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AbstractThe presented doctoral dissertation titled "The Vocation of a Woman in the Philosophical and Theological Reflection of Edith Stein" characterizes the development of the anthropological concept of Edith Stein (1891-1942), a philosopher of Jewish origin, and it concentrates particularly on this author's philosophical and theological reflection of a woman. This dissertation intends to comprehend, how Stein defined the mutual relation between philosophy and theology, or rather philosophical and theological anthropology, and how this comprehention showed in the particular stages of her creative work at formulating her anthropological concept. It also focuses on the understanding of the relation between the terms "natural" and "supernatural" in Stein's anthropological concept. The dissertation is devided into seven chapters including the introduction and the conclusion. It works with Stein's texts that were published in the series "Edith Steins Werke" and "Edith Stein Gesamtausgabe". These texts focuse on philosophical and theological anthropology (Chapter 4 and 5) and on theory of upbringing and education (Chapter 6). Stein's autobiographical writings and letters became fundamental for composing her biography, which is prepended to the actual dissertation theme (Chapter 2). The biography should help to...