book of Qalb al-Qur’an

    Ilyas, Deddy; Zulfikar, Eko (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2023-06-28)
    The purpose of this article is to explain Muhammad Shadiq's Qalb al-Qur'an in his work, faḍâ’il al-Qur'an. The inquiries are as follows: What Qur'anic verses are contained in Qalb al-Qur'an? How do the faḍâ’il al-Qur'an forms in Surah al-Fâ'tiḥah verses 4-5 illustrate receiving privileges from the Qur'an? The book of Qalb al-Qur'an by Muhammad Shadiq has a representation of faḍâ’il al-Qur'an that has about 56 features, according to qualitative-descriptive methodologies, informative, and performative approaches from Sam D. Gill. These features consist of a combination of one or two verses that make up the 114 surahs of the Qur'an's qalb (heart). The author shows the fourth and fifth verses in Surah al-Fâ’tiḥah as qalb based on several interpretations as evidence of its specialty study. While the fifth verse discusses the responsibilities of a servant who must worship only Allah and always seek His help, the fourth verse discusses Allah's power in the cosmos and how He has the right to reward and hold each of His servants accountable in the hereafter. These two verses are regarded as the qalb in Surah al-Fâ’tiḥah because they have a much deeper, more distinctive, and all-encompassing meaning than the other verses
  • Reactualization the Concept of Khayra Ummaḥ According to Muḥammad 'Abduh and Muḥammad Rashīd Riḍā in Tafsīr al-Manār

    Ali, Rijal; Shagir, Akhmad (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2023-06-28)
    The limited interpretation of the Khayra Ummaḧ concept is one of the reasons for the backwardness of Muslims, that caused limiting its actualization and benefits. It is necessary to re-actualize the concept of khayra ummaḧ which comes from the thoughts of the experts in social field. Therefore, this article attempts to reveal the re-actualization of the concept of khayra ummaḧ according to Muḥammad 'Abduh and Muḥammad Rashīd Riḍā. This research is a library research with descriptive-analytical method. It is preceded by describing the interpretation of Muḥammad 'Abduh and Muḥammad Rashīd Riḍā regarding QS. Āli-‘Imrān [3]: 104 and 110. The findings were analyzed to reveal the re-actualization of the concept of khayra ummaḧ according to Muḥammad 'Abduh and Muḥammad Rashīd Riḍa. After conducting several stages, the re-actualization of the concept of khayra ummaḧ based on Muḥammad 'Abduh and Muḥammad Rashīd Riḍā can be summed up into three major points, namely (1) humanization; (2) work professionalism and humanization; and (3) belief in Allah as the principle of truth. A humanist personality can be realized through awareness of the existence of amar ma'ruf and nahī munkar which is a requirement as khayra ummaḧ. It makes Muslim courteous and do not acts of cruelty beyond humanity

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